Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1075
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Hodges Eric A - - 2008
Caregiver responsiveness to infant hunger and fullness cues is thought to play a role in the development of overweight during infancy, but this aspect of infant feeding has received little study. This research used a qualitative approach to understand aspects of feeding responsiveness involving maternal perception and interpretation of infant ...
Howe Tsu-Hsin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A great deal of attention has focused on understanding preterm infant feeding behaviors and on strategies to support the preterm infant during this period; however, comprehensive descriptions of the feeding behavior of preterm infants that incorporate an examination of multiple subsystem levels are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine various physical ...
Snethen Julia A - - 2007
The prevalence of overweight has risen to 19% in children aged 6 to 11 years and 17% in adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. This paper examines gestational and infancy factors that influence the risk of overweight in childhood. Important factors to eliminate the infancy connection to childhood obesity include ...
Savino Francesco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data on hormonal feeding control in infants in the first months of life according to the kind of feeding are scanty. AIM: To evaluate whether serum ghrelin could be involved in feeding behaviour control of breast-fed (BF) and formula fed (FF) infants. METHODS: We studied 50 AGA healthy term ...
Chang Ying-Ju - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of total milk intake, feeding time, sucking efficiency, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and oxygen saturation (SpO2) of premature infants when fed with either signal-hole or cross-cut nipple units. Twenty stable infants admitted to a level II nursery in ...
Vachharajani Akshaya J - - 2007
We describe outcomes of 70 infants with gastroschisis admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit between 2001 and 2005. Demographic data and outcome measures including discharge or death, simple versus complex (intestinal atresia, perforation, bowel necrosis, or volvulus), length of stay, mechanical ventilation and total parenteral nutrition, commencement of enteral ...
Bragelien R - - 2007
AIM: To study the effect of stimulation of sucking and swallowing on weaning from nasogastric (NG) feeding and length of hospital stay in premature infants. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial with blinded evaluation. Premature infants on NG feeds and post-menstrual age (PMA) less than 36 weeks who had poor ability to ...
Havranek T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on intestinal blood flow velocity responses to enteral feedings and left ventricular output (LVO). STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen infants completed the study (birth weight 1793+/-350 g, gestational age 32.1+/-1.1 weeks). On the day infants were weaned from CPAP to ...
Davis D - - 2008
The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of feeding difficulties in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). Congenital heart disease is a risk factor for growth failure. The etiologies include poor caloric intake, inability to utilize calories effectively, and ...
Miller Claire Kane - - 2007
Oral feeding in infants requires highly integrated sucking, swallowing, and respiratory sequencing controlled by the neurologic system. Rapid neuromuscular coordination of oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal phases of swallowing must be coordinated with respiration in the swallowing process. When obstruction is present in the upper airway secondary to anatomic or physiologic ...
Sheppard Justine Joan - - 2007
Breast and bottle-feeding are areas of concern in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The clinical issues encompass the typically developing preterm infant, who requires special supports to develop the skills needed for successful oral feeding, and the preterm and term infants with dysphagia, who, when able, require specialized assessment ...
Whelan Kevin - - 2007
Diarrhoea is a common and serious complication of enteral tube feeding. Its pathogenesis involves antibiotic prescription, enteropathogenic colonization and abnormal colonic responses, all of which involve an interaction with the colonic microbiota. Alterations in the colonic microbiota have been identified in patients receiving enteral tube feeding and these changes may ...
Kirk A T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study whether a cue-based clinical pathway for oral feeding initiation and advancement of premature infants would result in earlier achievement of full oral feeding. STUDY DESIGN: Age of achievement of full oral intake was compared for two groups of preterm infants; a prospective study group vs historic cohort ...
Thoyre Suzanne M - - 2007
Feeding is a primary concern for families of extremely preterm (EP) infants following discharge from neonatal care. An increasing number of EP children are being referred for treatment of feeding problems, including eating only a few types of food or very small portions, difficulty transitioning to textured foods, and refusing ...
Stevens, Emily Elaine
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two different bottle feeding positions on a preterm infants cardiorespiratory stability while feeding. Other factors associated with feeding success such as feeding duration, volume of consumption, gestational age, and day of life were also examined with respect ...
Njom Nlend Anne - - 2007
The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of infant feeding options of HIV positive mothers in urban areas (especially compliance to artificial feeding choices), before the implementation of the infant feeding interventions and procurement of breastmilksubstitutes. We conducted a survey among seropositive women diagnosed during pregnancy and ...
Boiron M - - 2007
This study compared the effects of oral stimulation with those of oral support on non-nutritive sucking and feeding parameters in preterm infants. Preterm infants (23 males, 20 females) born between 29 and less than 34 weeks' gestational age (GA; mean GA 31.2wks [standard error of mean{SEM} 0.39]; mean birth-weight 1580g ...
