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Results 401 - 450 of 536
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Tallo C P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case-control study was to examine the maternal and neonatal morbidities associated with in vitro fertilization (IVF) in a single large teaching hospital. It was hypothesized that IVF mothers would have more perinatal complications and IVF infants would have higher mortality and morbidity rates than non-IVF ...
Watanabe Y - - 1995
Incidence and morbidity rates of heavy-for-dates (HFD) term neonates were examined to elucidate whether HFD neonates are at high risk. At the same time the criteria for HFD, defined by the fetal growth curve published in 1983 by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, were evaluated. A sample of 15,377 ...
Usta I M - - 1995
Eclampsia is a life-threatening emergency that continues to be a major cause of serious maternal morbidity and is still the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Complicated and mismanaged cases are responsible for many maternal deaths. Perinatal morbidity and mortality is also high if eclampsia occurs in the antepartum period. ...
Airede A I - - 1995
Birth asphyxia occurs world wide and remains a serious cause of morbidity of the newborn. Its incidence and associated sequelae have remained high in the developing world with an attendant high mortality as compared to more affluent societies or the developed world. We have attempted in this review, to proffer ...
Pantazopoulou A - - 1995
The short-term effects of air pollution on morbidity in the Athens population were studied. Data were collected on the daily number of emergency outpatient visits and admissions for cardiac and respiratory causes (diagnoses at time of admission) to all major hospitals in the greater Athens area during 1988. Measurements of ...
Morales R - - 1995
This study evaluated neonatal morbidity in preterm infants with birth weights of 1,500-2,499 who were delivered by vacuum extraction. The retrospective, observational study covered 61 infants delivered vaginally with vacuum extraction versus 122 matched controls delivered spontaneously. All infants were at < 37 weeks of gestation, with birth weights ranging ...
Roy M - - 1995
Although neonatal thrombosis may be fatal or cause serious morbidity in survivors, strong clinical recommendations on the management of affected infants could not be made in the 1980s because of the lack of sound data from high-quality studies. To determine whether the "right" studies are now being done, a Medline ...
Burrows F A - - 1995
The optimal management of neonates undergoing repair of complex congenital cardiac lesions requires detailed knowledge by the anesthesiologist of the anatomic and physiologic abnormalities and their consequences on the perioperative course. Management of these patients should not be undertaken in isolation but requires a concerted team approach for acceptable levels ...
Westover T - - 1995
Clinical chorioamnionitis continues to contribute to fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Significant advances have been made in the last 20 years in understanding the pathophysiologic processes leading to chorioamnionitis. This review addresses the history, incidence, pathophysiology, host defenses, risk factors, diagnosis, and maternal and neonatal management of clinically evident ...
Moller J H - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium (PCCC) is a collaborative, voluntary effort of pediatric cardiologists to gather and analyze data regarding operative results. METHODS: PCCC collects information on each child who undergoes cardiac catheterization, electrophysiologic study, or a cardiac operation, or dies with a cardiac malformation. The data are analyzed ...
Pryde P G - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To test previously proposed but unproven antenatal ultrasound prognostic criteria in fetal gastroschisis. METHODS: Thirty consecutive gastroschisis-affected pregnancies and their outcomes were reviewed retrospectively. Data were tabulated by review of antenatal ultrasound videotapes, with blinded comparison to indicators of short- and long-term infant outcomes obtained from the medical records. ...
Byass P - - 1994
Methodological issues concerning the collection and analysis of daily morbidity data in community studies in developing countries are discussed. The effects of recall period and inter-observer variation on symptom prevalence are considered in the context of a longitudinal study in The Gambia, in which prevalence fell by about half over ...
Wang J S - - 1994
Severity-of-illness scales have been proven to be valuable in assessing clinical outcomes and several risk scores have been used to evaluate neonatal illness severity. At present, we use nursery Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS) to evaluate the short term outcome of preterm newborns and their correlation to length of stay and ...
Van Camp J M - - 1994
Bacterial translocation has been a major topic of investigation for the past two decades. Despite recent evidence that bacterial translocation may play a significant role in the morbidity and mortality of adults faced with multiple types of stress, very little is known about the effect of bacterial translocation on the ...
Schwartz R M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The administration of surfactant decreased mortality, morbidity, and costs of care for very-low-birth-weight infants in clinical trials. The extent to which these benefits can be achieved in the usual clinical settings is not known. METHODS: We analyzed clinical and financial data obtained from 1985 to 1990 at 14 perinatal ...
Droste S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: In this study outpatient and inpatient expectant management for complete placenta previa were compared in terms of maternal and neonatal outcome and overall cost. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the outcomes and hospital costs of 72 mother-infant pairs where the pregnancy was complicated by second- or third-trimester placenta previa and ...
Killingray D - - 1994
The influenza pandemic swept through the Caribbean during the period October 1918 to March 1919 and resulted in c.100,000 deaths. This article focuses on the British possessions and is based principally on official reports and the local press. It looks at how the virus entered and spread through the region, ...
Malik A S - - 1994
In view of controversial reports about the role of prelabour rupture of foetal membranes (PROM) in neonatal morbidity and to study the association of PROM with infections and meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), a prospective case control study was conducted in a level II nursery of Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang ...
Njokanma F - - 1994
The pattern of morbidity and mortality of 103 neonates weighing less than 2500 g referred to a Nigerian University Teaching Hospital over a period of 30 months (March 1989-August 1991) was studied. Fifty seven (55.3%) weighted less than 1500 g, 80 (77.7%) were preterm while 23 (22.3%) were term, small ...
Zeitouni A - - 1993
Tracheotomy in infants is considered to be associated with a high complication rate. This study was conducted to establish the indications and complications associated with tracheotomy in patients less than one year old. The charts of 44 consecutive infants operated on between 1982 and 1991 at the Montreal Children's Hospital ...
Allen M C - - 1993
BACKGROUND: With improved survival of preterm infants, questions have been raised about the limit of viability. To provide better information and counseling for parents of infants about to be delivered after 22 to 25 weeks' gestation, we evaluated the mortality and neonatal morbidity of preterm infants born at these gestational ...
Murugasu E - - 1993
Despite the tremendous health-care advances in recent years, external compression of the tracheobronchial tree by cardiovascular anomalies still remains a significant cause of morbidity and potential mortality in neonates and infants. As the initial presenting symptoms can be deceivingly mild, the diagnosis is easily missed without a high index of ...
Bregman J - - 1993
Advances in neonatology, particularly surfactant, have enabled us to significantly improve mortality in the extremely low-birth-weight prematurely born infant. The impact on morbidity remains less clear but decidedly optimistic as the preponderance of the data currently available suggests that although we have not improved outcome in this high-risk group of ...
Msall M E - - 1993
This study attempted to identify predictors for mortality, morbidity, disability, and educational handicap at age 4 years in a cohort of 194 infants born at 23 to 28 weeks' gestation at one regionalized tertiary center from 1983 to 1986. Forty-one infants died (21%); standardized neurodevelopmental and functional assessments were conducted ...
Morales W J - - 1993
Optimum perinatal outcome is only achieved by the prevention of premature birth. When preterm delivery is unavoidable, antenatal pharmacologic therapy will result in a reduction in the leading causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality, mainly respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), BPD, intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) and sepsis. These treatments combined with meticulous ...
Schlessel J S - - 1993
Thirty-six very low birth weight premature infants (VLBW-PT) born at 24 to 32 weeks gestation and with birth weights 635 to 1,360 g who had tracheostomies performed for acquired subglottic stenosis or for prolonged mechanical ventilation were followed in relation to acute and long-term mortality and morbidity. Mortality due to ...
Whyte H E - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines to the perinatologist regarding extremely premature infants based on the experience of the University of Toronto Newborn Service (two high-risk perinatal units and one outborn neonatal intensive care unit), with a catchment area of 60,000 deliveries annually. METHODS: The study included all births or admissions in ...
Katz V L - - 1993
Knowledge of current data on survival and morbidity for premature infants is essential for perinatal decision making and accurate counseling of families. Survival and severe morbidity were reviewed for liveborn infants of less than 28 weeks' gestation. Between July 1989 and August 1991, in a cohort of 93 infants with ...
Kalla A C - - 1993
This overview of the changing patterns of morbidity and mortality on the one hand and ethnicity and geographic variables on the other is an attempt to understand the changes which are taking place in the economic and social geography of Mauritius. Recently in the economic literature, there has been constant ...
Pattinson R C - - 1993
To determine the perinatal mortality and neonatal morbidity of fetuses with absent end-diastolic velocities (AEDV) of the umbilical artery, the outcome of 120 fetuses, with a gestational age of 24 weeks or more and a birth weight of 500 g or more, with AEDV at the last Doppler examination, were ...
Narang A - - 1993
Passage of meconium in utero is a serious neonatal disorder carrying high morbidity and mortality. Role of planned team approach with aggressive intrapartum suctioning and intensive neonatal management was studied to evaluate its impact on neonatal morbidity and mortality. Meconium Stained Amniotic Fluid (MSAF) was found amongst 7.4% of all ...
Olsson S O - - 1993
A survey of the mortality and morbidity affecting calves during the first 3 months of life was carried out. Results are reported from 131 herds with altogether 5,050 calvings. These herds kept individual calf cards for all calves born. The incidences of abortions and stillborn calves were 0.6% and 3.6%, ...
Norska-Borówka I - - 1993
Infant morbidity and mortality in the Upper Silesian Industrial Region (USIR) are indices of ecological disaster. In the most polluted region of such towns as Bytom, Chorzów and Zabrze, the infant mortality rate is very high and increasing. Indices of infant morbidity were higher in Katowice district than in the ...
Roungsipragarn R - - 1993
A total of seven women had uterine rupture at Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, between 1981-1990. The incidence was 1 per 9,908 deliveries or 1.009 per 10,000 deliveries. All were related to oxytocic drug administration and two of them had induction with prostaglandins. The intraoperative and postoperative problems were intraoperative hypotension (57%), ...
Hök K - - 1993
Serologically coronavirus free kittens were placed in 2 catteries with a history of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), each cattery representing 1 of the 2 different predominant clinical characteristics of FIP--effusive and granulomatous. The kittens were clinically observed for 100 days. A 100% morbidity and a 90% mortality was observed. The ...
Patel D M - - 1993
Morbidity and mortality associated with neonatal intensive care affect strongly the socioeconomic aspect of the health-care system. A retrospective study of the neonatal intensive care population at a county hospital in Texas showed that most deaths were related to nontreatable causes. Prematurity was a major cause both of increased mortality ...
Sibley L M - - 1992
Functional analysis of the true pelvis (defined as that portion lying below and including the pelvic brim) was undertaken on a sample of 36 females from the Medieval site of Kulubnarti in Sudanese Nubia. Standard obstetric measurements were taken and compared to four additional prehistoric skeletal samples and to modern ...
Cooke R W - - 1992
Annual odds ratios, standardised for known confounding variables, were used to examine trends in major neonatal morbidities among 3220 preterm infants of less than 35 weeks' gestation admitted to a regional referral centre between 1980 and 1991. Despite improved survival, the risk of major cerebral haemorrhage, ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion, and ...
Stringer M D - - 1992
Intussusception is one of the commonest causes of intestinal obstruction in infants and accounts for about 700 hospital admissions each year in England and Wales. Improved results of treatment have followed recent technological developments, which include ultrasonographic imaging and pneumatic reduction techniques. Most intussusceptions can be reduced successfully without the ...
Taylor R - - 1992
To determine the magnitude of differentials in mortality and hospital morbidity by Local Government Area (LGA) in Sydney (1985-1988), and to correlate these with LGA indicators of socioeconomic status. Cross-sectional group-based comparative study of mortality and hospital separations, and a group-based correlations analysis in relation to socioeconomic indicators. Mortality--life expectancy ...
di Rocco C - - 1992
Out of 276 children with craniosynostosis operated on in a 9 year period, 231 were operated on under 1 year of age. According to the sutures involved in the process of early fusion, two groups of infants were individuated. Patients belonging to the first group were characterized by the involvement ...
Kasirye-Bainda E - - 1992
A six month prospective study of neonatal morbidity and mortality of the newborn unit (NBU) at Kenyatta National Hospital is presented. Of the 126 infants delivered in the maternity unit, 967 (30%) ended up in the NBU and 562 (59.8%) were low birth weight (LBW); 79.3% were appropriate for gestational ...
Iuchtman M - - 1992
During a 10-year period, 313 infants were treated at the Hospital for Sick Children for esophageal atresia, of whom 46 had features of the VACTERL association. These 46 patients had a mortality rate of 24%, most deaths being caused by cardiovascular abnormalities. Infants weighing less than 2,050 g had a ...
Burton D M - - 1992
The use of corticosteroids to reduce the morbidity associated with laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) has been a controversial issue for many years. Recent literature, however, does support a decreased morbidity and increased clinical response when short-term steroids are used. As a prophylactic measure against bacterial superinfection, antibiotics are commonly utilized in the ...
Mercer B M - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: The use of prophylactic antibiotics in the management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes has not been adequately studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral erythromycin therapy in the prolongation of latency and reduction of infectious morbidity after preterm premature rupture of ...
Reece S M - - 1991
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections carry high morbidity and mortality, primarily due to meningitis among infants less than 1 year of age. Two new vaccines, HbOC and PRP-OMP, have been developed and licensed to prevent invasive Hib infections in infants and young children. New recommendations advise clinicians to ...
Fleming A D - - 1991
Despite our heightened awareness of placental abruption, this condition remains largely unpreventable. The incidence of placental abruption may actually be on the rise due to increasing use of cocaine and "crack" and a greater contribution from abdominal trauma. Whether recurrence of abruption associated with hypertension can be prevented with low-dose ...
Creinin M - - 1991
The outcome of 13 sets of triplet infants delivered between January 1, 1981, and December 31, 1988, is analyzed with specific regard to immediate neonatal morbidity. Thirty-nine viable infants were born with no perinatal deaths. Overall, 80% of triplet infants incurred some morbidity, including hyperbilirubinemia (51.3%), hypoglycemia (30.8%), respiratory distress ...
Amit Y - - 1991
Gram-negative septicemia at times causes morbidity and mortality in newborn nurseries. Prophylactic intravenous immunoglobulin results in a significant decrease in incidence and severity of septicemia resulting from infection in infants. The present case report describes the successful use of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin in a Flavobacterium-induced thrombocytopenia in a premature infant.
Hagadorn-Freathy A S - - 1991
In February 1988, an ACOG Committee Opinion substantially revised the classification of forceps operations. The revision addressed two significant shortcomings of the old system: Outlet forceps had been defined too narrowly and midforceps too imprecisely. We now report the results of a prospective study of 357 forceps deliveries classified using ...
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