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Matsuo Chihiro - - 2008
The calibration coefficient currently supplied by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) is measured with an X-ray unit equipped with a W target/Al filter. We compared the calibration coefficient, which is measured with the X-ray unit equipped with a W target/Al filter and the X-ray unit ...
Durante Amanda J - - 2008
PURPOSE: The United States National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) uses death certificate data to estimate the burden of serious disease. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of the NCHS method for estimating the burden of chronic liver disease (CLD). METHOD: The authors identified death certificates of New Haven ...
Leeds T D - - 2008
Accuracy and repeatability of live-animal ultrasound measures, and the relationships of these measures with subprimal yields and carcass value, were investigated using data from 172 wethers. Wethers were F(1) progeny from the mating of 4 terminal sire breeds to Rambouillet ewes and were finished in a feedlot to a mean ...
Wen Ting - - 2008
A bioassay-guided fractionation and chemical examination of the soft coral Sinularia flexibilis resulted in the isolation and characterization of sinulaflexiolides A-K (1-11), along with sinulariolone (12), 5-dehydrosinularolide (13), capillolide (14), sinulariolide (15), 5,8-epoxy-9-acetoxysinulariolide (16), flexibilide (17), dihydroflexibilide (18), and the enantiomer of 14-deoxycrassin (19). Their structures were determined on the ...
Man Sui Cheung - - 2008
A systematic review was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of herbal medications (HM), as either monotherapy or adjunct to orthodox medications (cholinesterase inhibitors and nootropic agents, OM) for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Sixteen studies testing different HM were included. Out of the 15 HM monotherapy studies, 13 reported HM ...
Johnson Pamela Jo PJ Division of Health Policy & Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55414, USA. - - 2008
Poor living conditions are posited as an underlying cause of American Indian (AI) infant mortality, which is unusually high in the postneonatal period. We explore whether the effects of neighborhood poverty on AI infant death are identifiable by using observational data. Vital records for infants born between 1990 and 1999 ...
Rose Kathryn M - - 2008
PURPOSE: The validity of parental occupation recalled by adult children is not established, yet it is commonly used to measure childhood socioeconomic status (SES). We investigated the feasibility of using data from historical records to validate recalled parental SES. METHODS: Data from death certificates and applications for Social Security numbers ...
Quine Susan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To explore outlooks for the future which exist in an older population, through construction of a typology of combinations of absence or presence of reported hopes and fears for the future and a detailed analysis of the characteristics of older people in each of the four outlook categories created: ...
Lu Tsung-Hsueh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mortality data has often been used to monitor the quality of cardiac care. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the under-reporting of unnatural deaths in mortality data. METHOD: All patients with a main discharge diagnosis of injury (ICD-9-CM code 800-999) who died in 2003 or 2004 were identified through record linkage between ...
Hirst C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Detailed studies of mortality in multiple sclerosis (MS) are limited. Studying death certificates in a prospective cohort of patients known to have MS is of value in establishing mortality data and can also provide important information on the accuracy and use of death certificates for epidemiological studies. METHODS: A ...
Li Hongyu - - 2008
In this study the feasibility of using the in vivo synchronous fluorescence spectra (SFS) of phytoplankton samples for determining the relative abundance of specific classes of phytoplankton was investigated. In total, 405 SFS of nine phytoplankton species cultivated under different conditions were measured and evaluated. First, principal component analysis (PCA) ...
Ritz Beate B Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA. - - 2008
Since the mid-1990s, the number of studies linking air pollutants to low birthweight, small for gestational age, preterm birth and cardiac birth defects has grown steadily. This MiniReview (in conjunction with the May 2007 International Conference on Foetal Programming and Development Toxicity) highlights key methodological issues surrounding this research area, ...
Brender Jean D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the most recent revision (2003) of the U.S. standard certificate of live births, the National Center for Health Statistics recommended that all states collect maternal and paternal usual occupation. Because such information might be useful in the surveillance of job-related risk areas, we assessed the quality of parental ...
Steinberg Ilya Sh - - 2008
Two-photon recording of microholograms was demonstrated in undoped congruent lithium tantalate crystal with high holographic sensitivity, large refractive index change, and fast hologram writing time. Nonvolatile heterodyne readout was carried out at a wavelength of 660 nm. Recording of a 3 x 3 x 3 matrix of microholograms was realized ...
Leslie Teresa E - - 2008
This paper explores population substructure through an analysis of 726 individual death certificates representing African-American and West-Indian immigrant populations who died from tubercular infection in Manhattan, New York City, NY, 1890-1930. From the death certificate data, four classes of tubercular infection were derived: pulmonary, chronic pulmonary, acute/miliary tuberculosis and tubercular ...
Fraser Alison - - 2008
Multiple births present a challenge for accurately identifying newborn readmissions when using probabilistic linkage methods and the given name is missing. We discovered that using ICD newborn codes and linking to birth certificates to identify multiple births in hospital discharge data improves the linking accuracy for newborn readmissions by 28.9%.
Menchón S A - - 2008
Although the second displacement moments for Lévy flights are not defined in their usual sense, a few years ago it was shown that nonextensive statistical mechanics can be used to define them for symmetric flights. Here it is shown that the displacement moments for long-jump asymmetric Lévy flights can also ...
Doi Y - - 2008
There is suggested to be a geographical difference in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) mortality in Japan. We performed a study to detect localized clusters and hot-spot areas of deaths from CJD in Japan during the 10-year period from 1995 to 2004. The diagnosis of CJD was taken from the death certificate ...
Donato D - - 2008
Wildlife deaths associated with cyanide-bearing tailings dams are a significant environmental issue that has affected the gold mining industries for many years and still characterized by little knowledge about how to measure, monitoring, reduce or eliminate those deaths. The purpose of this paper is statistically to determine: the potential for ...
Haber Hans P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether transperineal sonography is valid and accurate for discriminating the low (translevator) type of imperforate anus from the intermediate and high (supralevator) types. The distinction is critical in determination of the surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutively enrolled infants (0-90 ...
Morrison Colin - - 2008
Fuel poverty describes a complex interaction between households with low income and energy inefficiency. The Scottish Executive has charged local Scottish authorities with the task of eradicating fuel poverty by 2016. In order to direct investment and tackle fuel poverty, a local authority must know which areas are more likely ...
Renner Walter - - 2009
An Austrian Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) offered psychotherapy to 37 asylum seekers and refugees (21 of them female) with a mean age of 36.1 years (s = 7.5), with the majority of them from Chechnya or Afghanistan. Comparative data between the start of therapy and the time of evaluation revealed a ...
Stevens Tyler - - 2008
Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) is a sensitive test for the early ductal changes of chronic pancreatitis. More recently, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has also been proposed as a sensitive structural test for chronic pancreatitis. Few studies have compared EUS and ERP using an external reference standard. Direct pancreatic function tests (PFT) ...
Katsakiori P F - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A death certificate is the formal document in which a physician records the time, cause and circumstances under which the death of an individual has occurred. Morbidity and mortality statistics are mainly based on the analysis of these certificates, and inaccuracies in the detail may lead to biased estimation ...
Corey Tracey S - - 2007
There is a great deal of variation in the methods and wording used by medical examiners in the medicolegal investigation and certification of infant deaths. This paper was created by the NAME Ad Hoc Committee on Sudden Unexplained Infant Death to address several specific issues, namely: * To establish a ...
Irwin Gareth - - 2007
Kinetic analyses of the chalked bar longswing on high bar and its associated progressions were used to explain musculoskeletal contributions during the performance of these skills. Data on four international male gymnasts performing three series of chalked bar longswings and eight progressions were recorded. Customized body segment inertia parameters, two-dimensional ...
Pearl Michelle - - 2007
Birth certificate last menstrual period (LMP) date is widely used to estimate gestational age in the US. While data quality concerns have been raised, no large population-based study has isolated data quality issues by comparing birth record LMP (Birth LMP) with reliable LMP dates from another source. We assessed LMP ...
Reichman Nancy E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the accuracy of birth certificate data varies by risk factors and birth outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We reanalyzed data from a validation study of birth certificate data in New Jersey, focusing on subgroups of mothers according to marital ...
Kopczyński Michał - - 2007
This paper examines changes in the biological well-being in the Kingdom of Poland on the basis of data concerning the physical height of conscripts drafted into the Russian army between the 1860s and 1913. The rise in the average height began with the cohorts born in the mid-1860s and lasted ...
Martin Joyce A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This is the first report to present maternal and infant health information exclusive to the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. Information is shown for the items: Risk factors in this pregnancy, Obstetric procedures, Characteristics of labor and delivery, Method of delivery, Abnormal conditions of ...
Ranjbar M - - 2007
Principal component and cluster analyses were used to evaluate the pattern of morphological variation in 122 accessions of Aegilops crassa for 14 quantitative characters. With the principal component analysis, the first five principal components with eigenvalues more than 1 contributed 69.5% of the variability amongst accessions, whereas PC6 to PC14 ...
Satapathy D R - - 2007
The mangrove formations of Godavari estuary are due to silting over many centuries. The estuary covers an area of 62,000 ha of which dense Coringa mangrove forest spread in 6,600 ha. Satellite sensor data was used to detect change in the mangrove cover for a period of 12 years (1992-2004). ...
Elliott Mark A - - 2007
The ability of psychosocial variables to predict driver behaviour was tested using the theory of planned behaviour (TPB; I. Ajzen, 1985) as a theoretical framework. At Time 1, participants (N=150) completed questionnaire measures of TPB variables. 1 week later, participants' behaviour was assessed using both self-reports and observations of driving ...
Baker Timothy R - - 2007
The stocks and dynamics of coarse woody debris (CWD) are significant components of the carbon cycle within tropical forests. However, to date, there have been no reports of CWD stocks and fluxes from the approximately 1.3 million km(2) of lowland western Amazonian forests. Here, we present estimates of CWD stocks ...
Schluter Philip - - 2007
AIMS: Pacific peoples (mostly of Samoan, Tongan, Niuean, or Cook Islands origin) have a higher proportion of reported household crowding than any other ethnic group in New Zealand. However, there are multiple ways crowding can be measured. This paper reports the prevalence and concordance of Pacific peoples' own perception of ...
Cohen Joachim - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Systematic and reliable epidemiological information at population level, preferably cross-national, is needed for an adequate planning of (end-of-life) health care policies, e.g. concerning place of death, but is currently lacking. This study illustrates opportunities and weaknesses of death certificate data to provide such information on place of death and ...
Mudry Albert - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Historical vignettes are often included in scientific otological articles. However, they may contain inaccuracies and errors when authors use secondary or compiled texts rather than primary source material. METHODS: Examples of errors arising from the use of secondary sources are obtained from compiled works in comparison with original publications, ...
Hamilton Kirsten Elizabeth - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine whether there is a temporal relationship between the diurnal variation of central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) by Goldmann applanation tonometry in young normal human participants in vivo. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 25 young healthy normal participants were examined in a prospective observational cross-sectional study. ...
Cotton Cecilia A - - 2007
Long term studies of childhood cancer survivors are hampered by difficulties in tracking young adult participants. After performing a National Death Index (NDI) search we sought to identify which factors best predicted a match among known decedents from the National Wilms Tumor Study (NWTS) and to determine if record linkage ...
Lu Tsung-Hsueh - - 2006
To assess the quality of manner of death (MOD) certification among medical examiners/coroners (ME/Cs) in Taiwan, death certificates issued in 2002 for which the final MOD was suicide or undetermined were extracted for analysis. Indicators of the quality of MOD certification included (1) MOD not given by the ME/Cs; (2) ...
Mistry Rakesh D - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The lack of valid classification methods for emergency department (ED) visit urgency has resulted in large variation in reported rates of nonurgent ED utilization. OBJECTIVES: To compare four methods of defining ED visit urgency with the criterion standard, implicit criteria, for infant ED visits. METHODS: This was a secondary ...
Eschbach Karl - - 2006
We determined the size and correlates of underascertainment of Hispanic ethnicity on California death certificates. We used 1999 to 2000 vital registration data. We compared Hispanic ethnicity reported on the death certificate to Hispanic ethnicity derived from birthplace for the foreign-born and an algorithm that used first and last name ...
Susnik Simona - - 2007
We explore the historical demography of the Adriatic lineage of brown trout and more explicitly the colonization and phylogenetic placement of Ohrid trout, based on variation at 12 microsatellite loci and the mtDNA control region. All Adriatic basin haplotypes reside in derived positions in a network that represents the entire ...
Kirby Russell S - - 2006
Vital statistics documents for the United States have been revised approximately decennially throughout the past century. In this commentary we review the contents of the 2003 revision of the national standard certificate of live birth, focusing on changes from the certificates in use nationally since 1989, and identifying strengths and ...
Pérès S - - 2006
The structural analysis of large metabolic networks exhibits a combinatorial explosion of elementary modes. A new method of classification has been developed [called aggregation around common motif (ACoM)], which groups elementary modes into classes with similar substructures. This method is applied to the tricarboxylic acid cycle and metabolite carriers. The ...
Baird B N - - 2006
Based on limited sampling 2 years after the 2002 Biscuit Fire in Oregon, Donato et al. (Brevia, 20 January 2006, p. 352) concluded that postfire logging reduced seedling regeneration by 71%. Analysis of the study methodology and raw data suggest that this estimate is statistically flawed and misleading and says ...
Musk Arthur W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the dissemination of asbestos fibres within the Western Australian community. METHODS: A case report. RESULTS: A 60-year-old female was referred for investigation of calcified pleural plaques. On questioning, she recalled exposure to asbestos as a child on the family farm. She had shaken hessian bags prior to ...
Medina Mónica - - 2006
Stony corals, which form the framework for modern reefs, are classified as Scleractinia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, and Hexacorallia) in reference to their external aragonitic skeletons. However, persistent notions, collectively known as the "naked coral" hypothesis, hold that the scleractinian skeleton does not define a natural group. Three main lines of evidence ...
Richardson D B - - 2006
The 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) represents a major change in the ICD system. This paper investigates the impact on relative risk estimates of inconsistencies in outcome classification between ICD-9 and ICD-10, including scenarios in which occupational exposure levels are correlated with year of death (and ...
Rodriguez Sara Russell - - 2006
Death certificate data are used to estimate state and national incidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI)-related deaths. This study evaluated the accuracy of this estimate in Oklahoma and examined the case characteristics of those persons who experienced a TBI-related death but whose death certificate did not reflect a TBI. Data ...
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