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Fujita Masako M Department of Anthropology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA. - - 2011
Newborns are dependent on breastmilk vitamin A for building hepatic stores of vitamin A that will become critical for survival after weaning. It has been documented that vitamin A concentrations in breastmilk decline across the first year postpartum in both well-nourished and malnourished populations. The reason for this decline has ...
Gupta Neerja - - 2011
Diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) such as an organic acidemia or urea cycle defects requires high index of suspicion in a critically ill infant as these conditions mimic common pediatric illnesses. Prompt initiation of the treatment is mandatory even if a definitive diagnosis is not established immediately. Initial ...
Hatun Sükrü - - 2011
A nationwide "vitamin D prophylaxis augmentation program" initiated in 2005 in Turkey reduced prevalence of rickets from 6% in 1998 to 0.1% in 2008 in children under age 3 year. Program included free distribution of vitamin D drops to all newborns and infants (0-12 months) visiting primary health stations throughout ...
Alonso Agustina - - 2011
The objective was to evaluate the need for vitamin D prophylaxis in healthy infants. This was a prospective and randomized study performed at primary care clinics. Eighty-eight full-term 1-month-old healthy infants were randomly assigned to receive (n = 41) or not (n = 47) 402 IU/d of vitamin D for ...
Tarrant R C - - 2011
This prospective Irish observational study examined maternal and infant nutritional supplement use. From an initial sample of 539 mothers recruited from the Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital in Dublin (during 2004-2006), 450 eligible mothers were followed up at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. Only 200 women (44.4%) complied ...
Marwaha R K - - 2011
The present cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the vitamin D status of pregnant Indian women and their breast-fed infants. Subjects were recruited from the Department of Obstetrics, Armed Forces Clinic and Army Hospital (Research and Referral), Delhi. A total of 541 apparently healthy women with uncomplicated, single, intra-uterine gestation ...
Tripathi Smita - - 2011
We conducted this study to evaluate the adequacy of breastmilk as a source of vitamin E in exclusively breastfed VLBW infants. Such infants (n=44) were randomly allotted to receive vitamin E supplementation (n = 23); the rest (n = 21) did not receive vitamin E. After 21 days, the vitamin ...
Koskimies Eeva - - 2011
PURPOSE: To calculate the national incidence of upper limb deficiencies and associated infant mortality in children in Finland using the International Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand (IFSSH) classification. Radial ray deficiency, ulnar ray deficiency, central ray deficiency, transverse arrest, phocomelia, undergrowth, and constriction band syndrome with skeletal ...
West Keith P KP - - 2011
Maternal vitamin A deficiency is a public health concern in the developing world. Its prevention may improve maternal and infant survival. To assess efficacy of maternal vitamin A or beta carotene supplementation in reducing pregnancy-related and infant mortality. Cluster randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial among pregnant women 13 to 45 years ...
Rodd Celia - - 2011
Lack of adherence with vitamin D supplementation is still a risk factor for rickets. In a randomized cross-over design, infants received 400 IU cholecalciferol by dropper (1 mL syrup) or filmstrip. Infant and parent preference scores and adherence were then compared. Forty-three parents of healthy infants preferred the filmstrip (85.4% of ...
Carroll Kecia N KN Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, - - 2011
The objective of the study was to investigate the association of maternal vitamin D and maternal asthma and infant respiratory infection severity. The study included cross-sectional analyses of 340 mother-infant dyads enrolled from September to May 2004-2008 during an infant viral respiratory infection. Maternal vitamin D levels were determined from ...
Burris Heather H HH Department of Neonatology, Division of Newborn Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, and Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA. - - 2011
Despite advances in medical care, preterm birth and its associated racial/ethnic disparities remain major public health issues. Environmental exposures may contribute to racial disparities in preterm birth. Recent work in Iran demonstrated lead levels less than 10 μg/dl to be associated with preterm birth and premature rupture of membranes. Data ...
Barrington Kj - - 2011
Endotracheal intubation, a common procedure in newborn care, is associated with pain and cardiorespiratory instability. The use of premedication reduces the adverse physiological responses of bradycardia, systemic hypertension, intracranial hypertension and hypoxia. Perhaps more importantly, premedication decreases the pain and discomfort associated with the procedure. All newborn infants, therefore, should ...
Ngo B B Laboratory of Clinical Biology, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, Campus St.-Jan, Genk, Belgium. - - 2011
Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants still occurs despite worldwide use of prophylaxis. Clinical manifestations can be dramatic with over 50% of patients presenting with intracranial haemorrhage and a mortality rate of 20% in late vitamin K deficiency bleeding. Special attention should be given to infants with a high ...
Thorisdottir Asa V - - 2011
A previous study showed low iron status in 12-month-old Icelandic infants associated most strongly with cow's milk intake and growth. Infant dietary recommendations were revised in 2003. This study investigated nutrition and iron status in a new infant cohort. Subjects/Methods. Randomly selected infants were prospectively investigated for diet, anthropometry, and ...
Rioux France M - - 2011
Purpose: The dietary nutrients iron and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are believed to play an important role in early brain development. We investigated the relationship between pregnant women's iron and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status and their infants' cognitive performance at age six months. Methods: Blood iron and DHA status were ...
Domellöf Magnus - - 2011
Iron deficiency anemia is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide and infants constitute a risk group due to their high iron requirements. Iron is critical for brain development, and case control studies have shown a consistent association between iron deficiency anemia in infancy and poor neurodevelopment, suggesting that it is ...
Narchi H - - 2011
Although hypovitaminosis D has been reported in the neonatal period and infancy, there is currently little information on the longitudinal changes in vitamin D status throughout early infancy. To estimate, in Al Ain, UAE, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and longitudinal changes and risk factors in infants between birth ...
Crocker Barbara - - 2011
Vitamin D deficiency during infancy may lead to rickets and possibly other poor health outcomes. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months. Breast milk is the best food for infants but does not contain adequate vitamin D. Health Canada recommends all breastfed infants receive a ...
Haider Batool A - - 2011
Vitamin A deficiency is a major public health problem in developing countries. Vitamin A supplementation in children greater than six months of age has been found to be beneficial, with no effect of supplementation between one to five months. Supplementation in the neonatal period has been suggested to have an ...
Gogia Siddhartha - - 2011
Vitamin A deficiency is a significant public health problem in low and middle income countries. Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) provided to lactating postpartum mothers or to infants less than six months of age are two possible strategies to improve the nutrition of infants at high risk of vitamin A deficiency ...
Darlow Brian A - - 2011
Vitamin A is necessary for normal lung growth and the integrity of respiratory tract epithelial cells. Preterm infants have low vitamin A status at birth, and this has been associated with increased risk of developing chronic lung disease. To evaluate vitamin A supplementation on the incidence of death and/or neonatal ...
Nankabirwa Victoria - - 2011
Malaria is the second highest contributor to the disease burden in Africa and there is a need to identify low cost prevention strategies. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of malaria parasitaemia among infants and to measure the association between peer counselling for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), ...
Kumar Geeta Trilok GT Institute of Home Economics, Delhi University, F-4 Haus Khas Enclave, New Delhi 110016, India. - - 2011
To investigate whether vitamin D supplementation can decrease the mortality and morbidity of low birthweight infants in low income countries. Randomised controlled trial. Large government hospital in New Delhi, India. 2079 low birthweight infants born at term (>37 weeks' gestation). Primary outcome was admission to hospital or death during the ...
Pluess Michael - - 2011
Consistent with the fetal programming hypothesis, effects of maternal prenatal anxiety have been found to predict various measures of infant temperament in the early postnatal period. In recent years, a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) emerged as a moderator of diverse environmental influences on different outcomes, with individuals ...
Amalaradjou Mary Anne Roshni - - 2011
Abstract Cronobacter sakazakii is an emerging foodborne pathogen transmitted exclusively through contaminated infant formula (IFM), and associated with life-threatening infections in infants. C. sakazakii has the ability to tolerate a variety of environmental stress conditions, including heat stress, acidity, high osmotic pressure, and desiccation. In this study, we investigated the ...
Walsh Sabrina L - - 2010
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded seven states, including Kentucky, to clarify statewide death certification practices in sudden, unexpected infant death and compare state performances with national expectations. Accurate assignment of the cause and manner of death in cases of sudden, unexpected infant death is critical for accurate ...
Bailit Jennifer L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the rates of late preterm inductions without a medical indication from birth certificate data and to compare them with rates that were obtained from medical charts. STUDY DESIGN: The Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative, which comprises 20 hospitals in Ohio that came ...
Drummond M Bradley - - 2010
The Towards a Revolution in COPD Health (TORCH) trial was an international clinical trial of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients where cause of death was assigned by an independent committee. Comparison of death certificate data and adjudicated cause of death allows a unique opportunity to determine death certificate accuracy ...
Abulfatih Najat M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To find the actual cause of death in death certificates that had ill-defined causes in 2006, evaluate the correctness of the completion of those certificates, and recommend ways to decrease the proportion of ill-defined causes of death in Bahrain. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all death certificates ...
Harteloh Peter - - 2010
Cause-of-death statistics are a major source of information for epidemiological research or policy decisions. Information on the reliability of these statistics is important for interpreting trends in time or differences between populations. Variations in coding the underlying cause of death could hinder the attribution of observed differences to determinants of ...
O'Donovan Barry G G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Accurate completion of death certificates is important for compiling national and regional statistics. Determining actual cause of death can be extremely difficult; internationally, uncertainty has been acknowledged in many cases. We set out to explore the issue of uncertainty further: in what circumstances do GPs feel more or less ...
Shettihalli Naveen - - 2010
Achalasia cardia is defined as a neuromuscular disorder of the oesophagus with abnormal motility and failure of relaxation of the distal oesophagus. It is an uncommon but well-recognised entity in infants and children. However, achalasia in a preterm baby has not been previously described. We report the condition in a ...
Zhang Zi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of assisted reproductive technology (ART) reporting on the Massachusetts birth certificate and to explore the individual and hospital-level characteristics associated with ART reporting. DESIGN: Validity analysis of population-based data. SETTING: Live-birth deliveries by Massachusetts-resident mothers during 1997-2000. PATIENT(S): Live births and delivery mothers. INTERVENTION(S): The ...
Osterman Michelle J K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2006 data on new checkbox items exclusive to the 2003 U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. Information is shown for checkboxes in the following categories: "risk factors in this pregnancy," "obstetric procedures," "characteristics of labor and delivery," "method of delivery," "abnormal conditions of the newborn," and ...
Arias Elizabeth - - 2010
We tested the data artifact hypothesis regarding the Hispanic mortality advantage by investigating whether and to what degree this advantage is explained by Hispanic origin misclassification on US death certificates. We used the National Longitudinal Mortality Study, which links Current Population Survey records to death certificates for 1979 through 1998, ...
Lucke Joseph F - - 2009
The false positive report probability (FPRP) was proposed as a Bayesian prophylactic against false reports of significant associations. Unfortunately, the derivation of the FPRP is unsound. A heuristic derivation fails to make its point, and a formal derivation reveals a probabilistic misrepresentation of an observation. As a result, the FPRP ...
Alvarez Gerardo - - 2009
This study evaluates the quality (completeness and accuracy) of cause-of-death (COD) statements in infant death certificates as entered into a vital records system and assesses its impact on infant mortality statistics in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. COD statements in a systematic random sample of 200 infant death certificates were compared to ...
Meyer Rosan - - 2010
The mainstay of nutrition in infants below six months of age is breast and/or formula milk. Infants aged between six and 12 months require additional sources of nutrition and numerous oral and developmental milestones have to be achieved to support normal development of feeding skills. Requirements increase during this period ...
Leslie Terese E - - 2009
Purpose: This paper explores population substructure through an analysis of 8,691 individual death certificates representing a native-born New York City (NYC) population and a European Immigrant population who died from tubercular infection in Manhattan, NYC, 1890-1930. From the death certificate data, four classes of tubercular infection were derived: pulmonary, chronic ...
Agrawal Sanwar - - 2009
Neuroregression in infants has varied aetiology and vitamin B12 deficiency is one of the uncommon causes. Infantile vitamin B12 deficiency is encountered in malnourished infants or in offspring of strict vegan mothers. We present two cases, both infants of 10 and 8 months of age, whose mothers had vitamin B12 ...
- - 2008
Exposure to asbestos fibers can cause asbestosis and other diseases after a latency of 10-40 years from initial exposure to onset of illness. Asbestos still is used in the United States (approximately 2,200 metric tons in 2006) in certain products manufactured domestically. In addition, an undocumented amount of asbestos continues ...
Betz Marian E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether resident physicians (MDs) could complete a death certificate for elderly patients with injury-related fatalities and whether their abilities were related to training or other factors. SETTING: A large tertiary teaching hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred thirty-six MDs. DESIGN: Through an anonymous Web-based test, MDs ...
Scott Kirsten M KM King's College Medical School at Guy's, King's College and St. Thomas's Hospitals, London, - - 2009
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disease of motor neurons that causes progressive paralysis and eventually results in death from respiratory failure. Environmental factors that trigger ALS might result in a pattern of geographical clustering of cases. We tested this hypothesis using the South-East England ALS population register, which ...
Zilkens Renate R - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: To use health record data linkage to improve case ascertainment and death rate estimates of deaths with dementia. METHODS: Retrospective population study. Western Australians older than 20 years who died between 1990 and 2005 with a dementia diagnosis in Western Australian hospitals and/or death records using the Western Australian ...
Gill James R - - 2009
The use of deadly force during law enforcement is a matter that compels public scrutiny. There were 42 gunshot deaths caused by police over a 4-year period in New York City. The decedents' average age was 31 years and ranged from 17 to 64 years. There were 41 males and ...
Arias Elizabeth - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This report presents the results of an evaluation study of the validity of race and Hispanic origin reporting on death certificates in the United States and its impact on race- and Hispanic origin-specific mortality estimates. METHODS: The National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS) was used to evaluate death certificate classification ...
Ventura Renato Nabas - - 2008
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Infant mortality expresses a set of living, working and healthcare access conditions and opens up possibilities for adopting interventions to expand equity in healthcare. This study aimed to investigate vulnerability and the consequent differences in access to health services and occurrences of deaths among infants under one ...
Matsuo Chihiro - - 2008
The calibration coefficient currently supplied by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) is measured with an X-ray unit equipped with a W target/Al filter. We compared the calibration coefficient, which is measured with the X-ray unit equipped with a W target/Al filter and the X-ray unit ...
Durante Amanda J - - 2008
PURPOSE: The United States National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) uses death certificate data to estimate the burden of serious disease. This study aimed to determine the accuracy of the NCHS method for estimating the burden of chronic liver disease (CLD). METHOD: The authors identified death certificates of New Haven ...
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