Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 620
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Chugani H T - - 1996
The classification of infantile spasms into symptomatic, cryptogenic, and idiopathic subgroups depends on clinical examination and available diagnostic technology. Positron emission tomography (PET) of glucose utilization is a powerful tool in detecting brain malformations (particularly cortical dysplasia) in infants with spasms. We analyzed etiologic data from 140 such infants, 78 ...
Kivivuori S M - - 1996
The current literature indicates that several abnormalities have been observed in the three hematopoietic cell lines of infants with Down's syndrome. This prospective, longitudinal study was designed to clarify the physiological variation in peripheral blood cell values of children with Down's syndrome by following 25 such infants during their first ...
Gozal D - - 1996
Induction of heat shock proteins follows a metabolic stress and protects from subsequent stresses. Stressors proposed for the sudden infant death syndrome include infection, environmentally-induced hyperthermia and hypoxia. Failure to express heat shock proteins to such stressful conditions may lead to reduced tolerance, and enhance inappropriate physiologic responses and vulnerability ...
Hutter C D - - 1996
The epidemiological features of sudden infant death syndrome (cot death) include a peak incidence between 8 and 13 weeks of age, a time of death or conception occurring during the winter months and an excess of deaths in infants born to young multiparous women of low socioeconomic status who smoke. ...
Klonoff-Cohen H - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether infants who died of the sudden infant death syndrome routinely shared their parents' bed more commonly than control infants. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Southern California. SUBJECTS: 200 white, African-American, Latin American, and Asian infants who died and 200 living controls, matched by birth hospital, date of ...
De Silva D - - 1995
We describe three unrelated, Scottish infants with the velocardiofacial/DiGeorge syndrome, all of whom have deletions of chromosome 22q11. Two of the infants had inherited the deletion from their mothers; the third infant's mother had clinical features although a deletion was not demonstrable in her. One infant had craniosynostosis associated with ...
Shepperdson B - - 1995
A cohort of subjects with Down's syndrome born in South Wales, UK, in 1964, 1965 and 1966, and living at home, was studied as infants, teenagers and young adults (the original cohort). Carers were interviewed and the abilities of the subjects assessed, using a variety of measures. Average scores of ...
Sayers N M - - 1995
There are a number of postulated causes of sudden infant death syndrome, including bacterial toxins, defects in thermoregulation and hypersensitivity. This paper formulates the hypothesis that analysis of cytokine profiles in suspected sudden infant death syndrome victims may give an insight into mechanisms of death. These cytokine profiles may also ...
MacDermot K D - - 1995
We describe a single male infant who developed severe hydrops fetalis between 19 and 28 weeks of gestation. After delivery at 32 weeks he was treated by hemofiltration, prolonged ventilation and intravenous feeding. He had hypertelorism, orbital hypoplasia without proptosis, brachydactyly, frontal and temporal bossing of the skull, central hypotonia, ...
Byard R W - - 1995
Minor inflammatory changes are often found in tissues of infants who die suddenly. Recently it has been proposed that these infiltrates signal significant underlying infectious disease and are responsible for death. Currently there is no unanimity about the percentage of cases in which inflammatory infiltrates occur and no international consensus ...
Walsh S - - 1995
Comparison of necropsy records, clinical details and epidemiological data of 93 unexplained stillbirths and 149 cases of sudden infant death syndrome provides compelling evidence that these disorders represent a continuum of a single spectrum of disease. Regarding them as a single disease entity could lead to a clearer understanding of ...
Lynch M P - - 1995
Canonical babbling of infants with and without Down syndrome was compared. Infants with Down syndrome and typically developing infants began canonical babbling in the first year of life, but the infants with Down syndrome began 2 months later. Once begun, their canonical babbling was less stable than that of typically ...
Christos G A - - 1995
During rapid-eye-movement sleep, when we dream, the brain is thought to be processing stored memory. The memory of a newborn infant is dominated by its fetal experience, and the infant is likely to dream about its life in the womb. Research with lucid (or conscious) dreaming has shown that dream ...
Portolani M - - 1995
A viral isolate obtained from peripheral blood lymphocytes of an infant with a nonspecific febrile syndrome was identified as human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) on the basis of PCR analysis of its DNA with one set of primers specific for HHV-7. The correlation of HHV-7 with the febrile episode affecting the ...
Slotkin T A - - 1995
Maternal cigarette smoking has a high correlation with sudden Infant Death Syndrome, a condition in which cardiorespiratory failure occurs during an hypoxic episode, as in sleep apnea. Pregnant rats were given nicotine infusions of 2 or 6 mg/kg/day throughout gestation, regimens that produce plasma nicotine levels spanning the range in ...
Van Hare G F - - 1994
We report the case of a 4-month-old infant who was implanted with an epicardial ventricular pacing system at 6 days of age for the prolonged QT syndrome, who subsequently developed migration of the pulse generator to the pericardial space. Tracking of the pulse generator through the diaphragm and into the ...
Kon Y - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Amok is reviewed from a historical standpoint, tracing how it has changed from the Hindu states of India where it was a war tactic to the sudden incomprehensible violence and mass murder by a single individual associated with the syndrome today. METHOD: A typical amok attack is described and ...
Lam S K - - 1994
A retrospective case controlled study was carried out to study the neonatal characteristics, outcome and narcotic withdrawal syndrome in 51 neonates exposed to narcotic antenatally. The birth weight, head circumference and body length were significantly smaller in the study group while the incidence of prematurity (41%) and small-for-gestational age babies ...
Blackwell C C - - 1994
Epidemiological factors associated with susceptibility to respiratory infections are similar to those associated with Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Here we review the evidence that respiratory pathogens might be involved in some cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in the context of factors identified in epidemiological studies of cot deaths: the ...
Ohr P S - - 1994
The ability of ten 9-month-old infants with Down syndrome to acquire a contingency in which arm movements were reinforced with auditory and visual stimulation was assessed. Unlike a group of infants without identifiable disabilities, those with Down syndrome did not learn the contingency. Examination of the performance of individual infants ...
Vuopala K - - 1994
In a national morphology based study of lethal arthrogryposis between 1979 and 1992, 40 fetuses and infants with lethal congenital contracture syndrome (LCCS, McKusick 253310) were found in Finland. The incidence of LCCS in Finland was 1:19,000 births. There were 20 affected males and 20 affected females in 26 families. ...
Martens P R - - 1994
The cause of the 'sudden infant death syndrome' (SIDS) remains unknown. We describe a case in which a benzodiazepine unadvisedly taken by a mother might have been at least in part responsible for the death of her breast-fed 'at risk' daughter. Moreover, in this case, home monitoring as a preventive ...
Matthews P M - - 1994
An infant with hypotonia and recurrent apneic spells died with a diagnosis of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency and showed typical pathological changes of Leigh's syndrome at postmortem. Despite the prominence of symptoms suggesting dysfunction of brainstem respiratory centers during life, lesions were not found in the upper medulla. However, quantitative morphometric ...
Hashimoto K - - 1994
Development of the midbrain in 260 newborn infants was studied by means of the ultrasonographic method. The 260 infants were divided into four groups; 211 appropriate-for-date (AFD) infants without intracranial abnormalities or chromosomal disorders, 41 light-for-date (LFD) infants without intracranial abnormalities or chromosomal disorders, 5 cases of Down syndrome and ...
Saadi A T - - 1994
A 67 kDa protein was isolated from cell membrane preparations of Staphylococcus aureus (NCTC 10655) by affinity adsorption with synthetic Lewis a antigen conjugated to Synsorb beads. Pre-treatment of buccal epithelial cells expressing Lewis a with the purified protein reduced binding of the staphylococcal strain to a greater extent than ...
Thrane P S - - 1994
Human parotid glands from 55 forensic autopsy subjects, 1-12 mo of age, were examined by immunohistochemistry without knowledge about the cause of death. Various combinations of monoclonal or polyclonal antibody reagents of the following specificities were applied in two-color immunofluorescence analyses: HLA class I or II (DR, DP, or DQ); ...
Walker A - - 1994
Clinicians all too often face the difficult dilemma of deciding whether a bone fracture in a young child was intentional. A structured expert consensus process suggests that all rib fractures; midshaft or metaphyseal fractures of the humerus; and fractures of the radius, ulna, tibia, or fibula in children younger than ...
Hague R A - - 1994
Infants with severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome (SCIDS) have a greatly improved prognosis if diagnosed and treated before they develop overwhelming infection. Clinical and laboratory data on 45 patients with SCIDS were retrospectively reviewed to assess the value of absolute lymphocyte counts in making an early diagnosis. Ninety infants matched for ...
Miller Christopher A - - 1994
We thank özbag for his interest in our article and comments regarding a possible alternative mechanism of action of primidone on theophylline-resistant apnea in preterm infants (effect of phenobarbital, a metabolite).While he correctly cites data showing an effect of phenobarbital on active sleep (and subsequently on apnea in some infants),1 ...
Gray J R - - 1994
This study in north east Scotland has shown that Marfan syndrome has a minimal birth incidence of 1:9802 live births, a minimal prevalence of 1:14217, and that 8/30 (26.7%) of cases in our series are new mutations. The calculated mutation rate is 15 +/- 6.7 x 10(-6) and there is ...
Widness J A - - 1994
Plasma erythropoietin (Ep) was determined in umbilical cord blood in 18 infants with Down's syndrome. The 16 infants with Down's syndrome who were delivered after labor had significantly elevated plasma Ep levels compared to 36 control infants born after labor (p < 0.001). Six of the ten infants with Down's ...
Shatz A - - 1994
Survival of infants born with bilateral choanal atresia or pyriform aperture stenosis who breathe orally, as well as experimental data, challenge the virtually axiomatic theory of 'obligatory' nose breathing of the neonate. The anatomical parameters leading to the infant's airway patency and to airway obstruction were studied on midsagittal anatomical ...
Meny R G - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the mechanism of death during sudden infant death. To study the mechanism, we obtained data on six infants who died while on a memory-equipped cardiorespiratory monitor. METHODS: Waveforms of respiration and heart rate trend were available for five infants; an alarm log only was available ...
Tabbutt S - - 1994
Phospholipid antibodies (lupus anticoagulant, cardiolipin) are associated with a syndrome of repeated fetal loss. Mothers with phospholipid antibodies are currently being treated with either prednisone, aspirin, or heparin to prevent fetal death. We describe a neonate whose mother had cardiolipin antibody and recurrent fetal loss and was treated with prednisone ...
Lavoue S - - 1994
A prospective study of early death was conducted in a large population of piglets in order to investigate the causes of mortality and determine whether this species could be useful as an animal model of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). 1,921 live-born piglets were closely monitored from birth to ...
Stoltenberg L - - 1993
Infants with sudden infant death syndrome have higher hypoxanthine (Hx) concentrations in their vitreous humor than infants with respiratory distress syndrome and other infant control populations. However, previous research on piglets and pigs applying continuous hypoxemia has not been able to reproduce the concentrations observed in infants with sudden infant ...
Scragg R - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To investigate why sharing the bed with an infant is a not consistent risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome in ethnic subgroups in New Zealand and to see if the risk of sudden infant death associated with this practice is related to other factors, particularly maternal smoking ...
Sunoo C S - - 1993
Meconium in the amniotic fluid was found in 2,633 obstetrical patients and meconium-aspiration occurred in 77 cases out of 14,527 deliveries. Although the incidence of meconium in the amniotic fluid increased significantly at 39 weeks, a corresponding significant increase in meconium-aspiration did not occur until 41 weeks gestation. All deaths ...
Schechtman V L - - 1993
Previous studies show alterations in the dynamic patterns of cardiac rate in several "at-risk" populations, including apparently healthy infants who subsequently die of the sudden infant death syndrome. In the present study, we examined the maturation of cardiac rate dynamics in normal infants during sleep-waking states over the first 6 ...
Chiodini B A - - 1993
Although accidental suffocation has been suggested as a cause of sudden infant death syndrome in infants who are found prone with their faces straight down, the occurrence and effects on breathing of this position in living infants are unknown. We studied prone sleeping infants to see whether they will sleep ...
Emery J L - - 1993
There is now evidence, from a variety of approaches, that indicate that between one tenth and one fifth of children currently diagnosed as cases of sudden infant death syndrome are not natural deaths. There is also equally strong evidence, where the possibility of filicide has been explored, that the majority ...
Schulman M - - 1993
Two infants with the Jarcho-Levin syndrome of vertebral anomalies underwent flexible fibre optic bronchoscopy. Central airway abnormalities not amenable to surgical correction were found in both patients. These abnormalities may contribute significantly to the respiratory failure seen in affected infants, and should be considered when evaluating continuing medical support.
Belchis D A - - 1993
Choriocarcinoma presenting in an infant or neonate is a rare entity that in the past has been uniformly fatal. The authors present the first reported case of choriocarcinoma successfully treated in a 3-week-old infant. Choriocarcinoma was not suspected in this case until pathologic examination revealed the diagnosis. In retrospect, however, ...
Habib R - - 1993
Among the various primary conditions which may be associated with a nephrotic syndrome at birth or within the 1st year of life, the best known is the congenital nephrotic syndrome of finnish type (CNF) characterized by irregular pseudocystic dilatation of proximal tubules. This disease, very frequent in Finland, is often ...
Perez-Benavides F - - 1993
A 27-week-old girl, 936 gm, with initial diagnosis of birth asphyxia resulting from prolapse of the umbilical cord, respiratory distress syndrome, and suspected neonatal sepsis received antibiotics for the first 7 days of life. On day 24, evidence developed of acute Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis of the anterior leaflet of the ...
Bhaya M H - - 1993
Histopathological findings in seven temporal bones from four infants diagnosed as Potter's syndrome are described. The infants were labelled as Potter's syndrome after autopsy confirmed bilateral renal agenesis. Extrarenal manifestations included pulmonary hypoplasia and facial anomalies. The middle ear volume in infants with Potter's syndrome remained unchanged with age resulting ...
Groom D D - - 1993
1. Care of the elderly is often complicated by complex, interacting conditions. Major areas of concern for the elderly are malnutrition, depression, and confusion (in the form of dementia or delirium). Malnutrition has been prevalent in both hospitalized and institutionalized elderly. 2. Failure to thrive (FTT) has long been recognized ...
Gleeson M - - 1993
A prospective study to define the normal patterns of development of mucosal immunity in 263 children provided a unique opportunity to study the mucosal immune response in an infant who unexpectedly died from sudden infant death syndrome. The subject initially had a normal pattern of mucosal immune function, which was ...
Lundemose J B - - 1993
A number of rare inherited metabolic disorders are known to lead to death in infancy. Deficiency of medium-chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase has, on clinical grounds, been related particularly to sudden infant death syndrome. The contribution of this disorder to the etiology of sudden infant death syndrome is still a matter ...
Kemp J S - - 1993
As part of a 1-year study of sudden unexpected infant deaths in St. Louis, we performed both a specialized death scene investigation and, in selected cases, a physiologic reconstruction of the death scene with a rabbit model. Those cases in which the infant was found face down with nose and ...
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