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Results 451 - 500 of 1500
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Lindqvist Per - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Empirical data on homicide and homicide offenders are needed in the ongoing discussion on violence and crime prevention. One issue, insufficiently investigated, is the post-trial life course of homicide offenders. AIM: To examine whether the mortality rate, as well as cause and manner of death, of homicide offenders is ...
Lathrop Sarah L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate animal-caused fatalities in New Mexico using data collected during medicolegal death investigations, including toxicology, survival interval, and circumstances. METHODS: A retrospective review of the computerized database and hard copies of files from a centralized, statewide medical examiner's office, excluding deaths due to zoonotic diseases and motor vehicle ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2007
Trends in preterm-related causes of death were examined by maternal race and ethnicity. A grouping of preterm-related causes of infant death was created by identifying causes that were a direct cause or consequence of preterm birth. Cause-of-death categories were considered to be preterm-related when 75 percent or more of total ...
Singer Richard B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: On May 1, 1954, a prospective mortality study was instituted in the Medical Department of the New England Mutual Life Insurance Company for all persons on whom an electrocardiogram (ECG) was made. Details were coded on an 80-column, mark-sense punched card for the ECG interpretation, for clinical findings, and ...
Narongchai Paitoon - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Study the incidence of drug abuse in persons with unnatural deaths such as traffic accidents, homicide with gunshot wounds, etc. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred and fifty three cases with a mean age of 34 years (range 10 to 76) were studied. The decedents were mostly male (92%), with ...
Deressa Wakgari - - 2007
Although malaria is one of the most important causes of death in Ethiopia, measuring the magnitude of malaria-attributed deaths at community level poses a considerable difficulty. Nevertheless, despite its low sensitivity and specificity, verbal autopsy (VA) has been the most important technique to determine malaria-specific cause of death for community-based ...
Kim Seijeoung - - 2007
The aims of this study were to describe causes of death during the 10-year period between 1995 and 2004 in a large urban jail in Chicago; to compare disease specific mortality rates between the jail population and the general population; to explore demographic and incarceration characteristics of the inmates who ...
Lala Hamish M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Meningococcal disease (MCD) remains a medical emergency and a frequent cause of death in previously healthy individuals. We aimed to determine the frequency and cause of delays in antibiotic administration in a cohort of deaths. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was undertaken on 140 hospitalised MCD deaths within New ...
Lienhart André - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study describes a nationwide survey that estimates the number and characteristics of anesthesia-related deaths for the year 1999. METHODS: Death certificates from the French national mortality database were selected from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes using a variable sampling fraction. Medical certifiers were sent a ...
Whiting David R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare mortality burden estimates based on direct measurement of levels and causes in communities with indirect estimates based on combining health facility cause-specific mortality structures with community measurement of mortality levels. METHODS: Data from sentinel vital registration (SVR) with verbal autopsy (VA) were used to determine the cause-specific ...
Garrib Anupam A Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Mtubatuba, South Africa. - - 2006
To determine child mortality rates in a rural area of South Africa with high HIV prevalence. A community-based survey was conducted between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2002 on deaths in children under the age of 15 years. Children were followed up through four monthly home visits. Cause of ...
Shapira S C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Terror-related multiple casualty incidents (MCI) in Israel since September 2000 have resulted in a new pattern of injury as a result of the mechanisms of trauma. The objective of this study was to asses the temporal death distribution among the civilian casualties in the Jerusalem vicinity during a 3-year ...
Coste J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological transition theory is based on a succession of specific "patterns" of causes of death in human societies. However, the reality and consistency of patterns of causes of death in a population at a given moment has never been formally and statistically evaluated. METHODS: Correlation analyses and principal component ...
Kenneson Aileen - - 2006
To identify trends and patterns associated with muscular dystrophy (MD)-associated deaths, we analyzed population-based data from death certificates in the Multiple Cause Mortality Files compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics. From 1983 to 1998, 14,499 deaths in the United States were associated with ICD-9 codes for MD. The ...
Eisenstein Eli M - - 2007
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a diagnosis of exclusion that may be assigned only after investigations including a forensic autopsy are performed to exclude possible organic and environmental causes of death. Israeli society is influenced by the Jewish and Islamic faiths, which permit autopsy only under selected circumstances. Against ...
Callaghan William M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although two thirds of infant deaths in the United States occur among infants born preterm (<37 weeks of gestation), only 17% of infant deaths are classified as being attributable to preterm birth with the standard classification of leading causes of death. To address this apparent discrepancy, we sought to ...
Seleye-Fubara D - - 2006
Accidents in the oil industry in the Niger delta region of Nigera raise concerns about safety measures and the management of industrial sites. A total of 32 autopsies were performed after coroners' inquest forms were served on the authors by the State, which serve as consent and request. Standard procedures ...
Joshi Rohina - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: India is undergoing rapid epidemiological transition as a consequence of economic and social change. The pattern of mortality is a key indicator of the consequent health effects but up-to-date, precise, and reliable statistics are few, particularly in rural areas. METHODS: Deaths occurring in 45 villages (population 180 162) were ...
Najafi Farid - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether trends in mortality from heart failure (HF) in Australia are due to a change in awareness of the condition or real changes in its epidemiology. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective analysis of official data on national mortality data between 1997 and 2003. A death was ...
Ribeiro Marcelo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study accompanied 131 crack-cocaine users over a 5-year period, and examined mortality patterns, as well as the causes of death among them. METHOD: All patients admitted to a detoxification unit in Sao Paulo between 1992 and 1994 were interviewed during two follow-up periods: 1995-1996 and 1998-1999. RESULTS: After ...
Cano-Serral G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Implementation of a new Revision of the International Classification of Diseases can create discontinuity in mortality statistics. Revisions are nevertheless essential to ensure international comparability of health statistics. The purpose of this work was to describe the effects of the 10th Revision on mortality statistics by sex and age ...
Ngoc Nhu Thi Nguyen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report stillbirth and early neonatal mortality and to quantify the relative importance of different primary obstetric causes of perinatal mortality in 171 perinatal deaths from 7993 pregnancies that ended after 28 weeks in nulliparous women. METHODS: A review of all stillbirths and early newborn deaths reported in the ...
Baqui A H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the rates, timing and causes of neonatal deaths and the burden of stillbirths in rural Uttar Pradesh, India. We discuss the implications of our findings for neonatal interventions. METHODS: We used verbal autopsy interviews to investigate 1048 neonatal deaths and stillbirths. FINDINGS: There were 430 stillbirths reported, ...
Mohsin M - - 2006
This study identified the influences of maternal socio-demographic and antenatal factors on stillbirths and neonatal deaths in New South Wales, Australia. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the association of selected antenatal and maternal characteristics with stillbirths and neonatal deaths. The findings of this study showed that stillbirths ...
Bhutia Rinchen D - - 2006
The present study was designed to determine the association between extent of hepatocellular injury and plasma level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in pre term infants with cholestasis. Preterm infants (<35 weeks gestation) admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled (with their parents informed consent) in either ...
Chang Ruey-Kang R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the risk factors for early and late death after hospital discharge among pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Statewide hospital discharge data from California in 1989 to 1999 were used to study outcomes of children <18 years old who had a procedure code (by International ...
Ritz Beate - - 2006
We evaluated the influence of outdoor air pollution on infant death in the South Coast Air Basin of California, an area characterized by some of the worst air quality in the United States. Linking birth and death certificates for infants who died between 1989 and 2000, we identified all infant ...
Yamazaki S - - 2007
To examine the association of hourly time lagged concentration of ambient particulate matter and death due to stroke. Mortality data for five years (January 1990 to December 1994) were obtained from the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan. Data were used only if the deceased was 65 years ...
Alonso Verónica - - 2006
Neonatal mortality during the first week of life, corresponding to the years 1975-1998, was studied in Spain. The first week of life is the time in which the highest number of deaths occur. The temporal decrease of the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) was modelled according to log10(NMR+1)= 2.784 - 0.023 ...
Mage David T - - 2006
There is currently no accepted explanation in the medical literature for the lower female total mortality rate in infancy, childhood and adulthood. We review the pediatric mortality data provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) and show that for causes of respiratory ...
Freemantle C Jane - - 2006
AIM: To analyse patterns and trends in mortality from unknown causes (sudden infant death syndrome and unascertainable deaths) for all Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal infants born in Western Australia, 1980-2001. METHODS: Using total population linked data, we reviewed all post-mortem reports, including death scene investigations and final causes of death as ...
Onayade A A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: More than 10 million under five children die each year of preventable and easily treatable conditions in developing countries. Of these, eight million are infants, half of whom are newborns in their first month of life. A high proportion of babies die in their first month of life, many ...
Miniño Arialdi M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This report presents preliminary U.S. data on deaths, death rates, life expectancy, leading causes of death, and infant mortality for the year 2004 by selected characteristics such as age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin. METHODS: Data in this report are based on a large number of deaths comprising approximately ...
Malatyalioglu Erdal - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the cause of changing maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) in a tertiary women's health center in Turkey in the last eight years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Charts of patients seen between 1998 and 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-square test. The results were accepted ...
Mercer Alex - - 2006
Although the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) in Bangladesh remained steady between 1995-99 and 1999-2003 (41-42 deaths per 1,000 live births), evidence from the management information system (MIS) of a large nongovernmental organization (NGO) program indicates that the NMR declined by about 50 percent between 1996 and 2002 in the area ...
Azmak Derya - - 2006
An increasing death rate as a result of violence constitutes a large group in medicolegal autopsies. Specially, deaths due to asphyxia are one of the most important causes in violence deaths. During the 21-year period from January 1984 to October 2004, there were 134 asphyxial deaths autopsied by the Department ...
Zigon G - - 2006
This report outlines the current status of the official statistical data available concerning mortality rates for suffocation in children <15 years of age, stratified according to sex and country in Europe, in the years 1980-1995. The data source is the WHO Mortality Database, which comprises deaths registered in national vital ...
Jones Gareth - - 2006
About 2.1 million Indian children under 5 years of age die each year. In spite of reductions in child mortality rate over the past two decades, the rate remains high at 87 per 1000 live births. The main causes are diarrhoea, pneumonia, and for deaths among the neonates asphyxia, pre-term ...
Larciprete Giovanni - - 2006
We describe an unexplained case of umbilical cord segmental hemorrhage linked with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. A severely asphyxiated infant was delivered at term by Caesarean section. There were poor prognostic signs on fetal cardiotocography with rupture of membranes with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. The pathophysiologic mechanism in this case is still ...
Setel Philip W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To validate verbal autopsy (VA) procedures for use in sample vital registration. Verbal autopsy is an important method for deriving cause-specific mortality estimates where disease burdens are greatest and routine cause-specific mortality data do not exist. METHODS: Verbal autopsies and medical records (MR) were collected for 3123 deaths in ...
Ohtsuka H - - 2006
The incidence and number of deaths from soft tissue sarcoma (STS) have been reported to increase in many countries. However, those in Japan have not been analysed over a long span of time. The objective of this study was to analyse the changing trends in the number of deaths from ...
Murray Christopher J L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) represents the largest share of cardiovascular disease in the United States, but there are conspicuous discrepancies between CHD and total cardiovascular death rates across the states, possibly due in part to variations in physician assignment of causes of death. Our aim was to identify exogenous ...
Hoyert Donna L - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This report presents final 2003 data on U.S. deaths; death rates; life expectancy; infant and maternal mortality; and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, marital status, educational attainment, injury at work, State of residence, and cause of death. A previous report presented preliminary mortality ...
Canouï-Poitrine F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: During the August 2003 heat wave in France, almost 15,000 excess deaths were recorded. Paris was severely affected, with an excess death rate of 141%. This study had two aims: to identify individual factors associated with excess deaths during a heat wave in an urban environment and to describe ...
Rowe Alexander K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe options for analysing deaths with an unknown cause, which often occur in community-based studies that are used to estimate disease-specific mortality burden and trends in low-income countries. METHODS: Mathematical formulae were derived that accommodate deaths with an unknown cause for the disease-specific mortality rate, proportion of deaths ...
Finan E - - 2006
With the ever-increasing availability of aggressive medical treatment and technical support, neonatologists are offered an increasing ability to prolong life. While "end-of-life" decisions within NICUs have been studied internationally, there is limited data available for Ireland. Through the auspices of the Irish Faculty of Paediatrics 2002 Neonatal Mortality Ouestionnaire, decisions ...
Gurina Natalia A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the levels and causes of maternal mortality in St. Petersburg, Russian Federation. METHODS: We collected data about all pregnancy-related deaths in St. Petersburg over the period 1992-2003 using several sources of information. An independent research group reviewed and classified all cases according to ICD-10 and the Confidential ...
Khan Khalid S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The reduction of maternal deaths is a key international development goal. Evidence-based health policies and programmes aiming to reduce maternal deaths need reliable and valid information. We undertook a systematic review to determine the distribution of causes of maternal deaths. METHODS: We selected datasets using prespecified criteria, and recorded ...
Baiden F - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the trend and causes of neonatal deaths in a rural district in northern Ghana. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of data collected from the Navrongo Demographic Surveillance System and verbal autopsies conducted on all neonatal deaths from 1995-2002. RESULTS: Of 1118 recorded neonatal deaths 1068 (95.5%) could be analysed. ...
Mendes Karina Giane - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with infant mortality and, more specifically, with neonatal mortality. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out in the municipality of Caxias do Sul, Southern Brazil. Characteristics of prenatal care and causes of mortality were assessed for all live births in the 2001-2002 period with ...
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