Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1076
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Drenckpohl Douglas - - 2005
Feeding intolerance is a common problem in infants who have had multiple or extensive resections of their small bowel. Chronic malabsorption and diarrhea are common side effects that inhibit the advancement of enteral feedings and prolong dependence on parenteral nutrition (PN). Poor growth, recurrent central line infections, cholestasis, and osteopenia ...
Filippi Luca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Placement of a feeding tube may be associated with various complications, including iatrogenic pharyngo-oesophageal perforation. AIM: To determine the incidence of pharyngo-oesophageal perforation secondary to the use of polyvinyl feeding tubes in newborns weighing less than 1500 g, we conducted a retrospective study over a 3(1/2)-y period. METHODS: All ...
M?ller-Egloff Susanne - - 2005
AIM: To determine whether infants with compromised fetomaternal circulation, but not yet critically threatened by absent end-diastolic flow velocities in the umbilical arteries, are at a risk for feeding problems. METHODS: In a retrospective case-control study, enteral feeding and clinical data were compared between infants with decreased prenatal end-diastolic umbilical ...
Milliken Garrett W - - 2005
Sixteen sifakas (11 Propithecus verreauxi coquereli, 2 Propithecus verreauxi verreauxi form majori, and 3 Propithecus tattersalli) were videotaped as they fed on leaves in an arboreal context. The hand used to feed and the hand used to maintain postural stability was coded. For each subject, the lateral bias of the ...
Erlanson-Albertsson Charlotte C Department of Experimental Medicine, Biomedical Centre (BMC), University of Lund, Lund, Sweden. - - 2005
Feeding is vital for survival. The brain has strong hunger and reward mechanisms that ensure optimal food intake for adequate nutrition. The drive for feeding is particularly strong in humans whose large brains require large energy support. This starts immediately after birth; the newborn child being able to taste sucrose ...
Mizuno K - - 2006
AIM: The sucking pattern of term infants is composed of a rhythmic alteration of expression and suction movements. The aim is to evaluate if direct linear transformation (DLT) method could be used for the assessment of infant feeding. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A total of 10 gnormalh infants and two infants ...
Neu Josef - - 2005
The increased survival of very-low-birth-weight infants has resulted in the need to better understand the immaturities that challenge optimal nutrition for these infants and how to surmount them. This is critical if we are to prevent short and long term morbidity associated with poor nutrition. Here we describe several of ...
Mascarenhas Ryan - - 2005
We prospectively evaluated the incidence of difficulty in defecation in infants with gastroesophageal reflux who were treated with smaller volume feeds thickened with rice cereal and also assessed the effect of changing the cereal to oatmeal. We evaluated 53 thriving infants with uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux who were treated with smaller ...
Mitchell Wendy G - - 2005
Three infants with infant botulism are presented to illustrate how atypical, early, and severe features may obscure or delay diagnosis. Two boys aged 6 weeks and 20 days, respectively, presented with rapid deterioration after brief periods of poor feeding, one with an apparent life-threatening event at home and the other ...
Harding M A - - 2005
AIM: This was to determine the prevalence of primary tooth fluorosis in the dentitions of 5-year-old schoolchildren. A subsidiary aim was to investigate whether an association existed between the presence of primary tooth fluorosis, fluoridation status, infant feeding practices or the oral hygiene practices of the child. STUDY DESIGN: A ...
Dorling J - - 2005
Absence or reversal of end diastolic flow (AREDF) in the umbilical artery is associated with poor outcome, and elective premature delivery is common. Feeding these infants is a challenge. They often have poor tolerance of enteral feeding, and necrotising enterocolitis may develop. This review explores current practice to see if ...
Jadcherla Sudarshan R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are common among survivors of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). In this study, we characterized antroduodenal motor patterns and feeding outcomes among 10 ECMO survivors. METHODS: Intestinal motor patterns were recorded in 10 ECMO survivors within 48 hours of the initiation of enteral feeding. Subsequent feeding outcomes were ...
Pickler Rita H - - 2005
A nonexperimental study with a sample of 95 preterm infants was used to develop a model of feeding performance outcomes (proficiency, percent of prescribed volume consumed, and efficiency) using feeding readiness indicators (morbidity, maturity, behavior state at feeding start, and feeding experience). All readiness indicators were related to each other. ...
Scheel C E CE Department of Pediatrics, Section of Neonatology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, and Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Schneider Children's Hospital at North Shore, Manhasset, NY, - - 2005
There is a continuous debate regarding the best bottle nipple to be used to enhance the bottle-feeding performance of a preterm infant. To verify that feeding performance can be improved by using the bottle nipple with the physical characteristics that enhance infants' sucking skills. Ten "healthy" VLBW infants (941+/-273 g) ...
Murli Sumati - - 2005
Chemobiosynthesis (J. R. Jacobsen, C. R. Hutchinson, D. E. Cane, and C. Khosla, Science 277:367-369, 1997) is an important route for the production of polyketide analogues and has been used extensively for the production of analogues of 6-deoxyerythronolide B (6-dEB). Here we describe a new route for chemobiosynthesis using a ...
Smith Joan Renaud - - 2005
Providing optimal nutrition for the very low birth weight (VLBW) infant is critical during the neonatal period. Evidence-based practice guidelines are essential in managing these fragile infants. Putting scientific research into daily clinical practice may be arduous at times, however. A multidisciplinary team of health care providers successfully established a ...
Dsilna Ann - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of continuous versus intermittent feeding on gastrointestinal tolerance and growth in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: In a randomized, controlled trial conducted at 3 neonatal units, 70 premature infants with a gestational age 24 to 29 weeks and birth weight < 1200 ...
Cash C J C - - 2005
Currently imaging plays a limited role in the assessment of the neonate with a foot deformity. The aim of this study was to establish a technique for examining the neonatal foot with three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US). 3D US was attempted on the normal feet of 20 infants (9 male, 11 ...
Fay José P - - 2005
The objective of this work was to compare the traditional Van Soest's procedure to analyze neutral detergent fibers (NDF) and acid detergent fibers (ADF) using filtering crucibles (VS) with a semiautomatic method which uses filter bags in an ANKOM Technology Corp. instrument (ANK). Nine ruminant feeds widely used in the ...
Patole Sanjay - - 2005
Postnatal growth restriction and failure to thrive have been recently identified as a major issue in preterm, especially extremely-low-birth-weight neonates. An increased length of time to reach full enteral feedings is also significantly associated with a poorer mental outcome in preterm neonates at 24 months corrected age. Optimization of enteral ...
Smith S L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Premature very low birthweight (VLBW) infants are born with an underdeveloped parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) which may limit their ability to respond adequately to feeding and may limit their capacities for extrauterine growth and development. OBJECTIVES: To describe the patterns of autonomic response to feeding and identify relationships between ...
Rauhut Oliver W M - - 2005
Sauropod dinosaurs are one of the most conspicuous groups of Mesozoic terrestrial vertebrates. They show general trends towards an overall increase in size and elongation of the neck, by means of considerable elongation of the length of individual vertebrae and a cervical vertebra count that, in some cases, increases to ...
van den Berg Anemone - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Glutamine depletion has negative effects on the functional integrity of the gut and leads to immunosuppression. Very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants are susceptible to glutamine depletion because nutrition is limited in the first weeks of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effect of glutamine-enriched enteral nutrition on feeding tolerance, ...
Mizuno Katsumi - - 2005
This study aimed to determine whether neonatal feeding performance can predict the neurodevelopmental outcome of infants at 18 months of age. We measured the expression and sucking pressures of 65 infants (32 males and 33 females, mean gestational age 37.8 weeks [SD 0.5]; range 35.1 to 42.7 weeks and mean ...
Knaak Stephanie - - 2005
In today's environment, breast-feeding represents both a medical gold standard for infant feeding and a moral gold standard for mothering. The morally charged character of this discourse makes the notion of choice in infant feeding particularly problematic and fraught with difficulty. From an historical content analysis of selected editions from ...
Lysyk T J - - 2005
The effect of prefeeding Dermacentor andersoni Stiles on naive and previously challenged cattle before conducting virulence assays by using hamsters was examined. In an initial observational trial, ticks prefed on a previously challenged heifer did not cause paralysis after transfer to hamsters, whereas ticks from the same lot that were ...
Kilaru A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a nutrition education intervention designed to improve infant growth and feeding practices. DESIGN: An intervention study using monthly nutrition education delivered by locally trained counsellors targeted at caregivers of infants aged 5-11 months. Comparison of outcomes for 2 groups--one non-intervention group of infants enrolled in 1997 that ...
Chew Carmen - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the mydriatic regimen that provides optimal dilation of the pupil with minimal systemic side effects for screening of retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: This cross-sectional, randomized, double-masked clinical trial compared cyclopentolate 1% + phenylephrine 2.5%, tropicamide 1% + phenylephrine 2.5%, and a prepared combination of cyclopentolate 0.2% with ...
Thoyre Suzanne M SM School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA. - - 2005
Preterm infants develop the skills necessary to begin oral feeding as their health stabilizes and as they reach a postconceptional age that supports coordination of breathing and swallowing with oral-motor functioning. The time from initiation of oral feeding to full oral feedings (with adequate intake for growth and maintenance of ...
More Simon J - - 2005
We conducted a longitudinal study to obtain detailed baseline information about the health and productivity of unweaned piglets raised by smallholder pig raisers in the Philippines, and to identify constraints and opportunities to smallholder-piglet production. At two sites in the Philippines, we collected data about 242 litters from 173 sows ...
Cricco-Lizza Roberta - - 2005
In this ethnographic study, the author explores the context of Black women's infant-feeding decisions in an urban WIC clinic. Data were obtained from 319 people (130 Black women enrolled in WIC [BWEW], 189 relatives and friends) with close follow-up of 11 primiparous key informants during pregnancy and the first year ...
Nyqvist Kerstin Hedberg - - 2005
AIMS: To examine the clinical use of litmus paper tests for the assessment of aspirates in infants. BACKGROUND: In connection with establishing a programme for home care of infants with requirement of tube feeding with parents as the infants' carers, the need for a research-based method for verification of feeding ...
Berseth Carol Lynn - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To update clinical trials concerning feeding strategies or feeding interventions to prevent necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). RECENT FINDINGS: The overall incidence of NEC remains unchanged. Several studies have shown that it is safe to use small feeding volumes early in life even in selected circumstances, such as feeding ...
Moss Gerald - - 2005
A simple and inherently safe Enteral Feeding Monitor/Manager is described for use with standard, single-lumen jejunal tubes. No feedings or GI fluids are removed permanently unless they accumulate adjacent to the catheter. Only such momentary excess is removed promptly, before local distention can develop. The full bore automatically alternates between ...
Hougland Kristen T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent studies provide conflicting information about gastroschisis prevalence trends. The authors proposed that prevalence of gastroschisis in live births has increased in Utah and that characteristics of these infants would provide clinically useful information about treatment and outcomes. METHODS: Primary Children's Medical Center (PCMC) is the sole pediatric surgical ...
Bose Ashitha C - - 2005
Spontaneous migration of enteral feeding tubes is unusual. We report an 18-year-old man with corrosive stricture of the upper esophagus in whom feeding jejunostomy was performed using an 18F Levine's tube. Thirteen months later, he presented with absence of the tube. The patient was tolerating liquid diet and was managed ...
Fucile S - - 2005
This study assessed the effect of an oral stimulation program on the maturation of sucking skills of preterm infants. Thirty-two preterm infants (13 males, 19 females), appropriate size for gestational age (gestational age at birth 28 wks, SD 1.2wks; birthweight 1002g, SD 251g), were randomly placed into experimental and control ...
dos Santos Mezzacappa Maria Aparecida Marques - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The authors hypothesized that acute respiratory distress (ARD) delays gastric emptying. The objective was to test this hypothesis by assessing gastric emptying on the second and seventh days of life in premature infants with ARD resulting from pulmonary disease. METHODS: Thirty-nine newborns with ARD starting on the first day ...
Ehrnst Anneka A Microbiology and Tumour Biology Centre, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2005
In this issue of Acta Paediatrica, Chopra et al. report that voluntary counselling is central to preparing mothers for making a proper informed choice about adequate feeding practices to prevent their infants from acquiring HIV infection. The recommendations given and the way in which counselling is performed are the most ...
Shulman Robert J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Feeding intolerance (ie, achieving and maintaining full enteral feedings) is a significant problem in preterm infants. A relation exists between feeding intolerance and incomplete lactose digestion. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the factors relating to lactose digestion and absorption, lactase activity, and small-intestinal mucosal growth. DESIGN: Lactose digestion and ...
Bromiker Ruben - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that early initiation of oral feeding in premature infants may enhance the maturation of sucking patterns. AIM: To compare preterm infant sucking characteristics in urban level III neonatal care units in the USA and Israel. The two hospitals have different practices regarding the introduction of ...
Souza Nataly A - - 2005
Lutzomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) and L. whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho, 1939) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae), two important vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil, occur in sympatry in the locality of Posse county, Petropolis municipality, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We investigated the influence of the lunar cycle ...
Vogel P - - 2005
Based on histology, the placentae of eutherians are currently grouped in epitheliochorial, endotheliochorial and haemochorial placentae. In a haeckelian sense, the epitheliochorial contact with marked histiotrophic feeding by uterine milk is generally considered as primitive, especially since similar contacts exist in Marsupials. In contrast, the more intimate endotheliochorial and haemochorial ...
Rogers Brian - - 2005
The development of feeding and swallowing is the result of a complex interface between the developing nervous system, various physiological systems, and the environment. The purpose of this article is to review the neurobiology, development, and assessment of feeding and swallowing during early infancy. In recent years, there have been ...
Li Min - - 2005
Studies so far have correlated the variation in the composition of snake venoms with the target prey population and snake's diet. Here we present the first example of an alternative evolutionary link between venom composition and dietary adaptation of snakes. We describe a dinucleotide deletion in the only three finger ...
White-Traut Rosemary C - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to assess whether alert behavioral states were associated with an increased number of feeding readiness behaviors (FRBs) and whether the number of FRBs were associated with subsequent feeding efficiency in healthy premature infants born between 29 to 35 weeks gestation. STUDY DESIGN ...
Kohl Martina - - 2005
To evaluate the efficacy of cisapride in improving tolerance of enteral feeding, 59 premature infants were randomized into a blinded placebo-controlled study. Treatment was initiated with the introduction of enteral feeding and continued until 150 ml/kg/day of milk were tolerated. Only in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, was the ...
Tyson J E - - 2005
Because of concern that feedings may increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis, some high-risk infants have received prolonged periods of parenteral nutrition without enteral feedings. Providing trophic feedings (small volume feedings given at the same rate for at least 5 days) during this period of parenteral nutrition was developed as ...
Pinelli J - - 2005
Non-nutritive sucking is used during gavage feeding and in the transition from gavage to breast/bottle feeding in preterm infants. The rationale for this intervention is that non-nutritive sucking facilitates the development of sucking behaviour and improves digestion of enteral feedings. Non-nutritive sucking has been considered to be a benign intervention, ...
Tan-Dy C R Y CR Special Care Nursery, Victoria General Hospital, 1 Hospital Way, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, V8Z 6R5. - - 2005
Successful transition from parenteral nutrition to full enteral feedings during the immediate neonatal period is associated with improved growth in preterm infants. Lactase is the last of the major intestinal disaccharidases to develop in preterm infants. Because of inadequate lactase activity, preterm infants are unable to digest lactose. Lactase preparations ...
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