Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 551
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Ahmed Siham H - - 2004
Newborns in Behira governorate represented 2.5% of total Behira population in 2000. In Damanhour teaching hospital 4040 live births were delivered during one year from 1st January 1995 to 31st December 1995. During this period an observational study of morbidity and mortality of the newborn unit (NBU) attendants was performed. ...
Zimmerman Deena R - - 2003
The increased frequency of early discharge of newborns has led to questions of its safety. Most studies have looked at mortality and rehospitalization, not all missed diagnoses. The purpose of this study was to determine diagnoses in newborn infants that would have been missed if the infant had been discharged ...
Tanaka Masahiro M Bacterial Vaccine Preventable Disease Branch, Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga 30333, USA. - - 2003
Reported cases of pertussis among adolescents and adults have increased since the 1980s, despite increasingly high rates of vaccination among infants and children. However, severe pertussis morbidity and mortality occur primarily among infants. To describe the trends and characteristics of reported cases of pertussis among infants younger than 12 months ...
Lee Kye Hyang - - 2003
Multiple births in Korea have been increased recently as a consequence of increased infertility due to advancing maternal age at first birth, and increased use of assisted reproductive technology. Multiples suffer higher mortality and morbidity than singletons. However, it is not clear whether preterm multiple very low birth weight infants ...
Hessler Richard M - - 2003
The H70 longitudinal study of aging, Göteborg, Sweden is used to empirically test the compression of morbidity theory advanced by. We reconceptualize compression as postponement of morbidity in the sense of decreasing amounts of illness for increasingly long life spans. Operationally, morbidity is defined as the average number of hospital ...
As-Sanie Sawsan - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to determine whether respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is associated with an increased risk of nonpulmonary morbidity in neonates born between 34 to 36 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a matched case-control study of 75 infants with (cases) and 75 without (controls) RDS, delivered between ...
Sydorak Roman M - - 2003
Despite intensive clinical and experimental efforts, mortality from CDH remains high. More than two decades of research in multiple centers has led to a better understanding of the pathophysiology, prognosis, and treatment options for fetuses that have CDH. It now appears that fetuses that have prenatally diagnosed CDH can be ...
Fanaroff Avroy A - - 2003
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Neonatal Research Network was founded in 1986 to perform trials that, because of their size and complexity, were beyond the scope of a single center and required the expertise and resources of many collaborating centers. This report briefly documents changes ...
English Mike - - 2003
It has proven very difficult to determine the causes of early infant mortality and morbidity in Africa. We undertook a two-year, prospective birth cohort study in a rural Kenyan District Hospital to estimate cause-specific mortality and severe morbidity in infants too young to gain benefit from routine immunization approaches. A ...
Schlatter Marc - - 2003
Outcomes for infants with gastroschisis have paralleled advances made in neonatal intensive care and the use of parenteral nutrition. Mortality rates approaching 100% a half century ago are now closer to 2% to 8%. Further reduction in morbidity has been the focus of many studies during the past decade. Efforts ...
Major Carol A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to examine the neonatal outcome in pregnancies with early preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) who were managed expectantly despite the development of recurrent active genital herpes. STUDY DESIGN: Pregnancies complicated by PPROM at < or =14;31 weeks' gestation that developed an active recurrent ...
Holcroft Cynthia J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors predictive of neurologic morbidity in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: This is a case-control study of all infants weighing 1500 g or less admitted to a single tertiary neonatal intensive care unit between April 1999 and December 2001. The case group were those ...
Said Joanne - - 2003
Pre-eclampsia is a major cause of perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although knowledge of the precise aetiology remains uncertain a number of risk factors have been described. Thrombophilias have been associated with pre-eclampsia in a number of studies and it is biologically plausible that they may contribute to ...
Mercer Brian M - - 2003
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes (pPROM) is responsible for approximately one third of the over 450,000 preterm births occurring in the United States annually. In this manuscript, we summarize the outcomes and analyses related to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network ...
Crowley Patricia - - 2003
Numerous investigations have indicated that antenatal corticosteroid administration reduces neonatal morbidity in preterm infants. Despite this, antenatal corticosteroid usage continued to be low on both sides of the Atlantic up to the late 1980s and early 1990s. Antenatal corticosteroid therapy finally came of age in 1995 with the publication of ...
Smith Graeme N - - 2003
Preterm birth, the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, is a major public health problem in terms of loss of life, long term disability (e.g. cerebral palsy, chronic lung disease), and health-care costs. The outcome of preterm infants is directly related to the gestational age at delivery. The ...
Narayan Shankar - - 2003
We report the morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight neonates (ELBW) from a tertiary care hospital over seven years (1994-2000). Data regarding maternal and neonatal details was obtained from old records, computer database and medical files. Of the 12,807 live births during this period, 137 (1.07%) were ELBW ...
Machado Carla J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Early infant morbidities may produce adverse outcomes in subsequent life. A low Apgar score is a convenient measure of early infant morbidity. We study determinants of early infant morbidity (sex, plurality, mode of delivery, prior losses, gestational age, prenatal care and birth weight, parity and maternal age, race, maternal ...
Arlettaz Romaine - - 2003
AIMS: Main objectives were 1) to determine the incidence of higher multiple births from 1995 to 1998 in Switzerland, and 2) to evaluate neonatal mortality and morbidity. Secondary objectives were 3) to compare the results with those of matched singletons, and 4) to compare the present data to the first ...
Duman N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate neonatal outcomes, including morbidity, birth weight and gestational age-specific mortality, and care practices for very-low-birth-weight infants admitted to our tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in Turkey and compare these with the corresponding data from recent reports from developed countries. METHODS: Perinatal data were collected prospectively from January ...
Ziino A J - - 2003
Epinephrine is a cardiac stimulant with complex effects on the heart and blood vessels. It has been used for decades in all age groups to treat cardiac arrest and bradycardia. Despite formal guidelines for the use of epinephrine in neonatal resuscitation, the evidence for these recommendations has not yet been ...
Lamer Philippe - - 2002
The use of a single dose of antenatal steroids to facilitate fetal lung maturation in the expectant management of threatened preterm birth has significantly improved the mortality and morbidity of premature infants worldwide. In some settings, the evidence for this practice has been extrapolated with self-reports of up to 6 ...
Ramsey Patrick S - - 2002
A decrease in the rate of preterm births and the prevention of prematurity-associated neurodevelopmental morbidity are critical for the reduction of neurodevelopmental disability. Efforts to reduce the overall preterm delivery rate have been unsuccessful. Although progress has been achieved in the prevention of short-term neonatal morbidity over the past several ...
Sirimai Korakot K Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, - - 2002
To identify maternal and infant morbidity and mortality from birth before arrival at Siriraj Hospital. Prospective case-control study. Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University. Three hundred and twenty patients, who had delivered at Siriraj Hospital, were divided into two groups. The study group consisted ...
Lin Y L - - 2003
Acute appendicitis is the most common cause of abdominal pain requiring surgery in children. But it is an uncommon entity in young children and rare in infants. During a 10-year period, between January 1991 and December 2000, 7 infants (age from 17 days to 8 months) were treated for acute ...
Grable Ian A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to design a decision analytic model to evaluate the optimal length of time for expectant management after preterm premature rupture of the membranes between 32 and 36 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Five models were created for 32 to 36 weeks' gestation. Probabilities for outcomes were obtained ...
Harper Rita G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess if there have been changes in survival, demographic data, obstetric features, neonatal morbidity, and short-term neurologic/radiographic/neurosensory outcome of 500- to 800-g infants born in a tertiary care neonatal center from 1990 through 1998. STUDY DESIGN: Records of all 500- to 800-g infants born at North Shore University ...
Ameh E A - - 2002
Infants with intussusception in tropical Africa frequently present late. Intestinal resection for gangrene or perforation may warrant a right hemicolectomy. Over a period of 11 year, 15 (45.5%) of 33 infants with intussusception required bowel resection, 10 of which were right hemicolectomies. The age range of those who had right ...
Moss William - - 2002
Although post-neonatal and child mortality rates have declined dramatically in many developing countries in recent decades, neonatal mortality rates have remained relatively unchanged. Neonatal mortality now accounts for approximately two-thirds of the 8 million deaths in children less than 1 year of age, and nearly four-tenths of all deaths in ...
Papadopoulos Nikos T - - 2002
Over 97% of the 203 male medflies monitored in a lifetime study of their behaviour exhibited what we term supine behaviour (temporary upside-down orientation) starting an average of 16.1 days prior to their death (mean lifespan of 61.7 days). Supine onset increased the mortality risk by 39.5-fold and a unit ...
Vershubsky Galina - - 2002
Infants with body mass at birth deviating from the mean values exhibit higher level of mortality. The absence of the expressed phenotype deviations refers to the preservation and heredity of the most adopted genotypes (reference values). The newborns out of the adaptive norm are morbidity-prone. The reference value for body ...
Horbar Jeffrey D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Medical care for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and their mothers has changed dramatically during the 1990s, yet it is unclear how these changes have affected mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVE: We used the Vermont Oxford Network Database to identify trends in clinical practice and patient outcomes for VLBW ...
Hougard Jean-Marc - - 2002
Vector control remains an important component of malaria control, particularly in Africa where most infant deaths occur. Among the different methods, insecticide-treated bednets seem to be a suitable way to reduce morbidity and child mortality in endemic areas. To facilitate their large-scale use and to investigate alternative vector control methods, ...
Al-Nuaim Lulu A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study is to reflect on our experience on an optimal management for major postpartum hemorrhage, which would prevent the occurrence and complications of disseminated intravascular coagulation and minimize maternal mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Ten cases out of the 30,000 of total deliveries of severe ...
Bolt R J - - 2002
The development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the human fetus is a complex process. The feto-placental unit may be responsible for important maturational processes in vital organ systems in the fetus. A late gestational cortisol surge may be important in fetal maturation, particularly maturation of the lungs. Several striking ...
Wijnberger Lia D E - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: In the case of threatened preterm delivery, repeat administration of antenatal corticosteroids is a common practice in women who have not delivered 7-14 days after the first course of corticosteroids. However, the benefits of this policy as compared to single-course administration have not been proven. AIM: Our purpose was ...
Chou Hung-Chieh - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study compared the neonatal outcome between infants born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and after natural conception at National Taiwan University Hospital. METHODS: All medical records of women who underwent IVF and gave birth at our hospital from January 1995 to December 1996 were reviewed. The ...
Banks Beverly A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether the increased neonatal mortality following repeated courses of antenatal corticosteroids (ANCS), observed in the Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone (TRH) Trial, was related to confounding maternal risk factors or specific preterm morbidities. STUDY DESIGN: A post hoc analysis of 595 TRH trial neonates, 26 to 32 weeks' gestation, studied the ...
Mukhopadhyay S - - 2002
The impact of selected socio-demographic factors on reported obstetric morbidity during antepartum and postpartum periods was studied through a cross-sectional retrospective survey carried out in rural areas of three districts of West Bengal, India. During their most recent live births, 56.6% of mothers reported at least one morbid condition. Mothers ...
Lindner Wolfgang - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of premature rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios before 20 weeks of gestation (PROM20) on acute respiratory morbidity and on short-term outcome in infants with a gestational age >or=24 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: A historic cohort study was performed of all infants born after PROM20 with a ...
Hawton Keith - - 2002
Following increasing concern in the UK about the mortality and morbidity associated with self-poisoning with analgesics, especially paracetamol (Tylenol, acetaminophen), legislation was introduced in 1998 to modify packs sold over-the-counter. The most important change was a reduction in the maximum size of packs. In this paper the background to the ...
Darin Niklas - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: We wanted to estimate the birth prevalence of multiple congenital contractures (MCC), determine the cause of the MCC according to the primary level of involvement of the developing motor system, and compare the different groups in terms of inheritance, mortality, and morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiologic study through ...
Ehrenberg H M - - 2001
Preterm premature rupture of membranes remains an important cause of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Although the underlying pathophysiology remains largely undefined, subclinical infection has been implicated both in the mechanism of membrane rupture and the resultant neonatal morbidity. The use of maternal systemic antibiotics reduces both neonatal ...
Vidaeff A C - - 2001
After decades of caution and reticence, by the early 1990s, the use of antenatal corticosteroids was accepted as a pharmacologic intervention to reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with prematurity. Many prospective studies yielded robust evidence to support the use of corticosteroids for fetal maturation. Their use is no longer ...
Choi S H - - 2001
The development and evolution of fetal surgery and the recognition of the fetus as a patient came from two sources. First, were those obstetricians and perinatologists who detected life threatening anomalies before birth, and re-described a hidden mortality arising from death in utero. Ultrasonography, color Doppler ultrasound and ultrafast fetal ...
Ayaya S O - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Perinatal morbidity (PNM) is highest in the developing countries including Kenya. Studies on the perinatal morbidity in Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) have not been carried out. Furthermore, factors associated with PNM are unknown at the MTRH. OBJECTIVE: To establish the causes and incidence of perinatal morbidity at ...
Hohlagschwandtner M - - 2001
The purpose was to assess differences in neonatal morbidity and mortality between maternally transferred, neonatally transferred and inborn neonates. We evaluated a continuous series of all antenatal transported infants (ATI, n=247) and postnatal transported infants (PTI, n=34) to the NICU and all preterm inborns (NTI, n=120) delivered at the University ...
Holmes P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the hypothesis that repetitive variable heart rate decelerations in labor are associated with an increased incidence of neonatal complications in premature infants. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study. Singleton fetuses weighing between 750 and 2500 g at 25-35 weeks' gestation were considered for the study. Fetuses ...
Furman B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors for development of neonatal morbidity in cases of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: The study population consisted of 2326 singleton preterm births occurring between 1994 and 1997 at Soroka University Medical Center. The neonatal morbidity included respiratory distress syndrome, intraventricular hemorrhage (grade ...
Ahner R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcome of infants born between 23 and 28 completed weeks of gestational age for whom aggressive obstetric management was performed. METHODS: Prenatal data were collected retrospectively from medical records. Neonatal mortality, early morbidity, and the outcome at one year corrected ...
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