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Results 251 - 300 of 1500
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Wijbenga Rianne G - - 2011
Near-infrared spectroscopy is a non-invasive method for monitoring brain oxygenation. Aim of the study was to investigate differences between cerebral oxygenation in different brain regions in newborns. In a prospective study we monitored simultaneously left and right fronto-parietal and temporo-occipital regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) and cerebral fractional tissue extraction ...
Glasel H - - 2011
In order to understand how genetic mutations might have favored language development in our species, we need a better description of the human brain at the beginning of life. As the linguistic network mainly involves the left perisylvian regions in adults, we used anatomical MRI to study the structural asymmetries ...
Otero G A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: QEEG allows a more objective evaluation of cerebral electrical activity as well as the production of topographical maps for easier comprehension. Here we have developed qEEG norms for the first year of life using methods previously published for other age ranges, including for example, regression for Gausssianity before Z ...
Chaudhari Sudha - - 2011
There has been a marked increase in the survival of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, but these babies have a long stay in the NICU. Strategies to decrease their neurodevelopmental impairment become very important. The maximum development of the brain occurs between 29-41 weeks. From the warm, dark, acquatic ...
Lin Peter P New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner and Department of Forensic Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, - - 2011
Homicidal injury is a leading cause of death among pregnant and postpartum women in the United States. We studied all homicides in which the victim was pregnant at the time of the lethal injury. Records of the New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner were reviewed. There were 27 ...
de Vries Linda S - - 2011
There is controversy in the literature about the value of brain imaging in neonates regarding the prediction of cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this review was to unravel the myth that CP cannot be predicted by neuroimaging in neonates. Major intracranial lesions in the preterm infant should be recognized ...
Artzi Moran - - 2011
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is an important cause of neuropsychological deficits. Little is known about brain diffusivity in these infants following cooling and its potential in predicting outcome. Diffusion tensor imaging was applied to 3 groups: (1) three infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: cooled; (2) three infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy: noncooled; and (3) ...
Takashima Tadayuki - - 2011
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) plays a pivotal role in limiting the penetration of xenobiotic compounds into the brain at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), where its expression increases with maturation in rats. We investigated developmental changes in P-gp function in the BBB of nonhuman primates using PET with R-(11)C-verapamil, a PET radiotracer useful ...
Li Wen-Lin - - 2011
To analyze the incidence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). A retrospective analysis was conducted on 568 premature infants from September 2005 to December 2010 with birth weight(BW) equal to or less than 2 500g or a gestational age(GA) at birth of 34 weeks or less. All of ...
Benavides-Varela Silvia - - 2011
The capacity to memorize speech sounds is crucial for language acquisition. Newborn human infants can discriminate phonetic contrasts and extract rhythm, prosodic information, and simple regularities from speech. Yet, there is scarce evidence that infants can recognize common words from the surrounding language before four months of age. We studied ...
McMaster Marianne E - - 2011
In a case-control study a statistically significant association was recorded between the introduction of infants to heated indoor swimming pools and the development of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). In this paper, a neurogenic hypothesis is formulated to explain how toxins produced by chlorine in such pools may act deleteriously on ...
Leroy François - - 2011
The segmentation of the cortical interface between grey and white matter in magnetic resonance images (MRI) is highly challenging during the first post-natal year. First, the heterogeneous brain maturation creates important intensity fluctuations across regions. Second, the cortical ribbon is highly folded creating complex shapes. Finally, the low tissue contrast ...
Lekic Tim - - 2011
Germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) is a neurological disease of very low birth weight premature infants leading to post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus, cerebral palsy, and mental retardation. Hydrogen (H2) is a potent antioxidant shown to selectively reverse cytotoxic oxygen-radical injury in the brain. This study investigated the therapeutic effect of hydrogen gas after ...
Lekic Tim - - 2011
Germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) is a potentially devastating neurological disease of very low birth weight premature infants. This leads to post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus, cerebral palsy, and mental retardation. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment is a broad neuroprotectant after brain injury. This study investigated the therapeutic effect of HBO after neonatal GMH. Neonatal ...
Akano Adekemi J - - 2011
Dense array electroencephalography ((d)EEG), which provides a non-invasive window for measuring brain activity and a temporal resolution unsurpassed by any other current brain imaging technology¹, ² is being used increasingly in the study of social cognitive functioning in infants and adults. While (d)EEG is enabling researchers to examine brain activity ...
May Lillian - - 2011
Previous research has shown that by the time of birth, the neonate brain responds specially to the native language when compared to acoustically similar non-language stimuli. In the current study, we use near-infrared spectroscopy to ask how prenatal language experience might shape the brain response to language in newborn infants. ...
Mulkey Sarah B SB 1 Section of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences , Little Rock, - - 2011
Despite advances in surgical techniques and perioperative management, many newborns with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) continue to have adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. With increasing survival of these infants, neuroprotective therapies at various time points, should be considered as an important area of investigation. As some brain injury has been shown ...
Pivik R T - - 2011
Early post-natal nutrition influences later development, but there are no studies comparing brain function in healthy infants as a function of dietary intake even though the major infant diets differ significantly in nutrient composition. We studied brain responses (event-related potentials; ERPs) to speech sounds for infants who were fed either ...
Lawn Joy E - - 2010
Each year 3.6 million infants are estimated to die in the first 4 weeks of life (neonatal period)--but the majority continue to die at home, uncounted. This article reviews progress for newborn health globally, with a focus on the countries in which most deaths occur--what data do we have to ...
Simpson Charles David Andrew - - 2010
To retrospectively review changes in the causes of death of infants dying in the NICU at Canada's largest outborn pediatric center. All inpatient deaths at the Hospital for Sick Children's NICU that occurred in the years 1997, 2002, and 2007 were retrospectively reviewed to identify the primary cause of death. ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2012
In circumpolar countries such as Canada, northern regions represent a unique geographical entity climatically, socioeconomically and environmentally. There is a lack of comparative data on birth outcomes among Indigenous and non-Indigenous subpopulations within northern regions and compared with southern regions. A cohort study of all births by maternal mother tongue ...
Moodley J - - 2010
Eclampsia is the commonest direct cause of maternal death in South Africa. The latest Saving Mothers Report (2005-2007) indicates that there were 622 maternal deaths due to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Of these, 334 (55.3%) were due to eclampsia; of the eclamptic deaths, 50 were over the age of 35 ...
Costa Sandra - - 2011
Objectives. To characterize mortality in a tertiary referral Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Portugal and evaluate the concordance between ante-mortem and post-mortem diagnoses. Methods. Retrospective review of the clinical and pathological records of infants who died in five consecutive years was done. Pathological findings and clinical diagnoses were compared and classified ...
Gessner Bradford D - - 2010
Alaska Native and other circumpolar indigenous populations have historically experienced high infant mortality rates, for unknown reasons. Through routine newborn screening, Alaskan and Canadian indigenous infants have been found to have a high frequency of a single sequence variant (c.1436C→T) in the gene coding for carnitine palmitoyltransferase type 1A (CPT1A). ...
Zomer A Carla - - 2012
Circumstances of death have been described for various cardiovascular diseases, but this study is the first for adults with congenital heart disease (CHD). Review of medical records and additional information from treating cardiologists and general practitioners, for circumstances of all deaths in a national registry of over 8000 adults with ...
McKinney Nathan - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that natural disasters, and hurricanes in particular, have led to more deaths than those usually documented in short post-storm surveys. Such indirect deaths, thought to be related to dietary, stress or pre-existing medical conditions, can exceed the number of direct deaths and may persist for weeks ...
Lahariya Chandrakant - - 2010
To understand the causes of child deaths in order to implement appropriate child survival interventions in the country. We present a systematic review of studies reporting causes of child, infant, and neonatal deaths from India for 1985 to 2008. PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and WHO regional databases were searched along ...
Araújo Cora Luiza - - 2010
The aim of this study is to describe the methodology of the 2004-2005 follow-up visit of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. All children born in Pelotas in 1993 and whose mothers lived in the city at that time were eligible to be enrolled in a longitudinal study. Between July ...
Obaid Kareem A - - 2011
Objectives: To measure birth weight-specific mortality rates in the Diyala Province of Iraq and to determine if the causes of neonatal death could identify interventions needed to reduce neonatal mortality rates. Method: We retrospectively compared the outcome of 196 neonates with birth weight 500-2499 g admitted in 2003 with 252 such ...
Lahariya Chandrakant - - 2010
To review the current information on trends, burden, differentials, causes, and timing of under five (U5) child deaths in India. We reviewed and analyzed data on child deaths in India from official government sources, reports, surveys, and from the published literature. The secondary analyses were carried out to provide additional ...
Lukšić Boris - - 2010
A case of a 45-day-old male infant, bitten on the neck by nose-horned viper (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes), is reported. This episode occurred while the baby was on a picnic with his parents in a hill near a town in southern Croatia. In spite of immediate arrival at hospital, where antivenom ...
Labrecque Michelle - - 2011
To determine the percentage of deaths in level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) settings that theoretically would have been eligible for donation after cardiac death (DCD), as well as the percentage of these who would have been potential DCD candidates based on warm ischemic time. We conducted a retrospective ...
Tellefsen Camilla Helene - - 2011
ABSTRACT Research on stillbirths and placental pathology has traditionally been given low priority, causing a lack of understanding of the mechanisms leading to death. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge on how many perinatal deaths relate to morphologic changes in the placenta, and what role the placenta ...
Son Ji-Young - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of socioeconomic status and demographic factors on infant mortality, classified by cause of death, in a group of children born in Seoul, Korea during 1999-2003. Linked infant birth and death data were collected from the Korea National Statistical Office. Logistic ...
Chowdhury Hafizur Rahman - - 2010
The study assessed the timing and causes of neonatal deaths in a rural area of Bangladesh. A population-based demographic surveillance system, run by the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, recorded livebirths and neonatal deaths during 2003-2004 among a population of 224,000 living in Matlab, a rural subdistrict of ...
Kozawa Shuji - - 2010
Two newborn infants (one male and one female) were discovered dead and frozen in a home freezer. Although thawing is expected to lead to changes that may hamper postmortem investigations, the victims could not be examined in the frozen state and were thus immersed in saline at 37 degrees C ...
Cherry Nicola - - 2010
Recent studies in Bangladesh indicate that arsenic and manganese in tube-well water may increase the incidence of infant mortality. The study reported here examined whether these findings could be replicated. Data available from some 600 villages under the care of the nongovernmental organization (NGO) Gonoshasthaya Kendra included details of 29744 ...
Huo Kaiming - - 2010
To analyse the mortality rates, causes of death and trends over time in children aged under five years in Henan province and to provide preventive advice to attempt to decrease the mortality rates of these children, a retrospective study was conducted, analysing the vital statistics data from 2004 to 2008 ...
Cossman Jeralynn S - - 2010
The nonmetropolitan mortality penalty results in an estimated 40 201 excessive US deaths per year, deaths that would not occur if nonmetropolitan and metropolitan residents died at the same rate. We explored the underlying causes of the nonmetropolitan mortality penalty by examining variation in cause of death. Declines in heart ...
Mahony R - - 2010
This was a retrospective review of normally formed perinatal deaths among 176,620 births at the National Maternity Hospital (1984-2007). Prelabor stillbirths were categorised by presumed cause of death including unexplained, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), placental abruption, red cell alloimmunisation (RCA) and deaths related to prematurity. Peripartum deaths included intrapartum and ...
Bergsj? Per - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To trace all maternal deaths at a tertiary East African university hospital with a systematic registration of all births. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SAMPLE: One hundred and nineteen cases of maternal death which occurred in the period from 2000 to 2007 (including). METHODS: Identification through the birth registry and separate ...
Tursz Anne A Inserm U750, Centre de Recherche Médecine, Sciences, Santé et Société, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (Inserm) (National Institute of Health and Medical Research), Villejuif, - - 2010
Test the hypothesis of an underestimation of infant homicides in mortality statistics in France; identify its causes; examine data from the judicial system and their contribution in correcting this underestimation. A retrospective, cross-sectional study was carried out in 26 courts in three regions of France of cases of infant deaths ...
Black Robert E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Up-to-date information on the causes of child deaths is crucial to guide global efforts to improve child survival. We report new estimates for 2008 of the major causes of death in children younger than 5 years. METHODS: We used multicause proportionate mortality models to estimate deaths in neonates aged ...
Jahn A - - 2010
To determine whether routine surveys, such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), have underestimated child mortality in Malawi. Rates and causes of child mortality were obtained from a continuous-registration demographic surveillance system (DSS) in Malawi for a population of 32 000. After initial census, births and deaths were reported by ...
Miniño Arialdi - - 2010
Data from the National Vital Statistics System-Mortality. An average of 16,375 teenagers 12-19 years died in the United States every year from 1999 to 2006. This is less than 1 percent of all deaths that occur every year in the United States. The five leading causes of death among teenagers ...
Mathews T J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2006 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data set (linked file) by a variety of maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and ...
Donovan Edward F - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine gestational age-specific, adjusted infant mortality rates for Ohio. Using a retrospective cohort design, all births and infant deaths from 2003-2005 were included in multivariable regression analyses. Variations in cause and timing of infant death were determined. Compared with births at 39 or ...
Robinson Jo - - 2010
Individuals with first episode psychosis (FEP) experience high rates of premature mortality, in particular due to suicide. The study aims were to: a) Estimate the rate of sudden death among young people with FEP during an 8-10 year period following commencement of treatment; b) Examine and describe the socio-demographic and ...
Pignotti M S - - 2010
To explore the influence of end-of-life decisions (EoL-D) on survival and mortality data in the light of differences reported among European countries. We collected the published data of several epidemiological studies: Epicure, Epipage, Epibel and the Norwegian study performed in the UK, France, Belgium and Norway, respectively. The data concerning ...
Talip Quonita Q Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hosptial and Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, W Cape, South - - 2010
To determine the leading causes of perinatal deaths and to evaluate any changes, with the inclusion of placental histology. At perinatal mortality meetings, primary and final causes of death were assigned for the period 1 July 2006 - 30 June 2007. All singleton babies born to women residing in the ...
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