Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 831
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Mikelsaar R V - - 1998
Screening for congenital hypothyroidism was carried out by measuring thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) on dried blood spots (mean + 2SD cut off value 12 microU/ml) by fluoroimmunoassay using DELFIA kits. A total of 20,021 infants were screened, and seven cases with congenital hypothyroidism were detected, giving an incidence of congenital ...
Hunter M K - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To determine the type and frequency of thyroid disorders detected in infants with low thyroxine (T4) and nonelevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) screening test results in the Northwest Regional Newborn Screening Program (NWRNSP) over the 20-year period from May 1975 to May 1995 and to determine the effect of follow-up ...
Huang C Y - - 1997
We investigated whether determination of thyrotropin-binding inhibitor immunoglobulin (TBII) indices in newborns with hyperthyrotropinemia on neonatal screening, or those born to mothers with autoimmune thyroid diseases, and their mothers could predict the newborns' thyroid status. We selected 195 babies born between 1988 and 1996. TBII indices in the sera of ...
Furnée C A - - 1997
Unfortunately there will always be groups of people who will not have access to iodized salt as a measure for iodine deficiency control. Iodized oil for oral use may be indispensable for them. The conclusions of a study in Malawi on the effectiveness of oral iodized are that the type ...
van Wassenaer A G - - 1997
It is not known how immaturity and disease influence postnatal thyroid function in infants <30 wk of gestational age. We performed serial measurements of plasma thyroxine (T4), free T4 (FT4), triiodothyronine (T3), reverse T3 (rT3), TSH, and T4-binding globulin (TBG) in 100 infants of <30 wk of gestation, during the ...
Ford L R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the duration and level of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression in premature infants treated with a prolonged course of glucocorticoids for chronic lung disease. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated HPA axis function in nine very low birth weight (VLBW) infants before and 48 hours after a prolonged (14 to ...
Linder N - - 1997
AIM: To evaluate the influence of the intravenous injection of iodine during cardiac catheterisation, and of topical iodine antiseptics during surgical procedures, on thyroid function in full term neonates. METHODS: Twenty one full term infants with major cardiac anomalies who survived for more than a month were studied. Thyroxine and ...
Uli N - - 1997
Vaginal bleeding during the neonatal period is commonly related to the withdrawal of maternal estrogens. Vaginal bleeding has also been reported in female infants with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and has been proposed to be due to a treatment-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis. We report a female infant with the ...
Siragusa V - - 1997
The aim of our study was to investigate the central nervous system (CNS) morphology and myelination with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in congenital hypothyroid (CH) infants detected by neonatal screening before replacement therapy. We studied 11 CH infants, 9 girls and 2 boys, mean age 22 days, 3 with aplasia, ...
DeLong G R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Hotien county in Xinjiang province, China, is an area of severe iodine deficiency and has a high infantmortality rate. We investigated whether iodine replacement through iodination of the irrigation water would decrease infant mortality. METHODS: We added potassium iodate to irrigation water over a 2 to 4 week period ...
Job L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: We used improved methods of assay to determine whether pituitary-thyroid function is altered in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) during the first week of postnatal life. METHODS: Serum free thyroxine (T4) was measured by direct equilibrium dialysis, total thyroxine (TT4) by radioimmunoassay, and thyrotropin by a sensitive ...
Linder N - - 1997
The influence of topical iodine-containing antiseptics on thyroid function test results of premature infants was determined in two separate studies. Thyroxine and thyrotropin levels were measured on blood-spotted filter paper. Samples were obtained from 128 premature infants on their tenth day of life; the infants were treated in two neonatal ...
Matsuura N - - 1997
Transient hypothyroxinemia in infants born to mothers with Graves' disease is a unique disorder first reported by us in 1988. Most mothers of these infants have had no treatment, are diagnosed as having thyrotoxicosis during the last trimester, or were not well controlled during pregnancy. These infants are believed to ...
John R - - 1997
We have developed a blood spot assay for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) based on the Amerlite TSH-30 serum assay for use in the Welsh neonatal hypothyroid screening programme. A total of 67,656 infants were screened in 1994 and 1995, and 28 cases of primary hypothyroidism were detected, giving a prevalence ...
Brown R S - - 1997
A high incidence of transient neonatal hypothyroidism has been observed in premature infants after routine skin cleansing with iodine. Because these reports have been predominantly from Europe, a borderline, iodine-deficient area, we wished to determine whether this was also true in North America, an iodine-sufficient area. A prospective, controlled study ...
Ares S - - 1997
We have investigated the effects of iodine (I) intake on urinary I excretion in preterm (PT) babies up to 2 months after birth and its effect on serum T4, free T4 (FT4), T3, TSH, and thyroglobulin (Tg) levels compared to those in term (T) newborns. Very premature and very sick ...
Vade A - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to establish the normal dimensions of the thyroid gland in euthyroid neonates. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the thyroid gland was performed in the first week of life in 68 term neonates whose gestational ages at birth were 37 to 41 weeks and whose birth weights ...
Jabbar M A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the etiology of hyperthyroxinemia or hyperthyrotropinemia in infants with congenital hypothyroidism who are on replacement therapy with L-thyroxine. METHODS: These infants were treated with recommended doses of L-thyroxine following the diagnosis of congenital hypothyroidism. Because of hyperthyroxinemia (2 patients) and hyperthyrotropinemia (1 patient), medication compliance and dietary ...
Costante G - - 1997
TSH data from the congenital hypothyroidism screening program were analyzed in a mild to moderate iodine deficiency region. Neonatal TSH levels were measured at day 4-5 of life in 22,384 infants (99% coverage; 51.1% males, 48.9% females). The cut off TSH value for recall was established at 20 microUl/ml whole ...
Reid G M - - 1997
Placental insufficiency, inducing hypoxia-ischaemia, is considered a major cause of neuronal injury and impaired post natal development. Placental insufficiency alters the metabolism of arachidonic acid and its oxidation products. Premature labour and low-birth-weight infants are associated with reduced intrauterine blood-flow and infections of the reproductive tract. Thyroidal activity is depressed ...
Notsu K - - 1997
The clinical courses including thyroid conditions of three infants born to a mother with primary hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis were studied. The mother was positive for both TSH-binding inhibitor immunoglobulins (TBII) and thyroid stimulating-blocking antibodies (TSBAb) in her serum. The first infant died because of septic shock due to ...
Cobra C - - 1997
Although reports suggest that infant mortality is increased during iodine deficiency, the effect of iodine supplementation on infant mortality is unknown. A double-masked, randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial of oral iodized oil was conducted in Subang, West Java, Indonesia to evaluate the effect of iodine supplementation on infant mortality. Infants were ...
Kung A W - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: 23% of the neonatal hypothyroidism in Hong Kong is transient. The present study aims to evaluate iodine excretion in healthy pregnant women in Hong Kong and to determine whether iodine insufficiency may occur in the local population to account for the type of neonatal thyroid dysfunction seen in our ...
Mestman J H - - 1997
The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy is about 0.2%. The most common cause is Graves' disease. Maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality may be reduced to a minimum with careful attention to the clinical symptoms and interpretation of thyroid tests. Ideally, hyperthyroid women should be rendered euthyroid before considering ...
Raghavan S - - 1997
Pseudotumor cerebri is generally a benign disorder. It has been reported to occur in hypothyroidism, particularly after the initiation of L-thyroxine replacement therapy. Previous case reports have involved children primarily in the peripubertal age range (approximately 8 to 13 years). We report here the development of pseudotumor cerebri in an ...
Almeida A - - 1997
The effect of thyroid hormone deprivation on the osmotic activity of liver mitochondria from early newborn rats was studied. Experimentally induced hypothyroidism prevented the increase in the osmotic activity of mitochondria observed immediately after birth. Osmotic activity was restored by T4 and T3 treatment to hypothyroid newborns but not when ...
Touati G G Hôpital Saint-Vincent de Paul, Paris, - - 1997
The adequate L-thyroxine dosage for the initial treatment of infants with congenital hypothyroidism is a subject of controversy. Some recommend higher dosages (> 10 micrograms/kg/day) to ensure adequate levels, while others advocate lower dosages to permit normalisation of thyroid status. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results ...
Auger I E - - 1997
A retrospective analysis of 400 newborns diagnosed with congenital primary hypothyroidism between 1983 and 1987 was conducted. Two distinct groups of cases were identified and characterized based on their newborn screening TSH value. The two groups are separated at a TSH concentration of 50 mU/l of serum by a normal ...
Klett M - - 1997
According to world-wide data obtained from neonatal thyroid screening programs congenital hypothyroidism (CH) occurs with an incidence of 1:3000 to 1:4000. Differences of CH-incidence are more likely due to iodine deficiency thyroid disorders or to the type of screening method than to ethnic affiliation. CH is caused by an absent ...
Faase E M - - 1997
Concern arises when a sick infant is found to have a low serum T4, normal thyroid hormone binding, and a nonelevated thyroid-stimulating hormone. Hypothyroxinemia in this situation can result from either euthyroid sick syndrome or central hypothyroidism. To help distinguish between these diagnostic possibilities, we have measured reverse T3 and ...
Delange F - - 1997
Systematic screening for congenital hypothyroidism in the neonate constitutes a major progress in the prevention of mental retardation, as the condition occurs in 1/4,000 newborns and necessarily results in brain damage if not properly detected and treated during the first days of life. Screening and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are ...
Van Wassenaer A G - - 1997
Thyroid hormones are essential for brain maturation. Very preterm infants, who are at risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities also have low T4 and FT4 values in the first weeks after birth. This transient hypothyroxinemia may in part be causal to the neurodevelopmental problems. We have carried out a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled ...
Stoicheva M - - 1997
The phagocytic activity of polymorphonuclears from peripheral blood (PMN) and the qualitative characteristic of lymphocyte populations and circulating immune complexes (CIC) were studied dynamically in 35 infants with salmonellosis. The phagocytic activity of PMNs was evaluated by phagocytic index, phagocytic number, the absolute phagocytic index and the nitroblue tetrazolium test. ...
al-Jurayyan N A NA Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 1997
Thyroid gland ectopy is the most common cause in infants with congenital hypothyroidism (CH). Its association with iodine organification defect, as suggested by positive perchlorate discharge test (PDT) has been reported. However, whether such an association represents a true or transient defect has not yet been determined. This finding has ...
al-Jurayyan N A - - 1996
Neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism using cord serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was initiated in Najran health region in September 1990. A total of 30810 newborn infants were screened by April 1995. Of the 24 infants with abnormal thyroid function tests on recall, 22 had permanent primary congenital hypothyroidism (incidence; 1:1400) ...
Franzese A - - 1996
Although anemia is a common finding in adult hypothyroid patients, there are no studies on anemia in hypothyroid infants. The aim of this study, therefore, was to review the hematologic status during the first year of life in 50 infants with congenital hypothyroidism detected through the regional neonatal screening program. ...
Parravicini E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Research was undertaken to test two hypotheses. First, during the early neonatal period, thyroid function of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is suppressed by exposure to iodine-containing antiseptic solutions and/or iodized contrast media. Second, this suppression is more pronounced in small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: Urinary ...
Saslow J G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: As neonatal discharge before 24 hours of life becomes commonplace, the rejection of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) screening specimens obtained too early has created the need for numerous additional tests. We sought to determine whether the specimens obtained before 24 hours could be used safely. METHODS: During a 31-day period ...
Gunn A J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors influencing thyroxine (T4) levels 1 month after initiating replacement therapy for congenital primary hypothyroidism. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective review of 41 children with congenital hypothyroidism who received either high or low dose initial T4 therapy. Thyroid scintiscan was performed, and T4 levels determined before starting treatment and ...
Frank J E - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To supply normative data for screening thyroxine (T4) and thyrotropin concentrations correlated with birth weight and age at screening of infants with birth weights ranging from 400 to 5500 gm, and to document the effects of screening of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, because VLBW infants comprise 0.86% ...
Wilson-Costello D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine radiation doses received by infants of less than 750 g birth weight from radiographs. METHODS: We examined the radiology records, including radiograph films, of all 25 surviving infants with birth weight less than 750 g admitted to our center during 1991. The standard method of ...
Brown R S - - 1996
To determine the incidence of transient congenital hypothyroidism due to TSH receptor-blocking antibodies, we screened dried blood specimens obtained from 788 neonates identified as having possible congenital hypothyroidism (from a total population of 1,614,166 babies) and 121 controls. A RRA was used. The potency of blood spot TSH binding inhibitory ...
Rooman R P - - 1996
Transient hypothyroxinaemia with normal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels is a well-known condition in preterm neonates and is generally assumed to be a harmless epiphenomenon of prematurity. This assumption is, however, based on studies that included very few neonates with a gestational age (GA) below 30 weeks. We therefore measured ...
Skuza K A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether determinations of thyrotropin-receptor antibody (TRAb) levels in newborn infants of women with Graves disease would predict which infants will have hyperthyroidism. METHODS: The TRAb levels, assayed in the sera of 14 infants born to 14 women with Graves disease, were measured sequentially in the infants with ...
Santiago L B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Although an outstanding characteristic of the adrenocortical function of children and adults is its circadian rhythm, little information is available about the age of appearance of such rhythm in infancy. The main obstacle has been the ethical difficulty in obtaining serial blood samples from healthy infants. We monitored the ...
Lal R B - - 1996
In the present study, attempt has been made to study the spectrum of the iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in a sub Himalayan hyperendemic area. Iodine deficiency has been found to enhance the conditions like abortion, still birth, higher infant mortality, neonatal chemical hypothyroidism, congenital anomalies, retarded growth, hypothyroidism, endemic goitre ...
Brown R S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To present an overview of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) that can occur in pregnancy. METHODS: The major thyroid antibodies that can traverse the maternal-fetal circulation and affect the fetus are summarized, those women at risk of having affected fetuses are identified, and the diagnosis, course, and treatment of AITD ...
Al-Jurayyan N A - - 1996
The regional screening program for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in Riyadh Province was started as a pilot study in December 1988. By September 1990, the program covered all deliveries at the Ministry of Health (MOH) and King Saud University hospitals. The program utilizes cord serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) with a low ...
Marchini G - - 1996
Recently, a pulsatile, basal oxytocin blood level has been described in human adults. To investigate if such a hormone profile exists already during the neonatal period, we collected blood samples continuously with 20-s fractions for 4 min in 1-day-old infants (n = 26). Plasma oxytocin concentrations were determined by a ...
Chieffi G - - 1996
The harderian gland is an orbital gland of the majority of land vertebrates. It is the only orbital gland in anuran amphibians since the lacrimal gland develops later during phylogenesis in some reptilian species. Perhaps because it is not found in man, little interest was paid to this gland until ...
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