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Results 351 - 400 of 1544
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Rao Chalapati - - 2010
Cause-specific mortality statistics by age and sex are primary evidence for epidemiological research and health policy. Annual mortality statistics from vital registration systems in Thailand are of limited utility because about 40% of deaths are registered with unknown or nonspecific causes. This paper reports the rationale, methods, and broad results ...
Lang Katrin - - 2010
Deaths from childhood injury are a public health problem worldwide. A relatively high proportion of child deaths of undetermined manner in Estonia raises concerns about potential underestimation of intentional deaths, especially in infants. This suggests that more information on the circumstances surrounding death is needed to establish the manner of ...
Ben Hamida Nouaili Emira - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia, perinatal mortality remains a public health problem, currently estimated at 28 per thousand, including 15 per thousand of still birth rate and 10 to 15 per thousand of early neonatal mortality rate. The recent investigations show that about half of the deaths at less than five-years-old are ...
Porapakkham Yawarat - - 2010
Almost 400,000 deaths are registered each year in Thailand. Their value for public health policy and planning is greatly diminished by incomplete registration of deaths and by concerns about the quality of cause-of-death information. This arises from misclassification of specified causes of death, particularly in hospitals, as well as from ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2010
A confluence of variables led to South Dakota's 2008 infant mortality rising to its highest rate per 1000 live births (8.3) since 1999 and above the 6.5 per 1000 rate for the United States. The number of live births in the state decreased for the first time since 2000. In ...
Sohel Nazmul - - 2010
Arsenic exposure in pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome and infant mortality. Knowledge of the spatial characteristics of the outcomes and their possible link to arsenic exposure are important for planning effective mitigation activities. The aim of this study was to identify spatial and spatiotemporal clustering of fetal loss ...
Santo Augusto H - - 2010
Dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) are rare systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases with high fatality rates. There have been few population-based mortality studies of dermatomyositis and polymyositis in the world, and none have been conducted in Brazil. The objective of the present study was to employ multiple-cause-of-death methodology in the analysis ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge, and NIHR Cambridge Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Cambridge CB2 - - 2010
To determine the effect of time and day of birth on the risk of neonatal death at term. Population based retrospective cohort study. Data from the linked Scottish morbidity records, Stillbirth and Infant Death Survey, and birth certificate database of live births in Scotland, 1985-2004. Liveborn term singletons with cephalic ...
Lawoyin T O TO Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria. - - 2010
Reliable data on births and deaths particularly at the community level are scarce yet they are urgently needed to inform policy and assess the improvements which may have occurred with recent interventions. To determine neonatal mortality rate and identify perinatal risk factors associated with neonatal deaths. In a community based ...
Lawn Joy E JE Saving Newborn Lives/Save the Children, 11 South Way, Pinelands Cape Town, South - - 2010
This is the first of seven articles from a preterm birth and stillbirth report. Presented here is an overview of the burden, an assessment of the quality of current estimates, review of trends, and recommendations to improve data. Few countries have reliable national preterm birth prevalence data. Globally, an estimated ...
Heron Melonie - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents final 2005 data on the 10 leading causes of death in the United States by age, race, sex, and Hispanic origin. Leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death are also presented. This report supplements the annual report of final mortality statistics. METHODS: Data in this ...
Okechukwu A A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morbidity and mortality patterns of patients admitted into the Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU) of the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital (UATH), Gwagwalada, Nigeria. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of records of patients admitted into the SCBU of the UATH over an 18 month period ofJanuary 2005 ...
Sidebotham Peter - - 2010
AIM: New national procedures for responding to the unexpected death of a child in England require a joint agency approach to investigate each death and support the bereaved family. As part of a wider population-based study of sudden unexpected deaths in infancy (SUDI) we evaluated the implementation of this approach. ...
Derosas Renzo - - 2009
Recent studies stress the key role played by neonatal mortality in the demographic regime of north-eastern Italy. In particular, during the period 1700-1830 this area experienced a dramatic upsurge in winter neonatal deaths, pushing overall neonatal and infant mortality rates to the highest in Italy and most of Europe. Scholars ...
Elhassan Elhassan M - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and causes of maternal deaths and stillbirths at the Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Wad Medani, Sudan, from 1 January 2003 through 31 December 2007. All maternal deaths and stillbirths during this period were reviewed and classified retrospectively. There ...
Lawn J E - - 2009
The annual toll of losses resulting from poor pregnancy outcomes include half a million maternal deaths, more than three million stillbirths, of whom at least one million die during labour and 3.8 million neonatal deaths--up to half on the first day of life. Neonatal deaths account for an increasing proportion ...
Gessesse Mulualem - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Worldwide approximately 4 million newborns die each year. Three quarters of the neonatal deaths happen in the first week after birth. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to study the factors associated with early neonatal deaths and the clinical causes of these deaths. METHODS: A retrospective record review of all early ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum-related neonatal deaths ("birth asphyxia") are a leading cause of child mortality globally, outnumbering deaths from malaria. Reduction is crucial to meeting the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG), and is intimately linked to intrapartum stillbirths as well as maternal health and MDG 5, yet there is a lack of ...
Salazar Miguel - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Increased incidence of Clostridium difficile infection and deaths from US hospitals has occurred from 1996 to 2005. METHODS: We examined C. difficile-related mortality rates in Texas and compared results with national trends. RESULTS: In Texas, there were 1004C. difficile-related deaths from 1999 to 2005 (586 (58%) attributed as the ...
??yen Nina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infant deaths cluster in families, but beyond infancy, little is known about familial aggregation of premature deaths. We hypothesized that an individual's risk of premature death would be influenced by prior premature deaths of any age in family members. METHODS: For all Danish residents registered in the Civil Registration ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2SW, - - 2009
Rates of obstetric intervention in labor, including cesarean delivery, have increased significantly in most developed countries. It is, however, unclear if this has been paralleled by decreased rates of perinatal and neonatal death associated with complications of labor at term. To determine whether rates of perinatal death at term, either ...
Vitali A - - 2009
The 2 studies described investigated seasonal variations of mortality and temperature-humidity index (THI)-mortality relationships in dairy cows. Mortality data were extracted from the Italian Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy databases, which contain records on cows older than 24 mo that died on a farm from all causes (98% of total records), were ...
Bashour Hyam - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the biomedical and other causes of maternal death in Syria and to assess their preventability. METHODS: A reproductive age mortality study (RAMOS) design was used to identify pregnancy related deaths. All deaths among women aged 15-49 reported to the national civil register for 2003 were investigated through ...
Leggat Peter A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The health and safety of international visitors remain an important issue for Australia and other tourist destinations. The death of visitors remains an important indicator of safety. The aim of this study was to provide updated figures on deaths of overseas travelers in Australia. METHODS: Data were sourced from ...
Liczbińska Grazyna - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to show the differences in the mortality rates of children from Catholic and Lutheran families in 19th century Poznań, and to elucidate the causes of these differences. Data from Catholic and Lutheran parish death registers were used. The infant death rate (IDR), neonatal and ...
Pfeifer Roman - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Numerous articles have examined the pattern of traumatic deaths. Most of these studies have aimed to improve trauma care and raise awareness of avoidable complications. The aim of the present review is to evaluate whether the distribution of complications and mortality has changed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of ...
Lobmaier I V K - - 2009
In cases of sudden unexpected death in infants and children (SUDI), microbiological investigation has been an important part of the autopsy protocol at the University of Oslo for the last 15 years. The purpose of this study was to compare the microbiological findings in samples taken at hospital admittance shortly ...
Windsor J S - - 2009
The growing popularity of activities such as hiking, climbing, skiing and snowboarding has ensured that the number of visitors to mountain environments continues to increase. Since such areas place enormous physical demands on individuals, it is inevitable that deaths will occur. Differences in the activities, conditions and methods of calculation ...
Huppatz Clare - - 2009
The acute encephalitis syndrome has heralded the emergence of multiple virulent pathogens, including Murray Valley encephalitis, Hendra virus and Australian bat lyssavirus, which may result in severe morbidity and mortality. In Australia, encephalitis is not notifiable and there has been no analysis of trends in encephalitis death rates or causation. ...
Kloner Robert A - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were changes in death rates when a local football team participated in the Super Bowl. Los Angeles (LA) played in the Super Bowl twice: on January 20, 1980 (LA Rams vs Pittsburgh Steelers, which LA lost), and on January 22, ...
Heron Melonie - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents final 2006 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant and maternal mortality, and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, marital status, educational attainment, injury at work, state of residence, and cause of death. It also presents more detailed information ...
Sidlo J - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The number of fatal methadone intoxications in adults has been increasing in parallel with the use of methadone for opiate substitution therapy. Methadone intoxication in children occurs rarely. Its diagnostic possibilities on the basis of clinical findings are often limited. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a ...
Blanco Villegas M Jose - - 2009
Family reconstitution has provided knowledge about the reproductive performance of mates from La Cabrera (northwest Spain). The analysis of 2293 reconstituted families (7872 births corresponding to parities 2 to 10) was restricted to the period 1880 to 1929. The proportion of infant deaths (younger than 1 year) was calculated regarding ...
Madhavan Sangeetha S University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. - - 2009
With data from a surveillance system that uses verbal autopsies to identify cause of death in rural South Africa, we investigated whether mortality from HIV/AIDS differs from other causes of death in its effect on household dependency ratio, and to what extent the effect is mediated by the baseline dependency ...
Huerga Helena - - 2009
The aim of this study was to describe and analyse hospital mortality patterns after the Liberian war. Data were collected retrospectively from January to July 2005 in a referral hospital in Monrovia, Liberia. The overall fatality rate was 17.2% (438/2543) of medical admissions. One-third of deaths occurred in the first ...
Prucker C - - 2009
In the management of the childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 5% of failures are due to induction death and treatment-related deaths in first complete remission. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence, pattern and causes of death and its risk factors for 896 children with ALL enrolled into five Austrian (A) Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster ...
Engmann Cyril C University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7596, USA. - - 2009
To develop a prospective perinatal registry that characterizes all deliveries, differentiates between stillbirths and early neonatal deaths (ENDs), and determines the ratio of fresh to macerated stillbirths in the northwest Democratic Republic of Congo. Birth outcomes were obtained from 4 rural health districts. A total of 8230 women consented, END ...
Jehan Imtiaz - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, sex distribution and causes of neonatal mortality, as well as its risk factors, in an urban Pakistani population with access to obstetric and neonatal care. METHODS: Study area women were enrolled at 20-26 weeks' gestation in a prospective population-based cohort study that was conducted from ...
Vicente J - - 2009
Drug overdose is an important cause of death among young adults in Europe. According to data reported by Member States to the EMCDDA, many of the European Union countries reported a rebound in the numbers of overdose deaths in 2003-2005, following decreases in almost all reporting countries in previous years ...
Hansmann Georg - - 2009
In newborn infants, acute perinatal hypoxic/ischaemic events and associated hyperoxia/reperfusion injury frequently lead to devastating neonatal brain damage. The present report concerns a 3-week-old boy from Pakistan with d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA), prolonged and severe hypoxaemia, and multiresistant bacterial sepsis. The term newborn infant underwent public airline transportation ...
Saha Subir - - 2009
The global burden of neonatal deaths is around 37% of all under-five deaths (UNICEF 2008). In Bangladesh, neonatal deaths account for almost half of all under-five mortality. Most newborn deaths in Bangladesh take place at home and in the absence of a skilled hand. The target of Millennium Development Goal ...
Saha Subir - - 2009
The global burden of neonatal deaths is around 37% of all under-five deaths (UNICEF 2008). In Bangladesh, neonatal deaths account for almost half of all under-five mortality. Most newborn deaths in Bangladesh take place at home and in the absence of a skilled hand. The target of Millennium Development Goal ...
Panoulas Vasileios F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Recent genome-wide association studies have identified TRAF1/C5 as a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility locus. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 1 (TRAF1) has been implicated in the regulation of antiapoptotic pathways, whereas C5 has a well-established role in defense against infection. The purpose of this study was to examine the ...
Zakariah Afisah Yakubu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality remains a severe problem in many parts of the world, despite efforts to reach MDG 5. In addition, underreporting is an issue especially in low income countries. Our objective has been to identify the magnitude of maternal deaths and the degree of underreporting of these deaths in ...
Metaferia Aklilu M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Much of the data on still births and early neonatal deaths from resource-limited settings are obtained via maternal recall from national or community level surveys. While this approach results in useful information to be obtained, often such data suffer from significant recall bias and misclassification. In order to determine ...
Kightlinger Lon - - 2009
Seventeen percent of South Dakota deaths during 2004-2007 were associated with tobacco use. Cancer, heart disease and chronic lower respiratory disease deaths were most commonly linked to tobacco use. Men were more likely to die of a tobacco-associated disease than women. Tobacco use during pregnancy increased the infant mortality rate. ...
Joshi Rohina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on the reported cause-of-death patterns of a verbal autopsy coding strategy based on a review of every death by multiple coders versus a single coder. METHODS: Deaths in 45 villages (total population 180,162) in southern India were documented during 12 months in 2003-2004, and a ...
Oakley Laura - - 2009
Current health inequality targets include the goal of reducing the differential in infant mortality between social groups. This article reports on a multivariate analysis of risk factors for infant mortality, with specific focus on deprivation and socio-economic status. Data on all singleton live births in England and Wales in 2005-06 ...
Tikkanen Minna - - 2009
OBJECTIVE. To study placental abruption-associated maternal deaths out of all maternal deaths in Finland. DESIGN. Register-based study. SETTING. The Finnish Medical Birth Register (MBR), the Hospital Discharge Register (HDR), and the Cause-of-Death Register data during 1972-2005. METHODS. The maternal deaths were identified by linking data from the MBR, the HDR, ...
Frøen J Frederik - - 2009
A carefully classified dataset of perinatal mortality will retain the most significant information on the causes of death. Such information is needed for health care policy development, surveillance and international comparisons, clinical services and research. For comparability purposes, we propose a classification system that could serve all these needs, and ...
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