Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 815
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Cronkite E P - - 1995
On March 1, 1954, after detonation of a thermonuclear device on Bikini atoll, an unexpected wind shift resulted in the deposition of radioactive fallout on inhabited atolls. The fallout radiation caused fleeting systemic effects, dose-dependent depression of hematopoiesis and skin burns primarily due to the beta ray component of the ...
Horrum M A - - 1995
The effects of L-T3 and several analogues on mitochondrial parameters were determined in hypothyroid rats. These parameters include the 24 hour hormone-induced changes in the bc1 complex and in the inner membrane's proton permeability. L-T3, and all analogues except rT3, increased mitochondrial ubiquinone to euthyroid levels. L-T3, D-T3 and 3'IpT2 ...
Magee L A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to quantitate the risk of perinatal thyroid dysfunction and other amiodarone-induced adverse effects among infants exposed in utero to amiodarone. STUDY DESIGN: A historic cohort study of gestational exposure to amiodarone was conducted by contacting Canadian cardiac electrophysiologists. RESULTS: Twelve cases were identified. Of six with ...
Isenberg S J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Neonatal conjunctivitis (ophthalmia neonatorum) continues to cause blindness because the agents used prophylactically to prevent this condition are not completely effective and are not widely available in many parts of the world. Povidone-iodine ophthalmic solution is an effective antibacterial agent with broad antibacterial and antiviral activity to which no ...
MacMillan D R - - 1995
Subtypes of primary congenital hypothyroidism (CHT) showed different degrees of impairment of thyroid function at screening and confirmation. Patients with athyrosis showed the greatest impairment with mean value for screening 1-thyroxine (ScrT4) of 2.73 micrograms/dl (p < 0.0001 vs E group), screening thyroid-stimulating hormone (ScrTSH) of 327.6 microIU/ml (p < ...
Shi L - - 1995
Using immunoradiometric TSH assay (TSH-IRMA) to measure whole blood TSH levels spotted onto filter paper, we compared TSH levels among different age groups (neonates, < 1 yr infants, schoolchildren aged 7 to 14 yrs, adults, pregnant women and reproductive-age women) in Guiyang, where iodine deficiency has long been a problem. ...
Delange F - - 1995
Iodine is a trace element present in the human body in minute amounts (15-20 mg in adults, i.e. 0.0285 x 10(-3)% of body weight). The only confirmed function of iodine is to constitute an essential substrate for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, tetraiodothyronine, thyroxine or T4 and triiodothyronine, T3 (1). ...
Adams L M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference ranges for recently developed assays of thyroid function in premature infants. METHODS: We measured serum free thyroxine (T4) by direct equilibrium dialysis and serum thyrotropin by a sensitive immunometric method in 104 preterm infants (25 to 36 weeks of gestational age) during the first week of ...
Ares S - - 1995
The volume of the thyroid gland was determined by ultrasonography in 30 preterm infants (27-36 weeks' gestation) born in Madrid. Thyroid gland volume significantly increased (p < 0.01) with postnatal and postmenstrual age and was very well correlated with body weight, height and surface area (p < 0.01). Serum thyroid ...
van Eekelen J A - - 1995
A retrospective study on the thyroid status of 832 infants, born in Panaga Hospital in Brunei, was conducted. Despite a high degree of ethnic variability, screening for congenital hypothyroidism (CHT) included a fixed T4 and a TSH reference interval, based on a population of Malay infants. We tested their reliability ...
Novaes Júnior M - - 1994
The thyroid function in full term newborn infants of 30 pregnant women given topical germicide providine-iodine (PVPI) during delivery was evaluated. For comparison 12 full term newborn infants of pregnant women using clorhexidine hydrochloride as germicide in selective cesarean section were designed as control. The two pregnant groups had similar ...
Lin C P - - 1994
Out of 1346 newborns screened for congenital hypothyroidism, 31 non-hypothyroid infants were summoned because of a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level above 10 microU/ml. False-positive TSH levels were significantly more frequent in the babies treated with povidone-iodine (4.6%) than in those treated with either alcohol or triple dye (0.7%). CONCLUSION. ...
