Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 492
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Doody M M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine whether causes of death obtained through National Death Index (NDI) Plus are comparable to those obtained by requesting death certificates from state vital statistics offices and having deaths coded by contractor nosologists. METHODS: The authors compared underlying cause of death codes obtained from NDI Plus with those ...
Coady S A - - 2001
The validity of the death certificate in identifying coronary heart disease deaths was evaluated using data from the community surveillance component of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC). Deaths in the four ARIC communities of Forsyth Co., NC; Jackson, MS; Minneapolis, MN; and Washington Co., MD were selected based ...
Porcelli P J PJ - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: Information describing medical interventions and patient outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW; BW <1500 grams) infants who receive neonatal intensive care is necessary to evaluate the quality of health care. We developed an electronic patient documentation system (EDS) called PCode to identify and select patient diagnostic (DX) codes ...
Jemec G B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The impact factors of scientific journals are interesting but not unproblematic. It is speculated that the number of journals in which citations can be made correlates with the impact factors in any given speciality. METHODS: Using the Journal Citation Report (JCR) for 1997, a bibliometric analysis was made to ...
Das B K - - 2000
The present study aims at testing the reliability of information obtained by illiterate workers (IHW) on risk pregnancy. Eight maternal risk factors known to be related to low birth weight were utilised for the purpose. The reliability of information obtained by the IHWs were compared with that of the trainer. ...
Baumeister L - - 2000
To evaluate the validity of racial/ethnic information in California birth certificate data. Computerized birth certificate data and postpartum interviews with California mothers. Birth certificates were matched with face-to-face structured postpartum interviews with 7,428 mothers to compare racial/ethnic information between the two data sources. Interviews were conducted in Spanish or English ...
Goraya T Y TY Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2000
To evaluate the validity of death certificate diagnosis of out-of-hospital (OOH) coronary heart disease (CHD) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in Olmsted County, Minnesota, between 1981 and 1994. In this review of the medical records, autopsy reports, and coroner's files, OOH deaths with heart disease as the underlying cause of ...
Tilakaratna A - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The workload of histopathologists is traditionally assessed by the total number of specimens handled annually (TSA). Development in medical science has resulted in an increased demand by clinicians for more information in histopathology reports. Inclusion of this information requires more work. Annual information output (AIO) is the total number ...
Ritz B - - 2000
In the last two decades reports from different countries emerged associating pesticide and herbicide use with Parkinson's disease (PD). California growers use approximately 250 million pounds of pesticides annually, about a quarter of all pesticides used in the US. We employed a proportional odds mortality design to compare all cases ...
Palmu A - - 2000
Two-hundred and forty-two tympanograms of infants were interpreted according to a standard operating procedure independently by an audiologist and ten study doctors from the Finnish Otitis Media Vaccine Trial. The interrater agreement among the study doctors according to Kappa index was excellent (kappa = 0.80). The agreement was significantly better ...
Cina S J - - 1999
To determine the number and type of errors in death certifications, death certificates and corresponding postmortem examination results for 98 patients were analyzed at two tertiary care military hospitals. Of the 98 death certificates, errors were found in 36 (37%). The most prevalent type of error was the use of ...
Christenfeld N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: If New York City (NYC) residents' unusually high rate of ischemic heart disease (IHD) results from chronic exposure to that city, there might also be an effect of acute exposure among visitors to NYC. We explored this possibility and also whether IHD is reduced among NYC residents dying away ...
Ganguli M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which conditions suggesting dementia are reported on death certificates of older adults and to identify the factors associated with reporting of dementia. DESIGN: A prospective epidemiological study in which community-dwelling subjects with and without dementia were identified and followed until death, after which their ...
Drago D A - - 1999
PURPOSE: To document specific patterns and products associated with mechanical suffocation among infants younger than 13 months of age for the period 1980 to 1997. METHODOLOGY: A total 2178 case summaries from the US Consumer Product Safety Commission's Death Certificate File were reviewed. A computerized database was created for information ...
Buescher P A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed how different methods of matching Medicaid records to birth certificates affect Medicaid infant outcome statistics. METHODS: Claims paid by Medicaid for hospitalization of the newborn and for the mother's delivery were matched separately to 1995 North Carolina live birth certificates. RESULTS: Infant mortality and low-birthweight rates ...
Hellerstedt W L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of enrollment in a community-based public health nursing program, Communities Caring for Children (CCC), on infant immunization rates in rural Minnesota. The program involved health education, a registry, and a reminder system. DESIGN: The evaluation was a collaborative effort ...
Hahn R A - - 1999
Among U.S. infants who die within a year of birth, classification of race on birth and death certificates may differ. I investigate two hypotheses: (1) The race of infants of different-race parents is more likely to be differentially classified at birth and death than the race of infants of same-race ...
