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Results 451 - 500 of 620
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Katzenstein M - - 1988
The Pena Shokeir type I syndrome is considered to be a lethal disorder in most cases. Infrequently, some of the affected children may reach the age of 1 year and beyond. When there is a history of another affected sib, the entity can be suspected prenatally. It is an uncommon ...
Josten K U - - 1988
Electronic home monitoring has been advocated as a means of preventing sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Special emphasis has been placed on apnoea monitoring. The evaluation of the preventive aspect of home monitoring is exceedingly difficult considering the ethical and statistical implications. Major problems arise as the monitoring is done ...
Greenberg F - - 1987
Although Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients usually first present with neonatal hypotonia and feeding difficulty, they later show hyperphagia, obesity and mental retardation. Since deletions of chromosomes 15q11-q13 are noted in most PWS patients cytogenetic analysis allows one to diagnose infants suspected of PWS with a greater certainty. We report on ...
Scribanu N - - 1987
The authors report the case of a female infant who presented with bilateral congenital glaucoma and myopia diagnosed at six weeks. Her facies was flat with a very low nasal bridge and a vascular nevus covering the glabellar area, micrognathia and high arched palate. The limbs appeared shorter proximally and ...
Haley S M - - 1987
The sequential development of postural reactions was examined in 20 infants with Down syndrome aged two to 24 months, and was compared to the sequence for non-handicapped infants. Protective reactions appeared relatively earlier in the sequential pattern for infants with Down syndrome than for non-handicapped infants. The study documents dissimilar ...
Keller B B - - 1987
Two female infants, ages 6 months and 13 months, were first seen in the newborn period with supraventricular tachycardia associated with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. One infant had echocardiographic and angiographic evidence of diffuse cardiomyopathy and died suddenly at home. The other infant was seen initially at 13 months of age with ...
Banks B D - - 1987
Sudden infant death syndrome is the term applied to the sudden death of an infant or young child that is unexpected by history and for which a thorough postmortem examination fails to demonstrate an adequate cause of death. It is widely believed that sudden infant death syndrome is not an ...
Stephenson T J - - 1987
Fat necrosis was present in 22 of 400 cases of consecutive postperinatal mortalities investigated to assess the presence and pattern of deep fat necrosis. In just over 50% of the cases of fat necrosis the cause of death was categorised as sudden infant death syndrome, which also showed more severe ...
Spurlock C W - - 1987
The mortality rates of infants born in Kentucky during 1982 and 1983 were analyzed to determine whether there were differences between poor and nonpoor infants. We used computer matching with the Social Insurance Food Stamp files and with the Aid for Families With Dependent Children files to define poor and ...
Shannon D C - - 1987
We have tested the hypothesis that autonomic instability, reflected in increased variability of heart rate and respiratory frequency, characterized high risk babies who died of sudden infant death syndrome. Using computer-based methods, we compared the power spectra of instantaneous heart rate and respiration on coded tape recordings from seven asymptomatic ...
Rignell A - - 1987
In the present study the frequency of the simian crease among 57 Down patients is compared to the corresponding figures of related and unrelated individuals. A study of the correlation with the dermatoglyphic patterns of the thenar and hypothenar areas is presented, the palm print classification being carried out according ...
Barrera M E - - 1987
The purpose of this study is two-fold: (1) to describe developmental and family characteristics of infants with Down's syndrome who were enrolled in an intervention programme; and (2) to examine developmental and caretaking patterns related to maternal age and congenital heart defects. Infants and their home environment were assessed at ...
Benny P S - - 1987
Meconium aspiration occurred in 66 of 120 infants with meconium-stained liquor admitted to a Neonatal Unit. Four of the 66 infants died, whilst 17 other required ventilatory support. Meconium aspiration syndrome, especially when severe, was more likely if the mother was a smoker, hypertensive, anaemic, Maori or the pregnancy was ...
Brock P - - 1987
Two African infants born in Belgium, dying from the acquired immune deficiency syndrome are reported. The first patient was a premature baby girl born to healthy parents. However, her asymptomatic mother was found to have polyclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia, a reversed T-helper/T-suppressor ratio and a decreased lymphocyte response to mitogens. The second ...
Marchac D - - 1987
Craniosynotosis affects approximately one infant out of 1000. The increase of intracranial pressure and the risks of functional problems are more frequent than usually estimated, especially in monosutural synostosis. Frontocranial remodeling will correct both functional and aesthetic consequences of craniosynostosis. The best operative period is the first year of life, ...
Liu S - - 1987
Home monitoring has been increasingly adopted by pediatricians to help in the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome. The home monitor can be made reliable, easy to operate, inexpensive, and capable of data storage. This can be done by using a microprocessor and a minimum number of integrated circuit chips. ...
Walters M D - - 1986
We report the case of 5-week-old male infant who presented as a 'near miss cot death'. He had the immunodeficient syndrome of defective neutrophil mobility and delayed umbilical cord separation. He was shown to have staphylococcal endocarditis with a large vegetation on the mitral valve, and acute obstruction of the ...
Vignon-Pennamen M D - - 1986
Infantile acropustulosis is a syndrome characterized by recurrent crops of 1- to 2-mm pruritic vesiculopustules, which appear predominantly on distal extremities of infants. Nine biopsy specimens from six cases of infantile acropustulosis have been studied. We found that necrolysis of keratinocytes is the initial event leading to an inflammatory reaction ...
Trounce J Q - - 1986
The cranial ultrasound features of two neonates with neuronal migration disorders are described. One infant had lissencephaly and the other polymicrogyria in conjunction with the Pena-Shokeir syndrome type 1. A third infant is described who was born extremely prematurely and with Down's syndrome, who had similar ultrasound features. By two ...
Seifert C - - 1986
In June, July, and August of 1984, more infants than usual were born with Down's syndrome in Franklin County, Ohio. A direct physician survey was done, and chromosome reports were reviewed, resulting in the identification of 11 infants with Down's syndrome born during that period. Using a chi 2 analysis, ...
Abrahamson M J - - 1986
A case of Cushing's syndrome caused by a right adrenal adenoma in a 16-week gravid patient is reported. After right adrenalectomy she was maintained on replacement doses of hydrocortisone, and at 38 weeks' gestation a healthy but small-for-gestational age infant was delivered vaginally.
Vandenplas Y - - 1986
Theophylline and caffeine are two drugs frequently administered to infants at risk for sudden infant death syndrome, because of their stimulatory effects on the respiratory system. These drugs are known to increase gastric acid secretion and to decrease lower esophageal sphincter pressure that, in turn, possibly increases gastroesophageal reflux (GER). ...
Dancis J - - 1986
The plasma pipecolic acid concentration in two newborn infants with Zellweger syndrome at ages 4 and 10 days were 7.8 and 7.7 microM. Reported concentrations from this laboratory for normal newborn infants averaged 12 microM +/- 5.6 (SD). Both patients had the facies and severe hypotonia characteristic of the disease. ...
Puliyel J M - - 1986
Cushing's syndrome, a characteristic pattern of obesity with hypertension due to the hyperfunction of the adrenal cortex, is relatively rare in infancy. Thirty-six infants have been reported in world literature, most of whom have had adrenal tumours. There are only eight reported cases of infants under the age of 1 ...
Lewis J M - - 1986
We reviewed the cases of 201 infants hospitalized for "presumed near-miss" sudden infant death syndrome over a recent five-year period to determine the value of routine initial laboratory investigations in establishing diagnosis or altering therapy. A total of 1,278 measurements were performed on 163 patients aged 3 days to 6 ...
Southall D P - - 1986
Standard electrocardiogram recordings were performed on a total of 7254 newly born infants from two maternity hospitals. Fifteen recordings were obtained on 15 infants who subsequently suffered sudden infant death syndrome. None showed lengthening of QT intervals sufficient to warrant the description of 'long QT syndrome'. When the QT intervals ...
Leung A K - - 1986
I conducted a retrospective study based on record reviews of 50,892 infants born at the Foothills Provincial Hospital, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, from 1967 to 1984 to determine the incidence and possible causes of natal teeth. Fifteen infants were affected, for an incidence rate of one in 3,392 births. The affected ...
Valdes-Dapena M - - 1986
Herein presented are current concepts regarding the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) including a definition of the phenomenon and a discussion of its present role in post-neonatal mortality in this country, a few of the recently published results (both clinical and morphological) of the NICHD Cooperative Epidemiologic Study, a report ...
Hoo J J - - 1986
An analysis of karyotype-phenotype correlations was carried out on a male infant with 46,XY, -9, +der(9)t(9;10)(p22;q25.2)mat. Cytogenetically, the patient had a 9p deletion and a concurrent 10q2 duplication. Clinically, he manifested predominantly the features of 9p deletion syndrome. An epistasis of 9p deletion over 10q2 duplication was evident in this ...
Peterson D R - - 1986
A case-control investigation of the association of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome with a family history compatible with susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia disclosed close agreement with a previously published uncontrolled study from Australia. A definitive investigation of this association will require development of a less invasive and simpler test than is ...
Sankaran K - - 1986
Elaboration of beta-endorphins (beta-ED) is implicated in the modulation of respiratory control in infants. Therefore, beta-ED concentrations were measured in paired samples of CSF and plasma in three groups of infants. Group 1 and group 3 were used as controls. Group 2 infants suffered prolonged apnea of infancy (near-miss sudden ...
Rahilly P M - - 1986
Pneumographic studies were carried out on 92 infants suffering from 'near-miss' Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, 67 siblings of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome victims, and five infants of anxious parents. Medical investigations revealed a wide range of causes for episodes presenting as apnoea. The simple pneumographic studies had a 94% sensitivity ...
Roe C R - - 1986
The medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency of mitochondrial beta oxidation has been identified in two asymptomatic siblings in a family in which two previous deaths had been recorded, one attributed to sudden infant death syndrome and the other to Reye syndrome. Recognition of this disorder in one of the deceased ...
Stevens V - - 1985
From a prospective study into the sudden infant death syndrome in which 24-h recordings of the ECG and respiratory waveform (abdominal wall movement) were made on a population of full-term infants, 22 recordings were obtained on 16 infants who subsequently suffered sudden infant death syndrome. The probability density function for ...
Polberger S - - 1985
In a large Swedish 2 1/2-year population of fullterm infants the incidence of early neonatal sudden death (ENSD) was 0.12 per 1000 newborn infants considered healthy at birth but presenting with sudden cardiovascular collapse between 6 and 100 hours after birth. In the total neonatal mortality the rate of ENSD ...
Fagan D G - - 1985
Data on the pressure volume characteristics of left lungs obtained from 23 babies dying from sudden infant death syndrome were compared with results from 18 length-matched babies dying from established but primarily non-pulmonary causes. Volume distension at 30 cm of water and deflation flow volume characteristics were very similar in ...
Long S S - - 1985
Forty-four cases of botulism occurred in infants in Southeastern Pennsylvania between 1976 and 1983. Forty-three were caused by Clostridium botulinum type B. Progressive weakness necessitated ventilatory support in 39 infants. Complications during hospitalization included otitis media in 13 patients and aspiration pneumonia in 11. Eight infants developed the syndrome of ...
Bivin W S - - 1985
Four common yeasts (Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, Torulopsis glabrata and Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were combined with five infant food formulas and/or supplements (Isomil, Nutramigen, 5% glucose, Coca Cola and Similac) and incubated at 37 degrees C. Gas chromatography was used to measure ethanol production after 24 and 48 h incubation. The ...
Carlson R A - - 1985
Budd-Chiari syndrome rarely occurs in infants. We report a case of a 1-month-old female infant who presented as a sudden infant death and was found at autopsy to have thrombi occluding both hepatic veins. Microscopically the liver showed perivenular fibrosis extending into the lobule and central venous congestion consistent with ...
Sibley R K - - 1985
The clinical and histopathologic features of 48 children presenting with the nephrotic syndrome during the first year of life were analyzed. Proteinuria was discovered soon after birth to 3 months of age in 39 infants (congenital nephrotic syndrome), and nine infants had an infantile onset presenting between 4 and 12 ...
McGeer E G - - 1985
Adult cases of Down's syndrome often show histologic and biochemical changes comparable to those seen in severe Alzheimer's disease, but it is not known whether these are congenital or acquired defects. Cell counts of the basal forebrain cholinergic system innervating the cortex in a 5.5-month-old male infant with Down's indicated ...
Silver M M - - 1985
An environmental factor acting on the fetus is thought to cause a neonatal syndrome characterized by marked muscular hypotonia, lack of respiratory drive and feeding difficulties, in some infants born to mothers with myotonic dystrophy. Mortality is high, especially amongst those babies born prematurely, but muscle strength and tone improve ...
Wilson A J - - 1985
From a prospective study in which 24 hour recordings of the electrocardiogram and respiratory activity (abdominal wall movement) were made on a population of full term infants, 22 recordings were obtained from 16 infants who later were victims of the sudden infant death syndrome. The average heart rate, average heart ...
McWilliam R C - - 1985
An unusual form of spinal muscular atrophy presenting with respiratory failure was observed in four infants from two families. In one, whose death was attributed to pneumonia, the diagnosis was inferred retrospectively after two siblings died from an identical illness and were shown to have diaphragmatic paralysis and the typical ...
Stewart S - - 1985
The occurrence of multiple intrathoracic petechial haemorrhages in sudden infant death syndrome is well-documented and undisputed. We describe a study of 24 consecutive sudden infant deaths in which Perls' method for staining of iron in lung sections has been employed in addition to standard post-mortem procedures. Haemosiderin-containing macrophages have been ...
Kaplan D W - - 1984
A 7-year retrospective study of sudden infant death syndrome in Oklahoma Indians failed to support previous observations of a markedly elevated rate among the American Indians compared with the white population. The rate of sudden infant death syndrome in Oklahoma Indians was 2.32/1,000 live births. The rates of sudden infant ...
Corney M J - - 1984
The early intellectual and psychological development of an infant with 18q- syndrome is described. In this syndrome, which is a rare chromosomal disorder, there is a deletion of a portion of the long arm of chromosome 18. The few previously published accounts have indicated a varying degree of intellectual retardation. ...
Perrin D G - - 1984
Carotid bodies from infants dying of sudden infant death syndrome contained significantly higher concentrations of dopamine (10-fold) and noradrenaline (3-fold) than those from age-matched control infants. Administration of dopamine inhibits respiration by direct action on the carotid body, and it is suggested that the elevated levels of endogenous catecholamines found ...
Godel J C - - 1984
A syndrome is described that affected 16 Indian and Inuit infants roughly 3 months old, most of whom were born in settlements in the Canadian Arctic. The infants presented with a clinical picture that included hepatitis, hemolytic anemia, rickets and respiratory distress, a combination that resembled a syndrome first described ...
Yokota M - - 1984
Sutherland and Weiss et al. reported cases of newborn human deaths or Gray syndrome after overdosage of chloramphenicol. In general, it has been reported that the acute toxicities of drugs are enhanced in immature animals compared with adult animals. The objective of this study was to determine the LD50 values ...
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