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Evans William J - - 2005
In the course of comparing the reaction chemistry of (C5Me5)3U, 1, and its slightly less crowded analogue (C5Me4H)3U, 2, new syntheses of UI3, (C5Me4H)3U, (C5Me4H)3UCl, 3, and (C5Me5)3UCl, 4, have been developed. Additionally, (C5Me4H)3UI, 5, and (C5Me4H)2UCl2, 6, have been identified for the first time. A facile synthesis of unsolvated ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2005
CONTEXT: Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in infants less than 30 wk gestation and is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits; it has no consensus definition. We previously suggested that appropriate ranges for postnatal serum T4 values are at least cord levels corrected to an equivalent gestational age if the fetuses had remained ...
Higuchi Ryuzo - - 2005
We describe 3 infants who were born to mothers with Graves' disease and developed central hypothyroidism that persisted for >6 months after birth. Two were preterm infants, and the other was a term infant who was born to a euthyroid mother who had been treated with an antithyroid drug since ...
Ito Yoichi - - 2005
As a step to see whether the local aromatization mechanism exists in the newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster, cDNA cloning and characterization of newt cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450arom) were conducted. Newt P450arom cDNA was obtained from a C. pyrrhogaster ovarian cDNA library. By RT-PCR and in situ hybridization, an intense P450arom mRNA ...
van Tijn David A - - 2005
Due to the high frequency of concurrent pituitary hormone deficiencies, congenital hypothyroidism (CH) of central origin (CH-C) is a life-threatening disorder. Yet only a minority of these patients are detected by neonatal CH screening programs worldwide. We conducted a prospective multicenter study involving a 2-yr cohort of neonatally diagnosed CH-C ...
Mirabella Giuseppe - - 2005
Thyroid hormone is essential for normal brain development including structures critical for visual processing. While chick and rodent models have demonstrated abnormal visual development following prenatal thyroid hormone loss, comparable data do not exist in the human. To determine whether human infants with intrauterine and early postnatal thyroid hormone insufficiencies ...
Simsek E - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in the West Black Sea Area, a mild-to-moderate iodine deficient area in Turkey. Neonatal screening for CH was performed using blood specimens collected onto filter paper. Thyrotropin [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)] was measured by radioimmunoassay, and a ...
Lim Doyle J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although common in preterm infants, transient hypothyroxinemia (TH) has not been investigated extensively in ill term infants. The objectives of this study were to investigate serum thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in sick term infants and to determine whether there is any association between measures of thyroid function ...
Plumpton Kevin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The clinical benefit of tri-iodothyrinone (T(3)) replacement following congenital heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is not clear in unselected cohorts of children. Infants with more marked thyroid hormone suppression or prolonged post-CPB recovery may benefit from T(3) replacement. This study aimed to identify infants at risk of more ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Transient hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity (THOP) is a common condition of preterm infants whose causes remain unclear. We tested the hypothesis that THOP is associated with histological chorioamnionitis (HCA). METHODS: Whole blood T4 and TSH concentrations on day 4 and at 40 weeks' postmenstrual age (rtx-T4 and rtx-TSH), placental histology ...
Güven Ayla - - 2005
Hemangioendotheliomas can express type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase and cause severe hypothyroidism. The risk of congenital malformations such as vertebral and cardiac abnormalities in infants of diabetic mothers is higher than in babies of healthy women. Here we report an infant of a diabetic mother with hypothyroidism caused by liver hemangioendothelioma. ...
Martin Camilia R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroxinemia is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes including white matter damage, cerebral palsy, poor neurodevelopment and death. It has become increasingly important to understand the natural history and modifiers of thyroid function in the premature infant. It is standard obstetrical practice to offer antenatal glucocorticoids to pregnant women with ...
Tylek-Lema?ska Dorota - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), normally a reliable screening test for congenital hypothyroidism (CH), may fail to detect cases among infants who have low and very low birth weight. The purpose of this study was to identify neonates with false-negative screening results. SETTING: A province in Poland in which 3,854 neonates ...