Miyazawa R - - 2007
AIM: Previous studies showed that HL-350, a formula thickened with a reduced concentration of locust bean gum, decreased frequent regurgitation in 4-month old infants with reflux. In this study, we investigated the effect of HL-350 in younger infants. METHODS: We studied 20 infants less than 2 months old who had ...
Cairney Patricia - - 2007
This paper asks if there is a difference in mothers' perceptions of the support they receive about bottle feeding from a range of professional and non-professional sources. The findings are put into the context of associated demographic characteristics. It forms part of a larger study, which was a longitudinal postal ...
Paul Mathilde - - 2007
In France, despite the ban of meat-and-bone meal (MBM) in cattle feed, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was detected in hundreds of cattle born after the ban. To study the role of MBM, animal fat, and dicalcium phosphate on the risk for BSE after the feed ban, we conducted a spatial ...
Gruntenko N E - - 2007
The effect of an experimentally increased octopamine content (feeding flies with OA) on the levels of juvenile hormone (JH) degradation, dopamine (DA), and 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) contents, oogenesis, and fecundity of wild type Drosophila flies has been studied. OA feeding of the flies was found to (1) cause a considerable decrease ...
Sujijantararat Phichaya - - 2007
Urethral catheterization is a common procedure among pediatric patients. Intravesical knotting of a polyethylene feeding tube used as a urethral catheter is rare. This report described such a complication in an infant who had urethral catheterization with 5 Fr feeding tube. Removal of the catheter necessitated cystotomy. This complication is ...
Norman Vivienne - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of infants and toddlers with tracheostomies were identified at a large paediatric referral hospital in South Africa. They are at risk for swallowing and feeding difficulties, however, there is limited literature reporting the incidence and describing the dysphagia in this population, and no literature specific to ...
Leshabari S C - - 2007
Infant feeding represents a great challenge in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (pMTCT). The international guidelines informing infant feeding counselling suggest feeding methods that reduce the risk of HIV transmission, and discourage mixed feeding (combining breastfeeding with other fluids and solids). The feasibility and the social acceptability of ...
Lumeng Julie C - - 2007
To investigate social influences on human suckling behavior, 25 healthy, full term, 7 to 14-week-old infants were each bottle-fed their own formula twice by their mother and once in each of four experimental conditions: (a) held, provided social interaction; (b) held, without interaction; (c) not held, provided interaction; (d) not ...
Adibe Obinna O - - 2007
PURPOSE: The best feeding regimen after pyloromyotomy for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis continues to be a topic of some debate. Postoperative emesis and length of hospital stay are principal concerns. We compared the outcome of infants after laparoscopic pyloromyotomy who were fed using a standardized feeding regimen or ad libitum. MATERIALS ...
Tyson Jon E - - 2007
In initiating enteral feedings for high-risk infants, clinicians struggle with three fundamental questions: When should enteral feedings be initiated? Should a period of trophic (minimal) feeding be provided? When feedings are advanced, how rapidly should the volume be increased? We present the findings of our systematic reviews of randomized trials ...
Brown Lisa - - 2007
Early mother-infant interaction, a potentially major contributor to the development of a premature infant's behavioral and physiologic regulation, has received very little research attention. This study examined the development of physiologic regulation in relation to maternal-infant feeding interaction for 43 premature infants, from the time caregiving responsibility was transferred to ...
Havranek T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of umbilical artery catheters (UACs) on superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow velocity (BFV) following enteral feedings in very low birth weight preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Very low birth weight preterm infants who had UACs inserted as part of standard clinical care were enrolled in ...
Sankar Ganesh P - - 2008
Studies are presented on new types of anaerobic digesters in which chopped or dry crushed Ipomoea carnea was fed without any other pretreatment, in an attempt to develop commercially viable means of utilizing the otherwise very harmful plant. Two types of solid-feed anaerobic digesters (SFADs) were studied. The first type ...
Ng Pak C - - 2007
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Feeding intolerance because of functional gastrointestinal dysmotility and parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) are common problems in preterm, very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study aimed to assess the effectiveness of "high-dose" oral erythromycin as a prokinetic agent in decreasing the incidence of PNAC. Two secondary end ...
Schwermer Heinzpeter - - 2007
Cross-contamination of cattle feed with meat and bone meal (MBM) allowed in feed for other species is regarded as the current hypothesis for the infection pathway of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) cases occurring after the implementation of a ban on feeding MBM to cattle. This study was aimed at establishing ...
Miller Jeri L - - 2007
Term neonates must suck, swallow, and respire in a coordinated manner during successful oral feeding. When infants are born prematurely, these skills may not be fully mature. To stimulate sucking responses, premature infants are offered pacifiers under the premise that non-nutritive sucking experiences facilitate oral feeding readiness. This case reported ...
van Vlimmeren Leo A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this work was to identify risk factors for deformational plagiocephaly within 48 hours of birth and at 7 weeks of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which 380 healthy neonates born at term in Bernhoven Hospital in Veghel were followed at ...
Neu Josef - - 2007
The fear of necrotizing enterocolitis and feeding intolerance are major factors inhibiting the use of the enteral route as the primary means of nourishing premature infants. Parenteral nutrition may help to meet many of the nutritional needs of these infants, but has significant detrimental side effects that include intestinal atrophy, ...
Raiten Daniel J - - 2007
Much recent attention has been paid to the effect of the fetal environment on not only healthy birth outcomes but also long-term health outcomes, including a role as an antecedent to adult diseases. A major gap in our understanding of these relations, however, is the effect of maternal nutrition and ...
Sacco Lisa M LM Carolina Population Center, Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB #7461, 4115-C McGavran-Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27516, USA. - - 2007
This study's goal was to provide a detailed description of feeding styles adopted by a sample of African-American women in feeding their infants in North Carolina, and to examine the correspondence between reported and observed feeding styles. Cross-sectional semi-structured interview and videotaped data were gathered in the homes of 20 ...
Li Zheng-hong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Glutamine, proposed to be conditionally essential for critically ill patients, is not added routinely to parenteral amino acid formulations for premature infants and is provided in only small quantities by the enteral route when enteral feeding is low. Parenteral feeding is the basic way of nutrition in the first ...
Synnott K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To gain an insight into parental perceptions of infant feeding practices in five European countries. DESIGN: An exploratory investigation using focus group discussions. Various aspects addressed included social and cultural setting for the consumption of food, infant feeding practice and behaviour, consumer health awareness and sources of information, and ...
Hanson Niklas - - 2007
Biomarkers in feral fish can be a useful tool for environmental monitoring of aquatic ecosystems. Drawbacks, however, are that suitable fish species are not always available and that natural variations can bias the results. An alternative strategy is to use farmed fish placed in cages. There is, however, still a ...
Horodynski M - - 2007
Preventive measures for long-life illnesses such as asthma, obesity, and diabetes can start as early as in infant feeding practices. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends introducing babies to solid foods, anything other than breast milk or formula, no earlier than 4-6 months of age (Kleinman, 2004). This study's purpose ...
Rea Marina Ferreira - - 2007
AIM: This project aimed to assess the information and counselling on infant feeding in HIV+ mothers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, based on 118 structured observations of mothers' visits to health professionals (5-8/professional)-in 15 purposively selected HIV/Aids healthcare units in Sao Paulo. RESULTS: The general quality of communication and counselling skills ...
Shim So-Yeon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A delay in reaching full enteral feeding is linked to poorer outcome in preterm neonates. Meconium retention has been viewed as a cause of bowel dysfunction in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). Thus, adequate evacuation of meconium could help to promote feeding tolerance. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to ...
Leroy Valériane - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the maternal acceptability of formula-feeding proposed to reduce postnatal HIV transmission in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: Each consenting HIV-infected pregnant women, age > or =18 years, who received a perinatal antiretroviral prophylaxis was eligible. Two hierarchical infant-feeding options were proposed antenatally: exclusive formula-feeding or short-term exclusive breast-feeding. ...
Subba S H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Child health in developing countries including Nepal is a matter of serious concern as the prevalence of malnutrition among children continues to be high with 48.6% of children under five in Nepal being underweight. Since infant feeding practices adopted by mothers play a major role in influencing health of ...
Thureen Patti J - - 2007
Despite numerous advances in the nutrition of preterm infants, the increasing survival at lower birth weights is resulting in a new frontier of extrauterine nutritional support of these vulnerable infants. The extremely low birth weight infant has endogenous energy to maintain energy balance for only 3-4 days without an exogenous ...
Sellen Daniel W - - 2007
Evolutionary anthropological and ethnographic studies are used to develop a general conceptual framework for understanding prehistoric, historic, and contemporary variation in human lactation and complementary feeding patterns. Comparison of similarities and differences in human and nonhuman primate lactation biology suggests humans have evolved an unusually flexible strategy for feeding young. ...
Chauhan M - - 2007
The study was conducted to assess the prevailing complementary feeding practices. Strikingly 30.9 percent infants were not receiving complementary foods. 21.9 percent mothers initiated complementary feeding at the right age. This was significantly associated with the literacy status of the mothers (p<0.05). 87.1 percent infants were receiving family pot feeding. ...
Kelly Bronwen N - - 2007
This study provides the first documented report of the maturation of breathing-swallowing coordination during feeding in ten healthy term human infants through the first year of life. A total of 15,073 swallows were obtained across ten assessments between 48 h and 12 months of age. Midexpiratory swallows represented the dominant ...
Engebretsen Ingunn Marie S - - 2007
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended as the best feeding alternative for infants up to six months and has a protective effect against mortality and morbidity. It also seems to lower HIV-1 transmission compared to mixed feeding. We studied infant feeding practices comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour dietary recall. A ...
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