Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 832
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Piñero A - - 2000
The aim of this study was to analyze the possible relation of biochemical, cytologic, and morphologic parameters to the results of parathyroid gammagraphy with Tc 99m sestamibi in primary hyperparathyroidism. We studied 46 consecutive patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who were undergoing surgery. All the patients were given a preoperative parathyroid ...
Dembinski J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Thyroid function disorders have often been observed in preterm infants after intravenous administration of iodinated contrast medium. The effect on thyroid function depends on the dosage, but the choice of the contrast medium may be equally important, as there are appreciable pharmacological differences between them. METHOD: Thyroid function was ...
Kobayashi T - - 2000
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are essential in host defense against periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis. The uptake of immunoglobulin G (IgG)-opsonized bacteria via IgG Fc receptors (Fc gamma R) on PMN constitutes a central defense mechanism in periodontium. Fc gamma RIIIb is the most abundantly expressed Fc gamma R on ...
Shah M M Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75235-9063, - - 2000
We have recently demonstrated that the rates of both active and passive proximal straight tubule (PST) NaCl transport in neonatal rabbits were less than in adults. In this segment NaCl entry across the apical membrane is via parallel Na(+)/H(+) and Cl(-)/OH(-) exchangers, which increases in activity with maturation. The present ...
Smit B J - - 2000
A prospective observational study was performed in pregnant women with known thyroid disease. We studied the effect of maternal thyroid function in the first half of pregnancy on the neurologic development of the infant in the first 2 y of life. Clinical and thyroid function data were collected from 20 ...
Mirabella G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how intrauterine and neonatal thyroid hormone deficiencies affect infant cognitive abilities. METHOD: 26 infants with intrauterine or neonatal thyroid hormone deficiency and 20 full-term infants with normal thyroid economies were studied at 6 months of age or corrected age. Reasons for thyroid hormone deficiency were maternal hypothyroidism, ...
Steffensrud S - - 2000
Symptomatic calcium disorders--most notably, hypocalcemia--are common problems in preterm and certain term infants. Many factors predispose susceptible neonates to hypo- or hypercalcemia, but in many cases, the root of the problem is altered function of the parathyroid glands. Parathyroid gland dysfunction may affect calcium homeostasis and alter physiologic functioning, resulting ...
de L Costello A M - - 2000
AIMS: To study early neonatal metabolic adaptation in a hospital population of neonates in Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional study was made of 578 neonates, 0 to 48 hours after birth, in the main maternity hospital in Kathmandu. The following clinical and nutritional variables were assessed: concentrations and age profiles ...
Gruñeiro-Papendieck L - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Low thyroxine (T4) with normal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a well known condition in preterm (PT) infants. The establishment of T4 and freeT4 (FT4) values in filter paper dried blood spots in PT could provide useful information in the neonatal period. OBJECTIVE: To study T4 and FT4 levels ...
Osborn D A - - 2000
Observational studies have shown an association between transiently low thyroid hormone levels in preterm infants in the first weeks of life (transient hypothyroxemia) and an abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. Thyroid hormone therapy might prevent this morbidity. To assess whether thyroid hormone therapy in preterm infants without congenital hypothyroidism results in clinically ...
Huang M C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There are various classification systems for pituitary adenomas based on whether mammosomatotroph cells, which simultaneously express both prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH), can be found. Until the present, the identification of such cells required special techniques and could not be performed in paraffin-embedded specimens. This hindered large-scale studies ...
Klett M - - 1999
A cross-sectional study was performed to prove the correlation between iodine intake and neonatal thyroid volume in a randomized group of 100 mother/newborn pairs. Thyroid volume and iodine excretion were measured by ultrasound and urinary iodine excretion, respectively. Iodine intake and, nutritional and smoking habits were estimated by questionnaire. In ...
Klinger G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Selenium is an essential trace element, known to be important in thyroid metabolism. We speculated that parenteral selenium supplementation is inadequate in preterm infants and may contribute to the development of hypothyroidism. STUDY DESIGN: Serum selenium and thyroid function were evaluated on day 10 of life in extremely low ...
Mahachoklertwattana P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To detect newborns with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and to treat the affected infants as early as possible. STUDY DESIGN: Cord blood thyrotropin (TSH) screening for CH in Ramathibodi Hospital began in 1993. From October 1993 to December 1998, 35,390 neonates were screened. The infants with elevated TSH level of ...
Hsu C H - - 1999
This study was undertaken to determine postnatal changes in thyroid function in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. A total of one-hundred VLBW infants participated. Serial examination of serum levels of thyroxine (T4), free T4, triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was performed in the neonatal period. A total of eighty-nine infants ...
Walker J - - 1999
A bloodspot assay for testosterone has been developed using an antiserum raised against testosterone-3-carboxymethyloxime-bovine serum albumin (T-3 CMO-BSA) conjugate and 125I-T-3CMO-histamine tracer. The method has a detection limit of 0.4 nmol/L with between-batch precision of less than 15% for testosterone values between 0.9 and 2.0 nmol/L and less than 10% ...
Fisher D A - - 1999
The increased survival of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants has been associated with an increased prevalence of transient disorders of thyroid function during the early weeks of life. All VLBW infants have relatively low, and gestation age-dependent, thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) concentrations associated with variably low total thyroxine (T4) ...
van den Hove M F - - 1999
Iodine and thyroglobulin concentrations, as well as iodine, T3, T4 and sialic acid contents of thyroglobulin, were measured in thyroid glands collected postmortem from 42 human premature or term newborns and infants. Three groups were considered: very preterm newborns (24-32 postmenstrual weeks, < 5 days postnatal life), preterm and term ...
Mikelsaar R V - - 1999
According to neonatal thyroid screening the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism in Estonia is 1:2,860. Transient hyperthyrotropinemia with a raised thyroid-stimulating hormone level of 5 microU/ml occurred in 17.7% of infants and was not associated with low birth weight, small birth length, low gestational age or congenital anomalies. Based on WHO ...
LaFranchi S - - 1999
Thyroid gland function develops and matures during fetal life, with production of serum thyroxine (T4) concentrations beginning around 12 weeks gestation and increasing to term. Infants born prior to term have lower cord serum T4 concentrations that correlate with gestational age or birth weight. This is partially the result of ...
King P - - 1999
Effective January 1999, the Newborn Metabolic Disorder Screening Follow-up Program of the Oklahoma State Department of Health will no longer track hypothyroidism screen results of one abnormal T4 with normal TSH result. The Oklahoma State Department of Health Newborn Metabolic Disorder Screening Program (NMDSP) began screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) ...
Van Wassenaer A G - - 1999
Thyroid hormones are essential for brain maturation. Very preterm infants, who are at risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities also have low thyroxine (T4) and free thyroxine (FT4) values in the first weeks after birth. This transient hypothyroxinemia may in part be causal to the neurodevelopmental problems. We have carried out a ...
Dussault J H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess etiologic significance of maternal autoimmune thyroid disease on incidence of transient congenital hypothyroidism in newborns. METHODS: Thyroid function was assessed in 259 mothers of hypothyroid newborns from the Quebec newborn screening program between 1984 and 1996. Maternal blood samples were taken routinely at the time of follow-up ...
Kessel I - - 1999
Hydrops fetalis (HF) consists of an abnormal accumulation of fluid in two or more fetal compartments, including ascites, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and skin edema. Almost all observed cases of HF are of the nonimmune type, the causes of which remain undetermined in 15% of patients. We report a newborn ...
Vela M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report the experience, obstacles, and strategies of screening for congenital hypothyroidism. SETTING: Newborns in Mexico. METHODS: Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) was measured by enzyme immunoassay using commercial kits in 1,140,364 newborns. RESULTS: There were 464 positive cases, of whom 299 (64.4%) were girls. 236 (50.9% showed ectopic nodules, ...
