Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 548
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Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
Matthew Baillie's treatise on morbid anatomy marks the first systematic textbook on this topic. Approximately 250 years ago, Baillie made detailed descriptions of childhood hydrocephalus in his often forgotten treatise. The present paper reviews this pioneering scientist's life and discusses his original contributions to the description of hydrocephalus in children. ...
Becher J-C - - 2007
The contribution of intrapartum events to asphyxia-related mortality and morbidity and the degree to which it may be prevented are controversial. We examined trends in asphyxia-related mortality and morbidity in a single large regional perinatal centre. Between 1994 and 2005, the rate of asphyxia fell from 2.86/1000 births in 1994 ...
Sola Augusto - - 2008
Neonatal stroke is increasingly recognized in preterm and term infants, and the rate of arterial ischemic infarction occurring around the time of birth is as high as the annual incidence of large-vessel ischemic stroke in adults. Thus, neonatal stroke is a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality, and a ...
Baschat Ahmet A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Nucleated red blood cells (NRBC) are fetal hematologic markers for placental dysfunction, hypoxemia, and asphyxia. NRBC count elevation at birth or persistence is linked statistically to adverse outcome, but clinical predictive value is variable. We studied novel indices to better define overall magnitude of NRBC response. STUDY DESIGN: Peripheral ...
Burns Lucy - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine the population prevalence and correlates of neonatal abstinence syndrome among neonates born to women on methadone, using a cross-sectional analysis of linked population health data. A total of 2941 live births to women actively on methadone at delivery were analysed over an ...
Saigal Saroj - - 2007
The primary goals of modern perinatal intensive care are to improve survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of high-risk infants. The detailed assessments at follow-up in the early years provide us with valuable information on the performance of the children at a given point in time. With increasing age of the subjects, ...
Christian Parul S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Micronutrient deficiencies during pregnancy may be linked to poor newborn health and host defenses against infection. We assessed newborn morbidity to determine the impact of four combinations of antenatal micronutrient supplements. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized, double-masked, controlled trial. SETTING: Rural community in Nepal. INTERVENTIONS: Women received daily supplements from early pregnancy ...
Vohr Betty R - - 2007
Reports of outcomes for very low birth weight infants have evolved from an early focus on survival and neonatal morbidities to the comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the relationships between neonatal interventions and morbidity and neurodevelopmental status in early childhood. Post discharge findings are frequently the primary outcome for antenatal ...
Wong Sharon H - - 2008
AIMS: To assess the cardiac outcome and risk factors for mortality of infants following the arterial switch operation (ASO). METHODS: A single-centre retrospective review was conducted. Preoperative assessment, operative management and outcome was detailed for 244 patients undergoing the ASO at Green Lane Hospital for transposition of the great arteries ...
Claydon J E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Although our knowledge about how to care for high-risk neonates who require intensive care is continually improving, disparities in health outcomes among various ethnic groups living in developed countries are becoming more evident. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for neonatal intensive care unit ...
Garne Ester - - 2007
To describe treatment, survival, and morbidity for liveborn infants with isolated transposition of great arteries (TGA). Population-based data from 7 European registries of congenital malformations (EUROCAT). Ninety-seven infants were diagnosed with isolated TGA and livebirth prevalence was 2.0 per 10,000 livebirths. The majority of infants were treated with prostaglandins (83%) ...
McClure E M - - 2007
Of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 500,000 maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide, almost 99% are in developing countries and one-third are associated with infections. Implementation of proven interventions and targeted research on a select number of promising high-impact preventative and curative interventions are essential to achieve Millennium Development ...
Wilson Roneé E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence of obstetric near-misses and their consequences. DATA SOURCES: PUBMED, OVID, and references of retrieved articles were used. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Only 13 original articles describe the occurrence of obstetric/maternal near-miss morbidity to date. All were included in this review, in addition to other articles ...
Badr Lina Kurdahi - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the time of birth and the mortality and morbidity of infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units. DESIGN: This prospective, cohort study examined the records of women and infants admitted to the NICUs of four hospitals in Beirut, ...
Soong Wen-Jue - - 2007
Ingestion of button battery (BB) by toddlers has been seen with increasing frequency over the past decade. Significant morbidity may develop if the ingested BB cannot be removed in time. Herein, we describe 2 infants whose ingested BBs were smoothly and successfully retrieved, from a stenotic esophagus and stomach, by ...
Baschat Ahmet A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To identify specific estimates and predictors of neonatal morbidity and mortality in early onset fetal growth restriction due to placental dysfunction. METHODS: Prospective multicenter study of prenatally diagnosed growth-restricted liveborn neonates of less than 33 weeks of gestational age. Relationships between perinatal variables (arterial and venous Dopplers, gestational age, ...