Simpson Judith - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to relate severity of illness at 1, 7, 14, and 28 postnatal days in preterm infants groups, 23-27 (n = 73), 28-30 (n = 160), and 31-34 (n = 208) wk gestation, to the corresponding sera levels of T(4), free T(4), T(4)-binding globulin, TSH, ...
Allegaert Karel - - 2004
We report on 3 term newborns with the association of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and severe hypothyroidism attributed to thyroid agenesis (n = 2) or feto-maternal pit-1 deficiency (n = 1). This association suggests that sufficient thyroid hormone availability is among the prerequisites for normal postnatal ductal closure. Unravelling the ...
Nishiyama Soroku - - 2004
Perinatal exposure to excess iodine can lead to transient hypothyroidism in the newborn. In Japan, large quantities of iodine-rich seaweed such as kombu (Laminaria japonica) are consumed. However, effects of iodine from food consumed during the perinatal period are unknown. The concentration of iodine in serum, urine, and breast milk ...
Schoen Edgar J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Thyroid imaging with isotopic iodide (123I) or technetium Tc 99m pertechnetate has been available for decades but is not routinely used in newborn infants diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Among clinicians who believe that presence, absence, or abnormal location of a thyroid does not alter management of CH, imaging ...
Ouhoummane Najwa - - 2004
In this study, the authors compared thyroid function of newborns from 11 municipalities where drinking water was disinfected by chlorine dioxide (ClO2) with that of newborns from 15 municipalities using chlorine disinfection. They estimated the mean neonatal blood thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels and proportion of congenital hypothyroidism cases using ...
Claassen Horst - - 2004
The role of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) in the process of cartilage mineralization, especially in the hypertrophic zone of growth plates, is not yet fully understood. Human thyroid cartilage can serve as a model to observe matrix changes associated with cartilage mineralization because the processes follow a distinct route, progress very slowly ...
Rabin Christopher W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The incidence of transient reductions in serum free T(4) (FT(4)) in premature infants may be overestimated because certain FT(4) analytical methods underestimate FT(4) concentrations. Transient reductions of FT(4) measurements have been reported in the majority of premature newborn infants. Direct equilibrium dialysis (DED) does not underestimate FT(4) concentrations and ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2004
To determine the incidence of permanent congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Tehran and Damavand, cord blood spots were collected from February 1998-August 2002 and infants with TSH > or =20 mU/l were recalled. CH was confirmed in neonates (aged > or =7 days) with serum TSH >10 mU/l and T4 <84 ...
Djemli Anissa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The definition of the type of thyroid dysgenesis in congenital hypothyroidism (CH), ectopy, or athyreosis is important for monitoring patients and for genetic investigations. We have recently encountered infants who in spite of undetectable Technetium uptake on scintigraphy had biochemical results making athyreosis unlikely. OBJECTIVE: To reevaluate the utility ...
Anselmo João - - 2004
CONTEXT: Maternal hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism have deleterious effects on the outcome of pregnancy. While the effects of thyroid hormone (TH) deprivation on the fetus, independently from that on the mother, can be studied in infants with congenital hypothyroidism, this is not the case in those with fetal thyrotoxicosis. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Pearce Elizabeth N - - 2004
Dietary iodine is essential for thyroid hormone production. Although U.S. dietary iodine is generally adequate, some groups, especially women of childbearing age, are at risk for mild iodine deficiency. Children's average urinary iodine is higher than that of adults. U.S. dietary iodine sources have not been assessed recently. A survey ...
Scott Susan M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between the concentrations of cortisol and T4 with outcome in the preterm infants has not been well studied. STUDY DESIGN: Mean cortisol (days 2, 4, and 6) and T4 values were correlated to gestational age, illness, and outcome in 210 infants using ANOVA. RESULTS: Cortisol significantly decreased ...
Murphy Nuala - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to measure serum T4, free T4, TSH, T3, rT3, T4 sulfate, and thyroxine binding globulin at four time points within the first 24 h of life (cord and 1, 7, and 24 h) in infants between 24 and 34 wk gestation. The infants were ...
Spierer Abraham - - 2004
Four infants with unilateral or bilateral eyelid retraction were examined. A full clinical evaluation revealed no ocular or systemic pathology. In all cases, clinical examination, thyroid function tests, and neuroimaging of the brain and orbits revealed no underlying disease process. The eyelid retraction did not change over the follow-up period ...
L'Italien Anita - - 2004
We describe transient hypothyroidism induced in a 2 week-old breastfed infant by maternal use of iodoform gauze for a perirectal abscess. The initial newborn thyroid screen was normal. Low levels of thyroid hormone were discovered during a routine second newborn screen. Thyroid function has since normalized with short-term therapy with ...
Nakamura Shigenori - - 2004
A 28-year-old woman with thyroid hemiagenesis, who had been diagnosed as having Graves' disease, became pregnant during the course of methimazole treatment. The treatment was terminated in the second trimester. She delivered a normal infant at full term. She became thyrotoxic 3 months after the delivery, hypothyroid 6 months after ...
More Vaishali - - 2004
Bilateral anotia or microtia is known to be associated with multiple order malformations. The authors report a young infant who presented with failure to thrive and recurrent respiratory tract infections. The patient had bilaterally absent pinnae; instead small skin tags were present. He also had asymmetric crying facies and clinical ...
Pagan Yanira L - - 2004
Two infants were studied born of a mother with autosomal dominant hypocalcemia who is heterozygous for an activating mutation in the calcium-sensing receptor gene. Both infants had serum calcium levels in the low-normal range and parathyroid hormone levels in the high-normal range and were healthy. The mother's hypocalcemia had been ...
Hughes J A - - 2004
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of hepatic haemangiomas (HH) occurring with multiple or large cutaneous haemangiomas (CH), and compare the ultrasound (US) characteristics of HH with morphology of concurrent CH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective and prospective sonographic and clinical analysis was undertaken on 69 patients referred for US to exclude ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2004
The concentration of thyroid hormone in preterm infants is lower than that in term infants. This phenomenon is referred to as transient hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity. Low thyroid hormone levels after very preterm birth are associated with worse developmental outcome in childhood, but only one randomized controlled trial has been carried ...
Vono-Toniolo Jussara - - 2004
Congenital hypothyroidism affects about 1:3000-1:4000 infants. Screening programs now permit early recognition and treatment, thus avoiding the disastrous consequences of thyroid hormone deficiency on brain development. In about 85%, congenital hypothyroidism is associated with developmental defects referred to as thyroid dysgenesis. They include thyroid (hemi)agenesis, ectopic tissue and thyroid hypoplasia. ...
Conrad S C - - 2004
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that feeding soy formula to infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) leads to prolonged increase of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). METHODS: The study was a review of 78 patients seen during their first year of life between 1990 and 1998. Data regarding clinical diagnosis, date of ...
Zamboni G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine (T4) measurements at neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism, we compared our false-negative results with those we would have obtained if we had used TSH screening alone. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between January 1989 and December 2001 745,258 newborns were screened ...
Dimmick S - - 2004
Paediatric studies have demonstrated that cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with a decline in thyroid hormone levels. Adult patients who undergo open heart surgery and receive triiodothyronine supplementation have demonstrated a dose-dependent increase in cardiac output which has been associated with an improved clinical outcome. Thyroid hormone supplementation in infants may ...
Markham Lori A - - 2003
A case of neonatal thyrotoxicosis secondary to maternal autoimmune hyperthyroidism is reported in an infant born at 34 weeks gestation who presented with tachycardia, jitteriness, diarrhea, and a small goiter. Propranolol and oxygen were used to treat high-output cardiac failure and transient persistent pulmonary hypertension. The infant's response to propylthiouracil ...
Büyükgebiz Atilla - - 2003
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the commonest treatable cause of mental retardation. The prevelance is 1/3000 - 1/4000 live births worldwide. The importance of CH is that, the longer the diagnosis of CH is delayed, the higher the risk of mental retardation and neurologic sequale; such as poor motor coordination, ataxia, ...
Konrad Daniel - - 2003
A 9-week-old infant presented with severe postnatal hypothyroidism. His hypothyroidism corrected only after his L-thyroxine dose was progressively increased to 28 micro g/kg/d. At 6 months of age, multiple clinically asymptomatic hepatic hemangiomas were detected and support a diagnosis of consumptive hypothyroidism as a result of increased type 3 iodothyronine ...
Filippi Luca - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between transient hypothyroxinaemia of prematurity (THOP) in very low birth weight newborns and dopamine administration. A total of 172 newborns was enrolled in a prospective observational study and divided into three groups: group A included newborns who were never treated ...
Larson Cecilia - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with delayed thyrotropin elevations in cases of congenital hypothyroidism. To determine whether routine rescreening of babies who have very low birth weight (VLBW) and babies in the neonatal intensive care unit is justified. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of the New England Newborn Screening database ...
Choudhury Naseem - - 2003
Although mild-to-moderate levels of iodine deficiency (ID) have been associated with poor cognitive outcomes in children, little is known about subclinical prenatal ID and infant development. In this study, the association between elevated cord blood thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH, thyrotropin) and infant development was examined in Northern China. Three groups ...
Belet Nur┼čen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Since preeclampsia causes placental insufficiency, it can be hypothesized that it decreases placental passage of thyroxine (T4) from mother to infant and thus may deepen the transient hypothyroxinemia seen in preterm infants after birth. The aim of this study was to compare thyroid function tests of preterm infants born ...
Sack Joseph - - 2003
Mild maternal hypothyroidism during pregnancy can adversely affect infant development. We studied thyrotropin (TSH) levels in mothers of premature and low-birth-weight infants in Colombia, where iodized salt supplements the diet to correct iodine deficiency. The additional impact of salt restriction in mothers with hypertensive disorders was examined. Blood was spotted ...
Lafranchi Stephen H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and incidence of hyperthyroxinemic disorders detected by follow-up of infants with elevated screening total T4 (TT4) values. STUDY DESIGN: Infants born in Oregon with a screening TT4 measurement >3 SD above the mean were offered enrollment. Serum TT4, free T4, total T3, free T3, and ...
Khositseth A - - 2003
We report three consecutive hydropic fetuses with fetal tachyarrhythmias treated with amiodarone-two in combination with digoxin and one with digoxin, procainamide, and propranolol. Sinus rhythm was achieved in one case and ventricular rate control was achieved in two cases. All fetuses treated with amiodarone gradually improved. Observed side effects of ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Following elimination of iodine deficiency in Iran, the program of screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was established in 1998. The descriptive findings of the study are reported here. METHODS: From February 1998 to June 2001, cord blood spot samples from 8 hospitals and a rural birth center in Tehran ...
Fujii Sumie - - 2003
A 48-year-old woman with transient thyrotoxicosis, having a slightly high thyroidal 99mTc uptake (3.9% at 20 m) or radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) (17.3% at 4 hour) and subacute thyroiditis (SAT)-like symptoms, signs and histological diagnosis (extensive cellular destruction and granulomatous inflammatory change), showed positive TRAb (59.9%) and TSAb (194%) activity. ...
Kantor Herring Michelle J - - 2003
Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in premature infants and has been associated with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), poor neurodevelopmental outcomes, and mortality. Recent trials have failed to show that supplemental thyroid hormone improves overall neurodevelopmental outcome. The objective of this article is too determine perinatal risk factors for transient ...
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