Ratrisawadi V - - 1999
A pilot study was conducted in order to identify the cases and determine the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism, phenylketonuria (PKU) and glucose-6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in the newborn infants born at Rajavithi Hospital. During May 1995 - July 1998, 32,407 out of 49,092 (66%) infants were screened for congenital ...
Thaithumyanon P - - 1999
Neonatal screening is an essential program for early identification of congenital hypothyroidism. Between July 1991 and May 1998, 37, 262 infants born at Chulalongkorn Hospital were enrolled to the screening program. Blood TSH levels were determined on infants at > or = 48 hours after birth. They were performed in ...
Fagela-Domingo C - - 1999
From June 1996 to June 1998 a total of 62.841 newborn infants were screened for congenital hypothyroidism with thyroid stimulating hormone assay as a primary test. The method used was an immunofluorescent assay using the DELFIA TSH Kit on dried blood specimens collected by heelprick on filter paper. All infants ...
Fisher D A - - 1998
Advances of perinatal and neonatal medicine have been associated with a progressive reduction in mortality of premature infants and a progressive increase in number of the surviving very low birth weight (VLBW) cohort less than 28 to 32 weeks gestation age. Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) function is immature in most premature infants, ...
Clark R G - - 1998
AIM: To identify the histological changes in the thyroid associated with subclinical goitre. METHOD: Thyroids were histologically examined from lambs that died within 24 hours of birth in a trial to investigate the effect of iodine supplementation to Merino ewes on perinatal mortality. RESULTS: Thyroids with follicles depleted of colloid, ...
Delange F - - 1998
Neonatal thyroid screening using serum thyrotropin (TSH) as the primary screening test detects not only permanent sporadic congenital hypothyroidism, whose incidence is about 1 per 4000 births, but also compensated or transient primary hypothyroidism, whose incidence can be as high as 1 in 10 neonates and whose main cause is ...
Polak M - - 1998
Neonatal hyperthyroidism has mostly been described in the context of maternal Graves' disease. It has been estimated that about 0.2% of pregnant women have Graves' disease; however only 1% of the children born to these women are described as having hyperthyroidism. In most of the cases, the disease is due ...
Neumann D R - - 1998
123I/99mTc-sestamibi subtraction single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been proposed to detect hyperplastic parathyroid tissue, but the clinical usefulness of this technique in secondary hyperparathyroidism is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate preoperative parathyroid localization using 123I/99mTc-sestamibi subtraction SPECT in patients with renal failure and secondary ...
Ballard P L - - 1998
Thyroid hormones are important for both perinatal adaptation and long-term psychomotor development; however, there is limited information on the effects of extreme prematurity and antenatal TSH-releasing hormone (TRH) treatment on pituitary-thyroid function. In this study we assayed plasma triiodothyronine (T3) and TSH in infants who were part of a collaborative ...
Jeng M J - - 1998
The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of povidone-iodine (PV-I) on thyroid function of newborns with different birth sizes in a high iodine-intake city. Serial measurements of serum thyroxine (T4) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels were done in 44 newborns locally treated with 10% PV-I for insertion of ...
van Wassenaer A G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on thyroid hormone metabolism of the administration of thyroxine to very preterm infants. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two hundred infants of less than 30 weeks gestation were enrolled into a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Thyroxine (T4) (at a fixed daily dose of 8 microg/kg birthweight) or ...
Bona G - - 1998
This study was undertaken to confirm the importance of iodine excess in neonatal transient hypothyroidism. In 30 transient hypothyroid newborns at screening we measured urinary iodine excretion and TSH. They were divided into two groups: group A consisted of 21 newborns who had been exposed to iodine; group B of ...
Mráz J - - 1998
The metabolism and toxicokinetics of cyclohexane (CH) and cyclohexanol (CH-ol), important solvents and chemical intermediates, were studied in volunteers after 8-h periods of inhalation exposure at concentrations of 1010 and 236 mg m(-3), respectively (occupational exposure limits: CH, 1050 mg m(-3); CH-ol, 200 mg m(-3)). Of the dose of absorbed ...
Paneth N - - 1998
THOP is a relatively common condition whose long-term effects remain uncertain. The preponderance of evidence indicates that at the very least THOP is a marker of elevated risk of neurodevelopmental adversity, but whether this association is truly causal and whether thyroxine treatment in the neonatal period can prevent adverse outcome ...
Paesano P L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Conventional skeletal radiography is the standard technique for assessing skeletal age. However, radiography cannot demonstrate cartilage and is therefore of lesser value in infancy when the ossification centres are composed mainly of cartilage. By comparison, US clearly demonstrates cartilage and bone. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we compared radiography ...
Smit B J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of L-thyroxine supplementation on neurologic maturation in very preterm infants with transient hypothyroxinemia. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, L-thyroxine supplementation trial. SETTING: Level III neonatal intensive care unit. SUBJECTS: A total of 200 infants <30 weeks' gestational age. INTERVENTION: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive L-thyroxine ...
Paul D A - - 1998
Transient hypothyroxinemia (TH) of prematurity has been correlated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome. However, the relationship between thyroid function and neonatal mortality and brain injury has not been described. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between thyroid function and neonatal outcome. METHODS: Review of infants weighing <1500 grams admitted to a single ...
Janson A - - 1998
In healthy infants, the levels of TSH are known to peak at 50-100 times adult values during the first days of life. In studies of isolated human infant adipocytes, we have earlier shown that bovine TSH (bTSH) has a strong lipolytic effect, accompanied by a blunted response of adipocytes to ...
Sargison N D - - 1998
AIMS: To substantiate a previous report of improved fertility and perinatal lamb mortality rate following iodine supplementation in a Manawatu Romney ewe flock. To contribute data which might be used to predict a response to iodine supplementation. METHODS: A controlled iodine supplementation trial was performed over 2 successive years. The ...
Gasparoni A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of passive smoking on thyroid function in infants. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cord serum tri-iodiothyronine (T3), free T3 (fT3), thyroxine (T4), free T4 (fT4), TSH, thyroxine binding globulin (TBG), thyroglobulin (TG) and cord plasma thiocyanate were measured at birth, and serum TG and thiocyanate after 1 ...
Ojule A C - - 1998
The influence of inadequate iodine intake on maternal and neonatal thyroid status in Saki, a locality known to have environmental iodine deficiency and located within the goitre belt of Southwestern Nigeria was investigated. One hundred and five (105) subjects and ninety (90) controls from Ibadan were recruited into the study. ...
Saslow J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: Premature infants often have low thyroxine levels when compared to fullterm infants. We sought to determine gestational age specific normal ranges for thyroxine screening results for premature infants in neonatal intensive care units. METHODS: Thyroid screening results for infants less than 38 weeks gestation admitted to two NICUs were ...
Jaruratanasirikul S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in infants with Down's syndrome and to verify whether there is an association with other congenital defects. METHODS: This is a prospective study of 112 Down patients, less than 1 year of age, who attended Songklanagarind Hospital from January 1991 to December ...
Fetter W P - - 1998
The aim of this study was to compare thyroid function in preterm infants born to women with placental insufficiency (n = 15) and those born to women without placental insufficiency (n = 13). Gestational ages ranged between 28 and 33 weeks. Concentrations of free thyroxine (FT4), thyrotropin (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3) ...
Remacle M - - 1998
Intractable aspiration may require diversion of the airway from the pharynx. The epiglottoplasty procedure involves suturing the epiglottis onto the perimeter of the larynx without creating resistance to the natural lines of force of the epiglottic cartilage. The procedure starts by an anterior subhyoid pharyngotomy. The epiglottis is released from ...
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