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Results 401 - 450 of 1545
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Frøen J Frederik - - 2009
A carefully classified dataset of perinatal mortality will retain the most significant information on the causes of death. Such information is needed for health care policy development, surveillance and international comparisons, clinical services and research. For comparability purposes, we propose a classification system that could serve all these needs, and ...
Andersen Betina Ristorp - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: In Denmark, maternal mortality has been reported over the last century, both locally through hospital reports and in national registries. The purpose of this study was to analyze data from national medical registries of pregnancy-related deaths in Denmark 1985-1994 and to classify them according to the UK Confidential Enquiry ...
Adekunle O - - 2008
OBJECTIVE:The study reviewed and analysed the causes and pattern of death among patients admitted to the Federal Medical Centre, Owo in the year 2004. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The case note records of all patients that died on admission in the hospital for the year 2004 were reviewed. A total of ...
DeVries Aaron - - 2008
The Minnesota Department of Health began its unexplained critical illness and death due to possible infectious etiologies (UNEX) project in 1995. In 2006, it also began surveillance for all possible infectious disease-related and unexplained deaths investigated by medical examiners (MED-X). Surveillance for unexplained critical illness and death is focused on ...
Rosen David L - - 2008
We compared mortality of ex-prisoners and other state residents to identify unmet health care needs among former prisoners. We linked North Carolina prison records with state death records for 1980 to 2005 to estimate the number of overall and cause-specific deaths among male ex-prisoners aged 20 to 69 years and ...
Aynardi Michael M Rothman Institute of Orthopaedics, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2009
Because of improvements in surgical technique, anesthesia, and rehabilitation, mortality after hip arthroplasty may be on the decline. The purpose of this study was to determine the 90-day mortality rate after uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed under regional anesthesia. We retrospectively reviewed 7478 consecutive patients undergoing cementless primary or ...
Meel B L - - 2008
Deaths by drowning are a serious public health problem worldwide. They are under-investigated and hence under-estimated. Drowning is an important and preventable cause of death. This paper aims to estimate the deaths by drowning in Mthatha area of South Africa. Records of the medico-legal autopsies in Umtata General Hospital (UGH) ...
Ziadé Nelly - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We studied the population-level influence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the mortality of the French population and the pattern of associated causes between 1970 and 2002, using death certificates. METHODS: All French death certificates (n=17,806,923) between 1970 and 2002 were analyzed. Mortality rates related to RA were studied using ...
Harris John P - - 2008
The number of deaths in England and Wales associated with gastrointestinal pathogens, norovirus in particular, in persons >or=65 years was estimated for 2001-2006. Regression analysis was used to model monthly counts of gastrointestinal pathogens in fecal samples from infected patients against monthly counts of deaths from infectious and noninfectious intestinal ...
Edmond Karen M - - 2008
This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a verbal autopsy (VA) tool in ascertaining the causes of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in rural Ghana and was nested within a community-based maternal vitamin A supplementation trial (ObaapaVitA trial). All stillbirths and neonatal deaths between 1 January 2003 and 30 June 2004 ...
Udo J J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality pattern amongst neonates admitted into the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital were reviewed from 1st June 2003 to 30th November 2004. RESULTS: The major indications for admission for inborn babies were infections (27.4%), jaundice (21%) and low birth weight (LBW) (18.4%). The out born babies ...
Heninger Michael - - 2008
Childhood deaths are carefully scrutinized by many different government agencies, fatality review panels, researchers, and other groups. Many such deaths, especially those that involve external causes such as injury and poisoning, are amenable to prevention. Characterizing the causes and circumstances of nonnatural childhood deaths may provide information that is useful ...
Edmond Karen M - - 2008
In developing countries many stillbirths and neonatal deaths occur at home and cause of death is not recorded by national health information systems. A community-level verbal autopsy tool was used to obtain data on the aetiology of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in rural Ghana. Objectives were to describe the timing ...
Boschi-Pinto Cynthia - - 2008
The major objective of this study is to provide estimates of diarrhoea mortality at country, regional and global level by employing the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG) standard. A systematic and comprehensive literature review was undertaken of all studies published since 1980 reporting under-5 diarrhoea mortality. Information was collected ...
Ramage-Morin Pamela L PL Health Information and Research Division at Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. - - 2008
This article reviews motor vehicle accident (MVA) deaths from 1979 through 2004, with a more in-depth look from 2000 onwards. The data are from the Vital Statistics Death Database. Crude and age-standardized death rates were used to examine mortality over time. Average annual death rates were compared by age, sex ...
Lawn Joy E JE Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children-US, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2008
Each year there are an estimated four million neonatal deaths and at least 3.2 million stillbirths. Three-quarters of the world's neonatal deaths are counted only through five-yearly retrospective household surveys. Without these surveys we would have no data, but limitations remain particularly in detecting deaths on the first day of ...
França Elisabeth - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mortality statistics systems with reliable cause-of-death data constitute a major resource for effective health planning; however, many developing countries lack such information systems. Brazil has a long history of registering deaths, and a critical assessment of the quality of current cause-of-death statistics in its five different regions is crucial ...
Williams J M - - 2008
Understanding the rates and causes of mortality in wild chimpanzee populations has important implications for a variety of fields, including wildlife conservation and human evolution. Because chimpanzees are long-lived, accurate mortality data requires very long-term studies. Here, we analyze 47 years of data on the Kasekela community in Gombe National ...
Rimsza Mary E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether caregivers had given infants who died unexpectedly over-the-counter cough and cold medications before the infant deaths to identify sociodemographic risk factors for their use. METHODS: The Arizona Child Fatality Review Program reviews the circumstances surrounding every child death that occurs ...
Bhattacharyya Subir Kumar - - 2008
AIM: The present study was carried out to analyze the maternal death rate and its changing trends over a 20-year period in a large referral/teaching institution in Eastern India. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of maternal deaths was carried out from January 1986 to December 2005 at the Department of Obstetrics ...
Mathews T J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2005 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data file by a variety of maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. Excluding ...
Rantanen Helena - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Excess mortality among people with schizophrenia due to natural and unnatural causes, especially due to suicides, is a well-known fact. It has been suggested that deinstitutionalization increases suicide mortality but there are also contradictory results. We studied the changes in mortality and causes of death among schizophrenia sufferers during ...
Wong Annie - - 2008
AIMS: To classify neonatal deaths at Wellington Hospital (Wellington, New Zealand) over a 10-year period and assess changes in cause of death over time. METHODS: Retrospective audit from 1995-2004 of live-born infants > or = 20 weeks gestation dying before 28 days of age. Deaths were classified according to the ...
Mouridsen Svend Erik - - 2008
This study compared mortality among Danish citizens with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) with that of the general population. A clinical cohort of 341 Danish individuals with variants of ASD, previously followed over the period 1960-93, now on average 43 years of age, were updated with respect to mortality and causes ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2008
Little is known about how birth outcomes vary in rural areas by degree of rural isolation. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all births in Quebec, 1991-2000 to assess birth outcomes by the degree of rural isolation according to metropolitan influence as measured by work force commuting flows between ...
Weber M A - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Several autopsy protocols have been suggested for investigating sudden unexpected deaths in infancy (SUDI). The aim of this study is to provide data on the utility of such post-mortem investigations from a large paediatric autopsy series to inform future policy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of >1500 consecutive post-mortem examinations carried ...
Bloemsma G C - - 2008
Mortality rates are important outcome parameters after burn, and can serve as objective end points for quality control. Causes of death after severe burn have changed over time; in the international literature, multisystem organ failure is seen as the most important cause, but the exact distribution of causes of death ...
Thacker Maria T F - - 2008
Analysis of the National Center for Health Statistics' Compressed Mortality File showed that between 1979 and 2004, natural events caused 21,491 deaths in the United States. During this 26-year period, there were 10,827 cold-related deaths and 5,279 heat-related deaths. Extreme cold or heat accounted for 75 per cent of the ...
Ince Haluk - - 2008
Due to the socio-cultural and demographical changes that have been taking place in Turkey, differences in types of violence are coming on the scene. The purpose of the present study is to reveal the number of violence deaths and the variation by time in the types of violence resulting in ...
Majeed-Saidan Muhammad A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe and monitor the causes of neonatal and postneonatal deaths in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) over a 10-year-period. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of all infants who died in the NICU from January 1995 until December 2004 at Riyadh Military Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi ...
Paulozzi Leonard J - - 2008
The number of people who cannot be identified at the time of death, sometimes referred to as John or Jane Does, is unknown, and little is known about them as a group. The study's objectives were to estimate the number of annual unidentified deaths, to identify demographic characteristics associated with ...
Winberg H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cardiorespiratory arrest carries a poor prognosis. The most common cause is respiratory insufficiency or hypotension/shock, which can be reversible. The use of RRSs in adult hospitals that proactively intervene when signs of physiological instability occur is widespread and increasing although the level of evidence for their efficiency is ...
Clark Steven L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine etiology and preventability of maternal death and the causal relationship of cesarean delivery to maternal death in a series of approximately 1.5 million deliveries between 2000 and 2006. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective medical records extraction of data from all maternal deaths in this ...
Luna Francisco - - 2008
Infant mortality rate reflects a population's health status, which depends on several factors, such as diseases, environment, child development, and other population characteristics that can show seasonal change throughout the year. This article deals with the relevance of child age on the probability of death in the different seasons throughout ...
Granados José A Tapia - - 2008
Recent research has shown that after long-term declining trends are excluded, mortality rates in industrial countries tend to rise in economic expansions and fall in economic recessions. In the present work, co-movements between economic fluctuations and mortality changes in postwar Japan are investigated by analyzing time series of mortality rates ...
Galobardes B B Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, UK. - - 2008
To update a systematic review on the association between childhood socioeconomic circumstances and cause-specific mortality. Studies published since 2003 include a far greater number of deaths than was previously available justifying an update of the previous systematic review. Individual-level studies examining childhood socioeconomic circumstances and adult overall and cause-specific mortality ...
Lee Anne C C AC International Center for Advancing Neonatal Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2008
The goals of this study were to (1) develop an approach to ascertain birth asphyxia deaths by using verbal autopsy data from a community-based setting in Nepal, and (2) explore variations in birth asphyxia mortality fractions by using different birth asphyxia case definitions and hierarchical classifications. Data were prospectively collected ...
Gordon Brent M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess mortality rates and demographic characteristics for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) in California. STUDY DESIGN: We used California death registry files from 1990 to 2004 to compare overall mortality and demographic characteristics between infants with HLHS (n = 856) who received surgical intervention and those ...
Kung Hsiang-Ching - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: This report presents final 2005 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant and maternal mortality, and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, marital status, educational attainment, injury at work, state of residence, and cause of death. METHODS: This report presents descriptive tabulations ...
McLaughlin L - - 2008
For the purpose of this study twenty cases, involving the deaths of Irish nationals while abroad, were examined. The aims of the report were 1) to observe whether autopsy guidelines are being implemented by countries throughout the world investigating the deaths of foreign citizens, particularly Irish nationals, 2) to compare/contrast ...
Manos M Michele MM Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA 94612, USA. - - 2008
Standard death certificate-based methods for ascertaining deaths due to chronic liver disease (CLD), such as the U.S. vital statistics approach, rely on a limited set of diagnostic codes to define CLD. These codes do not include viral hepatitis or consider hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) deaths, and thus, underestimate the true burden ...
Lewis Gwyneth - - 2008
Every year, some eight million women around the world suffer pregnancy-related complications; over half a million of these women die. Although most of these deaths could be averted at little or no extra cost, even where resources are limited, if we are to take action and develop and implement changes ...
Nurthen Nancy M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To determine causes of death for Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV) between 1984 and 2003 and compare them with prior Volunteer death rates and with US death rates. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all PCV between 1984 and 2003 and compared them to published data for prior ...
Majamaa-Voltti K - - 2008
Causes of death of patients with the 3243A>G mutation have been described in case reports or case series with a limited number of subjects. Eighty-two maternally related sibships of 11 families with 3243A>G were included in this survey. The lifespan of each subject in these families was compared with the ...
Turlington A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the postneonatal mortality rate at our institution from 1999 to 2006 as a follow-up to a previous report from our hospital covering 1993 to 1998 and to investigate the causes of death in infants dying in the postneonatal period. STUDY DESIGN: We identified all ...
- - 2008
BACKGROUND: Estimates of the death toll in Iraq from the time of the U.S.-led invasion in March 2003 until June 2006 have ranged from 47,668 (from the Iraq Body Count) to 601,027 (from a national survey). Results from the Iraq Family Health Survey (IFHS), which was conducted in 2006 and ...
Cosby Arthur G - - 2008
The Delta region of the U.S. has substantial disparities in health outcomes. For four of the leading causes of death in the United States (cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke, and injury) residents of the Delta region are between 1.16 (cancer) and 1.45 (injury) times as likely to die as residents of ...
Tapp Christine - - 2008
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In March 2003, the United States invaded Iraq. The subsequent number, rates, and causes of mortality in Iraq resulting from the war remain unclear, despite intense international attention. Understanding mortality estimates from modern warfare, where the majority of casualties are civilian, is of critical importance for public health ...
Nembhard Wendy N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth defect and are a major cause of childhood illness and death. Recent progress in management of persons with CHD may have decreased CHD-related mortality. METHODS: Year 2000 US death records were used to determine CHD-related mortality by age, sex, and ...
Becher Heiko - - 2008
Information on cause-specific mortality is sparse in sub-Saharan Africa. We present seasonal patterns of malaria and all-cause mortality from a longitudinal study with 60,000 individuals in rural northwestern Burkina Faso. The study is based on a demographic surveillance system and covers the period 1999-2003. Overall, 3,492 deaths were observed. Cause ...
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