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Results 501 - 544 of 544
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Somer H - - 1985
A 39-year-old man had protracted vomiting after gastric plication for morbid obesity. Within three months he lost 53 kg in weight and developed neuromuscular weakness, especially in the lower extremities. Clinical and laboratory studies suggested both radicular and peripheral neuropathy. One year later the condition was only marginally improved: he ...
Baruffi G - - 1984
This study compares 796 pregnancy outcomes at a maternity center (BMC) with 804 hospital (TJUH) pregnancy outcomes. The samples of pregnant women from the participating institutions were matched on sociodemographic characteristics; analysis of outcomes was performed controlling for medical-obstetric risk. Differences between the institutions were found mainly among women with ...
Yu V Y - - 1984
The survival of 163 infants born within the hospital at 24-28 weeks gestation during a 4 1/2-year period and the morbidity in survivors at 2 years of age were reported. Hospital survival rates from 24-28 weeks at each week of gestation, excluding six infants with birth defects, were 36%, 32%, ...
Holmes R C - - 1984
We have studied the infants in fifty pregnancies affected by pemphigoid gestationis (herpes gestationis). There was a significant increase in the frequency of infants that were 'small for dates'. As such infants have a raised mortality and morbidity it follows that in pemphigoid gestationis the fetal prognosis is impaired. In ...
Chojnacka H - - 1984
Analysis of the structure of real morbidity among children in Lagos, Nigeria, reveals that the leading diseases were of hygienic, nutritional and perinatal origin. These diseases were highly concentrated in infancy and early childhood; in the case of the former, the concentration was greater among boys than girls. During the ...
Omene J A - - 1984
Twenty-seven Nigerian infants with osteomyelitis during the first 28 days of life are presented to highlight the severity of the clinical manifestations and the radiological features of this infection. The clinical signs include limitation of movement of the extremities involved and localized swelling. Severe constitutional changes such as fever (greater ...
Svenningsen N W - - 1984
A one-year population comprising 119 infants of 113 mothers with hypertension in pregnancy has been studied regarding fetal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The overall incidence of hypertension in pregnancy was 3.7%, but was higher in preterm deliveries (from 16.6% in gestational weeks 25-29 to 8.6% in gestational weeks 34-36). ...
DeAngelis C - - 1983
Our medical center has an unwritten policy of admitting all febrile infants younger than 2 months of age. We studied this practice during a three-year period to determine what proportion of the febrile infants who came to the outpatient department were admitted. The characteristics of the infants who were not ...
Worthington D - - 1983
Factors influencing survival and morbidity in a group of 214 consecutively delivered very low birth weight infants (500 to 1500 g) are examined. The perinatal mortality was 313 per 1000 births. Of 185 live-born, congenitally normal infants, 133 (72%) were discharged alive. Respiratory distress syndrome was the most common form ...
Shapiro S - - 1983
Neonatal mortality and morbidity among infants surviving to 1 year of age in eight geographic areas have been compared to determine whether recent decreases in mortality have affected the risk of infants having congenital anomalies or developmental delay. Mortality was obtained from birth and death records in 1976 and either ...
Grausz J P - - 1983
Perinatal asphyxia at term is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. In many instances obstetric or maternal complications during pregnancy, labor, or delivery account for the asphyxia, but there is a group of infants in whom asphyxia occurs without any recognizable risk factors. The histories of 1602 infants were ...
Carmichael A - - 1983
The prevalence and patterns of illness and behavioural disturbances in a birth cohort of 273 infants followed longitudinally are reported. Four percent of infants showed serious morbidity, due to congenital abnormality, chronic illness or gross psychosocial disturbance in the family. Episodic and continuing or recurrent illness was common, but caused ...
Naeye R L - - 1983
A study was undertaken to determine why there is such variability in morbidity and mortality in neonates exposed to antenatal chorioamnionitis. Villous edema provides a clue. It was present in 72/83 placentas with chorioamnionitis. The extent and severity of the edema had a strong, positive correlation with cord arterial blood ...
Hutchings D L - - 1983
The design and results of a mail survey of a simple random sample of southwestern Ontario feedlot owners are presented. The survey provided general data about management of feedlot calves and the association between a number of factors and disease and/or death rates. The number of calves purchased was related ...
Arias F - - 1982
A population of 489 low birth weight infants was studied to identify specific subgroups with high neonatal morbidity and mortality. It was found that 134 (27.4%) of these infants were born at term but were small for gestational age. The other 355 were preterm and contributed most of the mortality ...
Wenner H A - - 1982
New information accrues periodically in the ledger accounting for infections and diseases associated with the human enteroviruses. The discoveries of "new" serotypes and how they affect people are subjects of continuing attention. Some other relevant information on "old" serotypes relates to variations in age-specific attack rates and associated morbidity and ...
Evers S E - - 1982
A cohort study of health status was undertaken to determine the patterns of morbidity in the first year of life for Indian and non-Indian infants living in southern Ontario. The annual incidence of office-reported health problems was 8.0 episodes for the 99 Indians and 4.5 for the 316 non-Indians studied. ...
Kafatos A G - - 1982
Perinatal and infant mortality is a serious public health problem throughout the world. Its prevention has major social, medical, and economic implications. Prospective and retrospective studies of pregnancy and infancy in many populations of the world have resulted in the definition of risk factors correlated with perinatal morbidity and mortality. ...
Johnson D E - - 1981
Prenatal administration of glucocorticoids has been shown to decrease in incidence and severity of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants, but little is known regarding the immediate economic impact of this reduction in respiratory morbidity. This study retrospectively examined 342 infants born during 1978 and 1979 and hospitalized in the ...
Robinson R O - - 1981
Twenty newborn infants with clinically apparent intraventricular haemorrhage were studied in order to determine the factors associated with mortality and morbidity. Ten survived, 4 without handicap and 2 with only moderate handicap. Maturity and not size of haemorrhage appeared to be the main factor affecting mortality and morbidity at 1 ...
Svigos J M - - 1981
A retrospective analysis was made of 110 macrosomic infants in an effort to detect predictive factors which may influence the management of labour and delivery of such infants. Clinical suspicion of a macrosomic infant by the obstetrician was the most constant predictive factor antenatally. Measures to reduce the increased maternal ...
Smucker C M - - 1980
Summary First-year mortality in rural Uttar Pradesh is characterized by a predominance (60 per cent) of deaths during the first month of life, of which 66 per cent are reported to be due to tetanus. This pattern is not typical of the historical experience of many developed countries and the ...
Milligan J E - - 1980
Accomplishing reduction of the neonatal mortality rate in the infant weighing less than 1,500 grams accounts for one of the major areas of potential impact in obstretrics today. Of the 8,169 live births occurring in the Perinatal Unit, Women's College Hospital, between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1978, 79 ...
Davies A M - - 1979
The last 30 years have seen vast changes in the size and composition of the Jewish and Arab populations of Israel. The Jewish population has increased 4 1/2 times but the proportion of aged has increased 10-fold. Infant mortality has decreased considerably and life expectancy has increased for both sexes ...
Callenbach J C - - 1979
A 6-year retrospective review of 53 post-term infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was undertaken to determine whether morbidity and mortality related to uteroplacental insufficiency were confined to infants with the postmaturity syndrome. Objective identification of infants with significant intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was done using the ...
Putnam T C - - 1979
Knowledge of the factors that affect morbidity and mortality in the treatment of congenital malformations of the esophagus should result in better planning of their surgical management with increased likelihood of success. In 39 infants studied, associated anomalies, low birth weight, and postoperative respiratory complications were the factors responsible for ...
Mesker J - - 1979
During a two-month period in general practice we compared morbidity records from the teaching practices at Southampton, UK, and Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Although the commonest conditions - emotional disorders, upper respiratory tract infection, and musculo-skeletal disorders - were equally prevalent, obesity was five times as prevalent and hypertension and urinary ...
McIntosh S - - 1979
Anticipation of Franconi's anemia prior to the development of overt marrow aplasia may prevent some morbidity and mortality from infectious and hemorrhagic complications. A presumptive diagnosis was made in a firstborn child and radial anomalies, small size, elevated fetal hemoglobin, intermittent excessive chromosome breakage and elevated T-antigen expression in fibroblasts ...
Heselson N G - - 1978
The radiological findings in five infants, with chondrodysplasia punctata, who died during the neonatal period are presented to illustrate the role of radiology in diagnosis and prognosis in this syndrome. Rhizomelic shortening of the limbs almost inevitably indicates an early demise. In the non-rhizomelic group, features such as excessive stippling ...
