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Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2013
Objective: The purpose was to determine the risk of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in young infants with abnormal head sizes in a developing country. Materials and Methods: A matched case-control study of two (hospital-based and community-based) cohorts of term infants who failed a two-stage hearing screening test with transient-evoked otoacoustic ...
Liu Zhiqi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the referral rate, prevalence and aetiology of neonatal hearing loss. METHODS: A total of 11,894 infants were screened by two-stage transient evoked otoacoustic emission testing. Those who failed were diagnosed by distortion product otoacoustic emission, 1000 Hz probe tone tympanometry and auditory brainstem response. The results of ...
O'Connor A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Hearing screening programmes aim to detect hearing loss in the neonate. The Health Service Executive (HSE) South was the first phase of a national roll-out of a neonatal hearing screening programme in Ireland, going live on 28 April 2011. RESULTS: Over 11,738 babies have been screened for permanent childhood ...
Caporali Sueli Aparecida - - 2013
Background: In spite of early identification and intervention efforts achieved by Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) programs, many infants with hearing loss experience delays in early vocabulary development in comparison to peers with normal hearing (Mayne, Yoshinaga-Itano, Sedey, 2000a; Mayne, Yoshinaga-Itano, Sedey, Carey, 2000b; Moeller et al, 2007a, 2007b). ...
De Jesus Lilia C LC Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, - - 2013
To determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) infants born at <27 weeks gestational age (GA) are at increased risk for mortality, morbidity, and growth and neurodevelopmental impairment at 18-22 months corrected age. This was a retrospective cohort study from National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research ...
Salvago Pietro - - 2013
The objective of this work was to evaluate the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and distribution of the main risk factors associated to it focusing on their role in the development of deafness and their interaction. We performed a global audiological assessment (through TEOAE, tympanometry and ABR) in 508 ...
Setänen Sirkku - - 2013
AIM: To study the prognostic value of MRI in preterm infants at term equivalent age for cognitive development at 5 years of age. METHODS: A total of 217 very low birth weight/very low gestational age infants who all received brain MRI at term equivalent age were categorized into 4 groups ...
Thukral Anu - - 2013
The authors report a preterm infant with Rh-isoimmunization, who had persistent hepato-splenomegaly with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia, transaminitis, and hyperammonemia. Ultrasound abdomen revealed an intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt (PSVS). The child was managed conservatively. On follow up at 2.4 y of age, the child is having normal growth and development, but with persisting ...
Smolkin Tatiana - - 2013
AIM: Cesarean delivery (CD) was associated with a 3.2-fold higher failure on 1(st) otoacoustic emissions (OAE) hearing test. We aimed to verify whether postponing 1(st) OAE beyond 48 hours in CD infants decreases hearing screening failure. METHODS: We compared two groups of CD infants as to failure on 1(st) OAE ...
Eras Zeynep - - 2013
Objective Although neurodevelopmental outcomes related to the management of patent ductus arteriosus with intravenous indomethacin and ibuprofen are known, little data on the long-term effects of oral ibuprofen can be found in the literature.Method A follow-up study of 99 infants with birth weight ≤ 1,500 g and gestational age ≤ 32 weeks who received either oral or ...
Pisacane Alfredo - - 2013
AIM: To describe the effectiveness of a population-based newborn hearing screening program in an economically deprived region of southern Italy. METHODS: A screening protocol was proposed for all newborns of the Campania region, starting on January, 2007. For infants identified with hearing loss, information on degree and type of hearing ...
Eras Zeynep - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the neurodevelopmental outcome at 12-18 months' corrected age between multiples and singleton preterm infants. Methods: We designed a prospective study of preterm infants (≤32 weeks gestation) born and hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit between November 2008 and November 2009, ...
Martines Francesco - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate independent etiologic factor associated with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in newborn at risk; to study the role of their interaction especially in NICU infants who present often multiple risk factors for SNHL. METHODS: The main risk factors for SNHL reported by JCIH 2007 were evaluated on 508 ...
Sankar Jhuma - - 2013
We report here the case of an infant who presented to the emergency department after unintentional ingestion of almost 130 mg/kg of elemental iron. The infant had evidence of serious toxicity in the form of hypotension, metabolic acidosis and excessive irritability. Her serum iron levels were 360 µg/dl, which was ...
Harbarger Claude F - - 2013
Prenatal ultrasound exams have become increasingly frequent. Although no serious adverse effects are known, the public health implications would be enormous should adverse effects on auditory development be shown. This study looks to establish a possible correlation between hearing loss and increased prenatal ultrasound exposure. Retrospective cohort analysis. Tertiary academic ...
Hulzebos Christian V - - 2013
Severe unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia may cause deafness. In the Netherlands, 25% lower total serum bilirubin (TSB) treatment thresholds were recently implemented for preterm infants. To determine the rate of hearing loss in jaundiced preterms treated at high or at low TSB thresholds. DESIGNMETHODS: In this retrospective study conducted at two neonatal ...
