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Parai Jacqueline L - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to examine the validity of manner of death (MOD) certification of unnatural adult deaths by Ontario coroners. METHODS: A census of 306 active coroners practicing in Ontario was performed, with data collection occurring in 2002. Mailed self-administered questionnaires contained 14 fictitious clinicopathologic scenarios ...
Morley Ruth - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The widely observed association between birth size and risk of later coronary heart disease (CHD) has not been examined in an impoverished pre-20th century birth cohort. METHODS: Birth weights and maternal characteristics, for births between 1857 and 1900 in a charity hospital, were recorded from preserved ledgers. Names were ...
Richardson Drew B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To quantify any relationship between emergency department (ED) overcrowding and 10-day patient mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective stratified cohort analysis of three 48-week periods in a tertiary mixed ED in 2002-2004. Mean "occupancy" (a measure of overcrowding based on number of patients receiving treatment) was calculated for 8-hour shifts ...
Wysowski Diane K - - 2006
The objectives of our study were to determine the number, rate, and types of deaths attributed to specific X-ray contrast media on the basis of U.S. death certificates and to attempt to assess the comparative safety of commonly used diagnostic X-ray contrast agents using death certificate information. From 1999 through ...
Denegri Bernard - - 2006
A series of 21 benzhydrylium ions (diarylmethylium ions) are proposed as reference electrofuges for the development of a general nucleofugality scale, where nucleofugality refers to a combination of leaving group and solvent. A total of 167 solvolysis rate constants of benzhydrylium tosylates, bromides, chlorides, trifluoroacetates, 3,5-dinitrobenzoates, and 4-nitrobenzoates, two-thirds of ...
Knox E G EG Mill Cottage, Front Street, Great Comberton, Pershore, Worcestershire WR10 3DU, UK. - - 2006
To locate geographical sources of engine exhaust emissions in Great Britain and to link them with the birth addresses of children dying from cancer. To estimate the cancer initiating roles of nearby roads and railways and to measure effective ranges. Birth and death addresses of all children born between 1955 ...
Tairou Fassiatou - - 2006
The objectives of this study were 1) to assess the validity of different databases which identify neural tube defect (NTD) cases in the population, and 2) to examine the temporal trends in NTD rates and the impact of prenatal diagnoses among pregnancies referred to a tertiary care hospital in Quebec ...
Mahajan Sangeeta T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare interpretations of electromyographic (EMG) recordings from perineal surface patch electrodes (PSPEs) to those from urethral concentric needle electrodes (CNEs) during voiding. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consenting women underwent urodynamic testing with a 30 G, 3.8 cm CNE at the 12 o'clock position in the striated urethral sphincter muscle, ...
Pearce Daniel J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis can be associated with severe, life-threatening exacerbations. We sought to approximate the mortality associated with hospitalizations for psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from two sources to estimate a death rate associated with psoriasis. RESULTS: There were 471 hospital admissions for psoriasis from 1988 to 2001 with ...
Pierce J Rush JR - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Based on death certificate data, the Texas Department of Health Bureau of Vital Statistics calculates age adjusted all-cause mortality rates for each Texas county yearly. In 1998 the calculated rates for two adjacent Texas counties was disparate. These counties contain one city (Amarillo) and are identical in size. This ...
Northam Sally - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the reliability and validity of birth certificate variables and encourage nurses to spearhead data improvement. DATA SOURCES: A Medline key word search of reliability and validity of birth certificate, and a reference review of more than 60 articles were done. STUDY SELECTION: Twenty-four primary research studies of ...
Lippold Carsten - - 2006
The correlations between the sagittal jaw position and the cranio-cervical inclination are described in literature. Only few studies focus on the sagittal jaw position and the body posture using valid and objective orthopaedic examination methods. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with malocclusions reveal ...
Nitsch Dorothea - - 2006
Probabilistic record linkage is widely used in epidemiology, but studies of its validity are rare. Our aim was to validate its use to identify births to a cohort of women, being drawn from a large cohort of people born in Scotland in the early 1950s. The Children of the 1950s ...
Korhonen S-P - - 2005
Self-Organizing Molecular Field Analysis (SOMFA) comes with a built-in regression methodology, the Self-Organizing Regression (SOR), instead of relying on external methods such as PLS. In this article we present a proof of the equivalence between SOR and SIMPLS with one principal component. Thus, the modest performance of SOMFA on complex ...
Lazar Jane - - 2006
PURPOSE: Birth and fetal death certificates classify individuals as twins or higher order multiples, but do not identify multiple gestation groups. As a result, multiple gestations are consistently excluded from maternal and child health research studies despite the surge in multiple births since the early 1980s and the health risks ...
de Chambrier Alain - - 2005
The proteocephalidean cestode Houssayela sudobim (Woodland, 1935), the type and only species of Houssayela Rego, 1987, is redescribed on the basis of re-examination of its type-specimens and freshly collected material found in the intestine of the barred sudobim Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) from the River Amazon in Peru. The validity ...
Bauer Robert - - 2005
Teliospores, basidia, cultures, hyphal septations, cellular interactions and nucleotide sequences from the D1/D2 region of the nuclear large subunit ribosomal RNA gene of Entyloma ossifragi occurring on Narthecium ossifragum (Nartheciaceae) were examined and compared with findings in the Georgefischeriales and other Ustilaginomycetes. The data show that Entyloma ossifragi is a ...
Lydon-Rochelle Mona T - - 2005
While the impact of maternal morbidities and intrapartum procedures is a common topic in perinatal outcomes research, the accuracy of the reporting of these variables in the large administrative databases (birth certificates, hospital discharges) often utilised for such research is largely unknown. We conducted this study to compare maternal diagnoses ...
Phipps Maureen G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with voluntary paternity establishment for infants born to teenagers. STUDY DESIGN: The medical records of 402 unmarried women aged 13-19 years and delivering between January 1 and July 31, 2000, were reviewed, including prenatal charts, delivery records, birth worksheets, affidavits of parentage and infant birth ...
Lydon-Rochelle Mona T - - 2005
We sought to estimate the accuracy, relative to maternal medical records, of perinatal risk factors recorded on fetal death certificates. We conducted a validation study of fetal death certificates among women who experienced fetal deaths between 1996 and 2001. The number of previous births, established diabetes, chronic hypertension, maternal fever, ...
Bailit Jennifer L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to quantify the frequency, clinical course, charges, and outcomes of hyperemesis gravidarum. STUDY DESIGN: California birth certificate data linked with maternal and neonatal hospital discharge data in 1999 were used (N=520,739). Hyperemesis was defined by ICD-9 codes. The frequency, estimated charges, and demographic characteristics associated ...
Das C - - 2005
Every country has its own legal system regarding post mortem examinations and death certificates. The authorities want to know the cause and the manner of death of their citizens and especially whether someone is responsible for the death of someone else. In this article a comparison is made between the ...
Courtenay Glenn Christopher - - 2005
Measurement of intertidal rock assemblages was investigated as a potential biological indicator to provide a quantitative estimate of the impact of urbanised catchment discharge on the estuaries of Sydney, Australia, from 1995 to 1999. Based on the presence and characteristics of adjacent human activities, sampling locations were categorised as: Bush; ...
Tschopp R - - 2005
Five outbreaks of infectious keratoconjunctivitis (ikc) affecting alpine chamois and ibex in the western and central Swiss Alps were recorded in 2001 to 2003. Mycoplasma conjunctivae was identified from conjunctival swabs by means of a nested pcr in 27 of the 28 chamois tested. The outbreaks occurred in an area ...
Jorge J - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare refractions measured with an autorefractor and by retinoscopy with and without cycloplegia. The objective refractions were performed in 199 right eyes from 199 healthy young adults with a mean age of 21.6 +/- 2.66 years. The measurements were performed first without cycloplegia ...
Lydon-Rochelle Mona T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of live-birth certificates and hospital discharge data that reported of pre-existing maternal medical conditions and complications of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based validation study in 19 non-federal short-stay hospitals in Washington state with a stratified random sample ...
Rollo Franco - - 2005
The present paper describes the study of a skeleton, kept at the Church of Santa Chiara in Urbino, Italy. Traditionally, this skeleton was thought to be that of the Duchess Eleonora Gonzaga della Rovere (1493-1550), but suspicion exists as to whether or not the remains might belong to another important ...
Graber Judith M - - 2005
We collaborated with Maine American Indian tribes to evaluate racial coding on death certificates and the effects of coding errors on estimation of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Lists of tribal decedents were matched to death certificates; 38.5% were misclassified (17.8% coding errors; 20.7% data entry errors). After errors were corrected, ...
Mobley Joseph R JR - - 2005
Eight aerial surveys were flown north of the Hawaiian island of Kauai during 2001 when the North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory (NPAL) source was not transmitting, and during 2002 and 2003 when it was. All surveys were performed during the period of peak residency of humpback whales (Feb-Mar). During 2002 and ...
Pressley Joyce C - - 2005
Although little is known regarding potential socioeconomic or racial bias in the recording of Parkinson's disease (PD) on death certificates, studies of incidence, prevalence, and the etiology of PD frequently rely on this type of data. A national population-based survey was linked to death certificate data to investigate the concordance ...
McElvenny Damien M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The British mesothelioma register contains all deaths from 1968 to 2001 where mesothelioma was mentioned on the death certificate. AIMS: To present summary statistics of the British mesothelioma epidemic including summaries by occupation and geographical area. METHODS: Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for local authorities, unitary authorities and ...
Horon Isabelle L - - 2005
I studied the extent to which maternal deaths are underreported on death certificates. We collected data on maternal deaths from death certificates, linkage of death certificates with birth and fetal death records, and review of medical examiner records. Thirty-eight percent of maternal deaths were unreported on death certificates. Half or ...
Lorenz Karl A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine optimal strategies for complete mortality ascertainment comparing death certificates and United States (US) Veterans Administration (VA) records. METHODS: We constructed a cohort of California veterans who died in fiscal year (FY) 2000 and used VA services the year before death. We determined decedent status using ...
Slade Dawn - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The handling of sick neonates may have detrimental effects such as hypoxia or bradycardia. Such handling is inevitable due to the frequent need for practical procedures; however, minimising handling reduces these adverse events and may improve outcome. Radiography is one of the commonest procedures performed on neonates. Usually the ...
Brennan Mark - - 2005
Postcards to God was a creative method to allow individuals to express their spirituality. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of this innovative method. At a skilled nursing facility in a geriatric residence, 19 older disabled workshop participants created collage and message "Postcards to God", and ...
Sinfield Paul - - 2005
This article investigates the issue of death certification in England and Wales. The Shipman Inquiry published interim proposals designed to make the system of death certification safer and more accurate. The proposed forms were piloted by doctors and relatives on a sample of deaths in one locality. They were then ...
Willer Cristen J - - 2005
To determine if risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with month of birth in countries in the northern hemisphere and if factors related to month of birth interact with genetic risk. Population based study with population and family based controls and a retrospective cohort identified from death certificates. A ...
Bell G S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Death certificates are an unreliable source of information on cause of death, and mortality due to epilepsy can thus be underestimated. METHODS: We investigated people with epilepsy who had died, and attempted to identify factors that influence inclusion of epilepsy on the death certificate; eight factors were hypothesised and ...
Muir Anne - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa is associated with an increased mortality rate. National mortality statistics based on statutory death certification are potentially an important source of information. However, there are reasons to believe that these statistics may be subject to significant errors. An audit of the quality of information and diagnosis was ...
Imanishi Yuichi - - 2004
With high-resolution continuous gravity recordings from a regional network of superconducting gravimeters, we have detected permanent changes in gravity acceleration associated with a recent large earthquake. Detected changes in gravity acceleration are smaller than 10(-8) meters seconds(-2) (1 micro-Galileo, about 10(-9) times the surface gravity acceleration) and agree with theoretical ...
Chugh Sumeet S - - 2004
We sought to determine the annual incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the general population using a prospective approach. To assess the validity of retrospective surveillance, a simultaneous comparison was made with a death certificate-based method of determining SCD incidence. Accurate surveillance and characterization of SCD in the general ...
Zevallos Juan Carlos - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We compared reports of deaths in which tobacco use was a contributing factor ("tobacco-associated deaths") before and after the addition to death certificates in Texas of a check-box question asking whether tobacco use contributed to an individual's death. METHODS: We examined Texas vital statistics files from 1987 to 1998. ...
Machado Carla Jorge - - 2004
Probabilistic record linkage allows the assembling of information from different data sources. We present a procedure when a one-to-one relationship between records in different files is expected but not found. Data were births and infant deaths, 1998-birth cohort, city of São Paulo, Brazil. Pairs for which a one-to-one relationship was ...
Shanker K - - 2004
Orissa, on the east coast of India, is one of the three mass nesting sites in the world for olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea). This population is currently under threat as a result of fishery-related mortality; more than 100 000 olive ridleys have been counted dead in the last 10 ...
Hassan H E - - 2004
Excitation functions of the reactions (nat)Se(p,x)(75,76,77,82)Br, (76)Se(p,xn)(75,76)Br, (76)Se(p,x)(75)Se and (77)Se(p,xn)(76,77)Br were measured from their respective thresholds up to 40 MeV, with particular emphasis on data for the production of the medically important radionuclides (76)Br and (77)Br. The conventional stacked-foil technique was used. The samples were prepared by a sedimentation process. ...
Ma Xiaomei - - 2004
To address concerns regarding the representativeness of controls in case-control studies, two selection strategies were evaluated in a study of childhood leukemia, which commenced in California in 1995. The authors selected two controls per case: one from among children identified by using computerized birth records and located successfully, the other ...
Santtila Pekka - - 2004
The aim of the present study is to explore the possibility of predicting the presence of a criminal record in the background of a homicide offender on the basis of victim characteristics. Eight victim characteristics, as well as the presence or absence of offender criminal record and offender violent criminal ...
Yamada Michiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although dementia is rarely listed on death certificates, it does contribute to mortality. The predominant immediate causes of death coincident with dementia are pneumonia and cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of dementia on specific mortality risks. METHODS: We applied DSM-III/R criteria for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular ...
Cibere Jolanda - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of physical examination of the osteoarthritic (OA) knee by rheumatologists, and to evaluate the benefits of standardization. METHODS: Forty-two physical signs and techniques were evaluated using a 6 x 6 Latin square design. Patients with mild to severe knee OA, based on physical and radiographic ...
Wu Shiow-Ing - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The age-adjusted mortality rate on the island of Quemoy was the lowest of any county in Taiwan in the years 2000-2001. However, the island's rate of mortality due to cardiovascular diseases fluctuates widely. This fluctuation suggests that Quemoy may be issuing inaccurate death certificates. METHODS: To assess ...
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