Soler N G - - 1978
While the modern approach to management of diabetic pregnancy has reduced the perinatal mortality significantly, the neonatal morbidity remains high. This study has investigated factors which may account for the persisting high neonatal morbidity when birth trauma has been virtually eliminated and the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) considerably ...
Koch J - - 1978
It has been documented that the care given to the high-risk neonate in the first moments after birth correlates with the incidence of mortality and morbidity in the first 24 hours of life. In an effort to reach optimal outcome for each individual infant, Columbia Hospital for Women developed an ...
Fayez J A - - 1978
A 14-month prospective study of patients with premature rupture of the membranes was performed. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of different therapeutic regimens for management of premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) on perinatal morbidity and mortality, as well as on maternal morbidity. Maternal and ...
Mollitt D L - - 1978
This report critically evaluates the fluid requirements of 30 infants with gastroschisis. Fluid requirements were unrelated to gestational age, birth weight, or type of repair. Twenty-five percent of the fluid was colloid needed to restore intravascular volume and oncotic pressure, the balance consisting of Ringer's lactate solution. These data support ...
Jen I - - 1978
The incidence of scabies has been progressively increasing during the last decade. The contrast of clinical manifestations seen in children and adults can make the diagnosis difficult in infants. Up-to-date treatment regimes described provide effective results and should be provided for all family members and close contacts. Only through such ...
Adelstein P - - 1977
A method is described of using matched pairs of index infants and controls to examine the hypothesis that induction or some other obstetric practice is associated with increased morbidity in the mature infant. All infants over 2250 g and 37 weeks gestation, without severe congenital defect or history of severe ...
Mead P B - - 1977
Of 43 women admitted with premature rupture of the membranes between 27 and 32 weeks' gestation, 27 received antepartum glucocorticoid with delivery timed to occur approximately 24 hours after the first dose of steriod. Sixteen patients did not receive glucocorticoid and were managed expectantly. Neonatal mortality was significantly less in ...
Sunshine P - - 1977
The intractable diarrhoea syndrome of infancy continues to be a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the paediatrician and paediatric gastroenterologist. A carefully organized, staged approach to diagnosis will provide the best method of identifying those infants in whom a specific aetiology exists and for whom specific therapy is often ...
Glueck C J - - 1976
Longevity and morbidity and death from myocardial infarction were examined in eight kindreds with familial hypobeta lipoproteinemia and in 18 kindreds with familial hyperalpha lipoproteinemia. Expectation of life for males and females from kindreds with hypobeta lipoproteinemia was 9 and 12 years longer (p less than or equal to 0.002) ...
Ting P - - 1975
We performed a retrospective study of the morbidity and mortality rates of 125 infants, born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and admitted to the newborn intensive-care unit for observation. A comparison was made of maternal age, history of toxemia, type of anesthesia, duration of analgesia, presence of cord complications, abnormalities of ...
Malan A F - - 1975
A format setting out and comparing perinatal deaths is presented. It is not new, but has not previously been used in South Africa. Gestational age and birthweight are considered, and group predictions for mortality (and indirectly for morbidity) are made, and can be used for comparison.
Morrison I - - 1975
A five-year review of 127 elderly patients (35 years of age and over), in their first pregnancies, defines the risk to the fetus in terms of perinatal death and neonatal morbidity. With the equivalent of a perinatal mortality rate of 94/1,000, an 11 per cent incidence of small-for-dates infants, and ...
Hayhurst E G - - 1975
In two newborn infants, morbidity was associated with long-term use of polyvinyl chloride feeding tubes. In one case, a hard, sharp catheter was thought to be responsible for peritonitis. In other, the polyvinyl tube hardened into a coil that could only be extricated by introduction of an intraluminal guide wire ...
Purriel P - - 1973
The number of hospital cases of hydatid disease diagnosed in Uruguay during the 10 years 1962-1971 was determined by retrospective survey of all medical and surgical centres on three occasions. The annual index of hospital cases was compared with the estimated real prevalence of infection in man determined by extrapolation ...
Maynard J E - - 1970
One of the most serious problems affecting the American Eskimo is that of disease and death in infants. A study undertaken to inquire into the growth and development components and the nutritional components of this morbidity and mortality and to verify and amplify the inadequate health statistics relating to this ...
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