Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 492
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Wu Shiow-Ing - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The age-adjusted mortality rate on the island of Quemoy was the lowest of any county in Taiwan in the years 2000-2001. However, the island's rate of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases fluctuates widely. This fluctuation suggests that Quemoy may be issuing inaccurate death certificates. METHODS: To assess ...
Luis Cheryl A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the conversion rates to dementia in patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) thought to be caused by incipient Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD) or with MCI with features of vascular disease (MCI-Vas). METHODS: On the basis of patient history, neurocognitive, neurological and MRI evaluation, 99 patients were diagnosed ...
Mani Subramani - - 2004
This study focused on the development and application of an efficient algorithm to induce causal relationships from observational data. The algorithm, called BLCD, is based on a causal Bayesian network framework. BLCD initially uses heuristic greedy search to derive the Markov Blanket (MB) of a node that serves as the ...
Smallwood Steve - - 2004
This article explores the characteristics of live births where no father was present on the birth certificate (sole registrations) using registration data. It then uses data from the ONS Longitudinal Study to examine some characteristics of mothers who have ever experienced a sole registered live birth. It shows that as ...
Gessner Bradford D BD Alaska Division of Public Health, Section of Maternal, Child, and Family Health, Anchorage, AK 99524-0249, - - 2004
To determine the incidence of and risk factors associated with infant (< 1 year of age) physical abuse in Alaska. A population-based retrospective cohort study for the 1994-2000 resident birth cohort was conducted by linking data from birth certificates, Child Protective Services, a statewide hospital-based trauma registry, hospital discharge data, ...
Lim Yong Kyu YK Dept. of Med. & Biol. Eng., Seoul Nat. Univ., South - - 2004
The ECG recording in the bathtub was studied using insulated electrode. Prior studies of the ECG recording in the bathtub used conductive electrodes having some problems such as the possibility of the electric shock and sensitivity to contamination of the electrode surfaces. The insulated electrodes were made of copper plate ...
Shigehara T - - 2003
Ninety-nine and 476 clones of Myzus persicae (Sulzer) were sampled on tobacco at Kyoto (Shimogamo) (1996-2000) and at 23 other localities (1998-1999) in Japan, respectively. The clones were classified into colour-esterase forms, distinguished by combinations of body colour and electrophoretically detectable esterases, to verify the changes in genotypic composition during ...
Roohan Patrick J - - 2003
Vital statistics birth certificate data are an important source of information for researchers, policy makers, and state officials to evaluate the quality of care delivered to pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of data elements being reported by the hospitals on the birth certificate ...
Copley G Bruce - - 2003
Is the military's casualty (mortality) reporting system a reliable surrogate for International Classification of Diseases-coded death certificate information? To answer this question, the investigators compare official casualty data to the Air Force Mortality Registry for injury-related deaths occurring in 1991-1997. The investigators first derived International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision ...
Burton J L - - 2003
After the so called "organ retention scandal" in the UK this study set out to assess the impact on death certification and hospital (consent) necropsies, including the postmortem retention of tissues and organs. Data were prospectively gathered over a one year period for all deaths occurring at the Royal Hallamshire ...
Thompson J D JD Laboratoire de Biologie et Génomique Structurales, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (CNRS/INSERM/ULP), B.P. 10142, 67404 Illkirch Cedex, - - 2003
Most multiple sequence alignment programs use heuristics that sometimes introduce errors into the alignment. The most commonly used methods to correct these errors use iterative techniques to maximize an objective function. We present here an alternative, knowledge-based approach that combines a number of recently developed methods into a two-step refinement ...
Merdes A R AR Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego 92161, - - 2003
To determine whether AD neurofibrillary pathology influences clinical diagnostic accuracy in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Pathologic diagnosis of DLB mandates Lewy bodies but also allows for AD pathology in the form of plaques and tangles. Because clinical diagnostic accuracy of DLB remains low, the authors questioned whether the severity ...
Stinson Jennifer N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine how well therapeutic randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology (JPP) met the CONSORT criteria as compared to pediatric trials in the Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology (JCCP), which served as a control. METHODS: Nine trials were found in JPP and 19 clinical ...
Heck Katherine E - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of proposed methods of redistributing multiple-race mothers to single-race categories when computing trend data from birth certificates. METHODS: Low birthweight and multiple (twin and higher-order) birth rates for California were calculated for non-Hispanic mothers from birth certificate data for 2000. Births to the 1.9% of ...
Cave William - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission in Nepal is focal and seasonal. Based on data in returning travelers the risk of malaria is low. Sources of advice give contradictory information regarding the need for chemoprophylaxis. As a result, a degree of confusion exists among visitors. The aim of this study was to describe ...
Campus Guglielmo - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study was designed to validate the SiC index in a 12-year-old population, and also considers the level of the disease, expressed as DMFS index, with the aim of comparing the capability of the two indices for preventive and prognostic goals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from a previous study ...
Bodenreider Olivier - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate three aspects of the redundancy of hierarchical relations across biomedical terminologies: 1) What proportion of the relations is redundant?, 2) Which terminologies tend to overlap with other terminologies?, and 3) Is there a link between redundancy and semantic consistency?. METHODS: Hierarchical relations are counted in the various ...
Melo D R - - 2003
In order to ensure that a facility is in compliance with the occupational exposure requirements established by regulatory authorities, the measurements and dose assessments specified in the individual monitoring programme need to be reliable. There are two important questions that shall be addressed here: one is how the licensed facilities ...
Wasley Annemarie - - 2002
In Lorain County, Ohio, unexplained infant deaths in homes sprayed with methyl parathion (MP), an organophosphate (OP) pesticide, prompted an investigation to determine whether infants living in treated homes are at higher risk for unexplained death. A case was defined as any death of an infant (12 months of age) ...
Li Shoufeng - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the contribution of formulation variables on the floating properties of a gastric floating drug delivery system (GFDDS) using a continuous floating monitoring system and statistical experimental design. METHODS: A modified continuous floating monitoring system, which consisted of an electric balance interfacing with a PC, was designed to ...
Nishi Makiko - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To calculate and present the caries prevalence for some countries/states among 12-year-olds, expressed as Significant Caries Index (SiC Index) and to analyse the relationship between the mean DMFT and the SiC Index for these countries. SiC Index is the mean DMFT of the one-third of a population with the ...
Khan Arif - - 2002
Between 1976 and the middle of 2001, approximately 718 human executions occurred in the U.S. (a small segment of worldwide executions). Data regarding the medical aspects of these executions are not readily available. We searched all public domain data in the U.S. to obtain specific data for all persons executed ...
Soares Christopher G - - 2002
The dosimetry of intravascular brachytherapy sources is quite difficult due to the small size of the sources and the close proximity at which measurements are necessary. The development of National Standards for the dosimetry of these sources is described in this paper as well as predictions of how these standards ...
Sington J D - - 2002
There is current heightened public interest in issues surrounding death certification and necropsy. The present study was initiated to determine the accuracy of death certification in providing a correct diagnosis in a series of adult deaths occurring in hospital, all of which were followed by a necropsy. We examined a ...
Musch Jochen - - 2002
According to the probability misjudgment account of paranormal belief (Blackmore & Troscianko, 1985), believers in the paranormal tend to wrongly attribute remarkable coincidences to paranormal causes rather than chance. Previous studies have shown that belief in the paranormal is indeed positively related to error rates in probabilistic reasoning. General cognitive ...
Glenn D Michael - - 2002
The current study examined service era differences in a sample of 172 Gulf and Vietnam outpatient veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants completed the MMPI-2 and several additional self-report measures of symptom severity (PTSD, depression, anxiety, hostility, and health complaints). Results indicated that MMPI-2 profiles differed significantly according ...
Markich Scott J - - 2002
The concentrations of Na, K, Ca, Mg, Ba, Sr, Fe, Al, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Co, Se, U and Ti were determined in the osteoderms and/or flesh of estuarine crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) captured in three adjacent catchments within the Alligator Rivers Region (ARR) of northern Australia. Results from ...
Stehr-Green Paul - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study examined effects of racial/ethnic misclassification of American Indians and Alaskan Natives on Washington State death certificates. METHODS: Probabilistic record linkage were used to match the 1989-1997 state death files to the Northwest Tribal Registry. RESULTS: We identified matches for 2819 decedents, including 414 (14.7%) who had been ...
Lowe A H AH The University of Birmingham School of - - 2002
The aims of this study were to determine the pattern of use and re-use of matrix bands in general practice in Scotland, to demonstrate which type of matrix band is most commonly used and to examine infection control measures of relevance to the safe use and re-use of matrix bands. ...
Norris Sean P - - 2002
There were two goals to be achieved from the analysis of 53 skeletonized infants from the Southwest Collection at the National Museum of Natural History. The first objective was to determine whether this infant sample could be aged based on a mandibular measurement. The second was to determine which dimension ...
Brismar B H - - 2002
We studied 19 videotaped knee arthroscopies in 19 patients with mild to moderate osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee in order to compare the intraobserver and interobserver reliability and the patterns of disagreement between four orthopaedic surgeons. The classifications of OA of Collins, Outerbridge and the French Society of Arthroscopy were ...
Sibai Abla M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the completeness of data on death certificates over the past 25 years in Beirut, Lebanon, and to examine factors associated with the absence of certifiers' signatures and the non-reporting of the underlying cause of death. METHODS: A systematic 20% sample comprising 2607 death certificates covering the 1974, ...
Gould Jeffrey B - - 2002
This study assessed the relationship between incomplete birth certificates and infant mortality. Birth certificates from California (n = 538 945) were assessed in regard to underreporting of 13 predictors of perinatal outcomes and mortality. Of the birth certificates studied, 7.25% were incomplete. Underreporting was most common in the case of ...
Adams M - - 2001
The author evaluated the validity of four historically based variables collected on Georgia birth certificates: outcome of preceding pregnancy, history of delivery of a low- (<2,500 g) or high- (>4,000 g) birth-weight infant, and death of the baby resulting from the preceding pregnancy. Data were derived from birth and fetal ...
Rawson H - - 2001
To evaluate the epidemiology and impact of mortality from chickenpox in England and Wales. Review of death certificates from the Office for National Statistics on which codes for "chickenpox" or "varicella" were mentioned. Further information ascertained from certifying physician. Those certified as having died from chickenpox in England and Wales, ...
Bicchieri M - - 2001
This work reports some different applications of Raman spectroscopy, a high sensitive non-destructive technique, to the conservation of Library Heritage. By Raman spectroscopy we were able to detect the chemical mechanisms leading to cellulose degradation, identifying the different functional groups formed during the paper ageing. This kind of information is ...
Bachelard M - - 2001
PURPOSE: We evaluate voiding cystourethrography as a method for identifying bladder instability in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cystometry was combined with voiding cystourethrography in 79 male and 64 female infants with first time urinary tract infection. Bladder wall irregularity, elongation of bladder shape, and filling of the posterior urethra were ...
Lu T H - - 2001
Previous studies have revealed high rates of errors in death certification, but few have discussed the nature of these errors. To explore the diversity among physicians in death certification and its relationship with the complexity of the causal sequence of death, we asked 145 physicians attending a continuing medical education ...
Worms P M - - 2001
As the incidence and mortality rates of motor neuron diseases (MNDs) have been reported to increase steadily over the 1950s-1980s decades, we compared the results of the most recent studies (1990s decade) with the ones reported for those earlier periods. The relevant literature was retrieved on a keyword basis from ...
Keene J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the last phase of dementia and the causes of death; comparing autopsy and death certificate diagnoses. DESIGN: Prospective, 11-year, longitudinal study of behavioural and psychological changes in dementia, with autopsy follow-up. SETTING: Participants with dementia, living at home with a carer. All lived in Oxfordshire, UK. PARTICIPANTS: ...
Weary G - - 2001
In 3 studies, we examined the hypothesis that the effects of stereotype usage on target judgments are moderated by causal uncertainty beliefs and related accuracy goal structures. In Study 1, we focused on the role of chronically accessible causal uncertainty beliefs as predictors of a target's level of guilt for ...
Willmore B - - 2001
It is often suggested that efficient neural codes for natural visual information should be 'sparse'. However, the term 'sparse' has been used in two different ways--firstly to describe codes in which few neurons are active at any time ('population sparseness'), and secondly to describe codes in which each neuron's lifetime ...
Zoetelief J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To harmonize X-ray dosimetry in radiobiology to allow a direct comparison of radiobiological studies performed at institutes cooperating within the framework of the European Late Effects Project Group (EULEP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 1985 EULEP protocol for X-ray dosimetry and exposure arrangements employed for studies of late somatic effects ...
Yawn B P - - 2001
Using linked birth and death certificates, researchers collected information on the events surrounding and potentially contributing to all fetal and infant deaths in an 11-county southeast Minnesota area May 1, 1996, through May 31, 1998. Data were collected from medical record reviews and maternal interviews. Information was collated and presented ...
Hayward C J - - 2001
We detected 2 species of monogenean gill worms, Pseudodactylogyrus bini (Kikuchi, 1929) Gusev, 1965 and P. anguillae (Yin & Sproston, 1948) Gusev, 1965 (Monopisthocotylea: Pseudodactylogyridae), on American eel Anguilla rostrata in 2 rivers in South Carolina, USA. One of these, P. anguillae, was reported 5 yr ago from Nova Scotia; ...
Smith Sehdev A E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Mortality statistics are largely based on death certificates, so it is important that the data on the death certificate is accurate. At our institution, clinicians complete cause-of-death statements (CODs) prior to autopsy. Since May 1995, separate CODs have been included in autopsy face sheets. METHODS: Clinical and autopsy-based CODs ...
Morris R C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether the presence of online tables of contents (TOC) in an online catalog affects circulation (checkouts and inhouse usage). Two major questions were posed: (1) did the presence of online tables of contents for books increase use, and, (2) if it did, what factors might cause the ...
Berger B - - 2001
The results of a co-ordinated monitoring programme for pesticide residues in the European Union and Norway carried out in 1996 and 1997 are presented. The aim of this programme is to work towards a system, which makes it possible to estimate actual dietary pesticide intake for the population of the ...
Lahti R A - - 2001
The 3478 death certificates (7.1% of all annual death certificates) of this study comprise those national death certificates in 1995 submitted for validation to the panel representing both medical and nosological expertise. As such, it is highly selected and represents, from the nosological point of view, the most inconsistently filled-in ...
Johnson M H - - 2001
This article provides an overview of the use of the Geodesic sensor net system for high-density event-related potential (ERP) recording in infants. Some advantages and disadvantages of the system, as applied to infants, are discussed. First, we illustrate that high-density data can be recorded from infants at comparable quality to ...
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