D'Amico M - - 1999
Biases can distort, limit or inhibit the value of mortality data as an epidemiological re source. From 9500 deaths occurring in Naples (Italy during 1994, a random sample of 372 death certificates reporting ill-defined causes and multiple causes of death was extracted. The code for the underlying cause on the ...
Gould J B - - 1999
The birth certificate and death certificate are important sources of population-based data for assessing the extent of risk and the quality of perinatal outcome. The birth certificate contains the hospital of birth and many items, such as birth weight and race, that can serve as important risk adjusters for neonatal ...
Mani S - - 1999
In the domain of medicine, identification of the causal factors of diseases and outcomes, helps us formulate better management, prevention and control strategies for the improvement of health care. With the goal of exploring, evaluating and refining techniques to learn causal relationships from observational data, such as data routinely collected ...
Dietz P M - - 1998
Birth certificate data frequently are used to monitor the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy. The authors used a two-sample capture-recapture method to estimate the completeness of ascertainment of prenatal smoking on birth certificates and on confidential questionnaires in six US states. Completeness of ascertainment was also examined according to maternal ...
Koroukian S M - - 1998
The main objective of the study is to present a method that estimates the proportion of unnecessary Cesarean sections (C-sections) using birth certificate data. This population-based cross-sectional study uses two major databases--Ohio birth certificates and Medicaid eligibility files--and includes singleton infants born during the period July 1991 through June 1993 ...
Sturner W Q - - 1998
Medicolegal autopsies in the pediatric age group occur with some frequency. Despite the time-honored and often quoted address by Professor Alan Moritz many years ago, which described mistakes in the forensic autopsy of adults, a comparable discussion of infants and children has not been forthcoming. In this review, ten categories ...
Miedema H M - - 1998
This article presents synthesis curves for the relationship between DNL and percentage highly annoyed for three transportation noise sources. The results are based on all 21 datasets examined by Schultz [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 64, 377-405 (1978)] and Fidell et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 89, 221-233 (1991)] for which ...
Winbo I G - - 1998
Large-scale analyses of causes of neonatal deaths are usually based on death-certificate information. A new computer-based method has been introduced to define the cause of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in large amounts of material and to classify them according to two different models [Wigglesworth and Neonatal and Intrauterine death Classification ...
Vehrs P - - 1998
Thirty Caucasian males (aged 19-32yr) participated in this study designed to investigate the reliability of multiple bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and near-infrared spectroscopy (Futrex, FTX) measurements and the validity of BIA and FTX estimations of hydrostatically (UW) determined percent body fat (%BF). Two BIA and two FTX instruments were used ...
Strauss D - - 1998
Between 1993 and 1995, 1,878 persons transferred from California institutions into the community. By early 1996, 45 had died--significantly more than expected (Strauss, Shavelle, Baumeister, and Anderson, 1998). We report here on the death certificates for this group, using a comparison group of 45 certificates for institutional residents. Thirty-two of ...
Bowen K A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine location, manner, and physician certifier of pediatric deaths. DESIGN: A descriptive study of death certificate information for all child deaths (aged birth through 17 years) for the years 1995 and 1996. SETTING: Urban county of more than 780,000 population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Field of specialty of physician ...
Sathiakumar N - - 1998
This study evaluated the comparability of underlying cause of death codes obtained from NDI Plus, a new feature of the National Death Index (NDI), with codes assigned by two study nosologists or by a National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) nosologist. Two study nosologists and an NCHS nosologist independently reviewed ...
Hamvas A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the Missouri State Department of Health linked birth-infant death certificate database and medical records with respect to recording hyaline membrane disease in very low-birth-weight infants. METHODS: We reviewed the records for all 976 infants weighing 500 to 1500 g who were born to St. Louis, Mo, ...
McGrath R E - - 1998
Normative tables for various MMPI-2 code types, which may be used to enhance the interpretation of the Harris and Lingoes subscales, were developed. It was found that scores on the subscales covaried significantly as a function of code type. Gender and code type definition strategy were considered as moderators of ...
Munger R G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Sudden and unexplained death in sleep (SUDS) is a leading cause of death of young men in several Asian populations, but the history and epidemiology of SUDS are not well known. METHODS: Autopsy records were reviewed in Manila in a study of the classification of SUDS. Death certificates filed ...
Milner C E - - 1998
Tibial torsion, twisting of the tibia about its longitudinal axis, varies during development and early childhood. Knowledge of the normal range of tibial torsion at various ages and its accurate clinical measurement is important in the assessment of the extent of a torsional deformity. To evaluate tibial torsion a reliable ...
Myers K A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Population-based mortality statistics are derived from the information recorded on death certificates. This information is used for many important purposes, such as the development of public health programs and the allocation of health care resources. Although most physicians are confronted with the task of completing death certificates, many do ...
Paul A A - - 1998
Skinfold standards provide a useful indication of subcutaneous fat. To evaluate skinfold thickness of 252 Cambridge infants over the first 2 years of age, SD scores relative to the Tanner standards were calculated, taking account of skewness in the standards. Cambridge SD scores were low, varying according to age from ...
Hodges M - - 1998
Analysis of diagnoses recorded on under-fives' death certificates in Freetown from 1987 to 1991 revealed that they were attributed thus, acute respiratory infections (ARI); 35%, diarrhoeal diseases (DD); 18%, malaria; 14%, malnutrition; 11%, anaemia; 11%, measles; 9%, prematurity; 7%, convulsions; 6% and tetanus; 3%. Neonates and infants comprised 14% and ...
Jewkes R - - 1998
Whilst birth and death data derived from civil registration systems are regarded as essential indicators of health status and important for population planning, in developing countries they are usually perceived by civil servants and researchers to be very incomplete. In South Africa in 1994 only 50% of deaths were registered ...
Coursey B M - - 1998
The uses of beta-particle emitting radionuclides in therapeutic medicine are rapidly expanding. To ensure the accurate assays of these nuclides prior to administration, radioactivity standards are needed. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the national metrological standards laboratory for the United States, uses high-efficiency liquid scintillation counting to ...
Levin J L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To examine the causes of death among 1130 former workers of a plant in Tyler, Texas dedicated to the manufacture of asbestos pipe insulation materials. This cohort is important and unusual because it used amosite as the only asbestiform mineral in the production process. High level exposure of such ...
Weedn V W - - 1998
Forensic pathologists must identify the bodies and remains falling under their purview in the normal course of death investigation and death certification. Accurate identification is critical and can at times be daunting challenge, especially in mass disaster situations. Many methods can be employed from various scientific disciplines and otherwise, resulting ...
Eppright T D - - 1998
In this paper we describe current difficulties in the diagnosis of infant psychopathology and two recent contributions to the assessment of infant psychopathology, "KIDDIES," and "Zero to Three." In order to accomplish this a literature review was completed regarding infant psychopathology and current diagnostic instruments. The literature supports the notion ...
Hales J W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The importance of standard vocabularies for representing clinical data is widely accepted. The selection of suitable vocabularies for a given task relies upon criteria for systematically differentiating vocabularies. However, methods and measures for comparing vocabularies are only now emerging. Substantial barriers inhibit progress in the development of these measures. ...
Every N R - - 1997
In a large cohort of patients with known or suspected coronary disease, we evaluated the characteristics of 407 patients who died after hospital discharge and tested whether the state death certificate can be used to classify deaths as sudden cardiac versus nonsudden. Compared with a paramedic classification system based on ...
- - 1997
Medicaid prenatal program reduces low birth weight and infant mortality: Christiana Care Health System in Wilmington, DE, rejects the free baby stroller and gift certificate approach to motivating members and instead employs peer moms in the community to mentor pregnant Medicaid members and help them make life-long health improvements.
Ellis P C - - 1997
Discriminant function analysis (DFA) was used to classify the freshness quality of lean fish, fatty fish, and shrimp as either acceptable (Class 1), marginal (Class 2), or unacceptable (Class 3). Fresh and frozen survey samples were statistically classified following an initial precategorization using sensory, chemical, and microbiological indices as predictor ...
Goodin J - - 1997
More than 700 physician medical examiner/coroners (ME/Cs) were surveyed to assess differences in manner of death classifications for typical but often controversial death scenarios: 198 physicians participated by choosing the manner of death (homicide, suicide, accident, natural, undetermined) for 23 such scenarios. Sixteen questions related to death certificate training, work ...
Thomas B M - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: although death certification data are commonly used in dementia epidemiology, their reliability has been questioned. METHODS: death certificates were available from the Registrar General for Scotland for all patients with Alzheimer's disease/presenile dementia (AD PSD) or vascular dementia (VaD) who had died in Scotland up until 31 December 1994. ...
Davis G G - - 1997
Every death is unique, but deaths also share similar features that allow them to be grouped into categories. Since its initial description over 800 years ago, the position of coroner has been charged with the determination of manner of death. This determination has been made by examination into the circumstances ...
Banatvala N - - 1997
This study assessed accuracy of (a) recording Vibrio vulnificus infection on death certificates and (b) International Classification of Disease (ICD)-9 codes for V. vulnificus. Patients with microbiologically confirmed V. vulnificus infection were identified as part of co-ordinated surveillance in four USA Gulf Coast states between 1989 and 1993. Of 60 ...
Naruse Y - - 1997
A community-based survey to examine the actual number of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) deaths was undertaken in the western area of Toyama, a rural area with a population of 209,000. IHD deaths (International Classification of Diseases [ICD], ninth revision, codes 410-414) and heart failure (HF) deaths (ICD code 428) according ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >