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Results 451 - 500 of 546
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di Rocco C - - 1992
Out of 276 children with craniosynostosis operated on in a 9 year period, 231 were operated on under 1 year of age. According to the sutures involved in the process of early fusion, two groups of infants were individuated. Patients belonging to the first group were characterized by the involvement ...
Kasirye-Bainda E - - 1992
A six month prospective study of neonatal morbidity and mortality of the newborn unit (NBU) at Kenyatta National Hospital is presented. Of the 126 infants delivered in the maternity unit, 967 (30%) ended up in the NBU and 562 (59.8%) were low birth weight (LBW); 79.3% were appropriate for gestational ...
Iuchtman M - - 1992
During a 10-year period, 313 infants were treated at the Hospital for Sick Children for esophageal atresia, of whom 46 had features of the VACTERL association. These 46 patients had a mortality rate of 24%, most deaths being caused by cardiovascular abnormalities. Infants weighing less than 2,050 g had a ...
Burton D M - - 1992
The use of corticosteroids to reduce the morbidity associated with laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) has been a controversial issue for many years. Recent literature, however, does support a decreased morbidity and increased clinical response when short-term steroids are used. As a prophylactic measure against bacterial superinfection, antibiotics are commonly utilized in the ...
Mercer B M - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: The use of prophylactic antibiotics in the management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes has not been adequately studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of oral erythromycin therapy in the prolongation of latency and reduction of infectious morbidity after preterm premature rupture of ...
Reece S M - - 1991
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections carry high morbidity and mortality, primarily due to meningitis among infants less than 1 year of age. Two new vaccines, HbOC and PRP-OMP, have been developed and licensed to prevent invasive Hib infections in infants and young children. New recommendations advise clinicians to ...
Fleming A D - - 1991
Despite our heightened awareness of placental abruption, this condition remains largely unpreventable. The incidence of placental abruption may actually be on the rise due to increasing use of cocaine and "crack" and a greater contribution from abdominal trauma. Whether recurrence of abruption associated with hypertension can be prevented with low-dose ...
Creinin M - - 1991
The outcome of 13 sets of triplet infants delivered between January 1, 1981, and December 31, 1988, is analyzed with specific regard to immediate neonatal morbidity. Thirty-nine viable infants were born with no perinatal deaths. Overall, 80% of triplet infants incurred some morbidity, including hyperbilirubinemia (51.3%), hypoglycemia (30.8%), respiratory distress ...
Amit Y - - 1991
Gram-negative septicemia at times causes morbidity and mortality in newborn nurseries. Prophylactic intravenous immunoglobulin results in a significant decrease in incidence and severity of septicemia resulting from infection in infants. The present case report describes the successful use of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin in a Flavobacterium-induced thrombocytopenia in a premature infant.
Hagadorn-Freathy A S - - 1991
In February 1988, an ACOG Committee Opinion substantially revised the classification of forceps operations. The revision addressed two significant shortcomings of the old system: Outlet forceps had been defined too narrowly and midforceps too imprecisely. We now report the results of a prospective study of 357 forceps deliveries classified using ...
Stones W - - 1991
This study was designed to investigate the pattern of obstetric morbidity and to determine the frequency of serious life-threatening episodes as a basis for clinical audit. The records of over 2,000 maternities from a National Health Service Consultant Unit during a six-month period were analysed. Morbidity was noted in almost ...
Ahmed H M - - 1991
The present work was planned to study morbidity pattern and nutritional status of a group of healthy new borns in a rural area near Alexandria (Abbis II, VIII villages) through a prospective follow up approach. Eighty two infants were followed up for 12 months. Each infant was subjected to 15 ...
Accurso F J - - 1991
Respiratory morbidity and mortality during infancy are important problems in the care of CF patients whether they are diagnosed conventionally or through newborn screening. Although the mechanisms of lung disease in CF remain to be elucidated, two potential pathophysiologic mechanisms--viral infection and undernutrition--can be associated with respiratory morbidity in infancy. ...
Okonofua F E - - 1991
A retrospective review of pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) in 149 women of low socioeconomic status in Nigeria was undertaken. Delivery occurred within 24 h of onset of symptoms in 51 of these women (immediate delivery group), whereas 98 patients were managed conservatively. The mean length ...
Wittenberg J V - - 1990
Five percent to ten percent of all live births are premature. Modern neonatology has dramatically improved survival rates. Morbidity rates, however, are as high as 60%, according to some studies. In this paper, outcome and intervention findings are described. Experiential, familial and socioeconomic factors interact synergistically with preterm birth and ...
Atsma A W - - 1990
Neonatal morbidity, in particular neurological morbidity is a more relevant measure of the effectiveness of obstetrical care than perinatal mortality. Neurological morbidity was assessed in a birth cohort in Grenada, and appeared to be lower than in a reference group examined in Groningen, the Netherlands, in 1975-1978. Perinatal mortality, however, ...
Chansoria M - - 1990
A comparison of mortality and morbidity pattern of hospital admissions of children under 14 years during 1966-68 and 1977-81 has been made. Annual admission rate has increased from 1515 to 2515, which is in proportion to the population increase of 3 lacs from 1966 to 1981. Recently more than 70% ...
Shah Y G - - 1990
The acute maternal morbidity after primary classical and primary low transverse cesarean delivery was compared in preterm gestation. Among 178 patients (77 classical and 101 low transverse), there was no difference in acute maternal morbidity; blood transfusion was used twice as often with the classical operation, but this difference did ...
Zabelle J - - 1990
Hypothermia in infancy is not uncommon among the low socioeconomic population in various parts of the world. It is prevalent in Israel and is associated with severe morbidity and mortality. We tried to identify neonates at risk among the population of the Negev district of Israel. Ninety-one infant hospitalized with ...
McDougald L R - - 1990
Coccidiosis caused by Eimeria necatrix was diagnosed in a flock of 17,640 broiler breeder pullets at 18 weeks of age on a new farm. Mortality and morbidity was excessive in both hens and males, resulting in 10.1% fewer hens capitalized and 15.56% fewer males. Egg production was lower by 4.51% ...
Saunders M P - - 1990
One hundred and twenty-nine infants with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis were referred to one consultant surgeon over a 13-year period. In all cases general anaesthesia was used and a standardized surgical technique followed. No mortality was recorded. Twenty-seven infants had postoperative complications, excluding vomiting. Wound infections developed in 3% of ...
Ernst E - - 1990
The high morbidity of common colds means that their economic importance is considerable, with colds causing more loss of productivity than any other infection. As no effective prophylaxis is available, this trial was to test the hypothesis that sauna bathing can reduce the incidence of common colds. Twenty-five volunteers were ...
Ryan T D - - 1989
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of maternal morbidity associated with in utero transfer. DESIGN: Retrospective study of 190 consecutive cases over two years. SETTING: Liverpool Maternity Hospital. PATIENTS: 190 Pregnant women were transferred to the hospital under the in utero transfer arrangements from district general hospitals both within and outside ...
TambyRaja R L - - 1989
Prematurity remains the major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in Singapore. Prevention of prematurity is therefore of vital importance. Epidemiological methods using historical variables have been superseded by ongoing pregnancy factors including work, exercise and cervical dilatation. PGF levels bear a positive correlation to duration and cervical dilatation but ...
Wood B - - 1989
To provide current clinical information for obstetric decision-making and perinatal management, we present early morbidity and mortality data for extremely premature infants based on obstetric assessment of gestational age. We reviewed the records of 141 live-born infants with birth weights of 1600 g or lower born at a university hospital ...
Bocka J J - - 1989
This paper reports a one-month-old female with a one-week history of low grade fever and rhinorrhea, and one day of intermittent cough and cyanosis. The signs and symptoms are typical for pertussis in an infant less than six months old. The incidence of pertussis in the neonate and infant appears ...
Foley L C - - 1989
This 12-month prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the cost, risk, and benefit of ultrasound followed by upper gastrointestinal series for the evaluation of the infant who vomits. Results suggest minimal morbidity from the upper gastrointestinal series, only a 33% reduction in the number of upper gastrointestinal series performed, and ...
Karma P - - 1989
Perinatal and other morbidity of 96 consecutive infants with acute otitis media (AOM) before the age of 3 months is compared with that of 96 birthday- and sex-matched controls without AOM. Perinatal problems were found in 57 AOM infants and in 38 controls, prematurity and asphyxia being significantly (p less ...
Carlson N J - - 1989
The antepartum death of a fetus in a multiple gestation can be associated with mortality or major morbidity in the survivor. To evaluate the risk after death of one fetus, all cases of multiple gestation complicated by a fetal death were evaluated. There were 17 multiple gestations in which one ...
Donahue L A - - 1989
In an extensive search of the literature 235 cases of intractable hemorrhagic cystitis treated with intravesical formalin were identified. Effectiveness of therapy, rate of recurrence of hematuria, morbidity and mortality were analyzed with respect to concentration of formalin and to the etiology of hematuria. Increasing concentrations of formalin slightly improved ...
Lubchenco L O - - 1989
To evaluate the effect of aggressive intrapartum and early neonatal resuscitation on perinatal mortality, neonatal morbidity, and long-term outcome, we evaluated two groups of low-birth-weight infants who received different intrapartum and early neonatal care. One group of infants was delivered at a university-based regional perinatal center offering both high-risk obstetric ...
McFarlane A C - - 1989
A group of 469 firefighters were studied 4, 11 and 29 months after having an extreme exposure to a bushfire disaster. The relative importance of the impact of the disaster, personality and ways of coping were investigated as determinants of post-traumatic morbidity. Neuroticism and a past history of treatment for ...
MacGillivray I - - 1989
The Belgian maternal mortality rate was 8.6/100,000 births in 1984 but it is probable that underreporting occurred. Data on morbidity from one Belgian hospital are presented. Gestational hypertension occurred in 9% of the women who delivered between 1982 and 1987. Gestational diabetes was observed in 2% of the cases during ...
Lagasse R - - 1989
This paper reviews the results of published and unpublished epidemiological studies on perinatal morbidity in Belgium. The most frequently studied variables are birthweight and gestational age, which are not only morbidity indicators but also morbidity and mortality predictors. Congenital anomalies are studied in Belgium through the results gathered by two ...
López-Llera M - - 1988
The clinical analysis of 46 cases of abruptio placentae complicating eclampsia showed that, (1) the severity of the eclamptic symptoms influenced the extension of the placental separation, (2) older and multiparous women had more complications, larger placental separations and higher mortality, (3) there were ten maternal deaths due to the ...
Kobyliansky E - - 1988
The morbidity rates of newborn infants suffering from jaundice or urinary tract infections (UTI) as well as total morbidity were determined in morphologically different groups of 1088 newborn infants. On the basis of body weight, body length, head circumference and Quetelet's index; the surveyed neonates divided into a modal (MI ...
Seidman D S - - 1988
Grand multiparity has been considered to be a factor in maternal and neonatal morbidity. In addition, families with seven or more children have been associated with low socioeconomic status. To minimize the confounding effect of the socioeconomic status, the outcome of grand multiparity has been investigated in a mostly homogeneous, ...
Fuenfer M M - - 1987
Antenatal maternal glucocorticoid administration has been widely used to accelerate fetal lung maturation. Glucocorticoids have also been used postnatally in selected neonates as antiinflammatory agents. Numerous studies have shown that glucocorticoids inhibit multiple components of the immune system including neutrophil (PMN) function in children and adults. Since PMNs are of ...
de Souza J J - - 1987
The value of maternal C-reactive protein (CRP) levels as predictors of fetal and maternal infective morbidity and fetal mortality was assessed prospectively over a 6-month period in all cases of premature rupture of the fetal membranes or suspected premature labour. Statistical analysis of results showed that CRP at a level ...
Kazzi N J - - 1987
Intravenous administration of ritodrine for tocolysis has been associated with maternal cardiovascular and metabolic changes. Studies with other tocolytic agents, such as isoxsuprine, have shown an increased neonatal morbidity among infants born soon after failure of such therapy. We examined the potential side effects of maternal intravenous ritodrine therapy in ...
Tanbo T G - - 1987
During the period of 1974-83 the records of all grand multiparous women were analysed and compared with an equally large control group consisting of second and third parae. Antenatal complications, the management of and complications in labor, complications in the puerperium, perinatal mortality and neonatal morbidity were recorded and compared ...
Srámová H - - 1987
In this study, medical records of 231 Prague, Czechoslovakia and 234 Moscow, USSR newborn infants treated for various forms of acute inflammatory diseases acquired in the neonatal period, i.e. during both hospital stay and home nursing period, were reviewed with the aim of assessing the epidemiological characteristics of these morbid ...
Konte J M - - 1986
With recent advances in neonatal medicine, the risk of mortality for premature newborns has been markedly reduced. Attention has shifted to the morbidity associated with preterm delivery. Consideration of anticipated neonatal morbidity at a particular gestational age plays an important part in the decision of whether or not to treat ...
Charles D - - 1986
The streptococcus, responsible for inestimable morbidity and mortality among parturient women since the 16th century, is no longer a significant cause of puerperal infection. Although the problem of the group A streptococcus in obstetrics has abated, the obstetrician is now confronted with the group B streptococcus, which is a major ...
Baerthlein W C - - 1986
The present study examines the incidence of maternal and neonatal morbidity associated with delivery from the midpelvis using the vacuum extractor when compared with obstetric forceps. Previous studies have failed to minimize the influence of confounding variables such as maternal and neonatal disease and indication for delivery on outcome when ...
Doyle L W - - 1986
A cohort of 678 consecutive very low birth weight infants, liveborn in one tertiary institution during a 63-month period, was studied to investigate whether antenatal steroid therapy had any beneficial or harmful effects on mortality or morbidity over the first 2 years of life. Comparing the 244 babies who received ...
Guy G - - 1985
Five pregnant Southeast Asian women presenting during a 14-month period with microcytic anemia, preeclampsia, and size-date discrepancies were all ultimately diagnosed as carrying fetuses with homozygous alpha-thalassemia hydrops fetalis. The perinatal complications of this hemoglobin disorder are unique to persons of this ethnic background and include uniform fatality for the ...
Sporken J M - - 1985
Morbidity in the first year of life of 120 infants, born before the 34th wk of pregnancy, was studied in relationship to both duration of pregnancy and birthweight. Moreover, the interrelationships of morbidity in three time-periods (first-hour, first 28 days and first year after delivery) were studied. The major handicap ...
Hager W D - - 1985
Presented is a prospective, controlled study to determine if intrapartum fetal tachycardia is reliable as an indicator of maternal and fetal infectious morbidity. Thirty neonates with defined intrapartum tachycardia were matched by gestational age and weight with 30 control subjects without defined tachycardia. There was a significant difference in maternal ...
Widness J A - - 1985
Of 1839 pregnant women screened prospectively, 52 were identified to have glucose intolerance. Ten additional pregnant women identified as having glucose intolerance before the universal screening were also included in the study cohort. These 62 patients were followed in a perinatal high-risk clinic with weekly plasma glucose determinations. The patients ...
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