Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 942
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wouters Roderick R Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen Groningen, - - 2014
Abdominal cystic lymphangiomas are rare and occur secondary to congenital malformation of the lymphatics, mostly in the mesenterium. Acute or chronic volvulus of the small bowel may occur by traction of the lymphangioma. Therapy includes resection of the lymphangioma and of the small bowel involved.
Kandasamy Yogavijayan - - 2011
With improved health care, the number of premature babies who survive to adulthood is expected to increase. The objective of this review is to determine whether premature infants have an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). A literature review was performed by searching PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine) ...
Sun Ge - - 2011
One of the challenges that pediatricians face when examining birth defects is to understand the trends in its occurrence and provide clues to etiology. This study was undertaken to retrospectively assess the prevalence of 10 common neonatal congenital malformations by reviewing a database of all deliveries from 28 weeks up ...
Galiano Rossella - - 2011
The goals of postnatal management of congenital anomalies of the kidneys and the urinary tracts are two: The first to distinguish between patients (the minority) who are at risk for renal parenchyma damage, from neonates (the majority) who have not consequences to renal functionality; the second to avoid for healthy ...
Walters Danielle - - 2011
This report describes an infant with imperforate anus, delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, horseshoe kidney, and pulmonary sling complex, a unique combination of anomalies that we recently treated at our facility.
Drnasin Kristina - - 2011
The kidney growth in children is not linear. The aim of this study was to define normal dimensions of kidneys in healthy infants during the first six months of life. A prospective ultrasonographic screening of 1870 kidneys in 935 healthy full-termed infants (476 males, 459 females) was done throughout a ...
Askenazi David J DJ Department of Pediatrics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA. - - 2011
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in premature infants and is associated with poor outcomes. Novel biomarkers can detect AKI promptly. Because premature infants are born with underdeveloped kidneys, baseline biomarker values may differ. We describe baseline values of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), IL-18, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), osteopontin ...
McCarville M Beth - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to perform and evaluate baseline abdominal ultrasound in infants with sickle cell anemia who participated in the BABY HUG multiinstitutional randomized placebo-controlled trial of hydroxyurea therapy and to examine the potential relationships among ultrasound results and clinical, nuclear medicine, and laboratory data. SUBJECTS ...
Nanayakkara K K - - 2011
Summary This prospective population-based study, involving 4,120 births at the Maternity Unit, Teaching Hospital Kandy, in the years 2008 and 2009, was undertaken to determine the mean birth weight of the newborns in the Central Province, Sri Lanka. The mean birth weight of 2,854 g was found to be equivalent with ...
Parladé Meaghan V - - 2011
From a dynamic systems perspective, transition points in development are times of increased instability, during which behavioral patterns are susceptible to temporary decoupling. This study investigated the impact of the vocabulary spurt on existing patterns of communicative coordination. Eighteen typically developing infants were videotaped at home 1 month before, at, ...
Cecchini Marco - - 2011
Many studies have investigated infant smiling behaviour during wake and active sleep. In the majority of studies authors agreed that two month-old infants exhibit social smiles. However it is not clear if newborns exhibit different kinds of smiles during wake and active sleep to two month-old infants and if the ...
Ellis Matthew - - 2011
Objective: Using a low-cost community surveillance system, we aimed to estimate intrapartum stillbirth and intrapartum-related neonatal death rates for a low-income community setting. Patients and Methods: From 2005 to 2008, information on all deliveries in 18 unions of 3 districts of Bangladesh was ascertained by using traditional birth attendants as ...
Douglas Vasiliki Kravariotis - - 2011
To trace the historical development of the Rankin Inlet Birthing Centre since its inception in 1993 in the context of plans to make it the nucleus of a system of community birthing centres throughout Nunavut. This is an analytical historical study using a combination of oral history interviews, government documents ...
Langridge Amanda T - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study describes social and racial inequalities in poor fetal growth in Western Australia between 1984 and 2006. METHODS: Multilevel multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate relative differences in fetal growth restriction between socioeconomic groups. Fetal growth restriction was defined as having a proportion of optimal birth weight ...
Epple Anita - - 2011
Baby massage is a wonderful way for parents to use positive touch. This gives the opportunity for special time together, incorporating not only the massage but also therapeutic hugs and holds, fun with nursery rhymes and music. Baby massage is also a fantastic way for parents to learn how their ...
Chou Hung-Chieh HC Departments of Pediatrics and Medical Genetics, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei 100, - - 2011
Breastfeeding jaundice is a common problem in neonates who were exclusively breastfed, but its pathogenesis is still unclear. The uridine diphosphate glucuronosyl transferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) gene polymorphism was shown to contribute to the development of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We hypothesize that the variation of UGT1A1 gene may contribute to neonatal breastfeeding ...
Owais A - - 2011
Sick young infants are at high risk of mortality in developing countries, but families often decline hospital referral. Our objective was to identify the predictors of acceptance of referral for hospital care among families of severely ill newborns and infants <59 days old in three low-income communities of Karachi, Pakistan. ...
Rustagi Neeti - - 2011
In developing countries, where about 75% of births occur at home or in the community, logistic problems prevent the weighing of every newborn child. This study compares various anthropometric surrogates for identification of low birth weight neonates. A longitudinal community based study was done in an urban resettlement colony and ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
Abstract:Problem: In Florida, data reveal a widening black-white disparity in infant mortality to the disadvantage of black families. Eight Florida counties have a significantly pronounced black-white infant mortality gap: Broward, Duval, Gadsden, Hillsborough, Miami-Dade, Orange, Palm Beach, and Putnam.Purpose: The black Infant Health Community Collaborative (BIHCC) was established to address ...
Sutherland Megan R - - 2011
At the time when most preterm babies are delivered, nephrogenesis is still ongoing, with the majority of nephrons normally formed during the third trimester of pregnancy. The extrauterine environment, however, is suboptimal for organogenesis, and therefore renal development is likely to be adversely affected by preterm birth. In the long-term, ...
Sipes Megan - - 2011
Objective: To examine the relationship between ASD diagnosis (i.e. Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) and atypical developing control) and tantrum/conduct symptoms in infants and toddlers. Then examine the moderating role of communication. Design: Analysis of Covariance was conducted for study 1 followed by hierarchical regression analyses for study ...
Esseily Rana - - 2010
The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between object-related handedness and handedness for communicative gestures. We observed 22 infants aged 14 months on a baby laterality test consisting of grasping objects in different conditions, on a pointing task with targets placed out of reach at different spatial ...
Johnson Teresa S - - 2011
To describe the implementation of a Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) in a small urban community to improve perinatal birth outcomes. Descriptive study. Urban community within a Wisconsin city, population 85,000. Between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2008, all women (N=82) in a targeted five zip-code area within ...
Hokama Tomiko - - 2011
Infancy is a vulnerable age group for anemia throughout the world. However, community-based screening for infantile anemia is seldom reported. This study determined the prevalence of anemia among infants in an Okinawan village from 2003 to 2008, in relation to secondary prevention of the condition. The prevalence among infants aged ...
Klein Catherine J - - 2010
Parenteral nutrition-associated conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (PNAC), commonly defined as direct bilirubin ≥2 mg/dL (34.2 μmol/L), is primarily a pediatric disease with premature infants being the most susceptible. Severe morbidity and increased mortality are associated with bilirubin >10 mg/dL (171.0 μmol/L). The lack of knowledge regarding the cause of PNAC has stymied ...
Dillon Alexander - - 2011
Aim:  To determine the impact of Rhesus (Rh) D prophylaxis on positive direct antiglobulin test (DAT) results and ability of a DAT grade to predict an infant's need for phototherapy. Methods:  Laboratory and infant medical records were reviewed for DAT status, DAT grade, interventions for hyperbilirubinemia including phototherapy, blood transfusion, ...
Amin Sanjiv B SB Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA. - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of ibuprofen on bilirubin-albumin binding affinity and unbound bilirubin in premature infants. A prospective study with subjects serving as their own controls was performed on <30 weeks' gestational age infants with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and who received ibuprofen for patent ductus arteriosus. Infants with congenital malformation, TORCH ...
Hulzebos Christian V - - 2011
Aim:  To determine the relationship between early postnatal dexamethasone (DXM) treatment and the severity of hyperbilirubinemia in extreme low birth weight (ELBW) preterm infants. Methods:  In 54 ELBW preterm infants, total serum bilirubin concentrations (TSB) and phototherapy (PT) data during the first 10 days were evaluated retrospectively. ELBW infants had participated ...
Kuint Jacob - - 2011
Aim:  To evaluate the performance of exchange transfusion in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with excessively high serum bilirubin levels. Methods:  A population-based observational study using data collected by the Israel National VLBW Infant Database. The study sample comprised 13 499 infants. Two definitions of excessively high-peak bilirubin levels that ...
Heimler Ruth - - 2010
Our objective was to examine the outcome of term infants who developed moderate non-haemolytic jaundice as information regarding the neurodevelopmental outcome of term infants with moderately severe non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinemia remains controversial. Thirty-nine term infants rehospitalised with non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin levels: 20-30 mg/dL) during the first 2 weeks of life ...
Bhutani V K - - 2010
To reduce the incidence of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia affecting newborns with jaundice in the United States and to prevent kernicterus, there is a need to implement proven prevention strategies for severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia as recommended in the 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics Guidelines for newborns >35 weeks gestational age. The ...
Saluja Satish S Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, - - 2010
To evaluate if severe jaundice is associated with acute auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder in otherwise healthy late preterm and term neonates. In a prospective observational study, all neonates who were admitted with severe jaundice at which exchange transfusion may be indicated as per American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines had comprehensive ...
Yu Zhang-Bin - - 2011
Identifying infants that will develop significant hyperbilirubinemia with the risk of kernicterus, and planning appropriate follow-up strategies, is particularly challenging. In this study, 36,921 transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurements were obtained from 6,035 healthy neonates (gestational age ≥ 35 weeks and birth weight ≥ 2,000 g) between January 1 and December ...
Nagao Yoshiro - - 2010
To investigate why breastfed infants are more likely to have prolonged jaundice than formula-fed infants. Serum unconjugated bilirubin (UCB), total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) were measured for 102 infants of 1 month. Enrolled infants were 42 breastfed, 40 mixed-fed and 20 bottle-fed infants. Statistic analyses for relationship among UCB, ...
Alkalay Arie L - - 2010
Readmission rate for neonatal jaundice approximate 10 per 1000 live births. After applying hyperbilirubinemia guidelines and universal screening for bilirubin in term and near-term newborns, the readmission rate declined significantly from 24 to 3.7 per 1000 live births. Decreased readmission rate for neonatal jaundice may reduce kernicterus rate and health ...
Hartshorn David - - 2010
This study aimed to assess the impact of implementing a new jaundice protocol incorporating the use of the Konica Minolta/Air Shields JM 103 Jaundice Meter (JM103) (Konica Minolta Sensing Inc., Osaka, Japan) in the setting of an Australian post-natal ward. A before-and-after study was completed following the introduction of a ...
Preer Genevieve L - - 2011
The breastfed infant with prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia can present a vexing clinical dilemma. Although it is a frequently observed and usually benign finding, prolonged jaundice in the breastfed newborn requires a thoughtful evaluation that excludes possible pathological aetiologies. While recommendations for the treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia in the first 7 ...
Kilic I I Department of Pediatrics and 2Department of Biophysics, Pamukkale University, Faculty of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey. - - 2010
Whether the G71R mutation contributes to the high incidence of neonatal indirect hyperbilirubinemia in Turkey remains unknown. In this study we screened for G71R mutation of the UGT1A1 gene in prolonged and pathological hyperbilirubinemia with unexplained etiology in newborns in Turkey. In this study, we screened the G71R mutation of ...
Kaplan Michael M Department of Neonatology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, - - 2010
We quantified hemolysis and determined the incidence of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates who were direct antiglobulin titer (DAT)-positive, ABO heterospecific, and compared variables among O-A and O-B subgroups. Plasma total bilirubin (PTB) was determined before the neonates were discharged from the hospital and more frequently when clinically warranted, in neonates who ...
Hosseinpour Sakha Seddigheh - - 2010
Our goal was to determine the indications for exchange transfusion (ECT) and the rates of ECT-related adverse events in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. We reviewed retrospectively the medical charts of all newborns that had undergone ECT over three years from January 2006 to December 2008. Causes of jaundice, demographic data of the ...
Fouzas Sotirios - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) levels in late preterm neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Between July 2006 and December 2009, we performed 4387 TcB measurements with a BiliCheck bilirubinometer in 793 healthy late preterm neonates at designated times up to 120 postnatal hours. TcB percentiles are presented on an hour-specific nomogram. ...
Ichikawa Maho - - 2010
We present here the unusual case of a male newborn infant who showed progressive severe cholestasis. The infant's gestational age was 37 weeks, and his birth weight was 2134 g. His serum level of direct bilirubin gradually increased from the 6th day of life and reached 257.5 micromol/L on the ...
Donneborg M L - - 2010
AIM: To compare the decrease in total serum bilirubin (TSB) concentration during conventional phototherapy in infants treated in supine position exclusively versus infants alternated between exposure in supine and prone position every third hour. Moreover, to survey current practice patterns in two Scandinavian countries as far as alternating exposure. METHODS: ...
Mreihil Khalaf - - 2010
Neonatal jaundice is usually treated with phototherapy that converts bilirubin to more polar stereoisomers. These should theoretically be less able to cross the blood-brain barrier. The rates of photoisomer formation and concentrations accumulating in the circulation may have a bearing on the risk of kernicterus. The purpose of this study ...
Soligard Hanne T - - 2010
Ibuprofen binds to plasma albumin and could interfere with the binding of bilirubin in jaundiced newborn infants. Most clinical studies have not shown increased concentrations of unbound bilirubin (UB) in plasma from infants treated with ibuprofen for a patent ductus arteriosus. However, studies in vitro have not been equally conclusive. ...
Lease Meredith - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics officially recommended universal predischarge risk assessment for severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia with the goal of minimizing subsequent risk of chronic bilirubin encephalopathy (formerly known as kernicterus). In this article, we review recent research regarding jaundice predischarge risk assessment, current expert recommendations ...
Cohen Ronald S - - 2010
Neonatal jaundice can be best understood as a balance between the production and elimination of bilirubin, with a multitude of factors and conditions affecting each of these processes. When an imbalance results because of an increase in circulating bilirubin (or the bilirubin load) to significantly high levels (severe hyperbilirubinemia), it ...
Qualter Yvonne M - - 2011
Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) has the potential to reduce serum bilirubin sampling. During a recent survey on the use of TcB in postnatal units in the Republic of Ireland, we identified that only 58% of the 19 units were using TcB and that only two devices were in use, the BiliChek® ...
Tikmani Shiyam Sundar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of neonatal jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia in a poor urban community in Karachi, where 70% of births occur at home. METHODS: Home-based pregnancy and newborn surveillance were conducted from September 2004 to July 2006 in a multi-ethnic population by trained community health workers. Newborns were visited ...
Abdel Fattah Mohammed - - 2010
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency can lead to acute hemolytic anemia, chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, and neonatal jaundice. Neonatal red cell pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency may cause clinical patterns, ranging from extremely severe hemolytic anemia to moderate jaundice. The authors aimed at studying the prevalence of G6PD and PK deficiency among ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >