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Herdt-Losavio M L ML New York State Department of Health, Center for Environmental Health, Bureau of Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology, 547 River Street, Room 200, Troy, NY 12180, USA. - - 2010
To examine the association between a spectrum of 24 maternal occupations and 45 birth defects for hypothesis generating purposes. Cases of isolated and multiple birth defects (n = 8977) and all non-malformed live-born control births (n = 3833) included in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) with estimated dates ...
Guttuso Thomas T - - 2010
Among 7 subjects with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), we found gabapentin therapy to be associated with mean reductions in nausea and emesis from Baseline to Days 12-14 of 80% and 94%, respectively. There have been 2 congenital defects among 7 exposed infants. Gabapentin may be effective in the treatment of HG.
van Beynum Ingrid M - - 2010
To investigate the potentially protective of periconceptional folic acid use on the risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs) relative to other non-folate related malformations. We analysed data from a large regional register of birth defects (EUROCAT-Northern Netherlands), over a 10 year period (1996-2005) for a case-control study. The cases were ...
Arbour Laura - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the rates of congenital anomalies in the northernmost regions of the world. As in other parts of the world, it is crucial to assess the relative rates and trends of adverse birth outcomes and birth defects, as indicators of population health and to develop public ...
Parker Samantha E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although clubfoot is a common birth defect, with a prevalence of approximately 1 per 1000 livebirths, the etiology of clubfoot remains largely unknown. Studies of the prevalence and risk factors for clubfoot in the United States have previously been limited to specific states. The purpose of this study was ...
Schmidt Rebecca J - - 2009
Animal studies demonstrate teratogenic effects of caffeine, whereas human studies are inconclusive. Associations between maternal caffeine consumption and neural tube defects (NTDs) by type of NTD (anencephaly, spina bifida, or encephalocele) were examined using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS). Total average daily caffeine from coffee, tea, ...
Gilboa Suzanne M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and congenital heart defects (CHDs). STUDY DESIGN: These analyses included case infants with CHDs (n = 6440) and liveborn control infants without birth defects (n = 5673) enrolled in the National Birth Defects Prevention ...
Obeidat Ahmed Z - - 2010
Neural tube defects are serious birth defects of the brain and the spinal cord due to interference with neural tube closure about the 28th day after fertilization. Seasonal variation in the development of neural tube defects has been reported. The objective of this study was to demonstrate any association between ...
Cogswell Mary E - - 2009
To evaluate the representativeness of controls in an ongoing, population-based, case-control study of birth defects in 10 centers across the United States, researchers compared 1997-2003 birth certificate data linked to selected controls (n = 6,681) and control participants (n = 4,395) with those from their base populations (n = 2,468,697). ...
Massoni A C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the prevalence of enamel defects in infants from a socially and economically poor population and the possible association of these defects with disturbances occurring in the pre-, peri- and postnatal periods of human development. PARTICIPANTS: 117 infants aged between 16 and ...
Quintero-Rivera Fabiola - - 2009
The authors report a male infant born at 35 weeks gestational age with an atypical presentation of homozygous alpha-thalassemia. The live-born infant displayed abnormalities of the upper limbs and genitalia, which are vascular-type disruptive defects associated with this disease. Cardiomegaly and placentomegaly were the only evidence of fetal hydrops. Postnatal ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Certain congenital cardiac defects may go undetected for several years due to lack of symptoms and signs.Ventricular septal defects can occur as part of more congenital cardiac malformations or as an isolate finding. The natural history of ventricular septal defects depends on the size of the defect and on the ...
Li Ying - - 2009
To investigate the birth defect condition in Haidian district of Beijing city, 61,272 live-born infants who were delivered in Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital from 2003 to the March of 2009 are analyzed. Data was collected from the hospital's medical records and from the birth defect surveillance. Among the ...
Luquetti Daniela Varela - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the coverage, validity and reliability of Brazil's Information System on Live Births (SINASC) for birth defects in a hospital in the city of Campinas (São Paulo State). The study population consisted of 2,823 newborn infants delivered in 2004 at the Women's Integrated ...
Byrne Julianne - - 2010
Maternal first cousins of an individual with a neural tube defect (NTD) are at increased risk for an NTD. It is not known if they are also at risk for other serious birth defects. We carried out an interview study of uncles and aunts and first cousins in Irish NTD ...
Vora Amit - - 2009
We report an unusual presentation of supraventricular tachycardia, in an infant, with cyanosis. The child had atrial septal defect with hypoplastic right ventricle. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in view of drug resistant SVT.
Brown William R WR Department of Radiology, Department of Pathology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2009
This study investigates the rate of preterm birth in babies with congenital brain defects. Autopsy case reports of congenital brain anomalies were obtained from the literature. The control cases were from a large registry, a published report from the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program. From 428 publications, 1168 cases were ...
Ochoa-Acuña Hugo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have linked proximity to crops and birth defects, they lacked individual-level exposure data and none was based on using planted area instead of linear proximity to crops as the exposure metric. We studied birth defects in relation to the area of corn or soybeans within 500 ...
Gallaway M Shayne - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Women may become pregnant while using contraceptives. Commonly used contraceptives containing spermicides may or may not be associated with an increased occurrence of structural birth defects. STUDY DESIGN: Utilizing data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, we assessed maternal reports of spermicide and male condom use 1 to ...
Olgunturk Rana - - 2010
We read the case report presented by Datillo with great interest. There were several points that have to be discussed. Age of the patient, maturity and severity of ductal flow are among the matters of debate.
Meeker Tamara M - - 2009
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare syndrome characterized by 5 distinctive anomalies: epigastric omphalocele, sternal cleft, diaphragmatic defect, diaphragmatic pericardial defect, and intracardiac defect. There are limited case reports documented since its first description in 1958 due to either underdocumentation or underrecognition. One possibility for underrecognition is the idea that ...
Glynn Anne - - 2009
PURPOSE: To examine utilization of genetic counseling after diagnosis of a birth defect in 2004, and trends in utilization from 1991 to 2004. METHODS: Birth defects data for births in 2004 were linked to genetic counseling data to determine utilization of genetic counseling in Victoria, Australia. Variability in utilization was ...
Bower Carol - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Use of periconceptional folic acid supplementation has been promoted in Western Australia since late 1992, and voluntary fortification of some foods with folic acid has been permitted in Australia since 1996. Reduced rates of neural tube defects (NTDs) have been observed since 1995. Aboriginal infants have a higher rate ...
Jamsheer Aleksander - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Amniotic rupture sequence (ARS) is a disruption sequence presenting with fibrous bands, possibly emerging as a result of amniotic tear in the first trimester of gestation. Our comparative study aims to assess whether there is a difference in the clinical pattern of congenital limb and internal organ anomalies between ...
Srivastava Vijay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: An apparent increase in the incidence of gastroschisis and exomphalos has been reported from several parts of the world. The exact mechanism of this trend is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the regional and national trends in the incidence of gastroschisis and exomphalos in New ...
Dattilo Giuseppe - - 2009
Interatrial defects, ventricular septal defects, and patent ductus arteriosus can occur as part of more congenital cardiac malformations or as an isolate finding. We present a case of interatrial defect associated with ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus in a 2-day-old newborn infant.
Winchester Paul D - - 2009
To investigate if live births conceived in months when surface water agrichemicals are highest are at greater risk for birth defects. Monthly concentrations during 1996-2002 of nitrates, atrazine and other pesticides were calculated using United States Geological Survey's National Water Quality Assessment data. Monthly United States birth defect rates were ...
Boano Rosa - - 2009
This paper reports a paleopathological study of a severe neural tube defect in an ancient mummy, more specifically, a meningocele in an Egyptian infant from the XI dynasty (2100-1955B.C.). This is one of the most ancient cases of meningocele in mummified human remains described in paleopathological literature. Prehistoric and early ...
Jaminet Patrick - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A case of extreme microstomia in an 8-month-old infant is presented. As a result of caustic acid ingestion at the age of a few weeks, the male infant developed progressive stricture of the perioral region preventing him from normal food intake. METHODS: The patient was treated by bilateral commissurotomies ...
Onrat S T - - 2009
The incidence of neural tube defects is higher in Turkey compared to that of developed countries. To prevent congenital malformations, understanding of the current status is necessary, which should be followed by public-based activities. We examined the incidence rate of neural tube defects (NTDs) in Afyonkarahisar. According to the records ...
Martin Abigail E - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Giant omphaloceles present a unique challenge to pediatric surgeons because of the difficulty in obtaining timely, tension-free closure of tissues over the defect. Reports of the use of tissue expanders in the subcutaneous space, intramuscular space, or intraabdominal cavity have illustrated the usefulness of this technique to provide biologic ...
Bakare T I B - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of information on the prevalence of birth defects in Nigeria, particularly in our setting. This study determined the epidemiology of external congenital anomalies in Southwest Nigerian children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a stratified, randomized study of neonates presenting with external birth defects in Ife-Ijesha in ...
Ionescu-Ittu Raluca - - 2009
To investigate whether the 1998 government policy for mandatory fortification of flour and pasta products with folate was followed by a reduction in the prevalence of severe congenital heart defects. Time trend analysis. Province of Quebec, Canada. Infants born in 1990-2005 identified with severe congenital heart defects (tetralogy of Fallot, ...
Hansen Craig A - - 2009
Birth defects are a major public health concern as they are the leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality. Observational studies have linked environmental pollution to adverse birth outcomes, including congenital anomalies. This study examined potential associations between ambient air pollution and congenital heart defects and cleft lip or palate ...
Lammer Edward J EJ Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California 94609, USA. - - 2009
Conotruncal heart defects compose 25% to 30% of nonsyndromic congenital heart defects. This study describes the frequency of chromosome abnormalities and microdeletion of 22q11 associated among infants and fetuses delivered with conotruncal heart malformations. From a population base of 974,579 infants/fetuses delivered, 622 California infants/fetuses were ascertained with a defect ...
Shaw Gary M GM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal & Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. - - 2009
Folic acid taken in early pregnancy reduces risks for delivering offspring with several congenital anomalies. The mechanism by which folic acid reduces risk is unknown. Investigations into genetic variation that influences transport and metabolism of folate will help fill this data gap. We focused on 118 SNPs involved in folate ...
Schniepp Hannes C - - 2008
We probe the bending characteristics of functionalized graphene sheets with the tip of an atomic force microscope. Individual sheets are transformed from a flat into a folded configuration. Sheets can be reversibly folded and unfolded multiple times, and the folding always occurs at the same location. This observation suggests that ...
Vachharajani Akshaya J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal wall defects, particularly exomphalos, in newborn infants are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The objective of the present study was to review the outcomes of neonates with exomphalos in our neonatal intensive care unit during the last 12 years. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study 52 neonates ...
Reefhuis J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: With >1% of US births occurring following use of assisted reproductive technology (ART), it is critical to examine whether ART is associated with birth defects. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a population-based, multicenter, case-control study of birth defects. We included mothers of fetuses ...
Shaw Gary M - - 2008
In a California population, we previously observed increased neural tube defect (NTD) risks associated with maternal intakes of periconceptional diets predicting higher glycaemic responses and higher sucrose. Our objective here was to replicate these results in a larger study of multiple regions within the United States. This population-based case-control study ...
Duke Wes - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of stillbirths using fetal death reports (FDRs) has been challenging because of under-reporting of fetal deaths and missing data on the FDRs. Using active case finding and chart abstraction within the infrastructure of established birth defect surveillance programs could potentially enhance the data from FDRs. The data collection ...
Bouvier J - - 2008
Recent advances in the neurobiology of breathing indicate that the Respiratory Rhythm Generator (RRG) relies on the coupling of two distinct oscillators ventrally located in the brainstem: the para-facial respiratory group (pFRG), comprising pre-inspiratory neurons, and the PreBötzinger complex (PreBötC) playing a dominant role in pacing inspiration. Although vital for ...
Yanni Emad A - - 2010
Birth defects and genetic disorders are leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in many countries. Population-based data on birth defects among Arab-American children have not been documented previously. Michigan has the second largest Arab-American community in the United States after California. Using data from the Michigan Birth Defects Registry ...
Li Zhiwen - - 2008
Shanxi Province in northern China has been identified as an area with the highest prevalence of neural tube defects in the world; however, few reports exist on the prevalence of orofacial clefts (OFC). We examined the prevalence of OFC and their association with selected characteristics. Data came from a population-based ...
Wu Ji-Lei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the temporal trends and spatial patterns of birth defects occurring in Wuxi, a developed region of China. METHODS: Wavelet analysis was used to decompose the temporal trends of birth defect prevalence based on the birth defect rates over the past 16 years. Birth defect cases with detailed ...
Sendelbach Dorothy M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the feasibility and reliability of pulse oximetry screening to detect critical congenital heart defects in a newborn nursery. METHODS: The study was performed in a large urban hospital with an exclusively inborn population. Stable neonates who had a gestational age ...
Crossland D S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with the use of the Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect (VSD) occluder, using direct right ventricle free wall puncture for primary closure of muscular VSDs in infants. BACKGROUND: Young infants with heart failure due to large or multiple muscular VSDs often require intervention at a ...
Sadler T W - - 2008
During the 3rd and 4th weeks post-fertilization (5 and 6 weeks from the last normal menstrual period [LNMP]), the human embryo is transformed from a flat disc-shaped organism into the classic shape of an embryo in the "fetal" position. This change is effected by simultaneously rolling the top layer of ...
Chi Wenxue - - 2008
Birth defects remain the leading cause of stillbirth and infant mortality in China, especially in rural areas. The objective of this research is to seek evidence of clustering of cases of birth defects within a highly endemic area and to identify the environmental and landscape characteristics associated with increased risk ...
Rodríguez-Burgos Antonio - - 2008
PROBLEM: The authors review embryofetal pathologies in humans caused by antibodies to maternal autoantigens and paternal alloantigens. They consider the variable percentages of miscarriages, developmental delays, intrauterine growth retardation, perinatal deaths and birth defects of unknown etiology, because a part of these percentages may be caused by analog human isoantibodies ...
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