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van Wijk Michiel P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the threshold amount of constantly infused feed needed to trigger lower esophageal sphincter relaxation (TLESR) in the right lateral position (RLP) and left lateral position (LLP). STUDY DESIGN: Eight healthy infants (3 male; gestational age: 32.9 +/- 2.4 weeks; corrected age: 36.1 +/- 1.3 weeks) were studied ...
da Costa Saakje P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing to achieve effective sucking is a complex process and even though sucking is essential for nutrition, little is known about sucking patterns after birth. Our objective was to study sucking patterns in healthy fullterm infants and to describe the age-specific variations. METHOD: We studied ...
Levy Jennifer M - - 2010
Infant feeding in communities with a high prevalence of HIV and AIDS is a potential challenge for mothers who must ultimately decide how to feed their infants within contexts that constrain their choices. We investigated how infant feeding policy recommendations translate into maternal infant feeding decisions and practices using ethnographic ...
Bohnhorst Bettina - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Raised upper airway resistance may be involved in apnea of prematurity (AOP). OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of an oral versus a nasal gastric tube on episodes of hypoxemia and bradycardia in infants with AOP. METHODS: In a randomized controlled cross-over trial, 32 infants (median gestational age 29 (range ...
Natarajan Girija - - 2010
Despite their putative impact on post-operative outcomes, there is paucity of data on enteral feeding practices of neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD). To examine feeding patterns among neonates with CHD before and after surgical repair and determine the incidence of and to identify risk factors associated with feeding-related morbidities. ...
Yang Qing - - 2010
The infusion of Intralipid® is a main risk factor for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in infants with short bowel syndrome. Early provision of enteral fat to reduce the use of Intralipid while providing adequate fat for the growth of infants with short bowel has not been reported. We present 2 cases ...
Karp Sharon M - - 2010
The purpose of this descriptive, correlational study was to explore associations of maternal psychosocial factors with beliefs and practices related to infant feeding in a sample of young, first-time mothers. Data were collected from 67 mothers (ages 15-22 years) to assess maternal attributes of self-esteem, depressive symptoms, social support, and ...
Kathy Cowbrough - - 2010
Complementary feeding, also known as weaning, mixed feeding or introduction of solid foods, should begin for infants by six months of age (26 weeks) but not before 17 weeks. Breast milk or infant formula should continue during the complementary feeding period with amounts gradually reduced as the variety of foods ...
Nordyke Katrina - - 2010
Breast milk is the initial natural food for infants, but already during the second half year complementary feeding is essential. Epidemiological research, first on celiac disease and later on atopic diseases, has driven a paradigm shift with respect to most favorable age to introduce complementary feeding. Simplified, this implies a ...
Cleaveland Karen - - 2010
A late preterm infant is defined as one born between 34 and 36 6/7 weeks of completed gestation. The rate of late preterm births has risen 18 percent since the late 1990s. Data are beginning to emerge concerning morbidity rates and the risks these newborns face with regard to feeding ...
Pelto Gretel H - - 2010
Premastication of foods for infants was a crucial behavioural adaptation to neoteny that ensured nutritional adequacy during the period of complementary feeding throughout the course of human evolution until recent times.While the paps and gruels of agricultural systems provided an alternative and modern food technology appears to make it unnecessary, ...
Steinman Lesley - - 2010
The objective of this study was to explore Somali mothers' beliefs and practices around infant feeding and education, towards developing a culturally informed infant nutrition curriculum for health providers. Four focus groups were conducted to explore: (1) beliefs about infant feeding, hunger and ideal weight; (2) feeding practices; (3) nutrition ...
Moral Angel - - 2010
There is very little evidence of the similarity of the mechanics of maternal and bottle feeding. We assessed the mechanics of sucking in exclusive breastfeeding, exclusive bottle feeding, and mixed feeding. The hypothesis established was that physiological pattern for suckling movements differ depending on the type of feeding. According to ...
McCormick Felicia M - - 2010
Scheduled interval feeding of prescribed enteral volumes is current standard practice for preterm infants. However, feeding preterm infants in response to their hunger and satiation cues (ad libitum or demand/semi demand) rather than at scheduled intervals might help in the establishment of independent oral feeding, increase nutrient intake and growth ...
Krishnamurthy Sriram S Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India. - - 2010
To evaluate whether preterm neonates weighing 1000-1499 g at birth receiving rapid enteral feeding advancement at 30 mL/kg/day attain full feedings (180 mL/kg/day) earlier than those receiving slow enteral feeding advancement at 20 mL/kg/day without increase in the incidence of feeding intolerance or necrotizing enterocolitis. A total of 100 stable ...
Gross Rachel S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Controlling feeding styles in which parents regulate feeding without responding to child cues have been associated with poor self-regulation of feeding and increased weight, but have not been well studied in infancy. We sought to assess maternal perception of infant feeding cues and pressuring feeding styles in an urban ...
Gomes Cristiane F - - 2009
AIM: To evaluate studies that have used surface electromyography (sEMG) during feeding for term and preterm infants. METHOD: Studies published between 1996 and 2009 were identified through databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, and SciELO) and divided into groups: term infants, preterm infants, and other situations with infants aged from 0 ...
Robinson Karen - - 2009
It is well documented in the literature that breastfeeding is more beneficial for infants and mothers than is formula feeding. Yet, African-American women are least likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding compared to other ethnic groups. Few studies have examined African-American women's infant feeding choices from the women's perspectives. Therefore, ...
Rosato M - - 2009
To present the perceptions of women in rural Malawi regarding the health problems affecting neonates and infants and to explore the relevance of these perceptions for child health policy and strategy in Malawi. Women's groups in Mchinji district identified newborn and infant health problems (204 groups, 3484 women), prioritised problems ...
Bingham Peter M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to assess the value of non-nutritive sucking (NNS) measures as predictors of oral feeding performance in comparison to other putative predictors of feeding skills: respiratory support, post-menstrual age (PMA) at birth and the neonatal oral motor assessment score (NOMAS). METHODS: This was ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and prebiotic effects of lactulose in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, single-center study in 23- to 34-weeks premature infants. The study group received 1% lactulose, and control infants received 1% dextrose in all feeds (human milk or formula). RESULTS: Twenty-eight ...
Zhang Jingxu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention on infant feeding behaviors and mothers' psychosocial mediating variables based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), and to assess the predictive effect of mediating variables on mothers' intention and feeding practices. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomized trial in 8 paired ...
Jadcherla S R SR Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA. - - 2010
Feeding problems are an important area of neonatal morbidity that requires attention. We defined the feeding milestones related to transition to per oral feeding among premature infants based on gestational (GA) and postmenstrual ages (PMA), and elucidated the co-morbidity variables affecting with these skills. Feeding progress was tracked during the ...
Grimshaw K E C - - 2009
The relationship between infant feeding patterns and the later development of food allergies has been the focus of much debate and research over the last decade. National recommendations have been made by many countries on how to feed infants to reduce the risk of food allergy but due to the ...
St Pierre Astrid - - 2010
Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) have a high prevalence of feeding difficulties and malnutrition. Early intervention decreases morbidity and long-term developmental deficits. The purpose of this study was to develop and establish the content validity of a screening checklist to identify infants with CHD at risk of feeding difficulties ...
Gallup Gordon G GG - - 2010
At the level of a mother's basic biology, the decision to bottle feed unwittingly mimics conditions associated with the death of an infant. Child loss is a well documented trigger for depression particularly in mothers, and growing evidence shows that bottle feeding is a risk factor for postpartum depression. The ...
Indrio Flavia - - 2009
The aim of this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate the effect of a prebiotic mixture on gastric motility in preterm newborns. After a feeding period of 15 days, gastric electrical activity was measured by electrogastrography, and the gastric emptying time was studied by ultrasound technique. No difference was ...
Birnbaum Rena - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to delineate current practice for the selection of nonoral feeding routes in level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across Canada. SUBJECTS: All level III Canadian NICUs (n = 28). DESIGN: A written questionnaire was developed specifically for gathering data in the NICU ...
Harding C - - 2009
Babies have specific needs that assist them in their development and enable them to thrive. Feeding is an important aspect of development. When feeding, there are opportunities for babies to develop a positive interactive bond with parents. This has a long-term impact on the well-being of infants in terms of ...
Weaver L - - 2009
At the end of the nineteenth century Glasgow, like many large industrial European cities, had an infant mortality rate (IMR) of well over 100 deaths per 1000 live births. Recognition that 'improper feeding' was a significant factor in accounting for this prompted public health authorities to establish infant milk depots, ...
Sisk Paula M - - 2009
This study identified maternal and infant characteristics predicting human milk (HM) feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants whose mothers (n = 184) participated in a study of lactation counseling and initiated milk expression. Data were collected prospectively, by maternal interview and medical record review. During hospitalization, 159 (86%) ...
Lakshman R R MRC Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Metabolic Science, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. - - 2009
Most babies receive at least some formula milk. Variations in formula-feeding practices can have both short- and long-term health consequences. The literature on parents' experiences of bottle-feeding was systematically reviewed to understand how formula-feeding decisions are made. Relevant English-language papers, identified by searching 12 electronic databases, reference lists and related ...
Benjamin Sara E - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to compare state and regional variation in infant feeding regulations for child care facilities and to compare these regulations to national standards. We reviewed regulations for child care for all US states and Washington, DC, and examined patterns according to type of facility and ...
Braudis Nancy J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) experience a high incidence of growth failure in the postoperative period following stage I palliation. Because of an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in this population, clinicians may be reluctant to initiate early enteral feedings. Published guidelines for initiating and advancing enteral ...
Lourenço Bárbara Hatzlhoffer - - 2009
Child health is widely affected by nutritional status, and there is growing interest surrounding the possibility that child nutritional status and infant feeding practices may be linked to obesity in adulthood, increasing risks of metabolic complications. Prospective studies enable appropriate investigation and evaluation of the determinants of childhood development. The ...
Harrison Tondi M - - 2009
To compare physiological regulation and the effect of maternal sensitive caregiving during feeding on physiological regulation in healthy infants and in infants with transposition of the great arteries. Descriptive, 2 groups, repeated measures. Three children's hospitals in the Midwest. A convenience sample of 15 infants with transposition of the great ...
Sultan Babar - - 2009
PURPOSE: We identified four patients with congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS) with feeding and respiratory difficulties. While feeding difficulties have been described in infants with other causes of nasal obstruction (e.g., choanal atresia), little attention has been focused on feeding in infants with CNPAS. FINDINGS: All four patients were ...
Bingham Peter M - - 2009
The developmental trajectory of feeding features increasingly rhythmic ingestive behavior patterns. Sucking and swallowing by the fetus and infant, including fetal consumption of amniotic fluid, depend upon brainstem central pattern generators whose activity is increasingly influenced by chemosensory and oral-tactile input. This neurobiological fact underlies the clinical discovery that oral-tactile ...
Jensen Aaron R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the use of a bedside-placed spring-loaded silo (SLS) on practice patterns and on outcomes for infants with gastroschisis. DESIGN: Retrospective review comparing neonates with gastroschisis treated before and after the implementation of selective SLS placement. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Of 91 consecutive neonates ...
Barlow Steven M - - 2009
Drinking and eating are essential skills for survival and benefit from the coordination of several pattern generating networks and their musculoskeletal effectors to achieve safe swallows. Oralpharyngoesophageal motility develops during infancy and early childhood, and is influenced by various factors, including neuromuscular maturation, dietary and postural habits, arousal state, ongoing ...
Barlow Steven M - - 2009
Feeding competency is a frequent and serious challenge to the neonatal intensive care unit survivors and to the physician-provider-parent teams. The urgency of effective assessment and intervention techniques is obviated to promote safe swallow, as attainment of oral feeding for the preterm infant/newborn is one of the prerequisites for hospital ...
Bryder Linda - - 2009
In the early twentieth century, mothers began to turn towards scientific infant-feeding formulae as an alternative to breastfeeding their babies. This is strange because the benefits of breastfeeding were widely recognised. The extraordinary rise of the formula feed therefore demands a special explanation, one that includes an appreciation of key ...
Quandt Daniel - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Accurate tube placement of orogastric and nasogastric feeding tubes in neonates is important to ensure safe and effective enteral feeding. Errors in placement and position of feeding tubes are described in literature, but there is little evidence of the exact prevalence of improperly placed tubes, especially in neonates. MATERIALS ...
Härtel Christoph - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Controversy exists regarding the optimal enteral feeding regimen of very low birth weight infants (VLBW). Rapid advancement of enteral feeding has been associated with an increased rate of necrotizing enterocolitis. In contrast, delaying enteral feeding may have unfavorable effects on nutrition, growth, and neurodevelopment. The aim is ...
McKenzie Harold C HC - - 2009
Nutritional support of the foal can be challenging because of the constant changes in nutritional requirements and dietary composition during the transition from neonate to weanling. Additional complexity arises because of dilemmas regarding the means and route of delivery of nutrition to the foal, and the possibility that metabolic dysfunction ...
Sibeko Lindiwe - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the enabling and challenging factors impacting on infant feeding practices in communities with a high HIV prevalence. DESIGN: Qualitative study, with data collected through in-depth interviews and observations of mothers, in addition to discussions with health-service providers. SETTING: Urban settlement in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South ...
Jamieson A J - - 2009
Using baited camera landers, the first images of living fishes were recorded in the hadal zone (6000-11000 m) in the Pacific Ocean. The widespread abyssal macrourid Coryphaenoides yaquinae was observed at a new depth record of approximately 7000 m in the Japan Trench. Two endemic species of liparid were observed ...
Dhingra Arti - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence of feed intolerance, apnea and hypoglycemia in neonates weighing <or=1750 g given 3 hourly feeds as against 2 hourly feeds. METHODS: Ninety-two neonates, weighing <or=1750 g and medically fit to receive feeds, were randomised to receive feeds either at 3 hourly or 2 hourly intervals. ...
Malcolm W F - - 2009
Our aim was to assess the safety and efficacy of transpyloric tube feeding as a therapeutic option to reduce apnea and bradycardia in hospitalized very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with clinical signs suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux (GER). This was a retrospective single-center cohort study of VLBW infants hospitalized from 2001 ...
Van Wassenbergh Sam - - 2009
Ongoing anatomical development typically results in a gradual maturation of the feeding movements from larval to adult fishes. Adult seahorses are known to capture prey by rotating their long-snouted head extremely quickly towards prey, followed by powerful suction. This type of suction is powered by elastic recoil and requires very ...
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