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Olusanya B O - - 2011
This brief educational update examines the key recommendations in the new report of the World Health Organisation on newborn and infant hearing screening within the Nigerian context. While acknowledging the goal of universal newborn hearing screening as desirable, the authors highlight the need for all tertiary hospitals in the country ...
Biswas Ashok Kumar - - 2012
To identify potential risk factors for hearing loss from the infant with high risk criteria as guided by the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH, 2000). 490 infants with age range of 2 days to 6 months who had undergone detailed audiological evaluation during for the period of 3 years at Gauhati Medical ...
Bayhan Gülsüm Iclal - - 2011
Tuberculosis in older children has been well described; however, its description in infants is very limited. There are a few studies of infants with tuberculosis in the literature. In this study from February 2007 to May 2009, cases of infantile tuberculosis investigated retrospectively. Thirteen patients with pulmonary tuberculosis detected. Mean ...
Bardají Azucena - - 2011
There is some consensus that malaria in pregnancy may negatively affect infant's mortality and malaria morbidity, but there is less evidence concerning the factors involved. A total of 1030 Mozambican pregnant women were enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, and their infants were followed ...
Trudel Karen - - 2011
To report a case of postnatal, postoperative amiodarone-induced hypothyroidism in an infant with a congenital heart defect. Case report and literature review. Pediatric intensive care unit at a freestanding tertiary care children's hospital. At 7 wks of age, a female infant with a congenital heart defect was confirmed to have ...
Narasimha Aparna - - 2011
Neonates are easily prone for bacterial infection. Diagnosis of neonatal septicemia may be difficult as the early signs of sepsis may be subtle and different at different gestational ages. The present study was undertaken to assess the significance of the hematological scoring system (HSS) for early detection of neonatal sepsis. ...
Hoffmann Johannes J M L - - 2011
Neutrophilic granulocytes express their Fcgamma receptor, also known as the CD64 antigen, predominantly when they are activated. This makes neutrophil CD64 a potential biomarker for infection and sepsis. Indeed there is ample literature on the diagnostic utility of neutrophil CD64 in a variety of diseases. This review summarizes the literature ...
Kobbe Robin - - 2011
Recently, the World Health Organization emphasized the potential benefit of intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) to control malaria and officially recommended implementation of IPTi with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) in areas with moderate and high transmission, where SP resistance is not high. As reported rebound effects make further observation mandatory, we ...
Goldsmit Gustavo S - - 2011
The term "euthyroid sick syndrome" (ESS) has been used to describe a pattern of thyroid hormone changes during the course of critical illness in adult patients without thyroid disease, often associated with reduced thyroid hormone secretion. Objective: To describe the thyroid hormone profile in full-term newborns critically ill compared with ...
Williams Fiona - - 2011
This review focuses on neonatal transient hypothyroxinaemia, a condition characterized by temporary postnatal reductions in concentrations of Total T4 or Free T4, with normal or low concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). There is neither an agreed quantitative definition, nor an agreed mode of measurement for the condition. Transient hypothyroxinaemia ...
Ki┼člal Fatih - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to determine the cord blood thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free T(4) (FT(4) ) levels in Turkish neonates and to determine whether these variables reveal iodine deficiency. We collected 818 cords from healthy mothers at parturition and measured levels of FT(4) and TSH. We also ...
Andersson Maria - - 2010
If children and pregnant women in the population are iodine sufficient, it is generally assumed infants are also sufficient. But weaning infants may be at risk of iodine deficiency because iodized salt contributes little dietary iodine during this period. To fill this gap, iodine fortification of infant formula milk (IFM) ...
Sarathi H A Vijaya - - 2010
We describe a neonate born to a mother with uncontrolled thyrotoxicosis, who was euthyroid during first week of life and later developed central hypothyroidism.
Kaur Gurjit - - 2010
To establish newborn screening in Indian scenario that could lay a framework for future such initiatives. Three disorders namely, congenital hypothyroidism (CH), congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G-6-PDD) were selected for a preliminary study for newborn screening. Heel-prick blood samples were collected from live-born neonates at 24-48 h ...
Vargová Viola - - 2010
Aim of this study was to compare the thyroidal status of mothers to children with and without congenital malformations (CM). We examined 129 mothers of newborns with CM and 228 mothers without CM. The assessment included particular history, physical examination, thyroid ultrasonography, fT4, TSH, and anti-TPO measurement of mothers and ...
Delahunty Caroline - - 2010
Transient hypothyroxinemia is the commonest thyroid dysfunction of premature infants, and recent studies have found adverse associations with neurodevelopment. The validity of these associations is unclear because the studies adjusted for a differing range of factors likely to influence neurodevelopment. The aim was to describe the association of transient hypothyroxinemia ...
Kazi Tasneem Gul - - 2010
There is accumulating facts that the metabolism of essential trace elements is altered in thyroid patients. The aim of present study was to compare the status of essential trace elements, iodine, iron (Fe), and selenium (Se) in biological samples (serum and urine) of goitrous mothers (age ranged 30-40) and their ...
Mulrine Hannah M - - 2010
Little is known about the iodine status of lactating mothers and their infants during the first 6 mo postpartum or, if deficient, the amount of supplemental iodine required to improve status. The objective was to determine maternal and infant iodine status and the breast-milk iodine concentration (BMIC) over the first ...
Fideleff Gabriel - - 2010
Neonatal reference values for serum thyrotropin are scarce and comprise only small numbers of patients. During 2006, changes were made in IMMULITE kits for TSH measurement. To validate methodological changes, 80 serum samples from patients were evaluated and to establish reference intervals, 334 neonates and infants were analyzed (divided into ...
Remer T - - 2010
Severe iodine deficiency during pregnancy seriously influences fetal brain development and in the worst case induces cretinism. Recent studies have shown that even a mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy and during the first years of life adversely affects brain development. The World Health Organisation (WHO) considers iodine deficiency as the ...
Fusco Francesca Paola - - 2010
We report a case of hypertrabeculated left ventricular myocardium associated with congenital hypothyroidism in a preterm infant. The myocardical anomalies and long QT interval, absent at birth, appeared simultaneously to abnormal thyroid hormones and progressively improved until complete recovery during Levo-Thyroxine treatment. We speculate that thyroid dysfunction could be the ...
Mengreli Chryssanthi - - 2010
CONTEXT: In our neonatal program, a number of infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) had escaped diagnosis, when a spot RIA-TSH value of 20 mU/liter whole blood was used as a cutoff point. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to find out prospectively the additional number of newborns with CH ...
Cao Yang - - 2010
Environmental exposure of infants to perchlorate, thiocyanate, nitrate, might interfere with thyroid function. U.S. women with higher background perchlorate exposure have higher thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and lower thyroxine (T4). There are no studies with individual measures of thyroid function and these goitrogens available in infants. We examined the association of ...
Linn Megan - - 2010
We assessed the pattern of levo-thyroxine (l-thyroxine) therapy in very premature newborns over a 10-year period. We analyzed the electronic database of a large private neonatal practice group (Pediatrix, Ft. Lauderdale, FL) for 23- to 32-week gestation neonates ( N = 96,813) managed during 1997 to 2006. L-thyroxine use was analyzed by ...
LaFranchi Stephen H - - 2010
It is the purpose of this article to briefly review the initial development and subsequent evolution of newborn screening programs to detect infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and then to provide an update of the advantages and disadvantages of the main test strategies. Pilot programs began screening newborn populations in ...
Gharehbaghi Manizheh Mostafa - - 2010
Goldenhar syndrome (oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia) is a rare congenital anomaly with unknown etiology and consists of non accidental association of hemifacial microsomia, auricular anomalies, epibulbar dermoid and vertebral anomalies. Although some malformations are more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers, developmental defects of first and second branchial arch is not a ...
Zimmermann Michael B - - 2010
Iodine deficiency (ID) has multiple adverse effects on growth and development due to inadequate thyroid hormone production. Methods for assessment of iodine nutrition in individuals include the urinary iodine concentration (UI), thyroid size and thyroid function tests. The UI measured in several repeat 24-h urine samples can detect inadequate iodine ...
Paul David A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Transient hypothyroxinemia is common in extremely premature infants, but has not been extensively investigated in ill term and late preterm infants. We hypothesized that free thyroxine (T(4)) levels in term and late preterm infants with respiratory distress would be inversely related to severity of illness METHODS: Eligible infants included ...
Jones Jeremy H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thyroid imaging is of proven help in establishing a diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism in infants. US often shows tissue in the thyroid fossa when radionuclide scintigraphy reveals only ectopic uptake. OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis was that the use of US alone could lead to the mistaken diagnosis of normal or ...
Hartman T K - - 2010
Each year, malaria threatens 125 million pregnancies, and gestational malaria is responsible for up to 200,000 infant deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. With advancing knowledge of malaria in pregnancy and its impact on newborns, improved preventive and therapeutic interventions are possible. We reviewed and, by consensus, evaluated published literature relevant to ...
Zabidi A - - 2010
This paper presents a new application of the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm to optimize Mel Frequency Cepstrum Coefficients (MFCC) parameters, in order to extract an optimal feature set for diagnosis of hypothyroidism in infants using Multi-Layer Perceptrons (MLP) neural network. MFCC features is influenced by the number of filter ...
Silva S A B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in premature infants is not as well established as in term newborns regarding age and number of samples. AIMS: 1. To evaluate the effectiveness of the protocol recommended by the Neonatal Screening Program of the State of Minas Gerais (PETN-MG) for CH neonatal ...
Pearce Mark S - - 2010
Previous studies of congenital hypothyroidism have suggested an increasing incidence and seasonal variation in incidence, which may suggest nongenetic factors involved in aetiology. This study describes the incidence of elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) values in newborns, a surrogate for congenital hypothyroidism, measured as part of the screening programme for ...
Yagasaki Hideaki - - 2010
Late-onset circulatory dysfunction (LCD) is a phenomenon specific to premature infants and is characterized by sudden onset of hyponatremia, hypotension, oliguria and non-physiological weight gain, without an obvious cause, in premature infants after stabilization of circulation and respiration. The cause of LCD is not clear, but adrenal insufficiency in premature ...
Aminzadeh M - - 2010
To investigate an association between seasonal changes in temperature and the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in the Southwest of Iran. A prospective two-year study conducted from March 2007 to March 2009 during the nationwide screening programme for CH in Ahvaz, the biggest city in southwest Iran. Blood samples were ...
Rastogi Maynika V - - 2010
Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) occurs in approximately 1:2,000 to 1:4,000 newborns. The clinical manifestations are often subtle or not present at birth. This likely is due to trans-placental passage of some maternal thyroid hormone, while many infants have some thyroid production of their own. Common symptoms include decreased activity and increased ...
Rovelli Rosanna - - 2010
Evaluation of thyroid function in neonates born from mothers affected by autoimmune thyroiditis in order to define if a precise follow-up is necessary for these children. The influence of maternal thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) and L-thyroxine therapy during pregnancy on neonatal thyroid function was also investigated. 129 neonates were tested ...
Pell Christopher - - 2010
Building on previous acceptability research undertaken in sub-Saharan Africa this article aims to investigate the acceptability of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in infants (IPTi) in Papua New Guinea (PNG). A questionnaire was administered to mothers whose infants participated in the randomised placebo controlled trial of IPTi. Mothers whose infants ...
Tahirovi? Husref - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate the influence of topical iodine-containing antiseptics on neonatal TSH in full-term infants born by Caesarean section in an iodine sufficient area. POPULATION AND METHODS: Urinary iodide excretion (UIE) was estimated in 86 mothers on the second day after delivery by Caesarean section and their 86 full-term neonates. ...
Zimmermann Michael B - - 2009
Iodine deficiency has multiple adverse effects on growth and development because of inadequate thyroid hormone production. Four methods are generally recommended for assessment of iodine nutrition: urinary iodine concentration, thyroid size, and blood concentrations of thyroid-stimulating hormone and thyroglobulin. Iodine intakes < or = 1 mg/d are well tolerated by ...
Chung Hye Rim - - 2009
CONTEXT: The dietary iodine intake of lactating women has been reported to be high in Korea. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess iodine balance and to determine its relationship with thyroid function in preterm infants. DESIGN: Thyroid functions of preterm infants born at 34 wk gestation or ...
Shenoy Ambika - - 2009
A term infant was born with respiratory distress, and subsequent imaging, histopathologic, and hormonal studies confirmed congenital hypothyroidism. This report is intended to alert pediatricians to the possibility of congenital hypothyroidism as a cause of respiratory symptoms of unknown cause in neonates with respiratory distress.
Tajima Toshihiro - - 2009
In Sapporo city of Japan, neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism has used the measurement of free thyroxine (T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) in the filter-paper blood spot. This system has enabled us to identify hyperthyroxinemic diseases. Filter papers were collected from neonatal infants born at 4-6 d of age and ...
Hemmati F - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies report the spectrum of thyroid function abnormalities in critically-ill neonates. In this study, we evaluated the thyroid status in critically-ill neonates, and determined whether thyroid function abnormalities are more common in sick neonatal infants. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 67 critically-ill infants from the Neonatal Intensive ...
Lopez-Espinosa Maria-Jose - - 2010
It has been suggested that prenatal exposure to some organochlorine compounds (OCs) may adversely affect thyroid function and may, therefore, impair neurodevelopment. The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship of cord serum levels of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane (4,4'-DDT), 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethylene (4,4'-DDE), β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), four individual polychlorobiphenyl (PCB) ...
Korada Srinivasa Murthy - - 2010
The UK Newborn Screening Programme Centre recommends that a blood spot thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) cut-off of 10 mU/l is used to detect congenital hypothyroidism (CHT). As the value used varies from 5 to 10 mU/l, we examined the implications of altering this threshold. Our regional blood spot TSH cut-off ...
Chung Hye Rim - - 2009
To determine the validity of a repeat thyroid function test for preterm infants, and to investigate factors that influence thyroid function of preterm infants, thyroid functions of 105 infants born at <32 weeks' gestational age were evaluated. Initial serum free thyroxine (fT4) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels were measured during the ...
Ahmet Alexandra - - 2009
AIM: To determine if neonates exposed to iodinated contrast media are at risk of hypothyroidism. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching electronic databases (e.g. MEDLINE), contacting experts and scanning reference lists. Studies examining the effects of contrast media on neonatal thyroid function were included. Two reviewers independently screened ...
Hudaoglu Orkide G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of iodine containing antiseptics on thyroid function for the first 3 weeks in non-very-low-birth weight preterm and term babies, and to evaluate their thyroid function and behavioral status 7 years later. METHODS: Cohort I (between the years 1997-1998) was studied in 57 preterm (30-35 weeks) ...
Papendieck Patricia - - 2009
Maternal hyperthyroidism implies the risk of thyroid abnormalities in the newborn. We describe retrospectively the clinical presentation, treatment and follow up of 28 children born of hyperthyroid mothers. Patients were subdivided as follows: Group A (neonatal hyperthyroidism) (n=9): born from eight hyperthyroid mothers and one thyroidectomized mother. Children born from ...
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