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Results 201 - 250 of 815
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Deming Douglas D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of low free T4 values reported by a direct equilibrium dialysis method to their incidence reported by 2 non-dialysis methods. STUDY DESIGN: Ninety-five infants, < or = 33 weeks gestational age at birth, admitted to Loma Linda University Children's Hospital before day 3 of life ...
Fisher Delbert A - - 2007
During the past four decades major advances in the management of premature infants have led to progressive reduction in mortality. During this period mortality in very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 grams and <30 weeks gestation age) has decreased, and more than 50% of infants less than 24 weeks ...
LaFranchi Stephen H - - 2007
Early detection by newborn screening and appropriate L-thyroxine treatment leads to normal or near-normal neurocognitive outcome in infants with congenital hypothyroidism. Many newborns with congenital hypothyroidism have some residual thyroid hormone production, and even in those with athyreosis, transplacental passage of maternal thyroid hormone offers some protection for a time. ...
Hashemipour M - - 2007
We determined the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism and the rate of consanguin-ity among parents of hypothyroid neonates among 93 381 neonates born in 17 hospitals in Isfahan from May 2002 to April 2005. Serum thyroxine (T4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were measured on the 3rd-7th day of birth ...
Ordookhani Arash - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To measure breast milk iodine (MI) and urinary iodine (UI) concentrations in healthy newborns and their nursing mothers from an iodine-sufficient region to determine adequacy and to relate these parameters to thyroid function tests in mothers and infants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PATIENTS: Forty-eight healthy neonates of 37 to 42 weeks' ...
Hönekopp Johannes - - 2007
The relative length of the second (index) to the fourth (ring) finger (2D:4D) is a putative negative correlate of prenatal testosterone (T) exposure. Therefore, 2D:4D (and to a lesser extent D(r-l), the difference between 2D:4D in the right hand and in the left hand) has often been used to study ...
Hyman Sharon J - - 2007
To determine the frequency and characteristics of late rise of thyroid stimulating hormone (LRT) among ill newborns. Data were retrospectively analyzed from infants in intensive care settings with abnormal thyroid tests over 13 months. Thyroid tests were performed by filter paper if neonatal intensive care >4 weeks or serum if ...
Zuppa A A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: About 1-2% of infants born to mothers with Graves' disease or Hashimoto's thyroiditis develop neonatal hyperthyroidism because of transplacental passage of IgG stimulating TSH receptors (TRAb). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maternal total thyroidectomy on neonatal clinical course. METHODS: We describe two brothers born to a mother with ...
Karnsakul Wikrom - - 2007
Congenital hypopituitarism is an uncommon cause of neonatal cholestasis. Little is known about the effect of anterior pituitary hormone on hepatic functions. A retrospective review of the medical charts of eight infants with congenital hypopituitarism and neonatal cholestasis was performed. The results of endocrinological investigations, eye examinations, and magnetic resonance ...
Nagayama Junya - - 2007
We have investigated the effects of prenatal exposure to dioxin-like compounds (PCDDs, PCDFs and dioxin-like PCBs), PCBs and organochlorine pesticides (DDT, HCH, chlordane, HCB and their metabolites) on the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism and/or cretinism in Fukuoka, Japan from 2001 to 2004. Thirty-four positive neonates of the mass-screening for cretinism ...
Ueno Yoshihisa - - 2007
We show that two Arabidopsis thaliana genes for histone deacetylases (HDACs), HDT1/HD2A and HDT2/HD2B, are required to establish leaf polarity in the presence of mutant ASYMMETRIC LEAVES2 (AS2) or AS1. Treatment of as1 or as2 plants with inhibitors of HDACs resulted in abaxialized filamentous leaves and aberrant distribution of microRNA165 ...
Font Luis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening (NBS) program is a simple and inexpensive method for early detection and treatment of over forty conditions as of 2005. Most cases of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) are sporadic and occurs in 1 in 3500 live births. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders ...
Wijaya-Erhardt Maria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infants are highly vulnerable to iodine deficiency, and little data exist on the effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation on their iodine status. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the efficacy of daily and weekly multiple micronutrient food-like tablets (foodLETs) on increasing iodine status among infants. DESIGN: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled ...
Rashmi - - 2007
To study the influence of perinatal factors on cord blood (CB) TSH levels. In a prospective cross-sectional study, CB TSH levels were measured in 1,590 live-born infants using IRMA. The effect of various perinatal factors on the CB TSH levels was analyzed statistically. The mean TSH level in the study ...
Osborn D A - - 2007
Extremely premature infants are at risk of transient hypothyroxinaemia in the first weeks after birth. These low thyroid hormone levels are associated with an increased incidence of neonatal morbidity, mortality and longer term developmental impairments. Thyroid hormone therapy might prevent these problems. To determine the evidence for thyroid hormone therapy ...
Ginsberg Gary L - - 2007
Perchlorate is a common contaminant of drinking water and food. It competes with iodide for uptake into the thyroid, thus interfering with thyroid hormone production. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER) set a groundwater preliminary remediation goal (PRG) of 24.5 microg/L to prevent ...
Kvetny Jan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although it is well established that maternal thyroid disease and increased levels of thyrotropin receptor antibodies (TRab) during pregnancy are associated with a number of complications, is the significance of increased levels of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOab) alone a matter for discussion? The aim of the present study was ...
Gupta Rishi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the iodine nutrition status of exclusively breast-fed infants and their mothers. HYPOTHESIS: In the presence of environmental and maternal iodine deficiency, an exclusively breast-fed baby is likely to receive a suboptimal iodine supply during the period of rapid brain growth. METHODS: Spot urinary iodine (UI) and serum ...
Büyükgebiz Atilla - - 2006
Most neonates born with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) have normal appearance and no detectable physical signs. Hypothyroidism in the newborn period is almost always overlooked and delayed diagnosis leads to the most severe outcome of CH, mental retardation, emphasizing the importance of neonatal screening. Blood spot T4 or TSH or both ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2006
Thyroid hormones are required for normal development of the brain. Transient hypothyroxinaemia is the most common thyroid dysfunction in preterm infants and is defined by temporary low levels of T4, T3 and normal or low TSH. Low T4 levels in preterm infants are associated with persistent neurodevelopmental deficits in cognitive ...
van Tijn David A - - 2007
CONTEXT: Early recognition of gonadotropic dysfunction could enable well-timed growth and maturation and prevent damage to gonads and external genitalia. The adaptation of the Dutch neonatal screening program for congenital hypothyroidism in the mid 1990s resulted in enhanced detection of congenital hypothyroidism of central origin (CH-C), with high likelihood of ...
Smith Vincent C - - 2006
Hypothyroidism developed in a preterm infant, whose initial screening thyroid function test results were normal, at 2 weeks of life. The infant's mother was packing her Caesarian incision with iodine soaked gauze, resulting in a markedly increased breast milk iodine concentration. Treatment with oral L-thyroxine normalized thyroid function tests.
Iranpour R - - 2006
The aetiology of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) may be important in determining disease severity, outcome and treatment schedules because athyroid patients need higher treatment doses and close monitoring particularly early in life. The aim of this study was to evaluate thyroid scintigraphy (TS) findings in infants with CH and to determine ...
van Trotsenburg A S Paul - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether thyroxine treatment would improve nerve conduction in infants with Down syndrome. METHODS: A single-center, nationwide, randomized, double-blind, clinical trial was performed. Neonates with Down syndrome were assigned randomly to thyroxine (N = 99) or placebo (N = 97) treatment for ...
van Trotsenburg A S Paul - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Lowered neonatal plasma thyroxine (T(4)) and mildly elevated thyrotropin concentrations together with developmental benefits from neonatally started T(4) treatment in a randomized clinical trial demonstrated Down syndrome (DS) neonates to be mildly hypothyroid, at least during their first weeks of life. To prove that this hypothyroid state ...
Jaruratanasirikul Somchit - - 2006
Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) is a global health problem. Previous studies in Southern Thailand have shown that the prevalence of goiter in schoolchildren is 3-5%, indicating that Southern Thailand is an iodine sufficient area. We conducted a study in pregnant women to determine their iodine status and whether there was ...
Akcakus M - - 2006
Hypertrichosis in a newborn girl infant of a diabetic mother with congenital hypothyroidism is reported. Both neonatal hyperinsulism and increased testosterone levels were documented. The hypertrichosis resolved after 3 months' of thyroxine replacement treatment. The possible causal association between hypothyroidism, and hypertrichosis has not been previously reported in neonatal period. ...
Tomita Hideichiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To understand the defense status of glandular tissue in the human adult larynx, we examined the glandular distribution, concentration and the ratio of the mucous glands in the subglottic and supraglottic larynx. METHODS: One-hundred and seven adult larynges were examined. The area of the mucosa and glands were measured ...
Kirk Andrea B - - 2006
The only known mechanism of toxicity for perchlorate is interference with iodide uptake at the sodium-iodide symporter (NIS). The NIS translocates iodide across basolateral membranes to the thyroid gland so it can be used to form thyroid hormones (TH). NIS is also expressed in the mammary gland during lactation, so ...
Kansra Sonal - - 2006
A 2-mo-old infant born to a mother with Graves' disease and having symptoms of thyrotoxicosis was started on antithyroid drugs. Life-threatening hypocalcaemia requiring high-dose calcium infusions developed 1 mo after starting therapy. Serum alkaline phosphatase and paratharmone levels were elevated. This communication may serve to alert treating physicians about this ...
Azizi F - - 2006
Thyrotoxicosis occurs more frequently during the post-partum period than at other times in women of childbearing age. Graves' disease and post-partum thyroiditis are two major causes of thyrotoxicosis in this period. The major task lies in differentiation of these two diseases in the post-partum period; since throtoxicosis caused by post-partum ...
Dluholucký Svetozár - - 2006
Authors present the long-term development of two monozygotic twin sisters. One of them was detected by newborn screening as athyreotic (gemelus A) and healthy gemelus B sister. Therapy in athyreotic girl started at 4 weeks after birth and was monitored in order to maintain serum thyroxine and TSH in normal ...
Kooistra Libbe - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the neurobehavioral profile of neonates who are born to women with hypothyroxinemia during early pregnancy. METHODS: Examined were 108 neonates who were born to mothers with low maternal free thyroid hormone (fT4 concentrations; <10th percentile) at 12 weeks' gestation (case patients) and 96 neonates who ...
Nowicki M - - 2006
This study was conducted to investigate structural transformations of the goat pineal gland during postnatal development. The pineals of newborn, 4-week-, 4-month-, 1-year- and 3-year-old male goats were prepared for qualitative and quantitative investigations at both light and transmission electron microscopy levels. In the first 4 months after birth, the ...
Dlouhý P - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of our study was to determine urinary iodine as an indicator of iodine supplementation in Roma (Gypsy) neonates compared to majority population neonates. METHODS: The groups studied were formed by 30 full-term Roma neonates and 151 majority population neonates. Iodine was determined from samples of urine collected ...
Ares Susana - - 2005
Iodine is a trace element which is essential for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. The thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3), are necessary for adequate growth and development throughout fetal and extrauterine life. The iodine intake of newborns is entirely dependent on the iodine content of breast milk and ...
Kamishlian Abigail - - 2005
Graves' disease in pregnancy is a rare condition that directly affects neonatal thyroid function. We describe three newborns born to mothers with Graves' disease and discuss differences in outcomes and management. The first infant presented with a goiter at birth but was euthyroid and did not require therapy. The second ...
Spence Dawn - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence of hypothyroidism is associated with an increased incidence of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) in infants of mothers with anti-Ro autoantibodies. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 87 women with anti-Ro antibodies who delivered 102 infants. All infants had a full history and physical examination within ...
van Wassenaer Aleid G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for brain development. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial with thyroxine (T4) supplementation in infants <30 weeks' gestation and with the last neurodevelopmental follow-up moment at the age of 5.5 years. T4 supplementation was associated with improved outcome of infants <28 weeks' gestation and worse ...
Giacomini Sara Mariasole - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Animal experiments suggest that thyroid function alterations in newborns and infants may represent one of the most sensitive markers of toxicity from 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Dioxin can be transferred from the mother to the offspring either in utero or through lactation. It has been suggested that thyroid-hormone alterations produced by ...
Bazrafshan Hamid R - - 2005
Dietary iodine is essential for the production of thyroid hormones. Breast-fed infants are reliant on maternal iodine intake. The aim of this study was to evaluate iodine sufficiency in lactating women in Iran. The sample consisted of 100 lactating mothers referred to the Taleghani Hospital of Gorgan, Iran. Goiter was ...
Rager Kristin M - - 2005
This article delineates the noncontraceptive benefits of hormonal contraception, including combined and progestin-only methods. Contraindications to the use of these hormonal methods also are discussed. Knowledge of the noncontraceptive benefits of birth control methods can increase compliance and continuation of use, with the ultimate goal of decreasing unplanned pregnancy.
Kubo Toshihide - - 2005
Graves' disease is a rare disorder in children, particularly in infants. Ocular manifestations of Graves' disease in children are even more rare and are mild compared to adults. We report a 3-year-old girl with Graves' ophthalmopathy who visited our clinic because of lacrimation. Her family had also noticed exophthalmos, goiter, ...
Fogaça Monalisa de Cássia Mde - - 2005
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of adrenocortical function with the use of therapeutic massage has been little studied in Brazil. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the salivary cortisol levels before and after Shantala massage therapy on healthy infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective case series, in a public ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2005
CONTEXT: Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in infants less than 30 wk gestation and is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits. Reductions in T4 and T3 levels with TSH unchanged are the key features of severe illness using surrogate indices of overall severity of illness, but these do not inform the impact of ...
Fu Junfen - - 2005
AIM: To assess whether the state of maternal thyroid function and the pattern of thyroid alterations during gestation would affect the infants' thyroid function and to evaluate the risk factors affecting early infants' thyroid function by means of multiple logistic regression. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 78 neonates born to ...
Rojas-Marcos Patricia Martin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe 7 infants conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART) who presented with breast development and/or pubic hair. The clinical presentation in these infants raises awareness that an altered intrauterine hormonal milieu may impact the fetal and infant stages of children conceived by ...
Lanting Caren I - - 2005
CONTEXT: Since the introduction of screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in 1974, the optimal laboratory strategy has been the subject of debate. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of various types of thyroxine (T(4))-based strategies to screen for CH. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In the Netherlands, since January ...
Karatoprak Nihal - - 2005
AIM: To present a rare case of actinomycotic suppurative thyroiditis in an infant with provision of the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical findings and treatment of this rare disease. DESIGN: A report of an 18-month-old female infant who presented with fever, erythema, induration and tenderness of the neck. The patient had the ...
Maayan-Metzger Ayala - - 2005
AIM: To describe a group of neonates with congenital, non-traumatic chylothorax, one of whom developed transient hypothyroidism following treatment with somatostatin. METHODS: The charts of seven infants with congenital chylothorax were reviewed in terms of their clinical presentation, the severity of their disease, the complications they presented and the duration ...
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