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Results 301 - 350 of 492
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Coombs M D - - 1997
Primary data were collected on the incidence, severity and species responsible for snake bites in 4 areas of Kenya: (i) Kakamega and western Kenya, (ii) Lake Baringo and Laikipia, (iii) Kilifi and Malindi, and (iv) northern Kenya. The overall average frequency of snake bite was 13.8 per 100,000 population per ...
Hanzlick R - - 1997
This article includes a brief discussion of the evolution death registration as it changed from records of church burial ceremonies to the recording of vital events by government in defined registration areas; today's death registration system in the United States; classification and coding procedures; limitations of data derived from death ...
Ellison G T - - 1997
This study examined the reliability of hand written and computerised records of birth data collected during the Birth to Ten study at Baragwanath Hospital in Soweto. The reliability of record-keeping in hand-written obstetric and neonatal files was assessed by comparing duplicate records of six different variables abstracted from six different ...
Oberly T J - - 1997
The L5178Y tk +/- mouse lymphoma assay (MLA) has been validated as a sensitive and specific test system for the detection of mutagens/clastogens. There are currently two methodologies for performing the MLA: the original soft agar procedure and the newer microtitre procedure. While both procedures are considered acceptable, a limited ...
Inagawa T - - 1997
BACKGROUND: From 1987-92 in Izumo City, Japan, we diagnosed 123 patients as having subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by computed tomography, autopsy, or surgery (proven SAH); the crude incidence rate was 25/100,000/year for all ages. However, to estimate the actual incidence and mortality rates, we should take into account the decedents who ...
Barkhaus P E - - 1996
Concentric needle electromyogram motor unit action potentials (MUAPs) were recorded from the biceps brachii muscle of normal subjects and in patients with neuromuscular diseases. Although the MUAPs had a crisp sound and appeared sharp, their rise time (RT), measured from the maximum negative peak to the preceding maximum positive peak ...
O'Sullivan J P - - 1996
AIMS: To determine the number of unsuspected disease processes found in a series of cases of sudden unexpected death occurring outside hospital and to enumerate how many of these were not recorded on the death certificate. METHODS: In a series of 1000 routine coroners' necropsies for sudden unexpected death, major ...
Epstein S - - 1996
Two studies provide evidence for the reliability and validity of a new self-report measure of individual differences in intuitive-experiential and analytical-rational thinking based on cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST). The Rational-Experiential Inventory (REI) was constructed to measure the 2 independent processing modes with a modified Need for Cognition Scale (NFC, J.T. Cacioppo ...
Utz K H - - 1996
The present study aims to investigate changes in the occlusion of complete dentures after their insertion. A total of 85 edentulous patients were provided with new complete dentures. Their individual hinge axes were determined using mechanical axiography and the upper finished dentures were transferred by facebows to Dentatus articulators. The ...
Reggio A - - 1995
The subjects who died in the Sicilian municipality of Riposto between 1985 and 1992, and whose death certificates reported diagnoses of cerebrovascular disease, were re-evaluated with the aim of verifying the reliability of the certificates themselves. The relatives of the deceased were interviewed to confirm or exclude stroke, and about ...
Polednak A P - - 1995
Among all deaths to Connecticut residents (1990/91), 1260 were acceptable Spanish-surname matches (using father's surname for females), of which only 793 (62.9%) were identified as Hispanic origin on the death certificate. Certificates also identified 127 non-Spanish-surnamed Hispanics. With death rates for non-Hispanics used as the standard, the standardized mortality ratio ...
Palomaki G E - - 1995
This study sought to determine whether persons of French-Canadian heritage in northern New England are at high risk for the lethal infantile form of Tay-Sachs disease. In order to accomplish this, death records and laboratory diagnostic records were surveyed to ascertain Tay-Sachs deaths in a cohort of 372,000 live births ...
- - 1995
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a major cause of preventable mental retardation (1). The development and evaluation of programs for preventing FAS may be enhanced by timely and reliable estimates of the occurrence of this complex birth defect. In 1989, birth certificates were standardized nationally to include check-boxes for reporting ...
Fisher S G - - 1995
Veterans of the US military service constitute a dynamic cohort that is suitable for epidemiologic investigations. However, the ability to ascertain vital status is paramount to the value of this population in studies having mortality as a primary endpoint. The purpose of this study was to estimate and compare the ...
Beal S M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assist the Adelaide State Coroner with his inquest into the death of two infants in South Australia, and to assist the Department of Public and Consumer Affairs develop Australian Standards for rocking cradles. METHODOLOGY: A sample of each brand of new cradle commercially available in South Australia was ...
Farley D O - - 1995
Estimation of infant mortality rates for racial and ethnic subgroups has been plagued by uncertainties. Yet policymakers need accurate estimates to allocate resources toward the goal of reducing infant mortality. The authors compared hospital discharge records and death certificate information to birth certificate information from the California Birth Cohort (years ...
Miller G H - - 1995
This note further develops an analysis of the U.S. interstate migration system by K.E. McHugh and P. Gober. Specifically, it uses annual state-to-state migration flow data from Internal Revenue Service for the period 1975-1992 to analyze migration trends. Some modifications to earlier conclusions are suggested. "First the note concludes that ...
Lanska M J - - 1995
Based on a population-based, retrospective cohort study of neonatal seizures in Fayette County, Kentucky, from 1985 to 1989, estimates of neonatal seizure risk were calculated from computerized databases including hospital medical records, birth certificates, and death certificates. Computerized tabulations of hospital discharge diagnoses identified 97% of cases with a positive ...
- - 1994
Most residential fires occur during December through March--a period of colder weather and longer darkness. During 1991, residential fires were the second leading cause of injury deaths (after motor-vehicle-related injuries) among children aged 1-9 years and the sixth leading cause of such deaths among persons aged > or = 65 ...
Campbell J P - - 1994
In some emergency medical services (EMS) system designs, response time intervals are mandated with monetary penalties for noncompliance. These times are set with the goal of providing rapid, definitive patient care. The time interval of vehicle at scene-to-patient access (VSPA) has been measured, but its effect on response time interval ...
Frost F - - 1994
Underestimation of death rates for specific races can obscure health problems and impair the ability of public programs to prevent premature death and disability. For accurate race-specific death rates, the racial classification of both the population at risk and the decreased population must be accurately ascertained. However, studies suggest that ...
Lapidus G - - 1994
This study identifies differences in motorcycle injury fatality statistics gathered from different sources. Police Accidents Reports (PARs), identifying fatal motorcycle injuries occurring in Connecticut during 1987 were matched with state death certificates. Matched death certificates were analyzed in three major areas: content, coding, and motorcycle fatality reporting. Death certificates underreported ...
- - 1994
This notice is published in accordance with sections 1816(c)(1) and 1842(c)(1) of the Social Security Act which require us to publish the final data, standards, and methodology used to establish budgets for Medicare intermediaries and carriers. In this notice, we respond to the comments received in response to our notice ...
Joslyn S A - - 1994
The purpose of this investigation was to determine problems with case definition and selection biases in studies of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, by comparing characteristics of subjects with cardiac arrest who entered the emergency medical services (EMS) system and those who did not enter the system. Data for 143 ...
Alberman E - - 1994
In 1986 The Office of Population Censuses and Surveys (OPCS) introduced new certificates for stillbirths and neonatal deaths. This allowed certifiers more flexibility in the completion of the certificate, and the number and ordering of the causes given. Tabulations have been published of the fetal and maternal causes of death ...
Warneke C L - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study described childhood drowning rates and circumstances in Harris County, a large metropolitan area in Texas, and compared case ascertainment between data sources. METHODS: Drowning rates among Harris County residents newborn through 19 years of age were calculated from death certificate data (1983 through 1989), and local childhood ...
Larsen S O - - 1994
The actual number of people in a register may not be known when unique identifiers are not available (perhaps for reasons of confidentiality) and when multiple entries can occur. A method for estimating the number of registered people is presented when dates of birth (day, month and year) are available.
Phillips D P - - 1993
We examined the deaths of 28,169 adult Chinese-Americans, and 412,632 randomly selected, matched controls coded "white" on the death certificate. Chinese-Americans, but not whites, die significantly earlier than normal (1.3-4.9 yr) if they have a combination of disease and birthyear which Chinese astrology and medicine consider ill-fated. The more strongly ...
Betemps E J - - 1993
A proportional mortality study was conducted to determine if state of birth is a risk factor associated with motor neurone disease (MND) and Parkinson's disease (PD) using US death certificate information for 1981. State of birth was used as a surrogate variable for location of early childhood environment. A gradient ...
Jordan J M - - 1993
A retrospective chart review was conducted to determine the types and frequency of errors, other than those of diagnostic accuracy, made in recording information on death certificates and to assess factors that might affect those rates. The sample (n = 426) consisted of 50% of all deaths in a London, ...
Carver J D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of National Center for Health Statistics cause-specific infant mortality data. The National Center for Health Statistics compiles these data by applying World Health Organization (WHO) selection rules to death certificate data. The WHO rules arrange medical entities into a hierarchical order and select a single ...
McKelvie P A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To compare the causes of deaths recorded on death certificates with findings at autopsy and to identify other deficiencies in the completion of death certificates. DESIGN AND SETTING: The causes of death (Part I and II) recorded on the death certificates of all patients undergoing autopsy at St Vincent's ...
Lerer L B - - 1993
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to improve mortality data by finding ways of reducing the large number of deaths certified as being from "ill-defined" causes (ICD 780-798) in South Africa. This problem is attributable to the absence of cause of death information in many cases where the police issue the ...
