Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1534
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Mulkey Sarah B SB 1 Section of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences , Little Rock, - - 2011
Despite advances in surgical techniques and perioperative management, many newborns with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) continue to have adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. With increasing survival of these infants, neuroprotective therapies at various time points, should be considered as an important area of investigation. As some brain injury has been shown ...
Pivik R T - - 2011
Early post-natal nutrition influences later development, but there are no studies comparing brain function in healthy infants as a function of dietary intake even though the major infant diets differ significantly in nutrient composition. We studied brain responses (event-related potentials; ERPs) to speech sounds for infants who were fed either ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2010
Each year 3.6 million infants are estimated to die in the first 4 weeks of life (neonatal period)--but the majority continue to die at home, uncounted. This article reviews progress for newborn health globally, with a focus on the countries in which most deaths occur--what data do we have to ...
Simpson Charles David Andrew - - 2010
To retrospectively review changes in the causes of death of infants dying in the NICU at Canada's largest outborn pediatric center. All inpatient deaths at the Hospital for Sick Children's NICU that occurred in the years 1997, 2002, and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed to identify the primary cause of death. ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2012
In circumpolar countries such as Canada, northern regions represent a unique geographical entity climatically, socioeconomically and environmentally. There is a lack of comparative data on birth outcomes among Indigenous and non-Indigenous subpopulations within northern regions and compared with southern regions. A cohort study of all births by maternal mother tongue ...
Moodley J - - 2010
Eclampsia is the commonest direct cause of maternal death in South Africa. The latest Saving Mothers Report (2005-2007) indicates that there were 622 maternal deaths due to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Of these, 334 (55.3%) were due to eclampsia; of the eclamptic deaths, 50 were over the age of 35 ...
Costa Sandra - - 2011
Objectives. To characterize mortality in a tertiary referral Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Portugal and evaluate the concordance between ante-mortem and post-mortem diagnoses. Methods. Retrospective review of the clinical and pathological records of infants who died in five consecutive years was done. Pathological findings and clinical diagnoses were compared and classified ...
Gessner Bradford D - - 2010
Alaska Native and other circumpolar indigenous populations have historically experienced high infant mortality rates, for unknown reasons. Through routine newborn screening, Alaskan and Canadian indigenous infants have been found to have a high frequency of a single sequence variant (c.1436C→T) in the gene coding for carnitine palmitoyltransferase type 1A (CPT1A). ...
Zomer A Carla - - 2012
Circumstances of death have been described for various cardiovascular diseases, but this study is the first for adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Review of medical records and additional information from treating cardiologists and general practitioners, for circumstances of all deaths in a national registry of over 8000 adults with ...
McKinney Nathan - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that natural disasters, and hurricanes in particular, have led to more deaths than those usually documented in short post-storm surveys. Such indirect deaths, thought to be related to dietary, stress or pre-existing medical conditions, can exceed the number of direct deaths and may persist for weeks ...
Lahariya Chandrakant - - 2010
To understand the causes of child deaths in order to implement appropriate child survival interventions in the country. We present a systematic review of studies reporting causes of child, infant, and neonatal deaths from India for 1985 to 2008. PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and WHO regional databases were searched along ...
Araújo Cora Luiza - - 2010
The aim of this study is to describe the methodology of the 2004-2005 follow-up visit of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. All children born in Pelotas in 1993 and whose mothers lived in the city at that time were eligible to be enrolled in a longitudinal study. Between July ...
Obaid Kareem A - - 2011
Objectives: To measure birth weight-specific mortality rates in the Diyala Province of Iraq and to determine if the causes of neonatal death could identify interventions needed to reduce neonatal mortality rates. Method: We retrospectively compared the outcome of 196 neonates with birth weight 500-2499 g admitted in 2003 with 252 such ...
Lahariya Chandrakant - - 2010
To review the current information on trends, burden, differentials, causes, and timing of under five (U5) child deaths in India. We reviewed and analyzed data on child deaths in India from official government sources, reports, surveys, and from the published literature. The secondary analyses were carried out to provide additional ...
Lukšić Boris - - 2010
A case of a 45-day-old male infant, bitten on the neck by nose-horned viper (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes), is reported. This episode occurred while the baby was on a picnic with his parents in a hill near a town in southern Croatia. In spite of immediate arrival at hospital, where antivenom ...
Labrecque Michelle - - 2011
To determine the percentage of deaths in level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) settings that theoretically would have been eligible for donation after cardiac death (DCD), as well as the percentage of these who would have been potential DCD candidates based on warm ischemic time. We conducted a retrospective ...
Tellefsen Camilla Helene - - 2011
ABSTRACT Research on stillbirths and placental pathology has traditionally been given low priority, causing a lack of understanding of the mechanisms leading to death. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge on how many perinatal deaths relate to morphologic changes in the placenta, and what role the placenta ...
Son Ji-Young - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of socioeconomic status and demographic factors on infant mortality, classified by cause of death, in a group of children born in Seoul, Korea during 1999-2003. Linked infant birth and death data were collected from the Korea National Statistical Office. Logistic ...
Chowdhury Hafizur Rahman - - 2010
The study assessed the timing and causes of neonatal deaths in a rural area of Bangladesh. A population-based demographic surveillance system, run by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, recorded livebirths and neonatal deaths during 2003-2004 among a population of 224,000 living in Matlab, a rural subdistrict of ...
Kozawa Shuji - - 2010
Two newborn infants (one male and one female) were discovered dead and frozen in a home freezer. Although thawing is expected to lead to changes that may hamper postmortem investigations, the victims could not be examined in the frozen state and were thus immersed in saline at 37 degrees C ...
Cherry Nicola - - 2010
Recent studies in Bangladesh indicate that arsenic and manganese in tube-well water may increase the incidence of infant mortality. The study reported here examined whether these findings could be replicated. Data available from some 600 villages under the care of the nongovernmental organization (NGO) Gonoshasthaya Kendra included details of 29744 ...
Huo Kaiming - - 2010
To analyse the mortality rates, causes of death and trends over time in children aged under five years in Henan province and to provide preventive advice to attempt to decrease the mortality rates of these children, a retrospective study was conducted, analysing the vital statistics data from 2004 to 2008 ...
Cossman Jeralynn S - - 2010
The nonmetropolitan mortality penalty results in an estimated 40 201 excessive US deaths per year, deaths that would not occur if nonmetropolitan and metropolitan residents died at the same rate. We explored the underlying causes of the nonmetropolitan mortality penalty by examining variation in cause of death. Declines in heart ...
Mahony R - - 2010
This was a retrospective review of normally formed perinatal deaths among 176,620 births at the National Maternity Hospital (1984-2007). Prelabor stillbirths were categorised by presumed cause of death including unexplained, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), placental abruption, red cell alloimmunisation (RCA) and deaths related to prematurity. Peripartum deaths included intrapartum and ...
Bergsj? Per - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To trace all maternal deaths at a tertiary East African university hospital with a systematic registration of all births. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SAMPLE: One hundred and nineteen cases of maternal death which occurred in the period from 2000 to 2007 (including). METHODS: Identification through the birth registry and separate ...
Tursz Anne A Inserm U750, Centre de Recherche Médecine, Sciences, Santé et Société, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (Inserm) (National Institute of Health and Medical Research), Villejuif, - - 2010
Test the hypothesis of an underestimation of infant homicides in mortality statistics in France; identify its causes; examine data from the judicial system and their contribution in correcting this underestimation. A retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out in 26 courts in three regions of France of cases of infant deaths ...
Black Robert E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date information on the causes of child deaths is crucial to guide global efforts to improve child survival. We report new estimates for 2008 of the major causes of death in children younger than 5 years. METHODS: We used multicause proportionate mortality models to estimate deaths in neonates aged ...
Jahn A - - 2010
To determine whether routine surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), have underestimated child mortality in Malawi. Rates and causes of child mortality were obtained from a continuous-registration demographic surveillance system (DSS) in Malawi for a population of 32 000. After initial census, births and deaths were reported by ...
Miniño Arialdi - - 2010
Data from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality. An average of 16,375 teenagers 12-19 years died in the United States every year from 1999 to 2006. This is less than 1 percent of all deaths that occur every year in the United States. The five leading causes of death among teenagers ...
Mathews T J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2006 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data set (linked file) by a variety of maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and ...
Donovan Edward F - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine gestational age-specific, adjusted infant mortality rates for Ohio. Using a retrospective cohort design, all births and infant deaths from 2003-2005 were included in multivariable regression analyses. Variations in cause and timing of infant death were determined. Compared with births at 39 or ...
Robinson Jo - - 2010
Individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP) experience high rates of premature mortality, in particular due to suicide. The study aims were to: a) Estimate the rate of sudden death among young people with FEP during an 8-10 year period following commencement of treatment; b) Examine and describe the socio-demographic and ...
Pignotti M S - - 2010
To explore the influence of end-of-life decisions (EoL-D) on survival and mortality data in the light of differences reported among European countries. We collected the published data of several epidemiological studies: Epicure, Epipage, Epibel and the Norwegian study performed in the UK, France, Belgium and Norway, respectively. The data concerning ...
Talip Quonita Q Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hosptial and Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, W Cape, South - - 2010
To determine the leading causes of perinatal deaths and to evaluate any changes, with the inclusion of placental histology. At perinatal mortality meetings, primary and final causes of death were assigned for the period 1 July 2006 - 30 June 2007. All singleton babies born to women residing in the ...
Rudan Igor - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous estimates of the global burden of disease for children have not included much information from China, leading to a large gap in data. We identified the main causes of deaths in neonates (<1 month), postneonatal infants (1-11 months), and children (<5 years) in China using information that was ...
Lazenby Mark - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: There is an emerging body of research aimed at understanding the determinants of place of death, as where people die may influence the quality of their death. However, little is known about place of death for people of Southern Africa. This study describes place of death (home or hospital) ...
Fetuga Bolanle Musili - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neonatal tetanus (NNT) is a major cause of newborn deaths especially in the developing world. While efforts aimed at eradicating NNT should be sustained, it is equally imperative to reduce death among affected infants. Therefore, the factors associated with mortality rate in this condition need to be studied. METHODS: ...
Patronek Gary J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether disparities in health and welfare among cats are present within neighborhoods and across census tracts in a large US city, and to compare results with area-level human data. SAMPLE POPULATION: 17,587 cat intake records from 2 animal sheltering organizations serving Boston, and summary data from city ...
Degomme Olivier - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several mortality estimates for the Darfur conflict have been reported since 2004, but few accounted for conflict dynamics such as changing displacement and causes of deaths. We analyse changes over time for crude and cause-specific mortality rates, and assess the effect of displacement on mortality rates. METHODS: Retrospective mortality ...
LeFevre Amnesty - - 2010
To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of topical emollients, sunflower seed oil (SSO) and synthetic Aquaphor, versus no treatment, in preventing mortality among hospitalized preterm infants (< 33 weeks gestation) at a tertiary hospital in Bangladesh. Evidence from a randomized controlled efficacy trial was evaluated using standard Monte Carlo simulation. Programme costs ...
Rao Chalapati - - 2010
Cause-specific mortality statistics by age and sex are primary evidence for epidemiological research and health policy. Annual mortality statistics from vital registration systems in Thailand are of limited utility because about 40% of deaths are registered with unknown or nonspecific causes. This paper reports the rationale, methods, and broad results ...
Lang Katrin - - 2010
Deaths from childhood injury are a public health problem worldwide. A relatively high proportion of child deaths of undetermined manner in Estonia raises concerns about potential underestimation of intentional deaths, especially in infants. This suggests that more information on the circumstances surrounding death is needed to establish the manner of ...
Ben Hamida Nouaili Emira - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia, perinatal mortality remains a public health problem, currently estimated at 28 per thousand, including 15 per thousand of still birth rate and 10 to 15 per thousand of early neonatal mortality rate. The recent investigations show that about half of the deaths at less than five-years-old are ...
Lawoyin T O - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reliable data on births and deaths particularly at the community level are scarce yet they are urgently needed to inform policy and assess the improvements which may have occurred with recent interventions. OBJECTIVE: To determine neonatal mortality rate and identify perinatal risk factors associated with neonatal deaths. Methods: In ...
Porapakkham Yawarat - - 2010
Almost 400,000 deaths are registered each year in Thailand. Their value for public health policy and planning is greatly diminished by incomplete registration of deaths and by concerns about the quality of cause-of-death information. This arises from misclassification of specified causes of death, particularly in hospitals, as well as from ...
Wilson Ann L - - 2010
A confluence of variables led to South Dakota's 2008 infant mortality rising to its highest rate per 1000 live births (8.3) since 1999 and above the 6.5 per 1000 rate for the United States. The number of live births in the state decreased for the first time since 2000. In ...
Sohel Nazmul - - 2010
Arsenic exposure in pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome and infant mortality. Knowledge of the spatial characteristics of the outcomes and their possible link to arsenic exposure are important for planning effective mitigation activities. The aim of this study was to identify spatial and spatiotemporal clustering of fetal loss ...
Santo Augusto H - - 2010
Dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) are rare systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases with high fatality rates. There have been few population-based mortality studies of dermatomyositis and polymyositis in the world, and none have been conducted in Brazil. The objective of the present study was to employ multiple-cause-of-death methodology in the analysis ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2010
This is the first of seven articles from a preterm birth and stillbirth report. Presented here is an overview of the burden, an assessment of the quality of current estimates, review of trends, and recommendations to improve data. Few countries have reliable national preterm birth prevalence data. Globally, an estimated ...
Pasupathy Dharmintra D Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Cambridge, and NIHR Cambridge Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, Cambridge CB2 - - 2010
To determine the effect of time and day of birth on the risk of neonatal death at term. Population based retrospective cohort study. Data from the linked Scottish morbidity records, Stillbirth and Infant Death Survey, and birth certificate database of live births in Scotland, 1985-2004. Liveborn term singletons with cephalic ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >