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Results 351 - 400 of 619
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Kemp J S - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rebreathing of expired air is a plausible lethal mechanism of sudden death in infants sleeping face down on sheepskins. DESIGN: Case reports of infants who died on sheepskins combined with a controlled study of effects of their respiratory microenvironment at death. SETTING: Research laboratory. MATERIALS: Rabbits ...
Magann E F - - 1993
This study was undertaken to determine retrospectively, in women with the HELLP syndrome, the perinatal effects of corticosteroid administration for promotion of fetal lung maturity. Twenty-seven of 427 women with the HELLP syndrome treated between 1980 and 1991 received a full course of steroids prior to preterm delivery. They were ...
Gerson W T - - 1993
With this section, I review five areas of concern to the pediatrician in the office setting: sudden infant death syndrome, child maltreatment, oral rehydration therapy, infectious diseases, and vaccinations. In keeping with the structure of Current Opinion in Pediatrics, I focus on these topics through the vantage point of this ...
Arrundale J - - 1993
There has been an increased interest during 1992 in the numbers of deaths from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, because of reports of reductions in the numbers in several countries where changes in advice on infant care had been made. Numbers of infant deaths in general and of those due to ...
Carlson J A - - 1993
Sudden infant death syndrome is the sudden, unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant, accounting for 7,000 to 10,000 deaths per year. For the parents, the unexpectedness and guilt can be overwhelming. The long, difficult grief process has a great effect on marital relationships, surviving siblings, and subsequent children. Increasing ...
Kaplan M - - 1993
An infant with occipital encephalocele and unilateral multicystic kidney, diagnosed prenatally, was considered to have a variant of the Meckel syndrome (MS). This case is exceptional in that the infant was alive and healthy following surgical repair of the encephalocele, with normal function of the unaffected kidney, at age 5 ...
Gilbert-Barness E - - 1993
Chronic hypoxemia has been suggested as an unrecognized condition that may result in sudden infant death syndrome. Fetal hemoglobin has been shown to be increased in infants suffering from chronic hypoxemia. We examined fetal hemoglobin levels in 54 cases of sudden infant death syndrome, 17 infants dying of other causes, ...
Prudlo J - - 1993
The authors present a case of CNS abnormalities in a female newborn infant with Majewski syndrome. On examination the gyri were found to be normal, but there was narrowing of the corpus callosum and fornix, and dilated ventricles. A vermis hypoplasia and an arachnoid cyst were found between the cerebellar ...
Bath A P - - 1993
Munchausen syndrome by proxy (MSBP) is a rare condition in which a parent or guardian fabricates an illness in a child either by inducing physical signs or prevaricating. A case presenting as recurrent episodes of infant apnoea is reported. A high index of suspicion is required for the diagnosis and, ...
Cohen M M MM - - 1993
Steven Pfeiffer syndrome pedigrees (three 3 generation and four 2 generation) have been recorded to date in addition to at least a dozen sporadic cases. Autosomal dominant inheritance with complete penetrance is characteristic of the 7 familial instances. Variable expressivity has involved mostly the presence or absence of syndactyly and ...
Lie R T - - 1993
A new method is proposed for the surveillance of Down's syndrome among newborn. Despite the strong dependence of overall risk of Down's syndrome on maternal age, it has been suggested that an environmentally induced increase in risk may be additive over all maternal ages. The surveillance method introduced here is ...
Mitchell E A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To examine the factors which might explain the higher mortality from sudden infant death syndrome in Maori infants (7.4/1000 live births in 1986 compared with 3.6 in non-Maori children). DESIGN: A large nationwide case control study. SETTING: New Zealand. 485 infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome were ...
Gantley M - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To investigate infant care practices in a small ethnic minority population within Britain that might suggest possible factors contributing to the low incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome in Asian populations. DESIGN: Ethnographic interviewing, a qualitative comparative method drawn from social anthropology. SETTING: Central Cardiff. SUBJECTS: Non-random sample ...
Schröder W - - 1993
As in cases of HELLP-Syndrome both the mother and the fetus are at greater risk we analyzed retrospectively the clinical records of 14 patients concerning changes of typical laboratory parameters, clinical course including time of correct diagnosis, as well as fetal and maternal complications. The death of one woman represents ...
Aughton D J - - 1992
Only four cases of cholelithiasis have been reported in patients with Down syndrome and none in Down syndrome infants. The cases of three Down syndrome infants (all males) with cholelithiasis are reported. Each exhibited different fetal complications, and in each, Down syndrome was diagnosed at birth. Gallstones apparently were congenital ...
Falciglia H S - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to determine the impact of "early" (before delivery of the chest) oronasopharyngeal DeLee suctioning at the perineum in the prevention of meconium aspiration syndrome and to confirm that meconium aspiration syndrome is a postnatal event. STUDY DESIGN: We compared infants with meconium-stained fluid who underwent "early" oronasopharyngeal ...
Pollard J K - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of neonatal and childhood medical complications in the offspring of women with the antiphospholipid syndrome who are treated during pregnancy. METHODS: We compared 29 infants born to 23 mothers with antiphospholipid syndrome with a group of control children matched for year and gestational age at ...
Finkelstein Y - - 1992
Since ancient times, the uvula has been a subject of interesting and contradictory observations. On the one hand, it was regarded as having a functional role in speech and in immunology, but on the other hand it was regarded as a potentially hazardous organ, possibly responsible for sudden infant death ...
Fine P E - - 1992
Several social and medical attributes are associated with both avoidance or delay of vaccination and an increased risk of adverse events such as sudden infant death syndrome or childhood encephalopathy. Studies that fail to control adequately for such confounding factors are likely to underestimate the risks of adverse events attributable ...
- - 1992
From February through May 1991, an outbreak of rubella occurred among the Amish in Pennsylvania that was part of a widespread rubella outbreak reported among the Amish in at least six states during 1991 (1). The Pennsylvania Department of Health (PDH), in cooperation with CDC, conducted an investigation to document ...
Amos C F - - 1992
Rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses were prescribed and worn with little difficulty by 10 consecutive aphakic infants. Fluoroperm 92 lenses were used instead of silicone lenses (Bausch & Lomb) because of their lower cost, ease in handling, flexibility in design, and better neutralization of astigmatism. Lenses were worn on ...
Wesley J R - - 1992
Congenital absence of the vagina is rare and occurs as a result of aplasia of the Müllerian ducts (46,XX) or complete androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS--46,XY). Both syndromes are associated with normal female external genitalia and these patients are raised as females. These children are usually treated during adolescence with chronic ...
Villain E - - 1992
To determine the factors relating to prognosis, the records of 15 neonates with persistent prolongation of the QT interval on the electrocardiogram after the fourth day of life were reviewed. Patients were admitted for symptoms (syncope, cardiac failure, or seizures), abnormal auscultation with an irregular heart rate or bradycardia, or ...
Takashima S - - 1992
The development of neuronal dendrites dramatically changes in the medullary respiratory centers from prenatal to postnatal periods. The number of spines increases with gestation and decreases rapidly after birth in controls, but persist in sudden infant death syndrome patients. These abnormalities including neurotransmitters may cause a maladaptation in the development ...
Zahr L K - - 1992
Infants with the short-bowel syndrome are living longer and are increasing in number due to new medical treatments and a larger number of survivals with very low birth weights. This article reviews the medical and nursing management of these infants. A case study of an infant with the short-bowel syndrome ...
Fowell S M - - 1992
A male infant with Klinefelter karyotype (47, XXY) manifested both the typical dermatologic findings of the X-linked dominant disorder incontinentia pigmenti (Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome) and ocular findings including retinal pigmentary changes, peripheral retinal avascularity, and preretinal fibrovascular proliferation. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of incontinentia pigmenti with ...
Philippart M - - 1992
Handwringing, a characteristic clinical finding in Rett syndrome, appears typically after the loss of hand function. Available data suggest that original hand function never proceeds beyond elementary grasping. Handwringing and hand mouthing are normal developmental stages occurring at about 14 weeks of age in normal infants. The distressed behavior that ...
Kelly T E - - 1992
The high (greater than 95%) fetal loss rate of 45,X embryos and fetuses has led to the suggestion that fetal survival with this karyotype requires the presence of mosaicism. However, in many instances, even given a "mild Ullrich-Turner syndrome" phenotype, mosaicism is not detected. In a pregnancy studied for advanced ...
Byard R W - - 1992
It has been proposed that sudden and unexpected death in infants due to intestinal infection with Clostridium botulinum may mimic the clinicopathological features of sudden infant death syndrome. Between 3.3 and 3.8% of infants in some series have had this neurotoxin-producing bacterium isolated on faecal culture. Prospective screening of 248 ...
Cohen M M MM - - 1992
Estimates of the Apert syndrome birth prevalence and the mutation rate are reported for Washington State, Nebraska, Denmark, Italy, Spain, Atlanta, and Northern California. Data were pooled to increase the number of Apert births (n = 57) and produce a more stable birth prevalence estimate. Birth prevalence of the Apert ...
Ulrich B D - - 1992
Normally developing infants can produce organized alternating stepping patterns long before they stand alone or attempt to walk, if supported upright on a motorized treadmill. The purpose of this study was to examine whether infants with Down syndrome, who begin to walk at a much later age than non-disabled infants, ...
Wigfield R E - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of changing practice with regard to infant sleeping position on mortality from the sudden infant death syndrome. DESIGN: A population based study of all infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly during February 1990 to July 1991, and two groups of controls; one comprising every 125th baby ...
Ponsonby A L - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To compare the thermal environment of infants who died of the sudden infant death syndrome with that of age matched control infants. DESIGN: Case-control study. Infants who died were matched with two controls, one for age and one for age and birth weight. Thermal measurements were conducted at the ...
Mendívil A - - 1992
The congenital varicella syndrome is a rare disorder in which affected infants developed characteristic ocular and systemic manifestations. We present an infant who showed this syndrome, following maternal varicella during pregnancy. The infant had low birth weight, cicatricial skin lesions, limb contractures, hypotonia, areflexia and chorioretinal scarring. Fetal infection was ...
Koskimies K - - 1992
A longitudinal study on vibration syndrome among professional forest workers was carried out in Finland from 1972 to 1990. In the course of the follow-up the weighted vibration acceleration of chain saws decreased from about 14 to 2 m/s2. The prevalence of vibration-induced white finger (VWF) decreased gradually from 40% ...
Gortner L - - 1992
Premature infants born to mothers with HELLP syndrome were reported to have a less favourable outcome compared to infants with uncomplicated maternal history. We investigated the short term outcome in 21 premature infants with birth weights less than 1750 g born to mothers with HELLP syndrome. Median birth weight was ...
Van den Heuvel L P - - 1992
A decrease in the concentration of heparan sulphate proteoglycan (HSPG) in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is supposed to cause the increased GBM permeability in the congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS). Therefore, we analysed the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content and composition of the GBM and tubular basement membrane (TBM) from 3 patients ...
Bennett M J - - 1991
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is an inherited disorder of fatty acid oxidation associated with sudden death in infants and, in its fulminant form(s), a Reye-like syndrome. In an 18-month-old female who died suddenly and unexpectedly, the postmortem diagnosis of MCAD deficiency was made by analysis of organic acids, acylglycines, ...
Odom T W - - 1991
This study was conducted (at high altitude [1969 meters]) to determine whether chicks predisposed to cardiac failure and ascites could be identified and followed during growout with non-invasive electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques. ECG recordings were made on 40 chicks at 1 week of age. All recordings were analyzed by quantifying the ...
Kleinman P K - - 1991
A variation in ossification of the acromial process of the scapula is described. Postmortem radiographs, obtained in 78 infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome, showed an ossific opacity adjacent to the acromial process in 10 infants (13%). This finding was noted bilaterally in six patients and unilaterally in ...
Mukai S - - 1991
We observed ankyloglossia to be usually accompanied by displacement of the epiglottis and larynx. Infants with this disease developed dyspnea and skin and hair abnormalities. In addition, they had other symptoms, such as a dark forehead, a frowning expression, a dark color around the lips, scanty eyebrows, swelling around the ...
Shatz A - - 1991
Sudden infant death syndrome remains the leading cause of death in infants between the ages of 1 month and 1 year. Diagnosis at autopsy is usually reached by process of elimination, as no obvious cause of death is recognized. The larynges of 23 sudden infant death syndrome victims, as well ...
Schaffer M S - - 1991
Eleven hundred one healthy neonates in Charleston County, SC, were enrolled in a prospective, serial measurement sudden infant death syndrome/QT surveillance program. Automated computer-enhanced ECGs were recorded at 1 day of age in the hospital nursery and again at 1 week and 1, 2, and 3 months in the participant's ...
Rognum T O - - 1991
Postmortem changes of the hypoxanthine in vitreous humor in humans were investigated. Hypoxanthine is formed from hypoxic degradation of adenosine monophosphate. Repeated sampling was performed in 13 deceased adults. Keeping the bodies at +6 degrees C, the increase of the hypoxanthine levels was estimated to 3.5 mumol/L per hour when ...
Gilbert-Barness E F - - 1991
Liver extramedullary hematopoiesis was examined in 54 victims of sudden infant death syndrome and in 21 infants who died of other causes in an attempt to confirm Naeye's findings of increased extramedullary hematopoiesis in cases of sudden infant death syndrome. Our data showed greater extramedullary hematopoiesis in victims of sudden ...
Van Geet C - - 1991
The pathogenesis of the transient neonatal hyperammonaemia syndrome is largely unknown. The role of platelet activation was investigated in three preterm infants with this syndrome by non-invasive methods. In all three infants, urinary concentrations of beta-thromboglobulin and 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 levels were much higher during the hyperammonaemia than those in ten ...
Beard L J - - 1991
The Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked immunohematological disorder characterized by eczema, profound thrombocytopenia, and progressive immunodeficiency. Severe hemorrhage, overwhelming sepsis, or lymphoreticular malignancy usually cause death in childhood. Recently, bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has been curative in some well-established cases, but there is no general agreement about the ...
Louw B - - 1991
Children with Down syndrome are particularly at risk for language learning problems for reasons beyond the associated cognitive deficits. An early intervention programme and the application thereof on three Down syndrome infants aged 10 months at the initiation of the programme, is described. The subjects were individually assessed prior to ...
Schwartz G J - - 1991
A 4-month-old infant with bronchiolitis was found to have hyperdense bones on chest roentgenograms. The diagnosis of osteopetrosis was demonstrated by generalized increased radiological bone density and by a bone biopsy showing persistence of calcified cartilage. The infant also had a mixed proximal and distal renal tubular acidosis requiring as ...
Dove R - - 1990
We have designed and developed a suite of equipment for polygraphic assessment of infants thought to be at risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. A range of commercially available and custom made instrumentation is used to monitor cardio-respiratory function and thermal activity. The PC based system records continuous overnight trends ...
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