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Bernal-Sprekelsen Manuel - - 2003
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: It has been suggested that congenital cholesteatoma may be caused by perinatal aspiration of squamous epithelium. STUDY DESIGN: Microscopic study of fetal temporal bones. METHODS: Thirty-one temporal bones from infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome before 1 year of age and 27 temporal bones obtained from preterm ...
Krous Henry F - - 2003
Upper respiratory infection and pulmonary inflammation are common in sudden infant death syndrome, but their role in the cause of death remains controversial. Controlled studies comparing clinical upper respiratory infection and inflammation in sudden infant death syndrome with sudden infant deaths caused by accidents and inflicted injuries (controls) are unavailable. ...
Miura M - - 2003
Infants with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) and 2:1 atrioventricular block (AVB) have been recognized as a clinical subset of children with LQTS. However, the genotype of this disorder is not well-known. We report an infant with LQTS and 2:1 AVB with a mutation of the SCN5A gene (LQT3). In ...
Czekajska-Chehab Elzbieta - - 2003
The aim of the study was to find out the opinions of radiologists concerning their work, sources of satisfaction and professional stress factors and to assess their relationship with the professional burnout syndrome. The study was conducted in the group of radiologists of the Lublin region using the questionnaire prepared ...
Trimis Giorgios - - 2003
Pertussis is a potentially severe disease, especially in infancy. The case of an 8-month-old infant is described who presented the typical radiographic image of unilateral hyperlucent lung or Swyer-James (MacLeod's) syndrome. The infant suffered from pertussis at 20 d of age. A rare postinfectious complication of pertussis is reported.
Schluckebier Deirdre A - - 2002
It has been proposed that the presence of siderophages in the lungs of infants who die unexpectedly should be considered a marker of a previous hypoxic event, which may preclude a diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome. The authors retrospectively reviewed all infant deaths (<1 year old) going to autopsy ...
Tappin David - - 2002
To examine the proposition that a used infant mattress is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Case-control study. Scotland (population 5.1 million, with about 53 000 births a year). 131 infants who died of sudden infant death syndrome between 1 January 1996 and 31 May 2000 ...
Young James B - - 2002
Environmental exposures at crucial points in development permanently alter sympathoadrenal function in mammals. The sympathetic innervation of peripheral tissues and the responsiveness of sympathetic nerves and adrenal medulla to standard stimuli are susceptible to modification by exposures in early life, such as environmental temperature, nutrition and stress. Because the sympathetic ...
Platteau Peter - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In this paper, we review our clinical preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) programme for fragile Xa syndrome, analysing if PGD for these couples is still a valuable option, as it is particularly difficult for two reasons. First, the couples have to be informative (the number of triplet repeats on the ...
Blood-Siegfried Jane - - 2002
Sudden infant death syndrome is the most common cause of postneonatal infant mortality in the developed world. It is a diagnosis of exclusion with peak age of incidence between 2 and 6 mo. Fifty to 63% of these infants have a preexisting upper respiratory tract infection before death. We hypothesized ...
Kwon David S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the prevalence, distribution, and thickness of physiologic subperiosteal new bone formation in neonates and infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-detail postmortem skeletal radiologic surveys of 101 neonates and infants who had died from sudden infant death syndrome were reviewed. The average age ...
Zotter Heinz - - 2002
The aim of this paper is to review and compare results from different studies describing the possible preventive effect of pacifiers on the sudden infant death syndrome. A Medline and Pubmed search was performed in order to find relevant references. Four groups of researchers were found, and referring to the ...
Gerard Claudia M CM Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, - - 2002
The calming effects of swaddling may help infants accept back sleeping and so reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. We hypothesized that swaddling, with minimal leg restraint, would be accepted by postneonatal infants with minimal respiratory effects. Postneonatal infants (n = 37)were studied for the introduction of swaddling. ...
Byring R F - - 2002
The sudden infant death syndrome has multiple etiologies. Some congenital myasthenic syndromes can cause sudden infant death syndrome by apnea, but the frequency of this etiology is unknown. We report here a young patient with sudden respiratory crises culminating in apnea followed by recovery, against a background of no or ...
Vance J C - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine, using a 30-month prospective study, patterns of anxiety, depression and alcohol use in couples following stillbirth, neonatal death or sudden infant death syndrome. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and thirty-eight bereaved and 156 non-bereaved couples completed standardized interviews at 2, 8, 15 and 30 months post-loss. RESULTS: At all ...
Nordmann Yves - - 2002
Only in the recent past has Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) also been diagnosed in newborns and infants, and the first descriptions of respiratory disturbances in young, not yet obese patients have been published only recently. We report an infant with PWS and respiratory problems, who suffered sudden death. To our knowledge, ...
Shanske Sara - - 2002
Single deletions of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are associated with three major clinical conditions: Kearns-Sayre syndrome, a multisystem disorder; Pearson syndrome (PS), a disorder of the hematopoietic system; and progressive external ophthalmoplegia (PEO), primarily affecting the ocular muscles. Typically, single mtDNA deletions are sporadic events, since the mothers, siblings, and offspring ...
Feldman B J - - 2002
We describe an infant with a persistent pericardial effusion who was diagnosed with carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndrome (CDGS)-Ia. She was born with mild dysmorphic features and common cardiac abnormalities. However, she re-presented at 2.5 months of age with a pericardial effusion. We decided to embark on a therapeutic trial of corticosteroids ...
Williams Keith P - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether maternal and fetal complications such as HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome and the incidence of small for gestational age infants in women with preeclampsia and gestational hypertension differ with both gravidity and parity. STUDY DESIGN: The charts of 441 hypertensive women, 182 with ...
Nomura Yuichi - - 2002
The symptoms of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) suggest a possible relationship between KS and superantigen(s). The infrequent occurrence of KS among young infants may be due to a passive maternal antibody. We investigated the antibody titers for superantigens (toxic shock syndrome toxin [TSST]-1, staphylococcal exotoxin B, and streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins C ...
Yoder Bradley A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in neonatal and obstetric practices that may have contributed to the decreasing incidence of meconium aspiration syndrome in our population during this time. METHODS: We compared neonatal and obstetric characteristics of 61 infants diagnosed with meconium aspiration syndrome with 1365 infants born through moderate or thick ...
Benson Melanie - - 2002
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare dysmorphogenic disorder characterized by growth retardation, severe cognitive limitations, distinctive facial features, and limb reduction anomalies recognizable at birth. Currently, no single criterion is diagnostic for CdLS, and misdiagnosis is not uncommon. Long-term management of the infant with CdLS requires a coordinated ...
Colditz P B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish the CO2 dispersion and retention properties of some mattresses and bed coverings commercially available in Australia. METHODS: Five mattresses were studied in (i) an in vivo model in which an infant's head was covered by a headbox, rebreathing was allowed to occur, and the final steady state ...
Durlach Jean - - 2002
Biological clock and magnesium status are linked. Central magnesium regulation may be hypothetized. Balanced magnesium status is requested to obtain efficiency of suprachiasmatic nuclei and of pineal gland. Conventional bright light therapy appears as a speedy and efficient antidepressant medication useful for the treatment of various types of depression, and ...
Matturri Luigi - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the frequency, morphology, and pathogenesis (primary or secondary) of the abnormally developed medullary arcuate nucleus (ARCn) in stillbirths. METHODS: We examined 26 stillbirths (24 antepartum, 2 intrapartum) that had a gestational age between 25 and 40 weeks and a normal karyotype. All of the stillborns were described ...
Montané J - - 2002
Delayed acute capture myopathy is the term used to describe the clinical syndrome observed in three roe deer captured by drive-nets and transported to an enclosure for scientific purposes. The animals died 48 h, 60 h and 8 days after being captured. The simultaneous deaths coincided with a previous episode ...
Ogata Tsutomu - - 2002
We report on clinical and molecular findings in a Japanese family consisting of a male infant with SHOX nullizygosity and his four family members with SHOX haploinsufficiency. The male infant had Langer mesomelic dysplasia, the prepubertal sister had idiopathic short stature phenotype with no discernible skeletal features, the father had ...
Gozal David - - 2002
Gasping is a critically important mechanism for autoresuscitation and survival during extreme tissue hypoxia. Evidence of antecedent hypoxia in sudden infant death syndrome suggests that intermittently occurring hypoxic episodes may modify gasping and autoresuscitation. To examine this issue, an intermittent hypoxia (IH) profile consisting of alternating room air and 10% ...
Jain Renu - - 2002
Down Syndrome (DS) is a commonly occurring chromosomal abnormality. The incidence increases with advancing maternal age over 35 years. Over the last three decades, tremendous progress has been made in the medical and surgical treatment of these infants. Nationally, a great deal of resources are allocated to DS infants to ...
Ford Kathleen M - - 2002
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is an elusive and tragic cause of infant mortality. In 1992, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended that healthy term infants be placed in the supine or lateral positions for sleep, based on research conducted in Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. The AAP modified its ...
Quan L - - 2001
This article reports an autopsy case of sudden death of an infant with an infrequent encephalopathy involving epileptic episodes. The infant was a 1-year and 10-month-old boy, who had a history of the first convulsive seizures in the third month after birth. The clinical diagnosis was described as 'an early ...
Sanatani S - - 2001
This article describes two infants with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome in whom apparent VF occurred without antecedent AF or atrial flutter during routine transesophageal electrophysiological testing. Remarkably, this arrhythmia terminated spontaneously in both infants. The documentation of self-limited apparent VF, or polymorphic ventricular tachycardia close to VF, in transesophageal testing adds ...
Kajii T - - 2001
Five infants (two girls and three boys) from four families all had severe pre- and postnatal growth retardation, profound developmental delay, microcephaly, hypoplasia of the brain with Dandy-Walker complex or other posterior fossa malformations, and developed uncontrollable clonic seizures. Four infants developed Wilms tumors, and one showed cystic lesions in ...
Riikonen R - - 2001
The present study examined whether changes in the incidence of West syndrome (WS) could be used to evaluate changes in the quality of prenatal care over time. The incidence of WS in Finland did not change (1960-1991) in spite of increased survival of low-birth-weight infants. Small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants were ...
Albina E - - 2001
Post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) is a comparatively new disease of swine, and known to occur in France since 1996. A porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is found in the lesions of affected piglets. Six piglets aged 10-13 weeks were obtained from a French PMWS-affected farm. Two showing characteristic signs ...
Byard R W - - 2001
AIM: A study was undertaken to examine specific circumstances that may lead to accidental asphyxial deaths in infants on sofas. METHODS: Coronial files in South Australia (Australia) from 1989 to 1998, and files at the Office of the Medical Examiner in San Diego County (USA) from 1991 to 1998 were ...
Kahn A - - 2001
To monitor infant care practices associated with risks for sudden infant death, 400 Belgian families with infants less than 6 months old were questioned by 21 paediatricians during routine visits to local paediatric practices and well baby services (11 in urban centres, 10 in rural areas). Because of incomplete information, ...
Harrington C - - 2001
Whereas defective cardiovascular autonomic control has been implicated in the sudden infant death syndrome, relatively little is known about the normal development of autonomic control, due to the inability to measure blood pressure in infants noninvasively. We studied 12 normal infants [age: 13 +/- 2 (SD) wk] using a noninvasive ...
Nowaczyk M J - - 2001
Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (OMIM 270400) (SLOS) is caused by inherited enzymatic deficiency of 3beta-hydroxysterol-Delta7-reductase (7-dehydrocholesterol-Delta7-reductase, DHCR7). SLOS is diagnosed clinically by the demonstration of elevated levels of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) in body fluids or tissues. SLOS is associated with mental retardation of variable degree and severe behavior abnormalities. The physical abnormalities range ...
Martínez-Frías M L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: There are some studies which analyzed the relationship between prenatal exposure to oral contraceptives (OCs) and Down syndrome, with conflicting results even in women using OCs and conceiving at different intervals after discontinuing the use of contraceptive pills. We analyzed the risk for Down syndrome in infants of women ...
Merrick J - - 2001
The incidence of Down syndrome was studied in Jerusalem for the years 1964-1970 showing an overall incidence rate of 2.43 per 1,000 live births. A National Down Syndrome Register was established in 1978 and data on annual incidence and mortality rates from 1979-1997 is presented. The incidence in 1997 was ...
Collins K A - - 2001
Overlaying, the accidental death by smothering caused by a larger individual sleeping on top of an infant, is a cause of death that has been documented for centuries. The hazard of death has been reported to be greater in infants less than 5 months of age but may occur in ...
Weinberg E D - - 2001
Three risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome are well established: maternal smoking, prone sleeping position and non-breast feeding. Two additional risk factors have been proposed: microbial infection in the gastrointestinal or respiratory tracts and iron loading. This review endeavors to integrate these five disparate factors into a unifying concept.
Georgitis J W - - 2001
The prevalence and differential diagnosis of rhinitis changes as we progress from birth to senescence. The heavy burden of allergic rhinitis is often overlooked in infants and disregarded in childhood and adolescence. In women, especially during pregnancy, hormonal changes can significantly affect nasal mucosal hyperreactivity and worsen ongoing syndromes. Various ...
Ladham S - - 2001
The first reported case of simultaneous sudden infant death syndrome (SSIDS) in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, occurred on February 27, 1998. Two-month-old black fraternal twin girls were both found dead in their crib at the same time. After an in-depth death scene investigation, police investigation, toxicologic analysis, and complete autopsies, a ...
Biggart E - - 2001
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) syndrome associated with abnormal ciliary orientation but with normal ciliary ultrastructure has been described in adults, but there are no normal ranges for orientation in infants, despite the fact that half of all patients with PCD present in the new-born period. Nasal brush biopsies were obtained ...
Antzelevitch C - - 2001
Sudden cardiac death accounts for 19% of sudden deaths in children between 1 and 13 years of age and 30% of sudden deaths that occur between 14 and 21 years of age. The incidence of sudden cardiac death displays 2 peaks: one between 45 and 75 years of age, as ...
Dundar M - - 2001
An infant with ambiguous genitalia was found to have a karyotype 45,X/46,X,r(Y)(p11.2;q11.23)/47,X,idic(Y)(p11.2),idic(Y)(p11.2) using G-banding, C-banding and FISH. Examination of the genitalia revealed a phallus measuring 1.5 cm in length and 0.5 cm wide with perineal orifice. Subtle phenotypic features consistent with Turner syndrome were not present. Genital ultrasonography revealed the ...
Chace D H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Deaths from inherited metabolic disorders may remain undiagnosed after postmortem examination and may be classified as sudden infant death syndrome. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) may reveal disorders of fatty acid oxidation in deaths of previously unknown cause. METHODS: We obtained filter-paper blood from 7058 infants from United States and ...
Magen D - - 2001
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a heterogeneous group of disorders, the pathogenesis of which is unclear. Plasma transfusions and plasmapheresis are widely used modes of therapy for adults with this life-threatening syndrome. There is very limited experience in using plasmapheresis therapy in children and infants with atypical HUS. Plasmapheresis, ...
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