Arslan S - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to describe the results of universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) in 2229 newborns and to assess the effectiveness of a two-stage automated transient evoked otoacoustic emission (a-TEOAE) test protocol. Between May 2007 and January 2008, a universal newborn hearing screening program, instituting two-stage a-TEOAE, ...
Rastogi Shantanu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: There is increased risk of hearing loss in preterm neonates. This risk is further increased by environmental noise exposure especially from life support equipment such as ventilation. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) used for respiratory support of preterm neonates is known to be associated with prolonged exposure to ...
Ur Rehman M - - 2012
The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss among infants in the neonatal intensive unit (NICU) is higher than in normal infants. This study determined the rate of hearing loss in healthy newborns and in NICU patients before hospital discharge at a single institution in the Eastern region of the United Arab ...
Toome Liis - - 2012
AIM: To study very low gestational age (VLGA, <32 weeks) infants at two years of age and to identify the predictors of adverse outcomes. METHODS: A population-based cohort of 155 surviving VLGA infants born in Estonia in 2007 was followed up and compared with a matched full-term control group. A ...
Etz Tanja - - 2012
Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the acoustic features of infant cries in order to find differences between infants with normal development, hearing impairment (HI) and unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). The study focused on two issues: (1) are differences in acoustic cry parameters specific of ...
Purdy S C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine stimulus level effects on speech-evoked cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) in infants for a low (/m/) and high (/t/) frequency speech sound. METHODS: CAEPs were recorded for two natural speech tokens, /m/ and /t/. Participants were 16 infants aged 3-8months with no risk factors for hearing impairment, ...
Mukherjee Suranjana Sur SS Department of Physiology, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata, - - 2013
The present study tried to determine the hearing threshold by brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA) in the high-risk infants from a mediocre socio-economic background at around 1 year of age and correlate different risk factors with hearing loss. BERA was done on 127 infants of 6-18 months age of which 87 were ...
Blaiser Kristina - - 2012
Newborn hearing screening has increased the number of families enrolled in early intervention during a sensitive period of communication development. The primary role of the speech-language pathologist in early intervention is to facilitate natural parent-infant interactions and support parents' feelings of confidence in communicating with their child. Feelings of self-efficacy ...
Mühler Roland - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Recently an optimized broad-band chirp stimulus has been proposed for the objective estimation of hearing thresholds with auditory brainstem responses (ABRs). Several studies have demonstrated that this stimulus, compensating for the travelling wave delay of the frequency components of a click stimulus at the basilar membrane, evokes larger ABR ...
Aithal Sreedevi - - 2012
Background: Although newborn hearing screening programs have been introduced in most states in Australia, the prevalence of conductive hearing loss and middle ear pathology in the infants referred through these programs is not known. Purpose: This study was designed to (1) evaluate the prevalence of conductive hearing loss and middle ...
Yang Frank F - - 2012
Objective : To objectively investigate the auditory status of mainland Chinese infants with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate and to evaluate an auditory assessment protocol for this group. Design : Prospective cohort case review. Patients or Other Participants : A total of 42 Chinese infants with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or ...
Streimish Iris - - 2012
We assessed neutrophil CD64 as a diagnostic marker for neonatal sepsis. For early-onset sepsis, the CD64 index with a cut-point value of 2.38 had sensitivity, specificity and negative predictive values of 100%, 68% and 100%, respectively. For late-onset sepsis, the respective values were 3.62, 75%, 77% and 96%. Neutrophil CD64 ...
Oncel Selim - - 2012
Realising the paucity of data in the standardisation of the optimal position for lumbar puncture (LP) in hospitalised neonates, we have designed an observational study to measure the interspinous distance in infants in a university hospital setting. The infants were placed in two lateral recumbent and two upright positions (lateral ...
Chang Eugene Y - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Intrauterine infection is associated with maternal immune activation (MIA) leading to preterm birth through upregulation of contractile associated proteins (CAPs). We hypothesized that N-acetylcysteine would decrease NFKB activation and CAP expression in a MIA model for preterm birth. Methods: Pregnant CD-1 mice were given intrauterine LPS or saline ...
Falcai Angela - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated environmental endotoxin exposure during early life, sensitization to aeroallergens, the production of cytokines by LPS-stimulated leukocytes, and the development of a wheezing phenotype in a prospective cohort of infants with high risk of developing allergic diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four infants were followed from birth until ...
Meristo Marek - - 2012
Based on anticipatory looking and reactions to violations of expected events, infants have been credited with 'theory of mind' (ToM) knowledge that a person's search behaviour for an object will be guided by true or false beliefs about the object's location. However, little is known about the preconditions for looking ...
Morioka Ichiro - - 2012
Background: Recent Japanese epidemiology of neonatal sepsis and its predominant pathogens has not been reported. It is also unknown whether there are center differences in the incidence of neonatal sepsis, including early-onset sepsis (EOS) and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in Japan. Objectives: To investigate the morbidity and characteristics of neonatal sepsis ...
Spasojević Ivan - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The present review is aimed at elucidating the neonatal 'sepsis redox cycle' - the cascade of inflammatory and redox events involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis in neonates. While adult and neonatal sepses share some common features, there are some substantial differences: higher mortality rates occur in adult sepsis ...
Hornik C P - - 2012
Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1500 g birth weight) infants are at high risk for both early- and late-onset sepsis. Prior studies have observed a predominance of Gram-negative organisms as a cause of early-onset sepsis and Gram-positive organisms as a cause of late-onset sepsis. These reports are limited to large, academic neonatal intensive ...
Stritzke Amélie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: The smallest premature neonates often receive blood transfusions early in life. Non-restrictive transfusion policies are linked to deleterious outcomes. Exposure of TPN to ambient light (LE) generates oxidation products associated with haemolysis in vitro. Shielding TPN from light (LP) limits oxidation. Hypothesis: protecting TPN from light decreases haemolysis and ...
Azizia Mallika - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Preterm neonates are at increased risk of sepsis compared with those born at term. We investigated immune status at birth and early neonatal life in very preterm neonates and its association with short-term outcomes.METHODS:Prospective observational study conducted at a university hospital recruiting 113 preterm neonates (23-32 weeks) and 78 controls. ...
Zhu Guoji - - 2012
Infants are known to be more susceptible to pathogens. This might be due in part to the impaired function of macrophage. In the present study, we observed that macrophages from infant mice produced decreased levels of TNF-α and IL-6, but increased IL-10 after stimulation with toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) agonist ...
Abbing-Karahagopian Victoria - - 2012
To cite this article: Abbing-Karahagopian V, van der Gugten AC, van der Ent CK, Uiterwaal C, de Jongh M, Oldenwening M, Brunekreef B, Gehring U. Effect of endotoxin and allergens on neonatal lung function and infancy respiratory symptoms and eczema. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Background:  Exposure to endotoxin ...
Ross Danielle S - - 2012
Approximately 2 to 3 out of 1000 infants are born with hearing loss in the United States each year. Pediatric primary care physicians (PCPs) can play an important role in ensuring that infants with hearing loss are identified early and provided appropriate services. In this study, pediatric PCPs were surveyed ...
Lipkind Heather S - - 2012
This study compares school-age outcomes among preterm (PT) (32 0/7-<34 weeks), late PT (LP) (34 0/7-<37 weeks), and full-term (FT) infants to assess cognitive sequelae of LP births. We obtained linked birth and educational data for all nonanomalous singleton infants born 1994 through 1998 in New York City who had ...
Tsai Chin-Han - - 2012
This study was conducted to document the perinatal risk factors associated with early-onset neonatal Escherichia coli sepsis and adverse neonatal outcomes. A case-control study of early-onset E coli sepsis compared with that of non-E coli sepsis was conducted by a retrospective data review of all infants with a diagnosis of ...
Paolucci Michela - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis can be classified into two subtypes depending upon whether the onset of symptoms is before 72 hours of life (early-onset neonatal sepsis-EONS) or later (late-onset neonatal sepsis-LONS). These definitions have contributed greatly to diagnosis and treatment by identifying which microorganisms are likely to be responsible for sepsis during ...
Abdollahi Alireza - - 2012
Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of morbidities and mortalities mostly remarkable in the third world nations.We aimed to assess the value of simultaneous measurement of procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in association with high sensitive- C reactive protein(hs-CRP) in prediction of early neonatal sepsis.A follow-up study was performed on ...
Cockfield Christy M - - 2012
Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) has been implemented for several decades to screen for congenital hearing loss; however, the lost to follow-up (LFU) rate for newborns with a failed screen is nearly 50%. Many studies have examined risk factors rendering infants susceptible to being LFU, but there are no quality ...
Olusanya B O - - 2012
This brief educational update examines the key recommendations in the new report of the World Health Organisation on newborn and infant hearing screening within the Nigerian context. While acknowledging the goal of universal newborn hearing screening as desirable, the authors highlight the need for all tertiary hospitals in the country ...
Chan Kathy Yuen Yee - - 2012
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) are the most common acute surgical emergencies associated with high morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. We aimed to compare the profiles of immunoregulatory proteins and identify novel mediators in plasma of NEC and SIP infants. We also investigated the expression of ...
Lavezzi Anna M - - 2012
This study expands our understanding of the organization of the human caudal pons, providing a morphologic characterization of the medial superior olivary nucleus (MSO), component of the superior olivary complex (SOC) that plays an important role in the processing of acoustic information. We examined victims of sudden unexplained fetal and ...
Pourarian Shahnaz S Neonatal Research Center, Faculty of medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2012
Hearing is essential for humans to communicate with one another. Early diagnosis of hearing loss and intervention in neonates and infants can reduce developmental problems. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of hearing impairment in newborns admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2011
Amir LH, James JP, Kelso G, Moorhead AM. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 541-547 Accreditation of midwife lactation consultants to perform infant tongue-tie release Infants with a tongue-tie or ankyloglossia have a short lingual frenulum, which can lead to problems with breastfeeding: attachment difficulties, nipple pain and damage, ...
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