Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 832
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Nowicki M - - 2006
This study was conducted to investigate structural transformations of the goat pineal gland during postnatal development. The pineals of newborn, 4-week-, 4-month-, 1-year- and 3-year-old male goats were prepared for qualitative and quantitative investigations at both light and transmission electron microscopy levels. In the first 4 months after birth, the ...
Dlouhý P - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of our study was to determine urinary iodine as an indicator of iodine supplementation in Roma (Gypsy) neonates compared to majority population neonates. METHODS: The groups studied were formed by 30 full-term Roma neonates and 151 majority population neonates. Iodine was determined from samples of urine collected ...
Ares Susana - - 2005
Iodine is a trace element which is essential for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3), are necessary for adequate growth and development throughout fetal and extrauterine life. The iodine intake of newborns is entirely dependent on the iodine content of breast milk and ...
Kamishlian Abigail - - 2005
Graves' disease in pregnancy is a rare condition that directly affects neonatal thyroid function. We describe three newborns born to mothers with Graves' disease and discuss differences in outcomes and management. The first infant presented with a goiter at birth but was euthyroid and did not require therapy. The second ...
Spence Dawn - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence of hypothyroidism is associated with an increased incidence of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) in infants of mothers with anti-Ro autoantibodies. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 87 women with anti-Ro antibodies who delivered 102 infants. All infants had a full history and physical examination within ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for brain development. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial with thyroxine (T4) supplementation in infants <30 weeks' gestation and with the last neurodevelopmental follow-up moment at the age of 5.5 years. T4 supplementation was associated with improved outcome of infants <28 weeks' gestation and worse ...
Giacomini Sara Mariasole - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Animal experiments suggest that thyroid function alterations in newborns and infants may represent one of the most sensitive markers of toxicity from 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Dioxin can be transferred from the mother to the offspring either in utero or through lactation. It has been suggested that thyroid-hormone alterations produced by ...
Bazrafshan Hamid R - - 2005
Dietary iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormones. Breast-fed infants are reliant on maternal iodine intake. The aim of this study was to evaluate iodine sufficiency in lactating women in Iran. The sample consisted of 100 lactating mothers referred to the Taleghani Hospital of Gorgan, Iran. Goiter was ...
Rager Kristin M - - 2005
This article delineates the noncontraceptive benefits of hormonal contraception, including combined and progestin-only methods. Contraindications to the use of these hormonal methods also are discussed. Knowledge of the noncontraceptive benefits of birth control methods can increase compliance and continuation of use, with the ultimate goal of decreasing unplanned pregnancy.
Kubo Toshihide - - 2005
Graves' disease is a rare disorder in children, particularly in infants. Ocular manifestations of Graves' disease in children are even more rare and are mild compared to adults. We report a 3-year-old girl with Graves' ophthalmopathy who visited our clinic because of lacrimation. Her family had also noticed exophthalmos, goiter, ...
Fogaça Monalisa de Cássia Mde - - 2005
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of adrenocortical function with the use of therapeutic massage has been little studied in Brazil. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the salivary cortisol levels before and after Shantala massage therapy on healthy infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective case series, in a public ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2005
CONTEXT: Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in infants less than 30 wk gestation and is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits. Reductions in T4 and T3 levels with TSH unchanged are the key features of severe illness using surrogate indices of overall severity of illness, but these do not inform the impact of ...
Fu Junfen - - 2005
AIM: To assess whether the state of maternal thyroid function and the pattern of thyroid alterations during gestation would affect the infants' thyroid function and to evaluate the risk factors affecting early infants' thyroid function by means of multiple logistic regression. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 78 neonates born to ...
Rojas-Marcos Patricia Martin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe 7 infants conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) who presented with breast development and/or pubic hair. The clinical presentation in these infants raises awareness that an altered intrauterine hormonal milieu may impact the fetal and infant stages of children conceived by ...
Lanting Caren I - - 2005
CONTEXT: Since the introduction of screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in 1974, the optimal laboratory strategy has been the subject of debate. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of various types of thyroxine (T(4))-based strategies to screen for CH. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In the Netherlands, since January ...
Karatoprak Nihal - - 2005
AIM: To present a rare case of actinomycotic suppurative thyroiditis in an infant with provision of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical findings and treatment of this rare disease. DESIGN: A report of an 18-month-old female infant who presented with fever, erythema, induration and tenderness of the neck. The patient had the ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2005
AIM: To describe a group of neonates with congenital, non-traumatic chylothorax, one of whom developed transient hypothyroidism following treatment with somatostatin. METHODS: The charts of seven infants with congenital chylothorax were reviewed in terms of their clinical presentation, the severity of their disease, the complications they presented and the duration ...
Evans William J - - 2005
In the course of comparing the reaction chemistry of (C5Me5)3U, 1, and its slightly less crowded analogue (C5Me4H)3U, 2, new syntheses of UI3, (C5Me4H)3U, (C5Me4H)3UCl, 3, and (C5Me5)3UCl, 4, have been developed. Additionally, (C5Me4H)3UI, 5, and (C5Me4H)2UCl2, 6, have been identified for the first time. A facile synthesis of unsolvated ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2005
CONTEXT: Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in infants less than 30 wk gestation and is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits; it has no consensus definition. We previously suggested that appropriate ranges for postnatal serum T4 values are at least cord levels corrected to an equivalent gestational age if the fetuses had remained ...
Higuchi Ryuzo - - 2005
We describe 3 infants who were born to mothers with Graves' disease and developed central hypothyroidism that persisted for >6 months after birth. Two were preterm infants, and the other was a term infant who was born to a euthyroid mother who had been treated with an antithyroid drug since ...
Ito Yoichi - - 2005
As a step to see whether the local aromatization mechanism exists in the newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, cDNA cloning and characterization of newt cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) were conducted. Newt P450arom cDNA was obtained from a C. pyrrhogaster ovarian cDNA library. By RT-PCR and in situ hybridization, an intense P450arom mRNA ...
van Tijn David A - - 2005
Due to the high frequency of concurrent pituitary hormone deficiencies, congenital hypothyroidism (CH) of central origin (CH-C) is a life-threatening disorder. Yet only a minority of these patients are detected by neonatal CH screening programs worldwide. We conducted a prospective multicenter study involving a 2-yr cohort of neonatally diagnosed CH-C ...
Mirabella Giuseppe - - 2005
Thyroid hormone is essential for normal brain development including structures critical for visual processing. While chick and rodent models have demonstrated abnormal visual development following prenatal thyroid hormone loss, comparable data do not exist in the human. To determine whether human infants with intrauterine and early postnatal thyroid hormone insufficiencies ...
Simsek E - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in the West Black Sea Area, a mild-to-moderate iodine deficient area in Turkey. Neonatal screening for CH was performed using blood specimens collected onto filter paper. Thyrotropin [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)] was measured by radioimmunoassay, and a ...
Lim Doyle J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although common in preterm infants, transient hypothyroxinemia (TH) has not been investigated extensively in ill term infants. The objectives of this study were to investigate serum thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in sick term infants and to determine whether there is any association between measures of thyroid function ...
Plumpton Kevin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The clinical benefit of tri-iodothyrinone (T(3)) replacement following congenital heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is not clear in unselected cohorts of children. Infants with more marked thyroid hormone suppression or prolonged post-CPB recovery may benefit from T(3) replacement. This study aimed to identify infants at risk of more ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Transient hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity (THOP) is a common condition of preterm infants whose causes remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that THOP is associated with histological chorioamnionitis (HCA). METHODS: Whole blood T4 and TSH concentrations on day 4 and at 40 weeks' postmenstrual age (rtx-T4 and rtx-TSH), placental histology ...
Güven Ayla - - 2005
Hemangioendotheliomas can express type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase and cause severe hypothyroidism. The risk of congenital malformations such as vertebral and cardiac abnormalities in infants of diabetic mothers is higher than in babies of healthy women. Here we report an infant of a diabetic mother with hypothyroidism caused by liver hemangioendothelioma. ...
Martin Camilia R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroxinemia is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes including white matter damage, cerebral palsy, poor neurodevelopment and death. It has become increasingly important to understand the natural history and modifiers of thyroid function in the premature infant. It is standard obstetrical practice to offer antenatal glucocorticoids to pregnant women with ...
Tylek-Lema?ska Dorota - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), normally a reliable screening test for congenital hypothyroidism (CH), may fail to detect cases among infants who have low and very low birth weight. The purpose of this study was to identify neonates with false-negative screening results. SETTING: A province in Poland in which 3,854 neonates ...
Simpson Judith - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to relate severity of illness at 1, 7, 14, and 28 postnatal days in preterm infants groups, 23-27 (n = 73), 28-30 (n = 160), and 31-34 (n = 208) wk gestation, to the corresponding sera levels of T(4), free T(4), T(4)-binding globulin, TSH, ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2004
We report on 3 term newborns with the association of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and severe hypothyroidism attributed to thyroid agenesis (n = 2) or feto-maternal pit-1 deficiency (n = 1). This association suggests that sufficient thyroid hormone availability is among the prerequisites for normal postnatal ductal closure. Unravelling the ...
Nishiyama Soroku - - 2004
Perinatal exposure to excess iodine can lead to transient hypothyroidism in the newborn. In Japan, large quantities of iodine-rich seaweed such as kombu (Laminaria japonica) are consumed. However, effects of iodine from food consumed during the perinatal period are unknown. The concentration of iodine in serum, urine, and breast milk ...
Schoen Edgar J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Thyroid imaging with isotopic iodide (123I) or technetium Tc 99m pertechnetate has been available for decades but is not routinely used in newborn infants diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Among clinicians who believe that presence, absence, or abnormal location of a thyroid does not alter management of CH, imaging ...
Ouhoummane Najwa - - 2004
In this study, the authors compared thyroid function of newborns from 11 municipalities where drinking water was disinfected by chlorine dioxide (ClO2) with that of newborns from 15 municipalities using chlorine disinfection. They estimated the mean neonatal blood thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and proportion of congenital hypothyroidism cases using ...
Claassen Horst - - 2004
The role of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in the process of cartilage mineralization, especially in the hypertrophic zone of growth plates, is not yet fully understood. Human thyroid cartilage can serve as a model to observe matrix changes associated with cartilage mineralization because the processes follow a distinct route, progress very slowly ...
Rabin Christopher W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The incidence of transient reductions in serum free T(4) (FT(4)) in premature infants may be overestimated because certain FT(4) analytical methods underestimate FT(4) concentrations. Transient reductions of FT(4) measurements have been reported in the majority of premature newborn infants. Direct equilibrium dialysis (DED) does not underestimate FT(4) concentrations and ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2004
To determine the incidence of permanent congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Tehran and Damavand, cord blood spots were collected from February 1998-August 2002 and infants with TSH > or =20 mU/l were recalled. CH was confirmed in neonates (aged > or =7 days) with serum TSH >10 mU/l and T4 <84 ...
Djemli Anissa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The definition of the type of thyroid dysgenesis in congenital hypothyroidism (CH), ectopy, or athyreosis is important for monitoring patients and for genetic investigations. We have recently encountered infants who in spite of undetectable Technetium uptake on scintigraphy had biochemical results making athyreosis unlikely. OBJECTIVE: To reevaluate the utility ...
Anselmo João J Endocrinology Unit, Hospital Divino Espírito Santo, Ponta Delgada, - - 2004
Maternal hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism have deleterious effects on the outcome of pregnancy. While the effects of thyroid hormone (TH) deprivation on the fetus, independently from that on the mother, can be studied in infants with congenital hypothyroidism, this is not the case in those with fetal thyrotoxicosis. To study the ...
Pearce Elizabeth N - - 2004
Dietary iodine is essential for thyroid hormone production. Although U.S. dietary iodine is generally adequate, some groups, especially women of childbearing age, are at risk for mild iodine deficiency. Children's average urinary iodine is higher than that of adults. U.S. dietary iodine sources have not been assessed recently. A survey ...
Scott Susan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between the concentrations of cortisol and T4 with outcome in the preterm infants has not been well studied. STUDY DESIGN: Mean cortisol (days 2, 4, and 6) and T4 values were correlated to gestational age, illness, and outcome in 210 infants using ANOVA. RESULTS: Cortisol significantly decreased ...
Murphy Nuala - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to measure serum T4, free T4, TSH, T3, rT3, T4 sulfate, and thyroxine binding globulin at four time points within the first 24 h of life (cord and 1, 7, and 24 h) in infants between 24 and 34 wk gestation. The infants were ...
Spierer Abraham - - 2004
Four infants with unilateral or bilateral eyelid retraction were examined. A full clinical evaluation revealed no ocular or systemic pathology. In all cases, clinical examination, thyroid function tests, and neuroimaging of the brain and orbits revealed no underlying disease process. The eyelid retraction did not change over the follow-up period ...
L'Italien Anita - - 2004
We describe transient hypothyroidism induced in a 2 week-old breastfed infant by maternal use of iodoform gauze for a perirectal abscess. The initial newborn thyroid screen was normal. Low levels of thyroid hormone were discovered during a routine second newborn screen. Thyroid function has since normalized with short-term therapy with ...
Nakamura Shigenori - - 2004
A 28-year-old woman with thyroid hemiagenesis, who had been diagnosed as having Graves' disease, became pregnant during the course of methimazole treatment. The treatment was terminated in the second trimester. She delivered a normal infant at full term. She became thyrotoxic 3 months after the delivery, hypothyroid 6 months after ...
More Vaishali - - 2004
Bilateral anotia or microtia is known to be associated with multiple order malformations. The authors report a young infant who presented with failure to thrive and recurrent respiratory tract infections. The patient had bilaterally absent pinnae; instead small skin tags were present. He also had asymmetric crying facies and clinical ...
Pagan Yanira L - - 2004
Two infants were studied born of a mother with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia who is heterozygous for an activating mutation in the calcium-sensing receptor gene. Both infants had serum calcium levels in the low-normal range and parathyroid hormone levels in the high-normal range and were healthy. The mother's hypocalcemia had been ...
Hughes J A - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of hepatic haemangiomas (HH) occurring with multiple or large cutaneous haemangiomas (CH), and compare the ultrasound (US) characteristics of HH with morphology of concurrent CH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective and prospective sonographic and clinical analysis was undertaken on 69 patients referred for US to exclude ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2004
The concentration of thyroid hormone in preterm infants is lower than that in term infants. This phenomenon is referred to as transient hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity. Low thyroid hormone levels after very preterm birth are associated with worse developmental outcome in childhood, but only one randomized controlled trial has been carried ...
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