Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 832
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kuzniewicz Michael W MW Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California;Departments of Pediatrics, - - 2014
Total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels ≥30 mg/dL are rare but potentially hazardous. A better understanding of their incidence, causes, and outcomes could help inform preventive efforts. We identified infants born ≥35 weeks' gestational age from 1995-2011 in Kaiser Permanente Northern California (n = 525 409) and examined the medical records of ...
Digdon Nancy - - 2014
In 2012, Fridlund, Beck, Goldie, and Irons (2012) announced that "Little Albert"-the infant that Watson and Rayner used in their 1920 study of conditioned fear (Watson & Rayner, 1920)-was not the healthy child the researchers described him to be, but was neurologically impaired almost from birth. Fridlund et al. also ...
Tan Enrica Ek EE Department of Paediatric Medicine, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, - - 2014
This study aims to review the results of hearing screens in newborns with cleft deformities. A retrospective audit of 123 newborns with cleft deformities, born between 1 April 2002 and 1 December 2008, was conducted. Data on the results of universal newborn hearing screens (UNHS) and high-risk hearing screens, age ...
Fagan Mary K MK School of Medicine, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The motivation for infants' non-word vocalizations in the second half of the first year of life and later is unclear. This study of hearing infants and infants with profound hearing loss with and without cochlear implants addressed the hypothesis that vocalizations are primarily motivated by auditory feedback. Early access to ...
Vedovato Stefania S Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Hospital San Bortolo of Vicenza, - - 2014
Abstract Objective Histological chorioamnionitis (HCAM) has been associated with inflammatory diseases of preterm infants. Recently we have observed that it increased the risk of speech delay and hearing loss. So the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) of VLBW infants and HCAM. ...
Massaro A N AN 1] Department of Neonatology, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA [2] Department of Fetal and Transitional Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA [3] Department of Pediatrics, The George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate whether heart rate variability (HRV) measures are predictive of neurological outcome in babies with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).Study Design:This case-control investigation included 20 term encephalopathic newborns treated with systemic hypothermia in a regional neonatal intensive care unit. Electrocardiographic data were collected continuously during hypothermia. Spectral analysis of beat-to-beat ...
Boyle Em E University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
Very preterm (<32 weeks) infants are at high risk for neurodevelopmental sequelae. Less is known about outcomes following birth at late and moderately preterm gestations (LMPT; 32-36 weeks). 1130 LMPT and 1255 term-born (≥37 weeks) babies were recruited at birth to the Late and Moderately Preterm Birth Study (LAMBS). At ...
Soleimani Farin F Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
All over the the world, preterm birth is a major cause of death and important neurodevelopmental disorders. Approximately 9.6% (12.9 million) births worldwide are preterm. In this review, databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, ISI, Scopus, Google Scholar and Iranian databases including Iranmedex, and SID were researched to review relevant literature. ...
Farias Vanessa Barcelos de VB Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
To correlate the findings of an open-field audiometry with the thresholds of steady-state auditory-evoked potentials (SSAEPs) found in infants of up to 6 months of age with sensorineural hearing loss. This study included 19 infants with sensorineural hearing loss (8 males and 11 females), with minimum age of 2 months ...
Hüg Mercedes X MX Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Enfermera Gordillo esq. Enrique Barros, 5016, Córdoba, Argentina; Facultad de Matemática, Astronomía y Física, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
The precedence effect is a spatial hearing phenomenon implicated in sound localization on reverberant environments. It occurs when a pair of sounds, with a brief delay between them, is presented from different directions; listeners give greater perceptual weight to localization cues coming from the first-arriving sound, called lead, and suppress ...
Krishnan Lata A - - 2014
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of policy changes on loss to follow-up rates and the ability to achieve the goals of the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH, 2007) for diagnosis of hearing loss by three months, amplification within one month of diagnosis, and start of intervention by six months. ...
Koşaner Julie - - 2014
Aim The LEESPQ validated on hearing, German infants is a standardized tool examining preverbal speech development. This study aims to validate the LEESPQ on hearing, Turkish infants. Materials and methods This is a prospective, cross-sectional validation study using the LEESPQ in Turkish. The LEESPQ was filled in once for each ...
Haghshenas M M Department of Pediatrics, Non-Communicable Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, - - 2014
Undiagnosed hearing loss can cause disorders in speech and language and delay in social and emotional development. This study aimed to screen for hearing loss in all newborns born in Babol city during 2009-2011. Fifteen thousand one hundred and sixty-five newborns (49% [7430/15165] male and 51% [7735/15165] female) born during ...
Fagan Mary K MK Department of Communication Science and Disorders, University of Missouri, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated effects of profound hearing loss on mother-infant interactions before and after cochlear implantation with a focus on maternal synchrony, complexity, and directiveness. Participants included two groups of mother-infant dyads: 9 dyads of mothers and infants with normal hearing; and 9 dyads of hearing mothers and infants with ...
Kodagali Sheethal S SS Department of Pediatrics, Dr Malathi Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, India. Correspondence to: Dr Sheethal S Kodagali, Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Malathi Manipal Hospital, # 45/1, 45th cross, 9th block, Jayanagar, Bangalore - 560 069, India. - - 2014
Neonatal pemphigus is a rare, transient blistering condition due to transplacental transfer of maternal autoantibodies. A male neonate born to a mother with oral pemphigus was noticed to have multiple lesions. Multiple flaccid bullae were noticed on the face, scalp, trunk and extremities with clear fluid and few areas of ...
Sockol Laura E LE Williams College, Williamstown, MA, USA, - - 2014
Maternal psychopathology is a risk factor for impaired mother-infant bonding, but not all women with this illness experience impaired bonding. This study investigated correlates of mother-infant bonding among 180 postpartum women treated in a psychiatric partial hospitalization program. Women completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms and mother-infant bonding, and a ...
Roberts C T CT Newborn Research Centre, The Royal Women's Hospital, , Melbourne, - - 2014
Noise exposure in the neonatal intensive care unit is believed to be a risk factor for hearing loss in preterm neonates. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices exceed recommended noise levels. High flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) are an increasingly popular alternative to CPAP for treating preterm infants, but there are ...
Hugh Sarah C SC Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; - - 2014
Infant "sleep machines" (ISMs) produce ambient noise or noise to mask other sounds in an infant's room with the goal of increasing uninterrupted sleep. We suggest that the consistent use of these devices raises concerns for increasing an infant's risk of noise-induced hearing loss. We therefore sought to determine the ...
Lachowska Magdalena M Department of Otolaryngology, Hearing Implant Center, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze retrospectively the results of hearing testing in infants at the second stage of the Polish Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening Program carried out in the Department of Otolaryngology at the Medical University of Warsaw. A total of 351 infants referred to our Department for the second stage of UNHS ...
Casey Kelly-Ann KA School of Audiology and Speech Sciences, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
To improve understanding of normal responses in infants by comparing air conduction (AC) and bone conduction (BC) auditory thresholds using both the auditory steady state response (ASSR) and behavioral testing methods in normal-hearing infants (6 to 18 months of age) and adults. At present, there are no correction factors available ...
Firoozbakht Mohsen M Director of Screening Group, State Welfare Organization (SWO) of - - 2014
We here present the results of the first eight years of the newborn hearing screening programme in Iran, with a view to establishing the prevalence of hearing impairment among infants, and the efficacy of the programme. A total of 3,350,995 infants were screened using the series method of transient evoked ...
Soltirovska Salamon Aneta A Department of Neonatology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands; Division of Paediatrics, Department of Neonatology, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare clinical and neuroimaging characteristics and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants with a periventricular haemorrhagic infarction (PVHI) located in the temporal or frontal periventricular white matter. The study was a retrospective hospital-based study of preterm infants with a frontal PVHI (n=21; 11 males, ...
Mühler Roland R Department of Experimental Audiology, Otto von Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The general consensus to date has been that a stimulus repetition rate of 40Hz is not appropriate for the recording of auditory steady-state responses (ASSR) in sedated or anaesthetized infants. The aim of this study was to investigate whether reliable 40-Hz ASSR thresholds can be obtained in sedated infants using ...
Messenger Wyatt B WB Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, 3375 SW Terwilliger Blvd, Portland, OR, 97239, - - 2014
We present the ocular features including full-field electroretinography (ff-ERG) and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in a 14-month-old infant with congenital disorder of glycosylation type 1a (PMM2-CDG). An infant with failure to thrive, bilateral neurosensory hearing loss, cerebellar hypoplasia, and pericardial effusions was referred to ophthalmic genetics for evaluation. ...
Turner Kristen M KM Divisions of Neonatology, - - 2014
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the leading cause of nongenetic deafness in children in the United States and can cause neurodevelopmental impairment in term infants. Limited data exist regarding congenital CMV infections in preterm infants. We aimed to determine the incidence and association with outcomes of congenital CMV in very low ...
