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Al-Wassia H H Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. - - 2013
To examine the effect of prophylactic theophylline for the prevention of severe renal dysfunction in post-asphyxiated term and post-term infants. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing prophylactic theophylline vs placebo in term infants following perinatal asphyxia. Four RCTs involving 197 infants were included in the meta-analysis. ...
Jó┼║wiak Sergiusz - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy appears in 70-80% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex, most commonly in the first year of age. Early manifestation of epilepsy is associated with drug-resistant epilepsy and mental retardation in more than 80% of patients. Clinical epileptic seizures are preceded by deterioration of EEG recording thus infants with ...
Robinson Barrett K - - 2011
: To compare strategies for the timing of delivery in patients with ultrasonographic evidence of vasa previa. : A decision tree was designed comparing 11 strategies for delivery timing in a patient with vasa previa. The strategies ranged from a scheduled delivery at 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, ...
Bottoms Bette L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the influence of juror gender and infant victim disability on jurors' reactions to infanticide cases. METHODS: Participants (men and women undergraduates) read a summary of a mock trial involving alleged father-perpetrated infanticide. The infant was described as severely mentally disabled or as not disabled. Participants ...
Woythaler Melissa A - - 2011
Background: Late preterm infants (34-37 weeks' gestation) are often perceived at similar risks for morbidity and mortality as term infants. Objective: To compare the neurodevelopmental outcomes of late preterm to term infants. Methods: Our study sample of 6300 term and 1200 late preterm infants came from the Early Childhood Longitudinal ...
Ferber Sari Goldstein - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of melatonin in the emergence of mental capacities in the newborn infant. STUDY DESIGN: Assessment of Preterm Infant Behavior examination was performed at 2 weeks post-term age for 39 (21 preterm and 18 term) infants. 6-Suphatoxymelatonin from nocturnal urine samples was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent ...
Cavalli Alessandra - - 2011
Disturbing emotions that act as bodily cryptograms waiting to be deciphered are currently understood as intra-psychic trauma. The author briefly discusses Fordham's concepts of deintegration and primitive identity, as well as early patterns of mother-infant attunement to describe how the empathic capacity of the analyst is dramatically challenged in helping ...
Fisher Jane R W - - 2011
Objective: Australia has specialist psychiatric and residential early parenting services (REPS) to which women with postnatal psychiatric illness or psychological difficulties in adjusting to motherhood can be admitted with their infants. The study aim was to ascertain the proportions of Victorian mother-infant dyads admitted to these services in one year. ...
Manaseki-Holland Semira - - 2010
Evidence of the effects of tight, prolonged binding of infants on development is inconclusive and based on small ethnographic studies. The null hypothesis was that Mongolian infants not swaddled or swaddled tightly in a traditional setting (to >7 months of age) do not have significantly different scores for the Bayley ...
Schwartz Peter J - - 2010
The recognition of ventricular repolarization abnormalities in the newborn carries several and significant implications, because it calls attention to the possibility of dealing with an infant affected by the long QT syndrome (LQTS). This article provides key elements for the correct measurement of the QT interval in newborns and succinctly ...
Shelton Joy Lynn E - - 2010
Public opinion about neonaticide (the killing of a newborn within the first 24 hours of life) has varied across time and cultures. Some nations have passed legislation on behalf of maternal offenders with the assumption that childbirth, a time of unique biological change, may lead to mental disturbance. The United ...
Vinekar Anand - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report the successful management of a case of choroidal neovascular membrane secondary to persistent fetal vasculature syndrome in an infant using intravitreal pegaptanib sodium (Macugen). METHODS: A 14-month-old male infant developed a peripapillary choroidal neovascular membrane 10 months after lens-sparing vitrectomy that ...
Scollan-Koliopoulos Melissa - - 2010
Apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) are frightening to caregivers and clinicians alike. This article provides a comprehensive review of the causes, management, and consequences of ALTEs. The information provided was collected from an extensive literature review using the search terms ALTE, sudden infant death syndrome, and apnea. There is a wide ...
Nof Eyal E Masonic Medical Research Laboratory, Utica, NY 13501, - - 2010
Identification of infants at risk for sudden arrhythmic death remains one of the leading challenges of modern medicine. We present a family in which a common polymorphism (single nucleotide polymorphism) inherited from the father, combined with a stop codon mutation inherited from the mother (both asymptomatic), led to 2 cases ...
Fracasso Tony - - 2011
The autopsy reports of 484 cases of deceased infants (201 females, 283 males) were analysed retrospectively for the existence of external and internal petechial bleedings (PET). The cases were divided into five groups on the basis of the cause of death (sudden infant death syndrome, sepsis, airway infections, asphyxia and ...
Ker J - - 2010
Left ventricular noncompaction/hypertrabeculation is a condition which is characterized by a highly trabeculated, "spongy" myocardium.It can present at any age with heart failure, arrhythmia and/or thromboembolic events.A wide variety of mutations have been found to be a cause of hypertrabeculation and it is possible that there is a continuum of ...
Thach B T BT Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. - - 2009
Autoresuscitation (AR) is a highly conserved response among mammals, which allows survival from transient extreme hypoxia. During hypoxia, bradycardia, and hypoxic gasping develop after a brief period of hyperactivity. Normally, AR occurs if oxygen is restored during the gasping period where an initial heart rate increase is rapidly followed resumption ...
Talbert D G - - 2009
Vomiting involves the simultaneous violent contraction of abdominal and diaphragm muscles to produce a high pressure on the stomach. The heart right atrium forms a through path from IVC to SVC, so the high intra-abdominal pressure will drive blood from abdominal contents into the head. Normally internal viscous drags in ...
Richardson Heidi L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of swaddling on infant arousability, particularly the progression of subcortical activation (SCA) to full cortical arousal (CA), because impaired arousal may contribute to sudden infant death syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Healthy term infants, who were routinely swaddled (n = 15) or unswaddled (n = 12) at ...
Adams Stephen M - - 2009
Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death among healthy infants, affecting 0.57 per 1,000 live births. The most easily modifiable risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome is sleeping position. To reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome, parents should be advised to place infants on ...
Vennemann Mechtild M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate the risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome in the infants' sleep environment for a population in which few infants sleep prone as a result of education campaigns. METHODS: This was a population-based sudden infant death syndrome case-control study over 3 years (1998-2001) in ...
Printza N - - 2009
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurobehavioral disorder characterized mainly by neonatal hypotonia, dysmorphic features, hypogonadism, mental retardation and behavioral problems. The PWS has not been associated with renal complications. We report the case of an infant with Prader-Willi syndrome due to loss of the paternal copy of chromosome 15q11.2-13, who ...
Baruteau Alban-Elouen - - 2009
Congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is a sporadic or familial inherited arrhythmia. It can lead to sudden death by ventricular fibrillation which occurs at any age but particularly during infancy. Recent studies of postmortem molecular analysis in infants who died of unexplained sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) showed abnormal mutations to ...
Savage Tim - - 2008
Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is one of a number of well described hereditary periodic febrile syndromes. We report a case in an infant, with a strong family history of this disorder, who presented on day-of-life 4 with high fever, irritability, diarrhea, lethargy, and raised acute phase reactants. ...
Witcombe Nicole B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants are at an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome, which may result from immature autonomic control of heart rate and blood pressure. Previous studies have demonstrated that preterm infants have altered heart rate and blood pressure control at term-equivalent age; however, little information is available beyond ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2008
We report on a preterm infant born at 31 weeks of gestation with a phenotype suggestive of Alagille syndrome, yet microarray analysis identified a deletion on 7q11.23 at the Williams syndrome locus. The infant died on day 18 of life with overwhelming sepsis. This case illustrates the importance of microarray ...
Robinson Joshua D C - - 2008
We report an infant who, after prolonged intravenous propofol infusion for treatment of status epilepticus, developed dramatic cardiac conduction disturbances and tachyarrhythmias in the setting of only mild metabolic acidosis and good ventricular function. Certain electrocardiographic findings were similar to those observed in the Brugada syndrome as well as in ...
Vellody Kishore - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Apparent life-threatening events (ALTEs) can encompass many different diagnoses. Nonaccidental trauma (NAT) is one potential serious diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: (1) To identify key elements in the history and physical exam in infants presenting with an ALTE that aid in the subsequent diagnosis of NAT; and (2) to evaluate the role ...
Ishikawa Takaki - - 2008
The present report describes the unexpected death of a 6-month-old female infant who had been clinically diagnosed with Joubert syndrome. This is a relatively rare congenital neurological disorder characterized by hypoplasia/aplasia of cerebellar vermis, which transmits information from the body to the cerebellum, and is associated with respiratory dysfunction, abnormal ...
Audero Enrica - - 2008
Sudden infant death syndrome is the leading cause of death in the postneonatal period in developed countries. Postmortem studies show alterations in serotonin neurons in the brainstem of such infants. However, the mechanism by which altered serotonin homeostasis might cause sudden death is unknown. We investigated the consequences of altering ...
Irving Claire - - 2008
The aims of this study were (1) to determine trends in total prevalence and live birth prevalence of Down syndrome, (2) to analyse trends in factors likely to influence this prevalence and (3) to determine 1-year survival in Down syndrome. A retrospective review was made of prospectively collected data on ...
Black L Vandy - - 2008
Shwachman-Diamond syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by bone marrow dysfunction, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, failure to thrive, and skeletal abnormalities. It is most commonly diagnosed in early childhood after the development of hematologic abnormalities. We report a premature infant born at 33 weeks gestation who was small for ...
Turillazzi Emanuela - - 2008
The sudden, unexpected, and unexplained death of both members of a set of healthy twins (simultaneous sudden infant death syndrome (SSIDS)) is defined as a case in which both infants meet the definition of sudden infant death syndrome individually. A search of the world medical literature resulted in only 42 ...
Allapathi Deepti - - 2008
Failure to thrive in an infant has multiple etiologies and at times, is only manifestation of underlying serious disease. Bartter syndrome is a rare disease that manifests as failure to thrive. It can be diagnosed by a careful history, physical examination, and abnormal electrolyte pattern. It can be alleviated by ...
Tseng Jenn-Jhy - - 2008
A 32-year-old primigravida was referred to our hospital at 36 weeks of gestation with a fetal pelvic mass. Ultrasonography showed the fluid-filled area to be a 9 x 4 x 5-cm pear-shaped retrovesical mass with a funnel-shaped blind pouch at the distal end of the fetal vagina. Marked left hydronephrosis ...
Mitchell Edwin A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this investigation was to identify risk factors for being found with the head covered in sudden infant death syndrome cases and determine whether head covering was likely to be an agonal event or potentially part of the causal pathway in some cases. By using the data ...
Pinho Ana Paula Silveira - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether previously identified risk factors for sudden death syndrome have a significant impact in a developing country. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal case-control study carried out in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. Cases (N=39) were infants born between 1996 and 2000 who died suddenly and unexpectedly at home during sleep ...
Hytinantti Timo - - 2008
AIM: To study the neonatal outcome of infants exposed to buprenorphine in utero. METHODS: We prospectively followed 54 buprenorphine-using pregnant women and their 58 infants. Urinary buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine concentrations in the mothers were measured prior to delivery, and in the infants during the first 3 days of life. The ...
Murphy A M - - 2009
Mucopolysaccharidosis type 1 (MPS1) is an autosomal recessive disorder with severe, moderate and mild phenotypes: Hurler, Hurler-Scheie and Scheie syndromes. We estimated incidence (2001-2006) and prevalence (2002 census) of MPS1 in the Irish Republic (ROI) using population data, database and chart review of all live MPS1 patients attending two specialised ...
Moore Brooke M - - 2008
This study evaluates the hypothesis that a decline in sudden infant death syndrome in Minnesota is associated with increases in other categories of sudden unexpected infant death. Matched birth and death certificates, autopsy reports, and home visit questionnaires were reviewed for 722 sudden unexpected infant deaths that occurred from January ...
Uscinski Ronald H - - 2008
Subdural bleeding in the so-called "shaken baby syndrome" is recognized as a hallmark of this syndrome, and is often noted as chronic in nature, indicating an earlier time of origin than clinical presentation. In infants and neonates, the timeframe for generating such chronic intracranial bleeding is therefore limited. Neurosurgical, obstetric, ...
Daniilidis A - - 2008
Monitor the performance of the amniocentesis procedure for prenatal diagnosis and particularly the acquisition of results (time to get, success in getting them). This is a retrospective review of case notes of all pregnant women undergone amniocentesis in our department during the period 2002-2005. Two main operators performed the procedure, ...
Adekoya-Sofowora C A - - 2008
The presence of teeth in newborn is uncommon. Sometimes it occurs, appearing in about one in every 2,000 to 3,000 live births. Natal teeth are teeth already present at time of birth, neonatal teeth erupt during the first 30 days after birth. The normal eruption of the first teeth is ...
Semjen F - - 2008
Infants with Pierre Robin syndrome are known to be difficult to intubate. We evaluated the paraglossal approach combined with a gum elastic bougie for intubation of these infants. Whilst under general anaesthesia, a conventional laryngoscopy was performed; if it failed to obtain a laryngoscopic grade I or II view, intubation ...
Arnold Meghan A - - 2008
Pneumomediastinum in an infant is uncommon, and most literature on the subject is anecdotal or retrospective. Concurrent pneumomediastinum and pneumoperitoneum in an infant is even more unusual. We report the case of a 7-month-old infant with long-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency who was admitted to the hospital because of respiratory ...
Tonkin Shirley L - - 2008
In an infant with micrognathia, who was being evaluated after an apparent life-threatening event, respiration timed lateral radiographs showed an increase in the width of the middle airway space during inspiration from 2 mm without the pacifier to 9 mm while sucking on a pacifier. This observation is consistent with ...
Galli-Tsinopoulou Assimina - - 2008
Silver Russell Syndrome (SRS) is a rare condition (1/3000 - 1/100,000 newborns). We present a female infant with SRS, cardiac malposition and asymmetric enlargement of the clitoris. She is the first child of Greek nonconsanguinous parents, born at 38 weeks gestation, following in vitro fertilisation (IVF). The patient had intrauterine ...
Loghmanee Darius A - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sudden infant death syndrome has inspired increasingly sophisticated studies at a time when rates are declining because of the Back-to-Sleep campaign, but ethnic disparities are widening. This review evaluates and discusses original, recent research in this area. RECENT FINDINGS: The epidemiology of sudden infant death syndrome was ...
Helfenbein Eric D - - 2007
QT surveillance of neonatal patients, and especially premature infants, may be important because of the potential for concomitant exposure to QT-prolonging medications and because of the possibility that they may have hereditary QT prolongation (long-QT syndrome), which is implicated in the pathogenesis of approximately 10% of sudden infant death syndrome. ...
Güven Ayla - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Prolonged application of topical steroids transiently suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA). Infants who are exposed to topical corticosteroids have greater risk for Cushing's syndrome or adrenocortical insufficiency caused by suppression of the HPA axis because glucocorticoids are highly absorbed through the diaper area. Here, we report six infants (four ...
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