Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1075
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Caple Judith - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether infants who are fed initially and advanced at 30 mL/kg per day (intervention) take fewer days to get to full feedings than those who are fed initially and advanced at 20 mL/kg per day (control), without increasing their incidence of feeding complications and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). ...
Muko K N - - 2004
This paper reports on factors influencing the decision of mothers regarding the type of feeding method for their babies in a rural setting in Cameroon. The aim of the study was to ascertain the proportion of mothers choosing the different methods of feeding, to determine the various factors influencing their ...
Bhat V Ravindra - - 2004
A well secured endotracheal tube is very essential for the safe conduct of anesthesia. In maxillofacial surgeries, providing secure fixation of the nasotracheal tube has always been a problem. We have used an infant feeding tube that goes around the nasal septum for the fixation of the nasal endotracheal tube. ...
Furman Lydia - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To examine feeding efficiency and correlates of feeding behaviors in breastfeeding as compared with bottle-feeding VLBW infants at 35 weeks corrected age (CA, postmenstrual plus chronologic age). STUDY DESIGN: In all, 105 singleton VLBW infants underwent a standardized feeding observation, of whom 35 were observed breastfeeding and 70 bottle-feeding. ...
Harner Holly M - - 2004
This descriptive investigation explores the impact of paternal age on a teenage mother's decision regarding infant-feeding method during the postpartum hospital stay. Eighty-six teenagers who delivered a live birth were asked the age of the fathers of their babies and what, if any, influence the fathers had on infant feeding. ...
Arora Amit - - 2005
Rechecking the position of the nasogastric tube after oropharyngeal suction is not common practice. Our patient deteriorated after oropharyngeal suction was performed, whilst nasogastric feeding continued. We suggest that nasogastric feeding should be stopped during oropharyngeal suction and the tube position should be checked every time an oropharyngeal suction is ...
Dean Mason N - - 2004
Protrusion of the jaws during feeding is common in Batoidea (rays, skates, sawfishes, and guitarfishes), members of which possess a highly modified jaw suspension. The lesser electric ray, Narcine brasiliensis, preys primarily on polychaete annelids using a peculiar and highly derived mechanism for jaw protraction. The ray captures its prey ...
McGrath Jacqueline M - - 2004
Finding ways to consistently prepare preterm infants and their families for more timely discharge must continue as a focus for everyone involved in the care of these infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. The gold standards for discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit are physiologic stability (especially respiratory ...
Selås Vidar - - 2004
Cyclic outbreaks of forest moth pest species have long remained a puzzle for foresters and ecologists. This paper presents time-series exhibiting a strong negative relationship between sunspot numbers and population indices of autumnal and winter moths, both in a mountain birch forest in central Norway and in a mixed lowland ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine mother and child's touch patterns in infant feeding disorders within a transactional framework. METHOD: Infants (aged 9-34 months) referred to a community-based clinic were diagnosed with feeding disorders (n = 20) or other primary disorder (n = 27) and were case matched with nonreferred controls (n = ...
Duggan Christopher - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Glutamine (Gln) is a non-essential amino acid that plays an important role in energy metabolism for gastrointestinal epithelia and other cells with rapid turnover. We evaluated the effects of enteral supplementation with Gln in infants undergoing surgery for congenital or acquired gastrointestinal disease. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-masked, ...
Zhang Guojun - - 2004
A novel process of vortex settling and stage-2 ultrafiltration (UF) with alternating feed direction was used to further concentrate the concentrate produced by a stage-1 UF employed for treatment of banknote printing works wastewater. In this post-treatment process, the final concentrate volume for incineration was reduced by 4-5 times while ...
van den Berg Anemone - - 2004
Enteral feeding of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is a challenge, since metabolic demands are high and administration of enteral nutrition is limited by immaturity of the gastrointestinal tract. The amino acid glutamine plays an important role in maintaining functional integrity of the gut. In addition, glutamine is utilised ...
Thoyre Suzanne M SM University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, - - 2004
Preterm infants have difficulty maintaining engagement throughout early oral feedings, which can lead to less efficient feeding and prolonged feeding skill development. To examine contributions of the infant, mother, and feeding context to infant engagement during bottle-feeding. Bottle-feedings of very-low-birthweight infants (n = 22) by their mothers were observed. Infant ...
Pickler Rita H - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prefeeding non-nutritive sucking (NNS) on breathing, nutritive sucking (NS), and behavioral characteristics of bottle feeding. SUBJECTS: The convenience sample was composed of 10 preterm infants who were 33 to 40 weeks postconceptual age (PCA) at the time of ...
Manuela de Paoli Marina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnant women's views on infant feeding options recommended for HIV-infected women. DESIGN: A structured interview survey complemented with focus group discussions. SETTING: Antenatal clinics in Moshi urban and rural districts of Tanzania. SUBJECTS: Five hundred pregnant women participated in the interview survey and 46 pregnant women participated ...
Crosson Denise D DD Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Nursing, Richmond, VA 23298-0567, USA. - - 2004
In the past 50 years, only 7 studies evaluating demand feedings in preterm infants have been published. The studies employed a variety of research methods including nonexperimental, quasi-experimental, and experimental designs. The earliest demand feeding studies are difficult to interpret due to inadequate sample sizes and incomplete descriptions of methodology. ...
Kibayashi Kazuhiko - - 2004
A two-month-old infant died during bottle feeding in the supine position in the caregiver's absence. Scene investigations and autopsy examinations, including alpha-lactalbumin immunohistochemistry of the lungs, revealed the cause of death to be asphyxia due to aspiration of milk pooled in the naso-oral cavity, as a result of unsupervised supine ...
Lewis Eilene - - 2004
Although feeding difficulties in infants with Down syndrome are described in the literature, the experiences of parents regarding the feeding problems of their infants are largely omitted. In order to promote closer collaboration with families and speech-language therapists in early communication intervention, the study investigated some experiences of a group ...
van Elburg R M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of minimal enteral feeding (MEF) on intestinal permeability and feeding tolerance in preterm infants with intrauterine growth retardation (gestational age < 37 weeks, birth weight for gestational age p < 10). Furthermore, to determine whether fetal blood flow pulsatility or intestinal permeability predict feeding tolerance ...
Flidel-Rimon O - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The interrelations between early enteral feeding, necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), and nosocomial sepsis (NS) remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of age at the introduction of enteral feeding on the incidence of NS and NEC in very low birthweight (VLBW< 1500 g) infants. METHODS: Data were collected on the ...
Pezzati M - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate whether serial Doppler measurements of superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocity could predict early tolerance to enteral feeding in preterm infants. METHODS: In a prospective study, 54 healthy preterm neonates were assigned to one of the following groups: neonates with birthweight appropriate for gestational age (group 1), ...
Schaal Benoist - - 2004
This article considers olfaction as a functioning source of information for the fetus and the neonate, born on term or prematurely. It aims to present how odors are involved in the sensory continuity between the prenatal and postnatal environments and how they influence the earliest adaptive responses of newborns in ...
Miller Martha J - - 2004
Simultaneous breathing and nursing from a bottle or breast requires intricate coordination of the muscles that serve both respiration and feeding. During the buccopharyngeal phase of feeding reflex input to the brainstem from the oropharynx and larynx, as well as suprabulbar and chemoreceptor areas controls the sequential activity of the ...
Scott Jane A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A woman chooses to breastfeed for many reasons. Recent research, however, suggests that parental attitudes toward breastfeeding are stronger predictors of infant feeding choice than commonly cited sociodemographic factors. The objective of the current study was to compare the infant feeding attitudes of expectant couples, and to determine to ...
Da Nobrega Luiziane - - 2004
The premature infant has limited ability to integrate the swallowing-breathing cycle during feeding. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of swallowing between the period of tube-bottle (TBF) and bottle (BF) feeding by means of cervical auscultation in premature infants. Twenty-three premature infants were enrolled (mean gestational ...
Mathis G F - - 2004
A 56-day floor pen study was conducted to determine the appropriate time to administer toltrazuril (Baycox) (TOL) for control of coccidiosis in broiler chickens. Litter was seeded with field strains of Eimeria acervulina, Eimeria maxima and Eimeria tenella. On Days 0, 21, 35 and 56, all birds and feed were ...
Borrell Brendan J - - 2004
Energy flux during nectar feeding is maximized at an intermediate sugar concentration, the value of which depends on the morphology of the feeding apparatus and the modality of fluid feeding. Biomechanical models predict that a shift from capillary-based lapping to suction feeding will lead to a decrease in this optimal ...
Salhotra A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the tolerance of rapid advancement of enteral feeds in VLBW babies. SETTING: Tertiary teaching hospital. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: All stable neonates with birth weight less than 1250 grams were included in the study. The primary outcome variable was the time taken to achieve full enteral ...
Samuel P Philip - - 2004
Culex quinquefasciatus and Mansonia annulifera are abundant in the rural areas of Kuttanadu, Kerala, India. Bloodmeal identification for individuals of these species collected in this region was determined by the agar-gel precipitin test. A total of 2,328 blood smears from Cx. quinquefasciatus (1,148) and Ma. annulifera (1,180) was tested. Results ...
McGuire W - - 2004
AIM: To determine if enteral tube feeding by the transpyloric versus the gastric route improves feeding tolerance, and growth and development, without increasing adverse events, in preterm infants. METHODS: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials. A search was made of the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CCTR; 2003, issue 1), Medline ...
Bókay J - - 2004
The changes of gastric myoelectrical activity were investigated in 20 infants by cutaneous electrogastrography (EGG) before and after the surgical correction of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The dominance of 2-4 cycles per minute (CPM) "slow waves" is typical of the healthy gastric function. The shift of the dominant frequencies ...
Cohen Shlomi - - 2004
Studies of the effect of body position during and after bolus feeding upon gastric emptying or gastric residual have not had consistent results. We tested the hypotheses that right lateral decubitus leads to less gastric residual than left lateral decubitus and that the prone position leads to less gastric residual ...
Curry J I - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The recovery of gut function after repair of gastroschisis is frequently prolonged, and these infants are prone to complications associated with parenteral nutrition. This trial was designed to investigate the effect of the prokinetic agent, erythromycin, on the attainment of full enteral feeding in infants after primary repair of ...
Pridham Karen - - 2004
Adequate feeding is an area of concern for both clinicians and parents of very low-birth-weight, premature infants while in the special-care nursery and through at least the first postterm year. How feeding issues are labeled or described may make a difference in the effectiveness with which they are addressed by ...
Chang Shiow-Ru - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In hospitals, preterm infants are routinely fed specified amounts of formula on a fixed schedule. This results in the baby's intake volume being regular and easily confirmed, but does not consider the individual baby's needs. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of demand ...
Mizuno Katsumi - - 2004
The aim is to know whether antenatal olfactory learning have a greater effect than postnatal olfactory learning on infant feeding even in the absence of triggering signals. We evaluated the sucking behavior of infants completely separated from their mothers for 10-14 days since birth. The 12 infants admitted to Chiba ...
Skinner Jean D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe meal and snack patterns of infants and toddlers. DESIGN: A cross-sectional telephone survey in which mothers reported their infants' and toddlers' food and beverage intakes for a 24-hour period. SUBJECTS: Subjects included 3,022 infants and toddlers, ages 4 to 24 months, in the Feeding Infants and Toddlers ...
Dodrill Pamela - - 2004
This study examined the oral sensitivity and feeding skills of low-risk pre-term infants at 11-17 months corrected age. Twenty pre-term infants (PT) born between 32 and 37 weeks at birth without any medical comorbidities were assessed. All of this PT group received supplemental nasogastric (NG) tube feeds during their birth-stay ...
Pickler Rita H - - 2004
This paper presents a theoretical model of bottle feeding readiness in preterm infants, which hypothesizes relationships between bottle feeding readiness, experience, and outcomes. The synactive theory of development provided the conceptual foundation for the model. The model, which is currently being tested, is designed to establish bottle feeding readiness criteria ...
Bowman A S - - 2004
The salivary glands are the organs of osmoregulation in ticks and, as such, are critical to the biological success of ticks both during the extended period off the host and also during the feeding period on the host. Absorption of water vapour from unsaturated air into hygroscopic fluid produced by ...
Devaney Barbara - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Describe the design, data collection procedures, and sample characteristics of the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study. DESIGN: We conducted up to three telephone interviews with a random sample of parents or caregivers of infants and toddlers four to 24 months of age from March to July 2002. The three ...
van der Schoor S R D - - 2004
Lysine is the first limiting essential amino acid in the diet of newborns. First pass metabolism by the intestine of dietary lysine has a direct effect on systemic availability. We investigated whether first pass lysine metabolism in the intestine is high in preterm infants, particularly at a low enteral intake. ...
Hawes J - - 2004
Enteral feeding tubes for preterm or low birth weight infants may be placed via either the nose or mouth. Nasal placement may compromise respiration. However, orally placed tubes may be more prone to displacement, local irritation, and vagal stimulation. To assess the available evidence from randomised controlled trials concerning the ...
Craig W R - - 2004
Gastro-esophageal reflux (GER) is the refluxing of gastric contents into the esophagus. Fifty per cent of all infants 0 to 3 months regurgitate at least once a day. This drops to 5% once infants are 10 to 12 months old. Three per cent of parents of 10 to 12 month ...
Dusick Anna - - 2003
Dysphagia is a common finding in infants and children with neuromuscular disabilities. Dysphagia may be developmental, as in the preterm infant, transient, chronic, or progressive. The evaluation of dysphagia must take into account the age of the patient and typical development of feeding and swallowing for that age. The typical ...
Khan Eakalak - - 2003
Several methods for determining biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) in water have been developed within the last two decades. However, the problem with most of these methods is the length of time required for the start-up (colonization) and/or determination from days to weeks. In this study, a simple and rapid ...
Mignon-Grasteau S - - 2003
Duration of tonic immobility (TI) is a well-established criterion of fearfulness in birds, but its relation to production traits has been little studied. TI and 27 variables related to egg production and quality, feed consumption, and body condition were collected for 355 female Japanese quail. Experimental birds were the F2 ...
Slagt Cornelis - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess a novel method, adapted from already published literature, for bedside placement of nasojejunal feeding tubes using erythromycin, air insufflation of the stomach and continuous ECG guidance. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a tertiary teaching hospital. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: 40 consecutive patients who required enteral nutrition and ...
Ng Steven Chin-Yuen - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of low-dose erythromycin on the time taken to attain full enteral feedings in preterm infants with very low birth weight and feeding intolerance. METHODS: Two groups of preterm infants (birth weight </= 1500 g) with feeding intolerance ...
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