Demauro Sara B SB Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Pediatrics, The University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcomes of very preterm (<30 weeks) infants who underwent tracheostomy. Retrospective cohort study from 16 centers of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network over 10 years (2001-2011). Infants who survived to at least 36 weeks (N = ...
Olariu Tudor R TR 1Palo Alto Medical Foundation Toxoplasma Serology Laboratory, Palo Alto, California 2Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 3Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, - - 2014
Congenital toxoplasmosis (CT) can result in visual impairment, hearing loss, serious neurologic sequelae and death in the infant. We studied the potential of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. For this purpose we studied both congenitally infected (diagnosed clinically and serologically) and ...
Boskabadi Hassan H Department of Pediatrics , Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Neonatal hypernatremia dehydration (NHD) is a dangerous condition in neonates, which is accompanied by acute complications (renal failure, cerebral edema, and cerebral hemorrhage) and chronic complications (developmental delay). Children begin learning language from birth, and hearing impairment interferes with this process. We assessed the hearing status of infants with hypernatremia ...
Amini Elaheh E Family Health Institute, Breastfeeding Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Severe birth asphyxia (apgar < 7 at the 5th minute of birth) is recognized as a hearing loss risk factor by the joint committee on infant hearing (JCIH). About half of the newborns with hearing loss do not indicate any sign and risk factor at birth. Accordingly, the joint committee ...
Colella-Santos Maria Francisca MF The Department of Development Human and Rehabilitation (CEPRE), Faculty of Medical Sciences, State University of Campinas (FCM/UNICAMP), Rua Tessália Vieira de Camargo, 126 Caixa Postal 6111, Cidade Universitária "Zeferino Vaz," 13083-887 Campinas, SP, - - 2014
The aim was to describe the outcome of neonatal hearing screening (NHS) and audiological diagnosis in neonates in the NICU. The sample was divided into Group I: neonates who underwent NHS in one step and Group II: neonates who underwent a test and retest NHS. NHS procedure was automated auditory ...
Lorenzoni F F Neonatal Unit and Neonatal Intensive care Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2013
Abstract Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection affects many organs: reticuloendothelial and central nervous system are particularly involved. Congenital CMV infection is the leading cause of nongenetic sensorineural hearing loss. Hearing impairment can be present at birth or it can occur months or even years after birth. It is as well an ...
Vohr Betty R BR Neonatal Follow-up Program, Women and Infants Hospital, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 101 Dudley Street, Providence, RI 02905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Survival of extremely preterm infants has improved since 2000. Neurodevelopmental impairment rates remain high at the limits of viability. Although improved survival and neurodevelopmental impairment rates are associated with higher gestational age and more recent year of birth, significant variability in findings among geographic areas and networks is evident, and ...
Sharma Mridula - - 2013
This study compares cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) at different interstimulus intervals (ISIs) in infants to determine the impact of stimulus rate on wave morphology. Infant CAEPs are dominated by a positive peak P1. We hypothesized that infant CAEPs would be more adult-like at longer ISI with P1, followed by ...
Boppana Suresh B - - 2013
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of hearing loss and neurologic disabilities in children worldwide. Infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection at birth are at significantly increased risk for developing adverse long-term outcomes. The vast majority of infants with congenital CMV infection have no clinical findings at birth ...
Lee Anne Cc AC Department of Newborn Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, - - 2013
Background:Intrapartum hypoxic events ("birth asphyxia") may result in stillbirth, neonatal or postneonatal mortality, and impairment. Systematic morbidity estimates for the burden of impairment outcomes are currently limited. Neonatal encephalopathy (NE) following an intrapartum hypoxic event is a strong predictor of long-term impairment.Methods:Linear regression modeling was conducted on data identified through ...
Blencowe Hannah H Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2013
Background:In 2010, there were an estimated 15 million preterm births worldwide (<37 wk gestation). Survivors are at risk of adverse outcomes, and burden estimation at global and regional levels is critical for priority setting.Methods:Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were undertaken to estimate the risk of long-term neurodevelopmental impairment for surviving preterm babies ...
Blencowe Hannah H Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2013
Background:Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially avoidable childhood blindness worldwide. We estimated ROP burden at the global and regional levels to inform screening and treatment programs, research, and data priorities.Methods:Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were undertaken to estimate the risk of ROP and subsequent visual impairment for ...
Silva Daniela Polo C DP Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Unesp, BotucatuSP, - - 2013
To report an infant with congenital cytomegalovirus and progressive sensorineural hearing loss, who was assessed by three methods of hearing evaluation. In the first audiometry, at four months of age, the infant showed abnormal response in Otoacoustic Emissions and normal Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR), with electrophysiological threshold in 30dBnHL, in ...
Amir Jacob - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the effect of antiviral treatment on late-onset hearing loss in infants with congenital cytomegalovirus infection. Design. The database of all infants who had normal hearing at birth, and treated for late-onset hearing loss was collected. The primary study endpoint was the need for a cochlear implant at ...
Douglas Pamela Sylvia - - 2013
Abstract Currently, many clinicians who help with breastfeeding problems are diagnosing "posterior" tongue-tie in infants and performing or referring for frenotomy. In this "Speaking Out" article, I argue that the diagnosis of "posterior" tongue-tie has successfully raised awareness of the importance of impaired tongue function in breastfeeding difficulty. However, the ...
Small Susan A - - 2013
Few studies have investigated effective masking levels (EMLs) needed to isolate the test ear for bone conduction assessments in infants. The objective of this study was to determine EMLs for 500 and 2000 Hz bone conduction auditory steady state responses (ASSRs) to amplitude (AM)/frequency-modulated (FM) stimuli for infants and adults ...
Prempunpong Chatchay - - 2013
We thank Dr Aydin and colleagues for the interest in our study and their comments (1). As stated, we demonstrated that the implementation of therapeutic hypothermia was followed by an increase on fluid retention and a higher incidence of mild hyponatremia in hypoxic-ischemic infants with moderate or severe encephalopathy. We ...
Barnhart Douglas C DC Department of Surgery, Primary Children's Medical Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake - - 2013
Gastrostomy tube (GT) placement is the most common gastrointestinal operation performed on neonates. Concomitant fundoplication is used variably to prevent complications of gastroesophageal reflux, but its effectiveness is unproven. To compare the effect of fundoplication at the time of GT placement vs GT placement alone on subsequent reflux-related hospitalizations in ...
Zhang Junqing - - 2013
Newborn hearing screening (NHS) is used worldwide due to its feasibility and cost-efficiency. However, neonates with late-onset and progressive hearing impairment will be missed by NHS. Genetic factors account for an estimated 60% of congenital profound hearing loss. Our previous cohort studies were carried out in an innovative mode, i.e. ...
Cavalcante Juliana Maria Soares - - 2013
The transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) have been widely used in neonatal hearing screening. To compare the TEOAEs in newborns at term and preterm vis-à-vis the following variables: ear side, gender, frequency spectrum and gestational age. By means of a cross-sectional cohort of 66 newborns up to the 28th day ...
Kondaurova Maria V - - 2013
This study investigated prosodic and structural characteristics of infant-directed speech to hearing-impaired infants as they gain hearing experience with a cochlear implant over a 12-month period of time. Mothers were recorded during a play interaction with their HI infants (N = 27, mean age 18.4 months) at 3, 6, and ...
Eras Zeynep - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the postnatal risk factors associated with hearing loss as well as the prevalence of hearing loss among high-risk preterm infants in newborn hearing screening (NHS). We performed a retrospective study of high-risk preterm infants born with a gestational age ≤32 weeks and/or a ...
van Manen Michael - - 2013
To describe neonatal and childhood outcomes of a contemporary cohort of infants with gastroschisis. Observational, single center, inception cohort of children born with gastroschisis from January 2005 to December 2008. Of 63 infants, 61 survived to hospital discharge and 39 were seen for follow-up. Complications included sepsis (37%), necrotizing enterocolitis ...
Borkoski-Barreiro Silvia A - - 2013
Hearing plays an essential role in the acquisition, development and maintenance of the properties of the speech and language. Birth weight is an indicator of biological maturation of the newborn. Premature newborns with very low birth weight (VLBW<1,500g) constitute a group with the highest risk of sensorineural hearing loss. Our ...
Smit Elisa - - 2013
To define the incidence of hearing impairment, document plasma gentamicin concentrations, and identify factors associated with permanent hearing impairment in infants subjected to therapeutic hypothermia for moderate or severe neonatal encephalopathy. Data were collected prospectively in a regional center providing therapeutic hypothermia. Cooled infants at ≥36 weeks gestation with moderate or ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >