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Results 301 - 350 of 829
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Dimmick S - - 2004
Paediatric studies have demonstrated that cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a decline in thyroid hormone levels. Adult patients who undergo open heart surgery and receive triiodothyronine supplementation have demonstrated a dose-dependent increase in cardiac output which has been associated with an improved clinical outcome. Thyroid hormone supplementation in infants may ...
Markham Lori A - - 2003
A case of neonatal thyrotoxicosis secondary to maternal autoimmune hyperthyroidism is reported in an infant born at 34 weeks gestation who presented with tachycardia, jitteriness, diarrhea, and a small goiter. Propranolol and oxygen were used to treat high-output cardiac failure and transient persistent pulmonary hypertension. The infant's response to propylthiouracil ...
Büyükgebiz Atilla - - 2003
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the commonest treatable cause of mental retardation. The prevelance is 1/3000 - 1/4000 live births worldwide. The importance of CH is that, the longer the diagnosis of CH is delayed, the higher the risk of mental retardation and neurologic sequale; such as poor motor coordination, ataxia, ...
Konrad Daniel - - 2003
A 9-week-old infant presented with severe postnatal hypothyroidism. His hypothyroidism corrected only after his L-thyroxine dose was progressively increased to 28 micro g/kg/d. At 6 months of age, multiple clinically asymptomatic hepatic hemangiomas were detected and support a diagnosis of consumptive hypothyroidism as a result of increased type 3 iodothyronine ...
Filippi Luca - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between transient hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity (THOP) in very low birth weight newborns and dopamine administration. A total of 172 newborns was enrolled in a prospective observational study and divided into three groups: group A included newborns who were never treated ...
Larson Cecilia - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with delayed thyrotropin elevations in cases of congenital hypothyroidism. To determine whether routine rescreening of babies who have very low birth weight (VLBW) and babies in the neonatal intensive care unit is justified. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of the New England Newborn Screening database ...
Choudhury Naseem - - 2003
Although mild-to-moderate levels of iodine deficiency (ID) have been associated with poor cognitive outcomes in children, little is known about subclinical prenatal ID and infant development. In this study, the association between elevated cord blood thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH, thyrotropin) and infant development was examined in Northern China. Three groups ...
Belet Nurşen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Since preeclampsia causes placental insufficiency, it can be hypothesized that it decreases placental passage of thyroxine (T4) from mother to infant and thus may deepen the transient hypothyroxinemia seen in preterm infants after birth. The aim of this study was to compare thyroid function tests of preterm infants born ...
Sack Joseph - - 2003
Mild maternal hypothyroidism during pregnancy can adversely affect infant development. We studied thyrotropin (TSH) levels in mothers of premature and low-birth-weight infants in Colombia, where iodized salt supplements the diet to correct iodine deficiency. The additional impact of salt restriction in mothers with hypertensive disorders was examined. Blood was spotted ...
Lafranchi Stephen H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and incidence of hyperthyroxinemic disorders detected by follow-up of infants with elevated screening total T4 (TT4) values. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born in Oregon with a screening TT4 measurement >3 SD above the mean were offered enrollment. Serum TT4, free T4, total T3, free T3, and ...
Khositseth A - - 2003
We report three consecutive hydropic fetuses with fetal tachyarrhythmias treated with amiodarone-two in combination with digoxin and one with digoxin, procainamide, and propranolol. Sinus rhythm was achieved in one case and ventricular rate control was achieved in two cases. All fetuses treated with amiodarone gradually improved. Observed side effects of ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Following elimination of iodine deficiency in Iran, the program of screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was established in 1998. The descriptive findings of the study are reported here. METHODS: From February 1998 to June 2001, cord blood spot samples from 8 hospitals and a rural birth center in Tehran ...
Fujii Sumie - - 2003
A 48-year-old woman with transient thyrotoxicosis, having a slightly high thyroidal 99mTc uptake (3.9% at 20 m) or radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) (17.3% at 4 hour) and subacute thyroiditis (SAT)-like symptoms, signs and histological diagnosis (extensive cellular destruction and granulomatous inflammatory change), showed positive TRAb (59.9%) and TSAb (194%) activity. ...
Kantor Herring Michelle J - - 2003
Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in premature infants and has been associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), poor neurodevelopmental outcomes, and mortality. Recent trials have failed to show that supplemental thyroid hormone improves overall neurodevelopmental outcome. The objective of this article is too determine perinatal risk factors for transient ...
Wasniewska Malgorzata - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in a cohort of infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH): (a) the frequency of bone maturation (BM) retardation at birth and (b) whether BM delay at birth may be considered as a tool to make a prognosis of psychomotor status at the age of 1 Year, irrespective of ...
Carpenter Karen D - - 2003
Postnatal development of the ovine uterus between birth and Postnatal Day (PND) 56 involves differentiation of the endometrial glandular epithelium from the luminal epithelium followed by tubulogenesis and branching morphogenesis. Previous results indicated that ovariectomy of ewes at birth did not affect uterine growth or initial stages of endometrial gland ...
Van Vliet Guy - - 2003
Newborns with severe congenital hypothyroidism (often defined by the absence of knee epiphyses at diagnosis) are still at risk of loss of intellectual potential despite early treatment. Although there is no significant sexual dimorphism in the age at appearance and size of the knee epiphyses in normal newborns, it was ...
al-Hosani H - - 2003
To evaluate the United Arab Emirate National Newborn Screening Programme we compared coverage, timeliness of programme indicators (age at sampling, recall and treatment initiation, timing of specimen delivery and laboratory results) and specimen quality with international standards. Recall rate, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values and relative incidence rates for phenylketonuria ...
Cassio Alessandra - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of therapy with thyroxine (T4) plus triiodothyronine (T3) versus T4 alone from the first days of life in screened congenital hypothyroid (CH) infants. METHODS: We examined 14 CH infants diagnosed by neonatal screening and a group of control infants. CH patients were divided randomly into ...
Savin S - - 2003
The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphological and biochemical maturation of the thyroid gland in human neonates. The mean iodine concentration in the thyroid gland of very premature infants (less than 32 weeks gestational age, 0-3 days survival, n = 12) was significantly lower than in the ...
Azizi F - - 2003
For many years, breast-feeding was forbidden if methimazole (MMI) was being used. However, a few studies have demonstrated the relative safety of MMI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate thyroid function of breast-fed infants whose lactating mothers became hypothyroid while taking methimazole. Between 1990 and 2001, 134 thyrotoxic ...
Kovacikova Lubica - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to examine whether providone-iodine used for sternal wound protection in infants with delayed sternal closure (DSC) influences the thyroid function. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thyroid hormones (see bellow) and thyroxine binding globulin (TBG) were estimated by radioimmunoassay and ioduria by mass spectrometry in ...
Weber G - - 2003
Thyroid hormones are essential for normal growth, sexual development and reproductive function. During puberty, changes in thyroid functions and an increase in thyroid volume occur as an adaptation to body and sexual development. Hypothyroidism diagnosed late in prepubertal years, usually due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis, can cause a delay of puberty ...
Jouannic Jean-Marie - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of amiodarone for the prenatal treatment of hydropic fetuses with supraventricular tachycardia. METHODS: A group of 26 hydropic fetuses with supraventricular tachycardia was studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Twenty-five fetuses received transplacental treatment. The overall prenatal conversion rate was 60%. Nine ...
Tylek-Lemańska D - - 2003
Thyroid hormones are very important for the child mental and physical development. In southeast Poland screening for congenital hypothyroidism detection was established in 1985; this region was defined as an iodine deficient area. The results provided the first signal pointing to insufficient iodine prophylaxis in the region. In the years ...
Péter F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The use of iodized salt is not mandatory in Hungary and supply is irregular since decades. The effect of this anomaly was studied on the neonatal urinary iodine excretion over a period of twenty years. DESIGN: Urinary iodine content of 286 newborns' samples was tested in different areas of ...
Skeaff S A - - 2003
Background - New Zealand (NZ) has low soil iodine requiring the introduction of iodised table salt in 1939 to combat IDD. However, public health recommendations to use less salt combined with a decline in the use of iodophors by the dairy industry suggests that iodine intakes may no longer be ...
Brown J J - - 2003
AIM: To assess thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone; TSH) suppression and serum thyroxine (T(4)) concentrations in infants with congenital hypothyroidism in relation to T(4) dose and pretreatment parameters. METHOD: A retrospective study of all cases treated in a single centre since neonatal screening began was performed. RESULTS: In 54 infants treated with ...
Ibrahim M - - 2003
Infants are in negative iodine balance on current standard regimens of total parenteral nutrition, with a mean iodine intake of 3 micro g/kg/day (150 ml/kg/day). The recommended enteral intake of iodine for preterm infants is 30 micro g/kg/day. Gastrointestinal absorption of iodine is high, suggesting that parenteral intakes should approach ...
Shaikh M G - - 2003
Iodine is an important constituent of thyroid hormones and deficiency can lead to a range of problems depending on the degree and at what stage of life the deficiency occurs. We report a 10 day-old infant with a goitre, who presented with raised TSH on dried blood spot screening. It ...
Chan-Cua Sioksoan - - 2003
Although the Philippines is considered an iodine-deficient country, there are no documented iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) among newborns screened to be positive for congenital hypothyroidism. The objectives of this pilot study were: (1) to determine the levels of urinary iodide (UI) in normal term newborns and their mothers, and (2) ...
Al-Maghamsi Mohammad S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Madina Al-Munawara region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and to compare the results with other reported studies. METHODS: All deliveries conducted at the Ministry of Health Hospitals, Health Centers and Private Hospitals in Madina ...
Perry R J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference ranges for thyroid length, breadth, depth, and volume in healthy term Scottish infants. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of 100 (49 male) neonates. Length, breadth, and depth were measured, and the volume of each lobe was calculated using the formula for a prolate ellipsoid (volume = length ...
Frassetto Florence - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neonatal goiter and biological hypothyroidism in a newborn exposed to lithium in utero resulting from therapy given to the mother before and during her pregnancy. CASE SUMMARY: A male neonate, born at 37 weeks' gestation, presented with a goiter without other signs of hypothyroidism. ...
Yamashita Yasuyo - - 2002
A 30-year-old female patient, diagnosed as having Graves' disease in 1996, was treated with propylthiouracil (PTU) for 4 years. She developed a low-grade fever from December 1999. As myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) vasculitis is one of the adverse effects of PTU, we examined serum MPO-ANCA level and found it ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We have conducted a randomized trial with thyroxine (T4) in 200 infants <30 weeks' gestation. T4 treatment was associated with better 5-year outcome in infants <29 weeks' gestation, but with worse outcome in infants of 29 weeks. These effects could be related to low, respectively high free thyroxine (FT4) ...
Blair J C - - 2002
We report two unusual cases of resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) in one family. The first case, a male infant, had clinical features of thyrotoxicosis in the neonatal period. In the fourth week of life weight gain was poor despite a daily intake of standard infant formula almost double the ...
Ciardelli Roberta - - 2002
Belgium used to be affected by mild iodine deficiency. Improvement in iodine nutrition has been recently documented in schoolchildren in Belgium in spite of the absence of any systematic programme of iodine supplementation. The question arises as to whether this 'silent iodine prophylaxis' affected also the neonates. A total of ...
Knittel Laura M - - 2002
During metamorphosis of the moth Manduca sexta, an identified leg motoneuron, the femoral depressor motoneuron (FeDe MN), undergoes reorganization of its central and peripheral processes. This remodeling is under the control of two insect hormones: the ecdysteroids and juvenile hormone (JH). Here, we asked whether peripheral or central actions of ...
Churesigaew Sunchai - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To detect newborns with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) by TSH screening and to treat the affected infants as early as possible. To find the incidence of CH in neonates born at Rajavithi Hospital from 1995 to 2000. The effects of thyroid pathology, ages at the initiation of treatment, associated conditions, ...
Scotto Di Carlo Nicole - - 2002
This paper presents a case study of a professional soprano with reduced laryngeal mobility caused by substantial calcification of the laryngeal cartilage. Unlike other singers, she lowers her head when singing high notes. A cephalometric analysis revealed a compensatory posture in the upper register consisting of moving the occipital bone ...
Ordookhani A - - 2002
The operational feasibility of a congenital hypothyroidism (CH) screening programme was assessed. Cord blood spot specimens were collected at seven Teheran hospitals and within the Damavand District health network. Cord thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels > or = 20 mU/L were recalled and levothyroxine (L-T4) therapy was started immediately after diagnosis ...
Mitchell Marvin L - - 2002
Previous studies have disclosed that a substantial percentage of infants from mothers with thyroid autoimmunity have antibodies to thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb) at birth. Furthermore, these antibodies have been shown to be of maternal origin. In view of this we thought it would be of interest to determine the prevalence of ...
Shimauchi Yoshie - - 2002
Tissue interactions play an essential role in organogenesis during embryonic development. However, virtually no attempts have been made to study the role of tissue interaction in pineal development. In the present study we examined the inductive role of the epidermis and mesenchyme in the morphogenesis of quail pineal glands. The ...
Ohnishi Hisashi - - 2002
To determine the clinical utility of thyroid ultrasonography in the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) before initiation of therapy, ultrasonographic images of the thyroid gland with a high-resolution transducer were obtained in 204 healthy infants aged from newborn to 12 months (Group A), and 174 infants suspected of having CH ...
Ren Qiang - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of iodine supplementation on infant mortality and growth in Xinjiang. METHODS: Urine iodine, height and head circumference (HC) of children aged 5 years in two townships was measured before and yearly after iodine supplementation of irrigation water. Height and HC were expressed as Z scores ...
Siklar Zeynep - - 2002
One of the most important etiological factors causing prolonged jaundice in the neonatal period is congenital hypothyroidism. Some infants may have abnormal thyroid function test results rather than overt congenital hypothyroidism. Although serum TSH levels are accepted as diagnostic when >20 microIU/l, TSH values higher than 7 microIU/ml cause a ...
Delange François - - 2002
This paper updates the information on the prevalence of the disorders induced by iodine deficiency (IDD) in Europe. Thirty-two European countries were still affected by mild to severe iodine deficiency in the late 1990s. The most severely affected countries were in Eastern Europe, including Central Asia, but Western Europe was ...
Azizi F - - 2002
Recently, a few studies have shown the safety of methimazole (MMI) therapy of thyrotoxic lactating mothers on thyroid function of their infants. However, it is not known whether the effect of moderately high doses of MMI therapy on lactating mothers can be dangerous for breast-fed infants. Eighty-eight thyrotoxic lactating mothers ...
Zargar A H - - 2002
Various studies have reported a spectrum of thyroid dysfunction in the postpartum period. Postpartum thyroiditis is a syndrome of thyroid dysfunction that occurs in the first year after parturition. Prevalence of postpartum thyroiditis has been reported to vary from 3 to 6 percent in different regions of the world. Kashmir ...
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