Rodríguez-Larralde A - - 1993
The distribution of surnames in the population of the Comune of Perugia, as it existed in the memory banks of the Municipality Computer in autumn 1991, was studied by age and place of birth. Fisher's alpha and Karlin-McGregor's v were estimated in the total population, in persons born before 1901, ...
Hunt L W LW Jr Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minn. - - 1993
To quantify the reliability of death certificate data concerning asthma. The complete medical records of decedents were reviewed by a physician certified in allergy and pulmonology who determined the cause of death without having access to the original death certificate. Disagreements between the death certificate and the reviewer were adjudicated ...
- - 1993
The accuracy of infant mortality rates and other indices of the health of populations depends on the consistency of information collected from separate sources (e.g., birth and death certificates). Inconsistent recording of basic information such as race and ethnicity has resulted in underestimation of mortality among minority populations, particularly minority ...
Piper J M - - 1993
In 1989, the state of Tennessee adopted a new birth certificate which incorporates changes recommended by the National Center for Health Statistics in the revised US Standard Certificate of Live Birth. The data now being collected are intended to provide improved information for understanding maternal and infant health issues. To ...
Yasuda N - - 1993
Considerations are made on the role of HTLV-I in the etiopathogeny of HAM/TSP. Neuroepidemiologic data reported in the literature are revisited for this purpose. Among results of this evaluation it is pointed-out that the Okinawan Community of Brazil presents ethnographic and demographic characteristics which are ideal for designing new studies. ...
Barker R - - 1993
"There is increasing evidence that south east Queensland is emerging as the growth centre of Australia during the 1990s as a result of an accelerating redistribution of Australia's population.... This paper highlights the magnitude and characteristics of internal migration impacting on Queensland and south east Queensland based on an examination ...
Marshall E G - - 1992
Maternal occupations recorded on birth certificates are a potential data source for evaluation of reproductive hazards, but may not accurately identify jobs held during the sensitive first trimester. Mothers' occupation and industry during 1 month before and 3 months after conception were reported on 1,760 mailed questionnaires. These were compared ...
Waldner D N - - 1992
Sixty Brangus bulls were evaluated live using two real-time ultrasound instruments and four technicians to estimate longissimus muscle area (LMA) and 12th rib fat thickness (FT) every 4 mo beginning at 4 and 12 mo of age, respectively, and continuing until 24 mo of age. Ten bulls were slaughtered every ...
Hauer E - - 1992
There are two kinds of clues to the unsafety of an entity: its traits (such as traffic, geometry, age, or gender) and its historical accident record. The Empirical Bayes approach to unsafety estimation makes use of both kinds of clues. It requires information about the mean and the variance of ...
Alessandri L M - - 1992
All antepartum stillbirths weighing 1000 g or more born in Western Australia from 1980 to 1983 were categorised as 'unexplained' or 'explained' based on information from Perinatal Death Certificates. Using data from hospital and doctors' antenatal records a number of variables in each stillbirth category were compared by unconditional logistic ...
Phillips D P - - 1992
This study of deaths from natural causes examined adult mortality around the birthday for two samples, totalling 2,745,149 people. Women are more likely to die in the week following their birthdays than in any other week of the year. In addition, the frequency of female deaths dips below normal just ...
Kielkowski D D Department of National Health and Population Development, Medical School, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 1992
An altered 'Cause of Death' certificate is proposed. The major changes involve the use of the international format for certification of death and provision for collection of extra data, i.e. estimated age at death, sex, population group and, where relevant, the mass of an infant at birth. The new format ...
Kielkowski D D Department of National Health and Population Development, Medical School, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 1992
The proposed new death certificate was tested in urban and rural hospitals and among general practitioners. Of the 471 death certificates returned, 70% were correctly completed. The underlying cause of death was identifiable in 86.6% of cases. The accuracy of cause of death statements was analysed in greater detail. Some ...
Still A - - 1992
AIMS: to investigate the reasons behind general practitioner referral of cases of natural death to the coroner, and also the understanding of general practitioners of the relevant legislation. METHODS: as cases of natural death were referred to the coroner over a seven month period, the deceased's general practitioner was contacted ...
- - 1992
In June 1991, the Alaska Section of Vital Statistics reported that nine deaths of Alaskan Native infants occurred in seven villages in southwestern Alaska from January 1990 through June 1991. In comparison, seven Alaskan Native infant deaths occurred in these villages during 1986-1989. Two of the deaths during 1990-1991 had ...
Snell L M - - 1992
Birth certificates comprise an important source of data on the prevalence of genetic conditions and for monitoring possible teratogens in the population. Investigators have found wide variability (12 to 100%) in the accuracy of reporting. In a large public hospital, of those congenital anomalies detected at birth, only 5.4% were ...
Maclaine G D - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of death certificates in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) by comparison with autopsy reports. DESIGN: A retrospective study of 495 deaths occurring from 1979 to 1987, excluding coronial deaths and deaths of infants under one year of age. The main cause of death on the ...
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