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Apostolakis E M - - 1993
To determine whether 24-h rhythms characterize hormone secretion and uterine activity in the pregnant sheep, blood samples were drawn every 1-4 h for 48 h from ewes and fetuses from day 120 of gestation to term. Repetitive 24-h rhythms were absent for cortisol, progesterone, and prolactin in maternal and fetal ...
Phillips D I - - 1993
To determine whether fetal and infant growth could influence susceptibility to autoimmune disease in adults, the occurrence of thyroid autoantibodies and autoimmune thyroiditis was studied in 305 women, aged 60-71, born in Hertfordshire and for whom details of birthweight, infant growth, and feeding were routinely recorded. Thyroglobulin autoantibody was detected ...
Miki Y - - 1993
The authors obtained midline sagittal T1-weighted magnetic resonance images of the pituitary gland in 30 female patients: five pregnant; two postpartum; and 23 nonpregnant, of childbearing age, and without evidence of pituitary gland disorder. In pregnant and postpartum patients, the relative signal intensity of the anterior lobe compared with the ...
Eymin C - - 1993
The rostrocaudal distribution of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) binding sites was studied in the human hippocampus. Cryostat sections of the right and left hippocampi from 6 infants (2 h to 5 months of age) and 11 adults (24 to 92 years) were subjected to in vitro quantitative autoradiography using [3H]MeTRH as ...
Pharoah P O - - 1993
Iodine deficiency as a major determinant of endemic goiter has been recognized for several decades. The evidence is also strong that iodine supplementation is effective in preventing both varieties of endemic cretinism, provided it is given before conception; early fetal and infant death may also be prevented. However, the reason ...
Majeed-Saidan M A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to find out the incidence of primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) among infants born within the Riyadh Al-Kharj Hospital Programme in addition to early detection and treatment of these infants. DESIGN: All babies born within the Riyadh Al-Kharj Hospital Programme were screened by cord blood TSH. Blood spot ...
Hanna C E - - 1993
Extremely premature infants manifest clinical features suggestive of adrenal insufficiency. Yet, serum cortisol levels are similar in ill and well preterm infants in a setting where one would expect high stress levels in the ill infants. We investigated the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in 17 extremely low birth weight stressed premature infants, ...
Mandel S - - 1993
We examined the results of the Northwest Regional Screening Program from May 1975 to June 1991 to determine the prevalence of inherited thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) deficiency and its effect on thyroid hormone concentrations in infants. Serum thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine resin uptake (T3RU), and thyrotropin values were requested of physicians caring ...
Heinze H J - - 1993
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) data are presented for 47 infants with congenital thyroid disorders. Abnormal elevation of serum Tg (> 250 micrograms/L) occurred in 17% of the population studied, whereas values in excess of 1,000 micrograms/L were demonstrated in 11% of infants. The latter group includes the first report of supraphysiologic ...
Blatt J - - 1993
The etiology of dactinomycin-associated acne has not previously been studied. An 81/2 year old girl with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the left petrous bone was prepubertal at the time of presentation. Treatment according to a current Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study regimen consisted of vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide at 3 to 6 week ...
Tsai W Y - - 1993
Various clinical features have been prospectively evaluated in 18 infants with congenital hypothyroidism detected by the National Taiwan University Hospital screening program from January 1990 to May 1991. During the same period of time, 24 suspected cases with normal thyroid function at referral were similarly evaluated and used as controls. ...
Sack J - - 1993
It has been suggested recently that in congenitally hypothyroid infants with organification defect there is a maternal-fetal transfer of thyroxine (T4). The present study was conducted to evaluate how effective the maternal-fetal transfer is and whether the maternal T4 can prevent intrauterine hypothyroidism. The clinical, laboratory and radiological data on ...
Eldar D - - 1993
It is now clear that early detection and adequate replacement therapy of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) results in normal growth and psychomotor development. However, there is evidence that some of those infants might have a persistent alteration in the T4 feedback control of TSH release. To characterize further this phenomenon, 25 ...
Nagashima K - - 1993
To analyze hypothyroxinemia in low birth weight (LBW) infants, the initial uptake of T3 into erythrocytes from term and premature infants was measured. Thirty-eight infants and 18 prepubertal children as controls were subjected in this study. The infants were divided into group 1 (premature infants; below 2,500 g, n = ...
Ballard P L - - 1992
We assayed TSH, triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, and prolactin (PRL) in plasma of women and infants participating in a trial of prenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) treatment for prevention of newborn lung disease. Women in labor at 26-34 wk of gestation received 400 micrograms of TRH i.v. every 8 h (one to ...
Kanaka C - - 1992
A 7.5-month-old infant with failure to thrive, developmental delay, muscular hypotonia, a visible goitre and severe osteopenia is described. Laboratory examination revealed a markedly increased serum TSH with low free T4, severe iodine and carnitine deficiency. The infant was breastfed until the age of 2.5 months and was then given ...
Ramírez A - - 1992
We report on 2 newborn infants with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA + TEF) born to hyperthyroid mothers receiving methimazole (Tapazol) before and during their entire pregnancies. Both mothers were euthyroid during gestation and developed hydramnios diagnosed during weeks 34 and 33 of gestation. Premature delivery (36.2 weeks of ...
Glinoer D - - 1992
Thyroid function was evaluated in cord serum of healthy full-term newborns and compared to that of mothers immediately after parturition. The study was carried out in an area without overt iodine deficiency, but with a marginal iodine supply (less than 100 micrograms/day in 80% of women). The aim of the ...
Usala A L - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine the course of maternally derived elevations in thyrotropin-binding inhibitory immunoglobulins in a neonate. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University pediatric endocrinology clinic and endocrine immunology laboratory in Ohio. PARTICIPANTS: An infant with elevated thyrotropin levels but near-normal total thyroxine levels, and her mother. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS/MAIN RESULTS: Thyroid ...
Alemzadeh R - - 1992
The state-mandated newborn thyroid screening program may uncover infants who exhibit normal thyroxine (T4) levels with various degrees of hyperthyrotropinemia. To elucidate further the thyroid status, the basal metabolic rate (BMR) of 10 infants (7 boys, 3 girls; aged 9 to 63 days) was studied by indirect calorimetry. They were ...
de Zegher F - - 1992
The maternal administration of betamethasone and thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) to accelerate the maturation of the fetus is an increasingly adopted strategy to prevent neonatal morbidity in preterm infants. The effect of this prenatal treatment on the neural maturation of the infant was assessed by measuring somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) ...
Gaitan E - - 1992
Iodine deficiency (ID) causes goiter, cretinism, neonatal hypothyroidism, irreversible mental retardation, and child and infant death. Over one billion people are at risk, most of them in developing countries. While ID is the primordial factor in these conditions, other environmental and host factors significantly modify the magnitude and clinical presentation ...
Kodama S - - 1992
The present study was performed using the simultaneous assays of free T4 and TSH levels in dried blood spots of filter paper for mass-screening of inborn errors of metabolism in order to clarify the thyroid function of premature infants. The subjects were divided in three groups: A group infants less ...
Walfish P G - - 1992
In order to determine the prevalence of post-partum thyroid dysfunction in our region, 1,376 randomly selected mothers were enrolled immediately post-partum and followed prospectively over a 2 year period in a large single-center survey. Beginning at delivery, sequential clinical and laboratory assessments were conducted at 6-8 week intervals up to ...
Al-Jurayyan N A - - 1992
A pilot cord serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) screening program for congenital hypothyroidism began in December 1988 at the Ministry of Health Maternity Hospitals in Riyadh. Out of 40,000 infants screened, 15 infants with congenital hypothyroidism have been detected. Of these, five had athyreosis, eight with ectopic thyroid glands, interestingly five ...
Momotani N - - 1992
At birth, a clinically euthyroid male neonate was found to have unexpectedly high levels of free T3 and T4 concurrent with a high TSH level. The mother was treated with propylthiouracil for Graves' disease during and after pregnancy. The neonate also had an extremely high titer of TSH receptor antibodies. ...
Al-Nuaim A - - 1992
A pilot project was carried out in Riyadh to study the incidence and pattern of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) among newborn delivered at the Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals. Cord blood was assayed for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). For affected infants, Tc-99m pertechnetate thyroid scintigraphy and perchlorate discharge test (PDT) using ...
Plomp T A TA Netherlands Institute for Drugs and Doping Research, State University of - - 1992
Five cases are studied in which amiodarone (AM) was given during pregnancy, in two of them also during the breast feeding period, to estimate the risks for adverse effects. We measured the concentrations of AM and its major metabolite desethylamiodarone (DEA) in maternal plasma, cord plasma, infant plasma, placental tissue ...
Joffe R T - - 1992
Triiodothyronine (T3) has been shown to augment the therapeutic effect of tricyclic antidepressants as well as monoamine oxidase inhibitors. In this report, three cases of T3 potentiation of the antidepressant effect of fluoxetine are described. The results suggest that T3 augmentation may be effective with a wide range of antidepressants.
Grant D B - - 1992
The relationships between biochemical severity of hypothyroidism (as judged by plasma thyroxine) and the clinical and radiographic findings at diagnosis were evaluated in 449 infants born in 1982-4 with congenital hypothyroidism identified by neonatal screening. Details of pregnancy, delivery, and the neonatal period were also examined and compared with the ...
Matsumura L K - - 1992
Amiodarone, a drug extensively used as an antiarrhythmic agent, contains 37% iodine and causes several thyroid abnormalities. The transplacental passage of amiodarone occurs with chronic therapy; we describe in this report the outcome of 9 pregnant women who used amiodarone (200 mg/day) for treatment of resistant tachycardia and the follow-up ...
Lao T T - - 1992
Of 48 consecutive newborns with elevated umbilical venous plasma thyrotropin (TSH) concentration, only two (4%) were subsequently proved to have congenital hypothyroidism, while the other 46 had transient elevation of TSH. Compared with matched controls, these 46 newborns were all delivered vaginally (P less than 0.0003) and had a longer ...
Mantagos S - - 1992
Normal children and adults show a similar pattern of diurnal variation of TSH secretion with lower values at 1100 h and higher around 2300 h. The purpose of this study was to investigate the age of appearance of TSH circadian rhythm. In 57 fullterm infants 0-6 months old and in ...
Rodriguez M P - - 1991
Whereas glucocorticoid administration to pregnant rats produces parallel acceleration of lung surfactant and antioxidant enzyme system maturation in late gestation, prenatal thyroid hormone treatment results in acceleration of surfactant maturation, with a paradoxical decrease in antioxidant enzyme (AOE) development. In these studies, we tested whether prenatal thyroid releasing hormone (TRH) ...
Mitchell I M - - 1991
Povidone-iodine is an effective antiseptic, but its topical use has been associated with a number of adverse reactions in burn patients and in neonates as a result of transcutaneous absorption. In particular, high plasma iodine concentrations are known to cause renal failure, metabolic acidosis, and thyroid suppression. Because of the ...
Kaiserman I - - 1991
It was previously shown that some congenital malformations present seasonal variations, suggesting a seasonal etiology such as viral infections. Some earlier studies have shown a certain degree of variation in the incidence rates of congenital hypothyroidism. As from April 1978 all infants born in Israel were screened for congenital hypothyroidism ...
Verelst J - - 1991
Thyroid scintigraphy was performed in 69 consecutive infants with permanent primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) detected by systematic neonatal thyroid screening using a rectilinear scanner or a gamma camera 15 minutes after the intravenous injection of 250 microCi Tc-99m sodium pertechnetate, immediately after the infants were fed. Immobilization of the infant ...
Bech K - - 1991
Thirty-five pregnant women with thyroid antibodies were followed during pregnancy and 12 month post partum. Twenty antibody-negative women served as controls and none of these developed postpartum thyroiditis in contrast to 12 of 35 antibody-positive women. Umbilical cord blood was collected at birth for measurements of thyroid antibodies, and blood ...
Bongers-Schokking C J - - 1991
At the present, the influence of intrauterine hypothyroidism on the fetus is estimated by bone age (BA). BA is also used as a predictor of later neuropsychologic development. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the neurophysiologic maturation of neonates with congenital hypothyroidism (CHT) is delayed at the ...
Karna P - - 1991
If a low level of free thyroxine (T4) is predictive of the true hypothyroidism in sick premature infants, long-term developmental follow-up of these infants should reveal a direct correlation between the free thyroxine level early in life and developmental disability in later years. Half of the 16 infants who were ...
Bona G - - 1991
The transplacental transfer of maternal antithyroid antibodies has recently been hypothesised as an aetiological factor in CH. In order to test this hypothesis, mothers and newborns identified by neonatal screening as suffering from hypothyroidism were tested for TgAb, MAb and TSHBAb. Significant titres of MAb and TgAb antibodies were found ...
Newland C J - - 1991
Plain knee radiographs of 20 neonates with congenital hypothyroidism, were reviewed. The size and appearances of the epiphyses were compared with the biochemical data at the time of referral. Fifteen infants had unequivocal evidence of delayed bone maturation based on absence of the distal femoral epiphysis or small epiphyseal size. ...
Harkavy K L - - 1991
Thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels are lower in preterm infants than in term infants. Until a distinction is made among hypothyroidism, prematurity, and illness as the cause, the necessity of treatment is unclear. Thyroxine, triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, and thyroid-stimulating hormone were measured weekly in 75 patients of 25 to 42 weeks ...
Lyall H - - 1991
Very limited information is available on the normal size of the anterior fontanelle but this measurement may be of value in the early diagnosis for example of bone diseases, and of hypothyroidism. The purpose of this study was to provide a reference range applicable to the first two years of ...
Rondanini G F - - 1991
A group of infants, affected by congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed through the neonatal screening program, was investigated with echocardiography to detect the presence of pericardial effusion. We studied the relationship between the effusion and the etiology of hypothyroidism, established through thyroid scintiscanning. Our data show a high prevalence of effusion in ...
DoboszyƄska T - - 1991
Studies on the intercaruncular regions of uterus were carried out on 34 ewes on Days 1-78 of the post-partum period to determine the approximate date of ending post-partum changes and the appearance of morphological sings interrelated with the ovarian cycle phases. It was demonstrated that in sheep the remodelling of ...
Woeber K A - - 1991
Iodine is a requisite substrate for the synthesis of the thyroid hormones, the minimum daily requirement being about 50 micrograms. An autoregulatory mechanism within the thyroid serves as the first line of defense against fluctuations in the supply of iodine and also permits escape from the inhibition of hormone synthesis ...
Leger J - - 1990
In order to test the hypothesis of a role of thyroid hormones on the circulating levels of sex steroid binding protein (SHBG) in children, SHBG levels were determined in 15 infants with congenital hypothyroidism at diagnosis and during the first 18 months of T4 therapy and in a separate group ...
Fujimoto Y - - 1990
Neonatal primary hyperparathyroidism is a life-threatening disease because of marked hypercalcemia and severe respiratory distress caused by the hypoplastic thorax and occasional rib fractures. We report a 29-day-old girl treated by total parathyroidectomy and simultaneous autotransplantation of parathyroid tissue (one fifth of each of the two glands) in the femoral ...
Pennington J A - - 1990
This article summarizes case reports, population studies, and experimental studies from the literature concerning adverse effects of exposure to iodine from the mid-1880s to 1988. Exposure to excessive iodine through foods, dietary supplements, topical medications, and/or iodinated contrast media has resulted in thyroiditis, goiter, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, sensitivity reactions, or acute ...
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