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Subramaniam Kala - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Canadian occupational therapists practice in a variety of clinical settings and use different assessment approaches. To understand best practice, this study explored therapists' knowledge use for infant feeding assessments. This was chosen as one specific area of practice to study knowledge use. PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualtitative study ...
McCain Gail C - - 2003
The ability of a preterm infant to make the transition from gavage to oral nipple feeding depends on the infant's neurodevelopment in relation to behavioral organization, to a rhythmic suck-swallow-breathe pattern, and to cardiorespiratory regulation. Research-based knowledge about infant neurodevelopment in these three areas has led to the creation of ...
Law-Morstatt Leslie - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the implementation of a paced feeding protocol in a sample of preterm infants with respiratory diagnoses will result in the development of more efficient sucking patterns, increased weight gain, decreased incidence of bradycardia during feeding, and shorter length of hospital stay. METHOD: A total of 36 ...
ElHennawy Adel A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Approximately half of extremely low birth weight infants have feeding intolerance, which delays their achievement of full enteral feedings. Erythromycin, a motilin receptor agonist, triggers migrating motor complexes and accelerates gastric emptying in adults with feeding intolerance. Few studies have assessed the efficacy of this drug in preterm infants ...
LaGasse L L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feeding difficulties and maternal behaviour during a feeding session with 1 month old infants prenatally exposed to cocaine and/or opiates. METHODS: The study is part of the maternal lifestyle study, which recruited 11 811 subjects at four urban hospitals, then followed 1388 from 1 to 36 months ...
Li Liubai - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Optimal feeding practice in the first year of life is crucial for the survival and health of infants, and has long-term consequences in later life. However, non-optimal feeding practices exist widely. The present study aims to explore various constraints to optimal feeding practices in the first year of life ...
Huang Ching-Feng - - 2003
Thirty-six neonates were randomly assigned to 2 groups of 18 neonates each. In the pacifier group, infants were given a pacifier before milk feeding. Newborns in the control group were fed without preprandial use of a pacifier. Doppler measurement of peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, and Pourcelot resistance index in ...
Einarson Kathleen D - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors contributing to postoperative feeding difficulties in neonates following cardiac surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study used chart audit of 101 consecutive infants who underwent cardiac surgery. Ten variables were analyzed as possible predictors of postoperative feeding difficulties including: diagnosis, demographics, ...
Ozeki Toshinaga - - 2003
A transcutaneous energy transmission system (TETS) for artificial hearts and ventricular assist devices uses electrical coupling of power between external and implanted coils. If the position of coils changes relative to each other, the TETS cannot feed the required power of the implanted device. During activity or sleep, the coils ...
Hwang Sun Kyung - - 2003
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of body position and time after feeding on gastric residuals in low birth weight infants(LBW). METHODS: A repeated measures design was conducted. Twenty LBW infants being fed via indwelling nasogastric tubes were randomly assigned to one of 5 different position orderings. In each position, gastric ...
Sethi Vani - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess current infant feeding practices (IFP) in a relocated slum, to identity the lacunae, to outline, implement, and evaluate the gain in awareness and IFP followed by mothers. METHODS: Thirty-five mothers of infants aged 5-19 months were interviewed. Based on lacunae, Nutrition Education (NE) was imparted to mothers ...
Carroll Andrew M - - 2003
Acipenseriformes (sturgeon and paddlefish) are basal actinopterygians with a highly derived cranial morphology that is characterized by an anatomical independence of the jaws from the neurocranium. We examined the morphological and kinematic basis of prey capture in the Acipenseriform fish Scaphirhynchus albus, the pallid sturgeon. Feeding pallid sturgeon were filmed ...
Standley Jayne M - - 2003
Premature infants are fed by gavage tube before 34 weeks adjusted gestational age and when nipple feeding results in detrimental changes in respiration and heart rate. Nipple feeding skill must be developed and correlates with length of hospitalization and neurobehavioral development. This study provided music reinforcement for nonnutritive sucking and ...
Pickler Rita H - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to describe patterns of bottle feeding opportunities in preterm infants and to analyze the relationships between feeding opportunities and outcomes. SUBJECTS: The smaple was composed of 25 preterm infants who were bottle fed. DESIGN: Retrospective, correlational. METHODS: Data were collected from medical records ...
Lau C - - 2003
Safe oral feeding of infants necessitates the coordination of suck-swallow-breathe. Healthy full-term infants demonstrate such skills at birth. But, preterm infants are known to have difficulty in the transition from tube to oral feeding. AIM: To examine the relationship between suck and swallow and between swallow and breathe. It is ...
Suryavanshi Nishi - - 2003
Exclusive breast-feeding is widely accepted and advocated in India; however, clinicians are now faced with advising women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) about the risks and benefits of other infant feeding options. This study assessed factors that influence the infant feeding decisions of HIV-infected mothers in Pune, India. From ...
Thoyre Suzanne M - - 2003
The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence, severity, pattern, and moderators of oxygen desaturation during preterm infant bottle feeding near the time of discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) when fed by mothers. Twenty-two very low birthweight (VLBW) infants [birthweight 1155+/-293 g, gestational age (GA) ...
Spoon Janie M - - 2003
Baby S began oral feedings on day 8 at 20 ml/kg/day. The infant reached full enteral feedings on day 11 and was subsequently advanced to an ad lib demand schedule. The broviac catheter was removed on day 13. An orthopedic surgeon was consulted to evaluate abnormalities of the upper extremities ...
Berseth Carol Lynn - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 90% of infants who develop necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) do so after being fed. Previous prospective studies have shown that infants given small enteral feedings for the first 7 to 10 days of feeding do not have an increased risk for NEC compared with those given no feedings. Although ...
Brennan J - - 2003
The efficacy of bacitracin methylene disalicylate (BMD) in the management of necrotic enteritis (NE) when fed in combination with narasin was investigated in a floor-pen study of 2,000 broiler chickens using a Clostridium perfringens inoculum challenge model. Treatments consisted of 1) nonchallenged-nonmedicated; 2) challenged-nonmedicated; 3) challenged-narasin (70 ppm); 4) challenged-BMD ...
Maruyama Kenichi - - 2003
We report a case of esophageal perforation caused by a malpositioned feeding tube in a neonate of extremely low birth weight, 632 g. The infant had respiratory distress, which increased rapidly when he was 6 days old. Radiography revealed right-sided hydrothorax that had not been evident a day earlier but ...
Watts Vanessa M - - 2003
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varietal resistance to the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F), was evaluated in hard spring and winter wheat produced 1997, 1998 (Bozeman, Montana). We tested the hypothesis that six Montana-grown spring wheat varieties, 'Ernest', 'Scholar', 'Hi-Line', 'McNeal', 'Newana', and 'Amidon', were equally and strongly resistant to ...
See Pei Lee - - 2003
Seventeen newborns in a general hospital had a successful atrial septostomy when indicated. Mostly done at the bedside under echocardiographical guidance, the successful introduction of this procedure enabled the infants to remain with mother to facilitate feeding and bonding prior to elective transfer to a children's hospital for corrective surgery. ...
Thorley Virginia - - 2003
This article, which is part of a larger historical study of infant-feeding advice received by mothers in Queensland, Australia, identifies and examines print materials that were used by mothers, or that influenced other texts, during the postwar period from 1945 to 1965. The texts are described within the context of ...
Heuschkel Robert B - - 2003
Our purpose was to describe the natural history of isolated neonatal swallowing dysfunction (INSD). Nine infants with INSD are described. Eight presented within two weeks of birth. Symptoms included choking and cyanotic spells with feeds, recurrent aspiration, apnea, stridor, and vomiting. Three had nonspecific neurological abnormalities and were diagnosed later ...
Thoyre Suzanne M - - 2003
The development of early oral feeding skills in the preterm infant is an active and complex area of nursing research. This integrative review summarizes the accumulated nursing research since 1990 that describes feeding the preterm infant during the transition from gavage to full oral feeding. Literature was identified through searches ...
Mizuno Katsumi - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to establish normative maturational data for feeding behavior of preterm infants from 32 to 36 weeks of postconception and to evaluate how the relation between swallowing and respiration changes with maturation. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four infants (28 to 31 weeks of gestation at birth) without complications or ...
Collins C T - - 2003
Early discharge of stable preterm infants still requiring gavage feeds has the potential benefits of uniting families sooner and reducing health care and family costs compared to discharge home when on full sucking feeds. Potential disadvantages include the increased burden for the family and the possibility of complications related to ...
Premji S - - 2003
Most premature infants less than 1500 grams birth weight must be fed initially by tube because of their inablity to suck effectively, or to coordinate sucking, swallowing and breathing. Milk feedings can be given by tube either intermittently, typically over 10-20 minutes every two or three hours, or continuously, using ...
Kollien Astrid H - - 2003
The population density and composition of an established infection of Blastocrithidia triatomae in the intestinal tract of fifth instars of Triatoma infestans were compared in unfed bugs, at 4 h and up to 15 days after feeding, and also in feces and urine deposited in the first 4 h after ...
Mihatsch Walter A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Feeding intolerance is common in very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) infants. Hydrolyzed protein preterm infant formula (HPF) has been shown to accelerate the gastrointestinal transit of formula. The aim of this study was to investigate whether HPF improves early feeding tolerance compared with standard preterm infant formula ...
Ross Erin Sundseth - - 2002
Infants born prematurely, with congenital or acquired medical conditions, or who have extended stays in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at higher risk of developing feeding and nutritional problems than are full-term, healthy newborns. Because of the complex nature of feeding, it is necessary to have a thorough ...
Fechner G - - 2002
A 6-month-old male infant was treated with intravenous infusions and enteral feed via a naso-gastric tube. Accidentally, enteral feed containing pureed carrots diluted with water was injected intravenously and the child died immediately. Carrot material could be found in the pulmonary blood vessels and in various organs of the systemic ...
Al-Tawil Youhanna - - 2002
This study was designed to assess whether extrinsic neural regulation of antroduodenal motor function is present in preterm neonates. Antroduodenal motor patterns were recorded in 48 infants during fasting and after a 10 ml/kg/15 min orograstric feeding. Plasma concentrations of pancreatic polypeptide were determined before and after each feeding. Of ...
Haddad Rami Y - - 2002
Improvements in delivery systems for enteral feeding, in formulas, and in the understanding of complications have made the technology for enteral feeding easy to apply. Adequate nutrients can be delivered, and individual tolerance for feeding is acceptable. The remaining question is when to apply the technology. Formula selection should be ...
Avital Avraham - - 2002
An 8-month-old female infant was hospitalized for persistent bilateral infiltrates, failure to thrive, and tachypnea. An extensive diagnostic workup was negative, except for strong oil-red O staining of the white-turbid bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and borderline esophageal pH monitoring. Conservative treatment failed, and she was scheduled for gastrostomy and Nissen-fundoplication until ...
Anderson Diane M - - 2002
Illness and immaturity often interfere with a neonate's ability to receive full enteral feedings during the first week of life. The goals of feeding in the NICU are to nourish the preterm infant for appropriate growth and development and to facilitate the earliest possible discharge from the NICU. Early, small-volume ...
Sekteera Wimol - - 2002
Feeding intolerance is a common problem in preterm infants resulting in a prolonged hyperalimentation which is associated with an increased risk of serious and sometimes even life threatening complications, including cholestasis jaundice, liver impairment, nutritional deficiency, biochemical rickets and catheter-related septicaemia. Erythromycin, a commonly used macrolide antibiotic, has been reported ...
Reynolds Eric W - - 2002
The objective of this study was to develop a method to use digital signal processing (DSP) technology to describe quantitatively and statistically swallow-associated sounds in preterm infants and to use this method to analyze changes as infants mature. Twelve recordings of accelerometric and physiological data on bottle-feeding preterm infants between ...
Limeira-de-Oliveira Francisco - - 2002
In Central Amazon, Brazil, the tabanid Phorcotabanus cinereus (Wiedemann) was recorded attacking the native duck Cairina moschata (Linnaeus) (Anseriformes, Anatidae). The flight and behavior of the tabanid during the attacks and the host's defenses were videotaped and analyzed in slow motion. The tabanid was recorded flying rapidly around the heads ...
Simpson Chanda - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transition from tube to all oral feeding can be accelerated by the early introduction of oral feeding in preterm infants. It is hypothesized that this shortened transition time will lead to earlier attainment of all oral feeding. DESIGN: Twenty-nine infants (<30 weeks' gestation) were randomized to ...
Downs Colleen T - - 2002
Records of the lesser honeyguide feeding on beeswax in the wild are common. However, little is known about the ability of these birds to digest wax. We studied the wax preference, digestive efficiency, retention time and gut structure of the lesser honeyguide in the laboratory. Wax was found to be ...
Panniers Teresa L - - 2002
PURPOSE: To clarify terms surrounding the clinical problem of initiating oral feeding in premature infants cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Understanding terminology at the outset of expert system (ES) development forms the crucial foundation needed to build a system that is accurate, relevant, and useful for ...
Ghosh Shanti - - 2002
Growth faltering and malnutrition are highly prevalent in most South Asian countries. Among the serious consequences of malnutrition are increased risks of morbidity and mortality in children as well as deficits in physical stature and lowered cognitive measures. Childhood malnutrition in poor households has been well documented in India, with ...
Medoff-Cooper Barbara - - 2002
Little research exists that addresses the differences in feeding skills between preterm (PT) infants at term and full-term (FT) infants. The purpose of this study was to quantify and examine the differences in sucking abilities of PT infants when measured at 40 weeks postconceptional age (PCA) and newly born FT ...
Mihatsch Walter Alexander - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether intrauterine growth retardation (birth weight <10th percentile), increased umbilical artery resistance (resistance index >90th percentile measured by Doppler velocimetry), or brain sparing (increased umbilical artery resistance and decreased middle cerebral artery resistance index <5th percentile) were associated with early feeding intolerance in very low-birth-weight (VLBW, <1,500 ...
Mehall John R - - 2002
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to determine incidence of, and complications resulting from, bacterial contamination of enteral feedings in neonates. METHODS: A prospective study of 50 tube-fed neonates was conducted. Infants were bolus fed via an open gravity drained system; demographic and clinical data were gathered. The lumen ...
Fucile Sandra - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether an oral stimulation program, before the introduction of oral feeding, enhances the oral feeding performance of preterm infants born between 26 and 29 weeks' gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants (n = 32) were randomized into an experimental and control group. Infants in the experimental group ...
Seal Andrew - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the applicability and use of infant nutrition and health indicators during emergencies. DESIGN: Indicators recommended by international health and nutrition organisations for assessing infant feeding practice were compiled and analysed to evaluate their consistency and applicability for use in surveys of emergency-affected populations. These indicators included measures ...
Schwarzenberg Sarah Jane - - 2002
Optimal development of the newborn depends on rapid accretion of substrate in the neonatal period, particularly in the premature infant. Steroids and infection not only induce catabolism, but associated endogenous responses reprioritize crucial substrate to restore homeostasis. The result is a protein/energy deficit and concomitant delay in growth and development. ...
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