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Results 351 - 400 of 815
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Asakura Y - - 2002
The optimal strategy in neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism is still a subject of controversy. In Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan, simultaneous thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and T4/fT4 determination has been used, while the results of our program may provide valuable information. Cumulative findings were analysed to determine the type and frequency ...
Nobilis A - - 2001
High neonatal activity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is crucial for the maintenance of glomerular filtration of the newborn. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether genetic polymorphisms leading to lower angiotensin converting enzyme activity (ACE) or impaired functionality of angiotensin II (AII) type 1 receptor (AT1R) ...
Clark S J - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To establish reference ranges for the more sensitive assays of thyrotropin and the best available assays of free thyroxine in premature infants after the first week of life. STUDY DESIGN: Free thyroxine measurements by direct equilibrium dialysis and thyrotropin measurements by third generation immunometric assay were measured in 120 ...
Kok J H - - 2001
Transient hypothyroxinemia occurs frequently in very preterm infants and is caused by a combination of factors as immaturity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-thyroid system, loss of the maternal thyroxine (T4) contribution, immaturity of thyroid hormone metabolism, and neonatal illness. Thyroid hormone is important in maturation of the brain, but also of heart ...
Connelly J F - - 2001
Clinical, demographic and laboratory data from infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) born in the Australian state of Victoria from the commencement of neonatal screening in mid-1977 until December 1988 are reported. These provide a baseline for a 12-year prospective longitudinal study on physical and neuro-psychological outcome until mid-1997, the subject ...
Chan L Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cord blood thyroid-stimulating hormone level is affected by various perinatal factors. The aim of this study is to investigate the relative impact of these factors on the cord blood thyroid-stimulating hormone results in singleton pregnancies. METHODS: The study group consisted of 20,086 consecutive singleton deliveries over a 3 year ...
Borrás-Pérez M V - - 2001
Neonatal hyperthyroidism generally arises as a result of active maternal Graves' disease via transplacental passage of thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins (TSI). On occasions, production of these antibodies may continue after thyroid ablation, either surgically or with radioiodine therapy. We present data concerning three patients (two of them twins) whose mothers had ...
Semba R D - - 2001
Iodine is essential for normal growth, mental development, and survival of infants. The main source of iodine for breastfeeding infants is the iodine found in human milk. Despite the importance of iodine for infant health, there have been limited studies addressing human milk iodine concentrations. The newly recommended Adequate Intake ...
Midulla P S - - 2001
Since the original description of thymic death in an infant 400 years ago, the thymus has been recognized as an important structure to practitioners caring for infants and children. The source of many cysts, masses, and tumors in the neck and mediastinum, the thymus gland merits the pediatric surgeon's attention. ...
Delange F - - 2001
This editorial reviews the impact of iodine deficiency (1) on thyroid function in pregnant women and neonates and (2) on the neurointellectual development of infants and children. All degrees of iodine deficiency (mild: iodine intake of 50-99 microg/day, moderate: 20-49 microg/day, and severe: <20 microg/day) affect thyroid function of the ...
Kiratli P O - - 2001
PURPOSE: Technetium-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy is a well-established technique for diagnosing congenital hypothyroid disease. However, the biodistribution of pertechnetate (TcO4-) in neonates and young infants is not well documented. The purpose of this study was to analyze and document the biodistribution of TcO4- in young infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scintigraphic studies ...
Haldar C - - 2001
Although having a similar developmental pattern, the pineal gland of tropical birds varies in shape, size, and morphology, probably more than any other part of the avian brain. Following the old classification, we noted a solid follicular (transitional) type of the pineal gland in the nocturnal bird Athene brama, and ...
Higuchi R - - 2001
Transient hypothyroxinemia in infants born to mothers with poorly controlled Graves' disease was first reported in 1988. We report that short-term hyperthyroidism followed by hypothyroidism with low basal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels developed in a very low birth weight infant born at 27 weeks of gestation to a noncompliant mother ...
Ray M - - 2001
A 2-month-old infant with clinical features of hypothyroidism presented with hypocalcemic seizures. The maternal phenotypic features aroused the suspicion of pseudohypoparathyroidism which was confirmed in both by biochemical and endocrinological investigations. Though the child had clinical and radiological features to suggest hypothyroidism he had normal free thyroxine and only slightly ...
Mason K P - - 2001
Hepatic haemangiomas in infants are rare. An infant with both a hepatic haemangioma and a severe hypothyroid condition, unresponsive to conventional thyroxine therapy, will be described. This case presented here is the perioperative management of a critically ill infant who had myocardial depression secondary to hypothyroidism and a hepatic haemangioma ...
Smith C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Graves' disease (GD) complicates 0.1% to 0.2% of pregnancies, but congenital thyrotoxicosis is rare occurring in one in 70 of these pregnancies independent of maternal disease status. Antenatal prediction of affected infants is imprecise; however, maternal history, coupled with a high maternal serum TSH receptor binding immunoglobulin index (TBII) ...
Rantonen T - - 2001
The effects of maternal magnesium sulphate treatment on neonatal mineral status and parathyroid hormone secretory response were studied in 8 exposed and 27 control preterm infants during the first 2 wk of life. Antenatal magnesium sulphate resulted in hypermagnesaemia during the first 3-7 d of life without affecting other serum ...
Dembinski J - - 2001
Hypothyroxinemia in preterm infants without congenital hypothyroidism is associated with developmental delay. Longitudinal information on thyroid function in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1,500 g birth weight) infants is limited: we present data on thyroid function in sick and healthy VLBW infants until 6 weeks of age. Free T(4) and TSH levels routinely ...
Ezzell G A - - 2001
The control loop in the Varian DMLC system (V4.8) requires approximately 65 msec to monitor and halt the irradiation of a segment, causing an "overshoot" effect: the segment ends on a fractional monitor unit larger than that planned. As a result, the actual MU delivered may differ from that planned. ...
Osborn D A - - 2001
Observational studies have shown an association between transiently low thyroid hormone levels in preterm infants in the first weeks of life (transient hypothyroxinemia) and abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. Thyroid hormone therapy might prevent this morbidity. To assess whether thyroid hormone therapy in preterm infants without congenital hypothyroidism results in clinically important ...
Cools F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of thyroid hormone response to a single administration of triiodothyronine (T3) early postnatally to premature infants of <30 weeks gestational age. DESIGN: A prospective clinical trial with historical control. METHODS: Ten infants born <28 weeks gestational age and ten infants born between 28 and 30 weeks gestational age ...
Asami T - - 2000
The effects of hypothyroid status on renal function have been poorly studied in children. We assessed the renal function of hypothyroid infants detected during neonatal mass screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Eighty hypothyroid infants and 20 age-matched normal infants for controls were enrolled. The 80 patients, aged 1 mo, were ...
Beeram M R - - 2000
Hypothyroxinemia is a common finding in premature infants, presumably resulting from an immature hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis. Because dynamic studies of thyroid function in premature infants are normal and the condition resolves spontaneously, HOP has been considered physiologic rather than pathologic. Thus, thyroid hormone supplementation has been assumed to be not required ...
Ward L S - - 2000
CONTEXT: Screening programs not only offer the opportunity to trace and treat almost all cases of congenital hypothyroidism but also mean large savings to the health system. However, carefully planned strategies are necessary to extend their benefits and reduce costs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the possible influence of maternal diseases that ...
Furlanetto T W - - 2000
The prevalence of post-partum thyroiditis (PPT) has been reported in several countries (1.9 to 16.7%) but is not known in Brazil. Several factors have been associated to its development, such as a female sex of the newborn, PPT in a previous pregnancy, a family history of thyroid disease and cigarette ...
Asami T - - 2000
We investigated the effects of thyroid dysfunction on cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) by studying plasma CETP activity in hypothyroid infants before and after they were rendered euthyroid by L-thyroxine (LT4) replacement therapy. To exclude environmental factors possibly affecting plasma CETP activity, we selected hypothyroid infants to study plasma CETP ...
Azizi F - - 2000
For many years, breast-feeding was forbidden if antithyroid drugs were being used. Recently, limited studies have shown the relative safety of propylthiouracil and methimazole (MMI). It is not known whether MMI therapy of lactating mothers for 1 yr is safe for breast-fed infants and does not cause alterations in thyroid ...
Rogahn J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Low levels of circulating thyroid hormones have been associated with poorer general and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm babies and it has been speculated that the association is causal. Low levels of circulating thyroid hormone have been reported after inadequate intake of iodine in preterm infants being fed milk formula. ...
Boero D L - - 2000
The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate the acoustic patterns of the cries of hypothyroid newborns at the time of diagnosis and after the beginning of therapy. Cries were recorded at the nursery of the San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy from 12 full-term subjects (three boys and nine ...
Momotani N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Propylthiouracil (PTU) might theoretically be preferred over methimazole (MMI) during breast-feeding because of its lower milk/serum concentration ratio (0.1 vs. 1.0). The problem is that Graves' disease often relapses during the postpartum period, and high doses of PTU are sometimes needed to control maternal hyperthyroidism) during breast-feeding. However, there ...
Hirashima C - - 2000
Isolated pericardial effusion was detected in a fetus at 34 weeks of gestation. A male infant weighing 2,044 g was born by cesarean section because of a non-assuring fetal heart rate pattern at 35 weeks of gestation. Transient leukocytosis (36,100/microl) with 49% blast cells was seen in this neonate. The ...
Mandel S J - - 2000
Results of thyroid screening tests were examined retrospectively on 311,282 infants born in Massachusetts from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 1996. During this period, 118 infants were found to have typical hypothyroidism, characterized by a low thyroxine (T4) and an elevated thyrotropin (TSH) on the initial newborn-screening specimen. Of ...
Waller D K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Approximately 85% of primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is sporadic and due to malformations of the thyroid gland. Past studies have reported an increased birth weight among infants with CH. We have attempted to replicate and expand these observations, examining the association between different birth weight categories and CH stratified ...
Piñero A - - 2000
The aim of this study was to analyze the possible relation of biochemical, cytologic, and morphologic parameters to the results of parathyroid gammagraphy with Tc 99m sestamibi in primary hyperparathyroidism. We studied 46 consecutive patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who were undergoing surgery. All the patients were given a preoperative parathyroid ...
Dembinski J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Thyroid function disorders have often been observed in preterm infants after intravenous administration of iodinated contrast medium. The effect on thyroid function depends on the dosage, but the choice of the contrast medium may be equally important, as there are appreciable pharmacological differences between them. METHOD: Thyroid function was ...
Shah M - - 2000
We have recently demonstrated that the rates of both active and passive proximal straight tubule (PST) NaCl transport in neonatal rabbits were less than in adults. In this segment NaCl entry across the apical membrane is via parallel Na(+)/H(+) and Cl(-)/OH(-) exchangers, which increases in activity with maturation. The present ...
Kobayashi T - - 2000
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are essential in host defense against periodontopathic bacteria such as Porphyromonas gingivalis. The uptake of immunoglobulin G (IgG)-opsonized bacteria via IgG Fc receptors (Fc gamma R) on PMN constitutes a central defense mechanism in periodontium. Fc gamma RIIIb is the most abundantly expressed Fc gamma R on ...
Smit B J - - 2000
A prospective observational study was performed in pregnant women with known thyroid disease. We studied the effect of maternal thyroid function in the first half of pregnancy on the neurologic development of the infant in the first 2 y of life. Clinical and thyroid function data were collected from 20 ...