Koopman-Esseboom C - - 1994
Dioxins [polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), dibenzofurans (PCDF)] and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are potentially hazardous compounds. Animal studies have demonstrated that PCDD, PCDF, and PCB can alter thyroid hormone homeostasis. We investigated thyroid hormone levels in 105 mother-infant pairs. To estimate maternal and infant exposure, four nonplanar PCB congeners were measured in ...
Anand N K - - 1994
The degree to which thyroid functions are affected by non-thyroid illness and an assessment of its correlation with mortality was evaluated. Thirty infants (20 M, 10 F) with a mean age of 433 +/- 3.28 months (+/- 1 SD), with severe acute systemic illness and 30 healthy controls, age and ...
Jain R - - 1994
The course of two neonates and one 4-month-old infant with laboratory and clinical evidence of central hypothyroidism is described. All three presented with failure to thrive and improved after L-T4 therapy. Early recognition and treatment of newborns and infants with central hypothyroidism is important to maximize the potential for growth ...
Lambert B - - 1994
We reviewed 94 cases of complex endometrial hyperplasia (CH) with and without atypia to assess some of the clinical and pathologic changes observed on curettage and in hysterectomy specimens. Age, parity, height, weight and nomograms did not differ between CH with or without atypia, and CH associated with endometrial carcinoma. ...
Barakat M - - 1994
Four infants with spina bifida, who had not undergone surgical closure of a lumbar myelomeningocele, were assessed and investigated for hypothyroidism. From birth, all were treated once daily with an iodine-containing ointment (Betadine) as a local antiseptic applied to the spina defect. All infants showed excess urinary iodine concentration. Two ...
Tsai W Y - - 1994
This study was undertaken to determine the thyroid function of normal healthy Chinese neonates and infants from birth to 2 years of age. Our results showed that mean serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels decreased steeply in the first 3 days of life. Mean serum thyroxine (T4) concentration was high in the ...
Chen J Y - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Low serum thyroid hormone concentrations are frequently observed in critically ill patients. Low-birth-weight preterm infants have also been reported to contain lower serum thyroxine (T4) levels when compared with normal term infants. Investigating the differences of the thyroid function between sick and healthy term and preterm infants becomes a ...
Nøhr S B - - 1994
Iodine status of 147 neonates born in five different regions of Denmark was evaluated in relation to the iodine content of breast milk and iodine supplementation taken by the mother. Approximately two-thirds of the women had not received iodine supplementation. They had low iodine concentrations in breast milk and urinary ...
Tan U - - 1994
Relations of grasp-reflex strengths to serum free-thyroid hormone levels were studied in human neonates. In right-dominant (RH) males and females without familial sinistrality (-FS), grasp-reflex strengths from right (R) and left (L) inversely correlated with serum triiodothyronine (T3). In RH, +FS males, grasp-reflex strengths from R and L hands directly ...
Myo-Khin - - 1994
Serum thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels of 325 pairs of blood samples from the newborn infants and their mothers were determined with the aim of establishing the thyroid hormonal profile of the newborn babies and their mothers in a non-goitrous area of Myanmar. The mean +/- SEM ...
Tanaka M - - 1994
We studied the development of glandular structures and the pattern of distribution of serous and mucous-type glands in the larynges of 77 human infants obtained at autopsy. The subglottic larynx was subjected to quantitative and qualitative analysis, using an image binarization procedure. The areas of mucosa and inner space of ...
Kaya E - - 1994
Maternal thyroid function was investigated in 37 preeclamptic and 8 eclamptic patients and 45 normal pregnant women in the third trimester as controls. There were significant correlations between maternal values of total thyroxine (TT4), total triiodothyronine (TT3), thyroxine-binding globulin, free thyroxine index and birth weight of newborns in the patients ...
Delange F - - 1994
This paper reviews present knowledge on the etiology, pathophysiology, complications, prevention, and therapy of the disorders induced by iodine deficiency. The recommended dietary allowances of iodine are 100 micrograms/day for adults and adolescents, 60-100 micrograms/day for children aged 1 to 10 years, and 35-40 micrograms/day in infants aged less than ...
Amer T - - 1994
Gastrointestinal complications of hypothyroidism are well documented and include constipation, obstipation, and abdominal distention, as well as ileus, pseudo-obstruction, tumor-like mass of the intestine, and megacolon. We report herein on a 2-week-old, full-term female infant, who had both necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and congenital hypothyroidism. We further describe the response to ...
Rapaport R - - 1993
The TSH response to TRH administration (7 micrograms/kg) was measured in 68 infants (22 premature) who had abnormal thyroid screening tests by the filter paper method and whose serum thyroid function tests were only mildly abnormal. Twenty-eight infants (12 premature) had peak TSH values of 35 mU/L or less and ...
Jekat F W - - 1993
3,5-Dimethyl-3'-isopropyl-L-thyronine (DIMIT, CAS 26384-44-1), a non-halogenated, artificial analogue of the thyroid hormone T3, was administered once daily by intragastric gavage to pregnant Wistar rats on days 17-20 of gestation to elucidate the effects of DIMIT on maternal and foetal thyroid state and gestational outcome under the influence of low iodine ...
Brown R S - - 1993
Recent studies have suggested that maternal TSH receptor-blocking antibodies might be of primary etiological importance in some cases of transient congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Because these antibodies are extremely potent, we evaluated the feasibility of identifying babies at risk by using readily available newborn blood spots. Blood spots obtained from 84 ...
Sorcini M - - 1993
Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism began in Italy in 1977 and then progressively developed covering 94% of live births in 1991. The National Register of infants with congenital hypothyroidism was established in 1987 as a project of the Health Ministry. The results of the Register provided valuable epidemiological information about ...
Miculan J - - 1993
Every newborn infant should be screened for congenital hypothyroidism before discharge from the nursery. Neonatal screening for hypothyroidism was introduced to North America in 1972 and has been demonstrated to be cost effective in the prevention of neurological damage in children. Interpretation of diagnostic test results from such programs is ...
Phillips D I - - 1993
Prolonged breast-feeding in humans is associated with increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and higher death rates from ischaemic heart disease in adult life. The reasons for this link are unclear. A possible explanation is that thyroid hormones present in breast milk and absorbed by the suckling infant could, by the process ...
Bongers-Schokking J J - - 1993
To assess the influence of treatment on the development of the somesthetic pathway in infants with congenital hypothyroidism receiving early treatment, median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials were measured during the 1st y of life. Twenty-nine infants were studied with six to seven somatosensory evoked potential tests per infant. The cervical ...
Marsh T D - - 1993
Serum thyroxine values were determined prospectively over a 6-month interval in 97 newborn infants with birth weight < 2200 gm or gestational age < 37 weeks. There were 89 survivors and 8 deaths. Infants with thyroxine values of < 2.5 micrograms/dl (32.2 nmol/L) had a significantly higher mortality rate (p ...
Wikström L M - - 1993
We have analyzed the perinatal development of galanin-like immunoreactivity (GAL-LI) and catecholamines (CA) in the paraaortal paraganglia (PGGL) and adrenal glands. In the PGGL, the tissue content of GAL-LI was highest on the day of birth and decreased postnatally. The fetal levels were lower than at birth. In contrast, the ...
Apostolakis E M - - 1993
To determine whether 24-h rhythms characterize hormone secretion and uterine activity in the pregnant sheep, blood samples were drawn every 1-4 h for 48 h from ewes and fetuses from day 120 of gestation to term. Repetitive 24-h rhythms were absent for cortisol, progesterone, and prolactin in maternal and fetal ...
Phillips D I - - 1993
To determine whether fetal and infant growth could influence susceptibility to autoimmune disease in adults, the occurrence of thyroid autoantibodies and autoimmune thyroiditis was studied in 305 women, aged 60-71, born in Hertfordshire and for whom details of birthweight, infant growth, and feeding were routinely recorded. Thyroglobulin autoantibody was detected ...
Miki Y - - 1993
The authors obtained midline sagittal T1-weighted magnetic resonance images of the pituitary gland in 30 female patients: five pregnant; two postpartum; and 23 nonpregnant, of childbearing age, and without evidence of pituitary gland disorder. In pregnant and postpartum patients, the relative signal intensity of the anterior lobe compared with the ...
Eymin C - - 1993
The rostrocaudal distribution of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) binding sites was studied in the human hippocampus. Cryostat sections of the right and left hippocampi from 6 infants (2 h to 5 months of age) and 11 adults (24 to 92 years) were subjected to in vitro quantitative autoradiography using [3H]MeTRH as ...
Pharoah P O - - 1993
Iodine deficiency as a major determinant of endemic goiter has been recognized for several decades. The evidence is also strong that iodine supplementation is effective in preventing both varieties of endemic cretinism, provided it is given before conception; early fetal and infant death may also be prevented. However, the reason ...
Majeed-Saidan M A - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to find out the incidence of primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) among infants born within the Riyadh Al-Kharj Hospital Programme in addition to early detection and treatment of these infants. DESIGN: All babies born within the Riyadh Al-Kharj Hospital Programme were screened by cord blood TSH. Blood spot ...
Hanna C E - - 1993
Extremely premature infants manifest clinical features suggestive of adrenal insufficiency. Yet, serum cortisol levels are similar in ill and well preterm infants in a setting where one would expect high stress levels in the ill infants. We investigated the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in 17 extremely low birth weight stressed premature infants, ...
Mandel S - - 1993
We examined the results of the Northwest Regional Screening Program from May 1975 to June 1991 to determine the prevalence of inherited thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) deficiency and its effect on thyroid hormone concentrations in infants. Serum thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine resin uptake (T3RU), and thyrotropin values were requested of physicians caring ...
Heinze H J - - 1993
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) data are presented for 47 infants with congenital thyroid disorders. Abnormal elevation of serum Tg (> 250 micrograms/L) occurred in 17% of the population studied, whereas values in excess of 1,000 micrograms/L were demonstrated in 11% of infants. The latter group includes the first report of supraphysiologic ...
Blatt J - - 1993
The etiology of dactinomycin-associated acne has not previously been studied. An 81/2 year old girl with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the left petrous bone was prepubertal at the time of presentation. Treatment according to a current Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study regimen consisted of vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide at 3 to 6 week ...
Tsai W Y - - 1993
Various clinical features have been prospectively evaluated in 18 infants with congenital hypothyroidism detected by the National Taiwan University Hospital screening program from January 1990 to May 1991. During the same period of time, 24 suspected cases with normal thyroid function at referral were similarly evaluated and used as controls. ...
Sack J - - 1993
It has been suggested recently that in congenitally hypothyroid infants with organification defect there is a maternal-fetal transfer of thyroxine (T4). The present study was conducted to evaluate how effective the maternal-fetal transfer is and whether the maternal T4 can prevent intrauterine hypothyroidism. The clinical, laboratory and radiological data on ...
Eldar D - - 1993
It is now clear that early detection and adequate replacement therapy of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) results in normal growth and psychomotor development. However, there is evidence that some of those infants might have a persistent alteration in the T4 feedback control of TSH release. To characterize further this phenomenon, 25 ...
Nagashima K - - 1993
To analyze hypothyroxinemia in low birth weight (LBW) infants, the initial uptake of T3 into erythrocytes from term and premature infants was measured. Thirty-eight infants and 18 prepubertal children as controls were subjected in this study. The infants were divided into group 1 (premature infants; below 2,500 g, n = ...
Ballard P L - - 1992
We assayed TSH, triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, and prolactin (PRL) in plasma of women and infants participating in a trial of prenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) treatment for prevention of newborn lung disease. Women in labor at 26-34 wk of gestation received 400 micrograms of TRH i.v. every 8 h (one to ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >