Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 619
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Murray D - - 2001
The HELLP syndrome is a rare condition with a variable presentation, and in general, the outlook for mother and baby is felt to be poor. The aims of this study were to determine the maternal and perinatal outcome in cases of the HELLP syndrome at the Rotunda hospital over a ...
Dean G - - 2000
To investigate a reported cluster of Down's syndrome in offspring of former pupils of a girls' school in Ireland, to establish the prevalence of Down's syndrome among live births in the area around the school, and to review the literature on the possible causes of reported clusters of Down's syndrome. ...
Beal S M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of death for bed-sharing infants. METHODOLOGY: All unexpected infant deaths occurring in South Australia between 1970 and 1997, occurring after the infant was put to rest and diagnosed by after death scene investigation and autopsy as sudden death infant syndrome, accidental death, or 'undetermined' were ...
Suzuki H - - 2000
We report a 6-month-old Japanese infant with a malignant form of Brugada syndrome, who had frequent episodes of ventricular fibrillation (VF) and nonsustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT). To the best of our knowledge, this infant is the youngest patient reported to have Brugada syndrome. Continuous infusion of a beta-adrenergic agonist ...
Sadetzki S - - 2000
To assess factors affecting parental relinquishment of infants with Down syndrome, we conducted a nationwide cohort study of infants with Down syndrome who were born in Israel during 1979-1983 and 1987-1991. Overall relinquishment rate was 25%. Major factors affecting relinquishment were mother's age, birth order, infant's health status, and study ...
Aliefendio─člu D - - 2000
The syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count (HELLP syndrome) is a severe form of preeclampsia and eclampsia. To compare the impact of HELLP syndrome and hypertension in pregnancy (HIP) on neonatal morbidity and mortality, 11 infants born to mothers with HELLP syndrome were recruited between 1993 ...
Itoh H - - 2000
We report a case of Pena-Shokeir type I syndrome in a female neonate who died of respiratory failure shortly after the birth at 32 weeks of gestation. In general appearance, she had apparent ocural hypertelorism, a depressed tip of the nose, low-set malformed ears, and microglossia in the head. There ...
Herrmann M E - - 2000
The authors report a case of a 2-month-old girl diagnosed with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) who was born prematurely and died suddenly in the hospital just before being discharged. BWS is a malformation syndrome associated with an increased risk of childhood tumors. The major features of BWS are macroglossia, abdominal wall ...
Kennaway D J - - 2000
This review discusses the development of melatonin rhythmicity in humans and the factors that may alter the appearance of melatonin rhythms. The literature on the possible consequences of disordered melatonin production in relation to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, fetal origins of adult disease, and scoliosis is critically reviewed. Finally, the ...
Viskin S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and predictors of pause dependent torsade de pointes among patients with the congenital long QT syndrome and spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmias. DESIGN: The literature on the "congenital long QT" was reviewed. Articles with illustrations demonstrating the onset of spontaneous polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias in the absence of ...
Thame M M - - 2000
A five-month-old female infant was admitted to the Tropical Metabolism Research Unit with a weight for age of 49% and no evidence of oedema giving rise to a diagnosis of marasmus (Wellcome Classification). The underlying reason for her malnutrition was the Infant Rumination syndrome. This is an uncommon disorder which ...
Larsen T B - - 2000
Sudden infant death syndrome or "cot death" has until the late eighties been a significant cause of death in children between the ages of 1 month and 1 year. Approximately two per 1000 children born alive dies of sudden infant death syndrome each year in Western Europe, North America, and ...
Blatt S D - - 2000
The Back to Sleep Campaigns remain the greatest influence on the reduction of sudden infant death syndrome. Blatt and Meguid review updates on the effectiveness of these campaigns in reducing sudden infant death syndrome. They also review studies on why parents do not follow this proven advice. The contribution of ...
Paquette H - - 2000
The pineal gland is located posterior to the midbrain and is the site of melatonin production. Research on pineal gland function in neonates is very limited. This article will discuss pineal gland development and the possible relationship between melatonin production and sudden infant death syndrome. Further research on pineal gland ...
Corbyn J A - - 2000
The physiological effects on an infant of repeatedly sleeping in an environment consisting of a mixture of exhaled air and fresh air is examined. It is found that adaptation can be predicted. A possible outcome of the adaptation is shown to be the development of hypoxia when the conditions change ...
Frey B - - 2000
Haemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSES) is a devastating disorder affecting infants. So far no cases have been reported in Switzerland. It is characterised by the abrupt onset of hyperpyrexia, shock, encephalopathy, diarrhoea, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and renal and hepatic failure in previously healthy infants. Severe hypoglycaemia has been ...
Hemingway Martha - - 2000
Asymmetrical headshape in infants has increased markedly since the 1992 recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome by avoiding the prone sleeping position. Cranial molding correlated to restrictive intrauterine environment, birth trauma, torticollis, positioning, lack of full bone mineralization, neurological deficits, ...
Foreman D M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Infant psychiatry claims to be a separate discipline within psychiatry. This article sets out to test that claim. Goals were to establish whether the field had meaningful boundaries; whether its practice related to a coherent body of research; and whether its assessments and syndromes had clinical utility. METHODS: A ...
Rösch C - - 2000
The epidemiological analysis of trisomy 21 presented for the new federal German state of Saxony-Anhalt describes trends and changes in the frequency of Down's syndrome and prevalences of the pregnancy outcomes including acceptance of prenatal diagnostic measures in the period from 1980 and with separate analysis for the period since ...
Sharma R - - 2000
A term infant with hydrops fetalis presented with hypotonia, massive splenomegaly, renal failure, and severe hyperferritinemia. Multiple organ failure, myoclonus, and opisthotonus ensued and she died at 15 days of age. High rounded forehead, large open fontanel, and a small recessed chin led to initial premortem diagnosis of Zellweger syndrome, ...
Merrick J - - 2000
Life expectancy for persons with Down syndrome has increased dramatically throughout the world over the last 50 years. In 1978 the Israel Ministry of Health initiated a national program for the prevention of birth defects, and since 1979 data on the incidence and mortality of persons with Down syndrome have ...
Johns F R - - 2000
The incidence of occipital skull flattening in infants has recently increased, partly as a result of widespread supine positioning to prevent sudden infant death syndrome. The authors discuss the causes and differential diagnosis of posterior skull deformity in this subpopulation of patients and describe their technique for surgical correction of ...
Moore F A - - 1999
Despite intensive investigation, the pathogenesis of postinjury multiple organ failure (MOF) remains elusive. Laboratory and clinical research strongly implicate that the gastrointestinal tract plays a pivotal role. Shock with resulting gut hypoperfusion appears to be one important inciting event. While early studies persuasively focused attention on bacterial translocation as a ...
Mol B W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of verification bias on the accuracy of first-trimester nuchal translucency measurement for Down syndrome detection. METHODS: We used MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify all papers relating the results of nuchal translucency measurement to fetal karyotype. The detected studies were scored for verification bias. Fifteen studies ...
Hirschberg J - - 1999
The definition of infant dysphonia is difficult because the physiological phonation itself may be extremely variable in newborns. In a wider sense, all voice utterings can be interpreted as dysphonia which deviate continuously in any of the parameters (timbre, pitch, intensity, or noise) from the normal. We differentiated 20 types ...
Sayers N M - - 1999
The aim of the study was to test the hypotheses (i) that sudden infant death syndrome sera are toxic to 11-day old chick embryos and (ii) that such a toxicity can be counteracted by immunoglobulin or adult sera. Serum samples from 11 SIDS victims and five controls were tested for ...
Vege A - - 1999
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is sudden unexpected death in infancy for which there is no explanation based on commonly accepted diagnostic criteria; however, half of the victims have had slight signs of infection prior to death. Such slight infection with fever is an important risk factor in combination with ...
Siarakas S - - 1999
Toxin-specific antibodies to clostridial, enterobacterial and staphylococcal toxins implicated in sudden infant death syndrome were studied in sera from sudden infant death syndrome infants and a comparison group of infants (babies with phenylketonuria). The results indicated a higher proportion of sera from sudden infant death syndrome infants contained IgA that ...
Morris J A - - 1999
The background to the common bacterial toxin hypothesis of sudden infant death syndrome is presented. The idea is that some cases of sudden infant death syndrome are due to the lethal effects of nasopharyngeal bacterial toxins which can act synergistically to trigger the events leading to death. The concept is ...
Ozawa Y - - 1999
The catecholaminergic systems of sudden infant death syndrome victims were examined in the diencephalon and basal ganglia, in addition to the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata, using the immuno-histochemical method involving tyrosine hydroxylase. A significant decrease in tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity was demonstrated in the basal ganglia of sudden infant death ...
Shackleton C H - - 1999
The biosynthetic abnormality in Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a deficiency of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) reductase, the enzyme responsible for catalyzing the final step in the Kandutsch-Russell pathway for cholesterol synthesis. Because the disposition of 7DHC and 8-dehydrocholesterol [8DHC; cholesta-5,8(9)-dien-3beta-ol] produced in this syndrome is little understood, we have analyzed urine from ...
Ruggiero A - - 1999
An infant with Kawasaki syndrome presenting with fever, rash, and a high percentage of neutrophils with toxic granulation is reported. The peripheral blood smears of the patient showed a high proportion of neutrophils with marked vacuoles and toxic granulations. The reactive changes in neutrophils could be helpful in the early ...
Calveley S - - 1999
PURPOSE: To illustrate a syndrome of transient erythema in the first division of the fifth cranial nerve caused by minor corneal laceration, occurring in infants. METHODS: Case reports are presented, together with photographs. These must, of necessity, usually be obtained by the general practitioner because of the short duration of ...
Blatt S D - - 1999
Since the introduction of the Back to Sleep Campaigns, there has been a dramatic reduction in sudden infant death syndrome in this country. Steven Blatt and Victoria Meguid review the literature surrounding sleep position. Investigators have continued efforts to find other modifiable risk factors of sudden infant death syndrome. A ...
Lindsay J S - - 1999
The medical profession are concerned with diseases or disorders, their diagnoses, and the appropriate treatment of their patients. The relevant processes involve interpersonal relationships in physical examinations, associated with the conventional social ritual courtesies. There are only two certainties--birth and death--with areas of probabilities and uncertainties in between. One such ...
Shackleton C H - - 1999
The equine-type estriols 1,3,5(10),7-estratetraene-3,16alpha,17beta-triol (16alpha-hydroxy-17beta-dihydroequilin) and 1,3,5(10),6,8-estrapentaene-3,16alpha,17beta-triol (16alpha-hydroxy-17beta-dihydroequilenin) constituted over half of the estrogens excreted by a woman carrying a Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) affected fetus. The steroids were characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), and mass spectra of the dehydro estriols as trimethylsilyl ethers are illustrated. SLOS is associated with ...
Kagata Y - - 1999
The rare clinicopathological entity 'disseminated visceral giant cell arteritis' (DVGCA) was first described in 1978. It is characterized by widespread small-vessel giant cell angitis and extravascular granulomas. A normal and healthy 7-month-old boy who presented unexpectedly with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is reported. Histological examination at autopsy revealed giant ...
Bauman N M - - 1999
Reflex laryngeal adduction is a component of both the laryngeal chemoreflex and the esophagolaryngeal adductor reflex, two life-threatening reflexes that occur in immature animals. These two reflex responses are also thought to exist in infants and may play a role in causing life-threatening laryngospastic events and perhaps sudden infant death ...
Pamphlett R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Vertebral artery compression causing brainstem ischemia has been suggested to underlie the sudden infant death syndrome. Vertebral artery distortion from neck movements has been demonstrated by angiography in infants, but direct evidence for arterial compression is lacking. In an attempt to demonstrate vertebral artery compression from head movement, we ...
Caruso T M - - 1998
PURPOSE: This hospital-based study has determined the change over time (1972-1974 and 1979-1994) in the methods of prenatal detection of fetuses with Down syndrome and the impact of elective termination on the portion that were liveborn. METHODS: Using a malformations surveillance program, all 265 affected fetuses and infants were identified ...
du Boulay G H - - 1998
Some anatomical aspects of the blood supply of the brains of mammals have been examined to illuminate their functions. A fundamental explanation of sudden infant death syndrome (cot death) is suggested following experimental observations. Speculative contributions have been made to comparative physiological ideas concerning mammals of pronograde and erect habitus, ...
Acarregui M J - - 1998
We report siblings with a variant of carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome, type 1 (CDGS1), characterized by normal phosphomannomutase and phosphomannose isomerase activities, severe thrombocytopenia, and respiratory compromise. Each infant died after a course of intensive care, suggesting that infants with CDGS1 and normal phosphomannomutase and phosphomannose isomerase activities may have a ...
Carpentier V - - 1998
Sudden infant death syndrome is the primary cause of mortality in children aged one to six months in industrialized countries. Although the etiology of this syndrome is still unknown, subtle abnormalities in the neuronal circuitry involved in the control of respiratory activity are suspected. Since stereotaxic administration of somatostatin in ...
Gotoh M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report two cases of unilateral retinal neovascularization in Turner syndrome. METHOD: We examined two female infants, born at 34 weeks' and 33 weeks' gestation, who had received oxygen for 9 days and 3 days, respectively, after birth. Both infants had the 45,XO karyotype of Turner syndrome. RESULTS: In ...
Obonai T - - 1998
Serial examination of the cerebral hemispheres of 20 sudden infant death syndrome victims revealed high incidence of leukomalacia (40%), leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopias (70%) at the base of the cerebrum, and astrogliosis (65%) in the white matter and medulla reticular formation compared with 20 age-matched controls. These results suggest that an ...
Beaubien E R - - 1998
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a locally aggressive, endothelial-derived spindle cell neoplasm that occurs exclusively in infants and adolescents. Lesions are characterized by rapid growth and extension, and are often associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome and lymphangiomatosis. Clinically nonspecific, they can appear as tender rapidly expanding red plaques, nodules, grouped papules, or telangiectasias. ...
Botash A S - - 1998
Ann Botash reviews the current literature regarding the association of retinal hemorrhage and subarachnoid bleeds in infants who have suffered head trauma. Particular emphasis is placed on differentiating these findings from those in children who suffer other forms of trauma, especially cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The office practitioner needs appropriate skills in ...
Csukás Z - - 1998
The potential role of microbiological agents was investigated in 10 cases of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in Budapest between September 1996 and December 1997. Autopsy, histological examination and microbiological tests were performed on samples of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, pharyngeal and bronchial samples from infants under six months died suddenly, without ...
Byard R W - - 1997
The fall in numbers of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) deaths in recent years has resulted in questions being asked as to whether changes in the pathological assessment and diagnosis of such cases have influenced reported death rates. Specific concerns have been raised about possible changes in diagnostic criteria, differences ...
Hayase T - - 1997
The cause of death in a 45-day-old male infant who was found apneic at home and died 21 hours later was disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The patient was admitted to a hospital in a state of cardio-respiratory arrest. The initial diagnosis was interrupted sudden infant death syndrome. The patient remained ...
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