Fanaroff Avroy A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To document the mortality and morbidity of infants weighing 501-1500 g at birth according to gestational age, birthweight, and sex. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective collection of perinatal events and neonatal course to 120 days of life, discharge, or death from January 1990 through December 2002 for infants born at 16 ...
Sobande A A - - 2007
A retrospective study was conducted over a 10-year period on 32,000 maternities at Abha General Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia, to estimate the contribution of eclampsia and severe pre-eclampsia to maternal mortality and morbidity and also fetal wastage. It included 18 cases of eclampsia and 297 cases of severe pre-eclampsia. Multiple ...
Huston R K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between enteral water infusion for hypernatremia and significant intestinal morbidity in infants <or=1000 grams. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study of 321 infants <or=1000 g birth weight. Infants were grouped by the highest serum sodium (mmol/l) during the first 14 days of life as ...
Aslam Muhammad - - 2007
Outcome of all live births at 21-28 weeks' gestation (GA) and/or <1250 g birth weight (BW) over an eight-year period were reviewed and compared with other outcome data. Causes of mortality were ascertained for all deaths. Significant morbidities were reviewed among <25 weeks GA and/or <800 g survivors over a ...
Kuremu R T - - 2007
Gastrointestinal tract perforation in neonates is a serious problem associated with high morbidity and mortality. Co-morbid factors, particularly prematurity and low birth weight, impact negatively on the outcome. This article highlights issues related to diagnosis and treatment with a view to improving the poor prognosis found in this condition.
Gilbert W M - - 2006
The consequences of preterm birth (PTB), to the individual and society at large, remain a major financial and personal burden. Babies born at the limits of viability, who survive, often have major neurological impairments, such as cerebral palsy, developmental delay and blindness. The cost of initial hospitalisation is more than ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of culture proven intrauterine infection on preterm morbidity and to test the effect of antimicrobial treatment. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted between October 1997 and February 2001 in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes or preterm labor. Vaginal swabs were sampled and amniocentesis for ...
Dainer Hugh - - 2007
Disabled submarine (DISSUB) survivors will achieve inert gas tissue saturation within 24 h. Direct ascent to the surface when saturated carries a high risk of decompression sickness (DCS) and death, yet may be necessary during rescue or escape. O(2) has demonstrated benefits in decreasing morbidity and mortality resulting from DCS ...
Walsh Michele C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Postnatal corticosteroids were widely used in the 1990s in an attempt to reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. However, high rates of short-term adverse effects and impaired neurodevelopmental outcomes were seen. In early 2002, a joint statement of the American Academy of Pediatrics and Canadian Paediatric Society called for ...
Siddiqui Ali - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LGBP) with open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (OGBP) to determine which approach resulted in better clinical outcomes and cost effectiveness in patients with morbid obesity. METHODS: A decision-analysis model was constructed to evaluate outcomes of LGBP versus OGBP ...
Balthasar A J R - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In infants less than 1 year of age, the value of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is controversial. It is believed to cause more morbidity and to have higher failure rates. We analyzed our data enlarging the reported pool of ETV outcome in infants less than 1 year of age. ...
Geller Stacie E - - 2006
The Safe Motherhood Initiative is a global effort to reduce deaths and illnesses among women and infants. Despite the relatively low maternal mortality rate in the United States, ensuring safe motherhood is still critical. For several reasons, it is important to study maternal mortality and morbidity. First, the pregnancy-related mortality ...
Fanaroff Avroy A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hypotension affects close to half of all ELBW infants, yet an agreement on its definition is still lacking. Despite the fact that neonatal hypotension may be a risk factor for neurologic impairment, there is a paucity of data on the impact of low blood pressure (BP) in extremely low ...
Herber-Jonat Susanne - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to compare survival and morbidity until discharge in infants born after 22-23 versus 24 weeks' gestational age (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study of all infants 25 weeks or less, born in 3 tertiary perinatal centers (1999-2003). RESULTS: Of a total of 336 infants, 133 (40%) ...
Abdel-Latif Mohamed E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To assess risk-adjusted early (within 7 days) mortality and major morbidities of newborn infants at < 32 weeks' gestation who are admitted after office hours to a regional Australian network of NICUs where statewide caseload is coordinated and staffed by on-floor registrars working in shift rosters. We hypothesize that ...
Ganzevoort Wessel - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We explored the association between clinical parameters at admission and the subsequent development of major maternal complications or adverse infant outcome in women with hypertensive complications of pregnancy remote from term. STUDY DESIGN: We drew data from a randomized trial of temporizing management in 216 patients with hemolysis, elevated ...
Escobar G J - - 2006
Newborns of 30-34 weeks gestation comprise 3.9% of all live births in the United States and 32% of all premature infants. They have been studied much less than very low birthweight infants. To measure in-hospital outcomes and readmission within three months of discharge of moderately premature infants. Prospective cohort study ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie K - - 2006
Research about neonatal outcomes among late preterm infants (34 weeks through 36 6/7 weeks of gestation) is limited. Understanding which late preterm infants are at risk for neonatal morbidity or mortality is necessary to improve health outcomes and reduce hospital costs. We conducted a population-based cohort study of "healthy," singleton ...
Fanaroff Jonathan M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypotension may be a risk factor for neurologic impairment. Few studies have examined the impact of low blood pressure in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants weighing 400 to 999 g on neurodevelopmental outcome. OBJECTIVES: We set out to explore the relationship between treated hypotension in the first ...
Schimmel Michael S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether excess mortality, neonatal morbidity, and congenital malformations occurred in in vitro fertilization (IVF) conceived compared with naturally conceived singleton, twin and triplet very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. DESIGN: Population-based observational study from 1995 through 2002. SETTING: Israel National VLBW infant database. PATIENT(S): A total of ...
Smit-Wu Mei-Nga - - 2006
Since vacuum-related neonatal morbidity has been described in many studies clinical observation of neonates is common practice after vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery. However, no guidelines are available regarding the required length of hospital stay of these infants, because little is known about the first onset of complaints due to vacuum extraction-related ...
Rupp Michael R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We have previously reported 10 indoor sting attacks by imported fire ants, most of which involved frail elderly people in the Southeastern United States. Since the range of these insects is expanding and attacks often attract media attention, we hypothesized that additional attacks of which we were unaware may ...
Patel Vikram - - 2006
Depression following childbirth is associated with poor child growth in developing countries. We describe the association between psychological morbidity during pregnancy and low birth weight (<2.5 kg). A cohort of 270 mothers was recruited from a district hospital in Goa, India; all mothers were interviewed with a screening questionnaire for ...
Laudito Antonio - - 2006
Despite dramatic progress in neonatal cardiac surgery, prematurity and low birth weight remain risk factors for poor outcome. Attempts to delay intervention with supportive therapy have been shown to increase morbidity and mortality. We present a case of an 840 gram, 28-week gestation newborn with tetralogy of Fallot, in whom ...
Hosono Shigeharu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the mortality and morbidity of infants born at 22-24 weeks gestation. METHODS: A total of 78 infants born at 22-24 weeks gestation, who were admitted between January 1991 through December 2000, were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Seventy-one of 78 infants were ...
Nassar Anwar H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Magnesium sulfate continues to be widely used as a tocolytic agent despite a paucity of evidence supporting its use. Many practitioners use prolonged courses of magnesium sulfate, sometimes for months. This study was conducted to determine maternal and neonatal outcome of patients exposed to prolonged tocolytic magnesium sulfate. METHODS: ...
Wang Yeou-Lih - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the unscarred uterus is a rare and potentially catastrophic event. We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with this condition to analyze their obstetric and gynecologic history and evaluate maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A total of 11 cases of rupture of the unscarred gravid ...
Law W L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM), Portsmouth (P) POSSUM and colorectal (CR) POSSUM in laparoscopic colorectal resection. METHODS: Observed mortality and morbidity rates in 400 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection were compared with those predicted by POSSUM, ...
Genzel-Boroviczény Orsolya - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Population- but also center-based mortality and major morbidity rates of premature infants are essential for prenatal counseling and quality control. METHODS: Records of all infants <30 + 6 weeks (n=674) admitted (1991-2000) to a single neonatal intensive care unit were reviewed and compared to the state-wide mortality. RESULTS: Six ...
Ayabakan Canan - - 2006
Transvenous pacemaker lead implantation is the preferred method of pacing in adult patients. Lead performance and longevity are superior and the implantation approach can be performed under local anaesthetic with a very low morbidity. In children, and especially in neonates and infants, the epicardial route was traditionally chosen until the ...
Tomashek Kay M - - 2006
Perinatal conditions account for 60% of US neonatal deaths, yet little is known about rates of morbidity attributable to these conditions. To estimate these rates, we analysed newborn hospital discharges from the National Hospital Discharge Survey. We used International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to classify ...
Davis Peter G - - 2006
The Neonatal Review Group of the Cochrane Collaboration is dedicated to improving outcomes of newborn infants through the collection and synthesis of the highest quality evidence. Much has been achieved with limited resources. Future challenges for the group are to maintain and extend current reviews of therapeutic interventions, to develop ...
Ogunyemi D - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome between exposure to single vs multiple courses of antenatal corticosteroids (AC) in pre-term births. The study involved 704 neonates delivered between 24-32 weeks. Maternal and perinatal outcome were compared between 294 (42%) neonates who received no AC; 257 (36%) who ...
Weber Christina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the mortality and morbidity for extremely preterm infants with a gestational age from 22 to 26 weeks. All infants were born in Austria during the years 1999-2001. METHODS: Data were collected from 16 neonatal intensive care units in Austria. Main ...
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