Mirabella G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how intrauterine and neonatal thyroid hormone deficiencies affect infant cognitive abilities. METHOD: 26 infants with intrauterine or neonatal thyroid hormone deficiency and 20 full-term infants with normal thyroid economies were studied at 6 months of age or corrected age. Reasons for thyroid hormone deficiency were maternal hypothyroidism, ...
Steffensrud S - - 2000
Symptomatic calcium disorders--most notably, hypocalcemia--are common problems in preterm and certain term infants. Many factors predispose susceptible neonates to hypo- or hypercalcemia, but in many cases, the root of the problem is altered function of the parathyroid glands. Parathyroid gland dysfunction may affect calcium homeostasis and alter physiologic functioning, resulting ...
de L Costello A M - - 2000
AIMS: To study early neonatal metabolic adaptation in a hospital population of neonates in Nepal. METHODS: A cross sectional study was made of 578 neonates, 0 to 48 hours after birth, in the main maternity hospital in Kathmandu. The following clinical and nutritional variables were assessed: concentrations and age profiles ...
Gruñeiro-Papendieck L - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Low thyroxine (T4) with normal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is a well known condition in preterm (PT) infants. The establishment of T4 and freeT4 (FT4) values in filter paper dried blood spots in PT could provide useful information in the neonatal period. OBJECTIVE: To study T4 and FT4 levels ...
Osborn D A - - 2000
Observational studies have shown an association between transiently low thyroid hormone levels in preterm infants in the first weeks of life (transient hypothyroxemia) and an abnormal neurodevelopmental outcome. Thyroid hormone therapy might prevent this morbidity. To assess whether thyroid hormone therapy in preterm infants without congenital hypothyroidism results in clinically ...
Huang M C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There are various classification systems for pituitary adenomas based on whether mammosomatotroph cells, which simultaneously express both prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH), can be found. Until the present, the identification of such cells required special techniques and could not be performed in paraffin-embedded specimens. This hindered large-scale studies ...
Klett M - - 1999
A cross-sectional study was performed to prove the correlation between iodine intake and neonatal thyroid volume in a randomized group of 100 mother/newborn pairs. Thyroid volume and iodine excretion were measured by ultrasound and urinary iodine excretion, respectively. Iodine intake and, nutritional and smoking habits were estimated by questionnaire. In ...
Klinger G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Selenium is an essential trace element, known to be important in thyroid metabolism. We speculated that parenteral selenium supplementation is inadequate in preterm infants and may contribute to the development of hypothyroidism. STUDY DESIGN: Serum selenium and thyroid function were evaluated on day 10 of life in extremely low ...
Mahachoklertwattana P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To detect newborns with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and to treat the affected infants as early as possible. STUDY DESIGN: Cord blood thyrotropin (TSH) screening for CH in Ramathibodi Hospital began in 1993. From October 1993 to December 1998, 35,390 neonates were screened. The infants with elevated TSH level of ...
Hsu C H - - 1999
This study was undertaken to determine postnatal changes in thyroid function in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. A total of one-hundred VLBW infants participated. Serial examination of serum levels of thyroxine (T4), free T4, triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was performed in the neonatal period. A total of eighty-nine infants ...
Walker J - - 1999
A bloodspot assay for testosterone has been developed using an antiserum raised against testosterone-3-carboxymethyloxime-bovine serum albumin (T-3 CMO-BSA) conjugate and 125I-T-3CMO-histamine tracer. The method has a detection limit of 0.4 nmol/L with between-batch precision of less than 15% for testosterone values between 0.9 and 2.0 nmol/L and less than 10% ...
Fisher D A - - 1999
The increased survival of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants has been associated with an increased prevalence of transient disorders of thyroid function during the early weeks of life. All VLBW infants have relatively low, and gestation age-dependent, thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) concentrations associated with variably low total thyroxine (T4) ...
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