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Mellado M - - 1998
To determine whether kids born on open range (subjected to stress due to management practices) had lower IgG concentrations and a higher mortality risk than kids born in a pen, serum IgG concentrations in 63 one-day-old kids were determined. Median Serum IgG concentrations one day after birth tended to be ...
Tan K L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of phototherapy for nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia in breast-fed and formula-fed infants and infants receiving formula and breast milk. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Nursery for healthy infants. METHOD: Full-term healthy infants with nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia (bilirubin concentration, >255 micromol/L [14.9 mg/dL] or 222 micromol/L [13.0 mg/dL] at ages ...
Yeo K L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To analyze, in extremely low birth weight infants, associations between peak bilirubin concentration and evidence of brain damage, and between peak bilirubin concentration and blindness attributable to retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: Retrospective study of 128 infants of </=800 g birth weight and </=27 weeks gestation born between 1980 and ...
Kaplan M - - 1998
Two nursing neonates deficient in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase developed severe hyperbilirubinemia despite phototherapy. Mothers of both the infants had recently eaten fava beans. The hemolytic triggers found in fava beans may have been absorbed by the mothers and excreted in their breast milk. Carboxyhemoglobin determination performed on one of the infants ...
Yetman R J - - 1998
A retrospective medical record review was completed for 264 consecutive newborns receiving phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia to determine whether a "rebound" increase in total serum bilirubin (TSB) level occurs after termination of phototherapy. The difference between mean TSB levels at discontinuation of phototherapy and at rebound was calculated by paired t ...
Airede A I - - 1998
Literature on serum copper (Cu) and its antioxidant protein (ceruloplasmin) in the African newborn is infrequent, and more reports are evident from developed or affluent societies. We, therefore, studied longitudinally our newborns to delineate their Cu and ceruloplasmin (CLP) status. All infants were born between July 1st, 1991 and June ...
Kaplan M - - 1998
G-6-PD deficiency is frequently associated with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, which may be severe enough to cause kernicterus and death. Because of its association with acute trigger-induced hemolytic crises, G-6-PD deficiency-associated neonatal hyperbilirubinemia has been labelled as hemolytic in origin. In this article, the authors summarize recent evidence demonstrating that hemolysis cannot ...
Ocal I T - - 1998
We have reevaluated the feasibility of using direct immunochemical methods to track free digoxin in patients receiving Digibind. We report here that results obtained by the Stratus II and AxSYM immunoassays on patients receiving digoxin (without Digibind), digoxin-fortified serum samples supplemented with Digibind, and a digitoxic patient treated with Digibind, ...
Keffler S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Extra-hepatic biliary atresia and several other causes of neonatal liver disease carry high mortality and morbidity rates, especially if not treated early in life. Despite professional recommendations, delayed referral of infants with prolonged jaundice continues to be a significant problem. One approach to reducing the age of referral and ...
Tayaba R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and clinical usefulness of a new computer-driven, hand-held device (Chromatics Colormate III) to estimate serum bilirubin from skin-reflectance (skin color) of neonates. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2441 infants (both term and premature) at two hospitals had repeated measurements ...
Tsai F J - - 1998
The frequency of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) was determined in newborn infants given phototherapy for more than five days, then determined again one year later. There were 8 healthy newborn infants and 15 icterus infants; 8 of these were treated with phototherapy for more than 5 days and the other ...
Johnson L - - 1998
Factors believed to have contributed to the reemergence of kernicterus in the United States during the 1990's are discussed: these include decreased concern about toxicity of bilirubin in term and near-term infants, increased prevalence of breastfeeding, and increasingly shortened postnatal hospital stays. The rationale for a universal predischarge bilirubin measurement ...
Steffensrud S - - 1998
Hyperbilirubinemia is a common problem, affecting 45-60 percent of term infants and up to 80 percent of premature neonates. Phototherapy, the standard treatment for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, is effective but has the potential for adverse effects. Prevention of bilirubin formation, rather than dependence on therapeutic measures to remove excess bile pigment, ...
Rubaltelli F F - - 1998
Neonatal jaundice is a frequent problem in neonatology, but the advent of phototherapy which has simplified its treatment, it no longer represents a major concern. Early hospital discharge of neonates has now resulted in a re-emergence of kernicterus. Neonatal jaundice is principally the result of a transient deficiency of bilirubin ...
Dawodu A - - 1998
All infants born at Al Ain Hospital, United Arab Emirates between 1 January and 30 June 1995 who developed clinically relevant hyperbilirubinaemia defined as jaundice requiring investigation and treatment were prospectively studied. Of the 2300 live births, 85 (3.7%) developed hyperbilirubinaemia. Of these, 22 were premature, 22 had ABO haemolytic ...
Maisels M J - - 1998
There has been an increase in hyperbilirubinemia in the newborn population and, perhaps, an increase in bilirubin encephalopathy. The early discharge of newborns from hospital has made it necessary for us to reorient our thinking about bilirubin levels in the first 24 to 48 hours of life and alter our ...
Valaes T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hyperbilirubinemia in new-borns with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a serious clinical problem because of the severity and unpredictability of its course. An innovative approach to this problem is suggested by previous experience with Sn-mesoporphyrin (SnMP), a potent inhibitor of bilirubin production, in moderating neonatal hyperbilirubinemia caused by ABO ...
Gounaris A - - 1998
Gastrin, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and neurotensin plasma levels were measured in three groups of healthy term newborn infants, on the 3rd, 4th and 5th days of life. Group A consisted of 15 babies without jaundice. Group B comprised of 15 babies with mild jaundice (bilirubin levels < 256 mumol/l) ...
Kaplan M - - 1998
The incidence (%) of hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin > or = 257 micromol/l) was similar in neonates with a combination of ABO incompatibility and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency (45%), with ABO incompatibility (54%) or G-6-PD deficiency (37%), alone (ns). Carboxyhemoglobin values, corrected for inspired CO, were similarly elevated in all three ...
Yiğit S - - 1998
Lipid peroxidation was measured in 35 preterm infants by determining serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels during the fist week of life. Serum concentrations of MDA were measured at one hour, 24 hours, 48 hours and one week of age. There were no correlations between gestational age, birth weight, and serum malondialdehyde ...
Drury J A - - 1998
1. In healthy humans, a balance exists between oxygen-derived free-radical production and their removal by antioxidants. In preterm infants inadequate antioxidant defences may contribute to the pathogenesis of some of the complications of prematurity. 2. Plasma total antioxidant status and malondialdehyde concentration were measured during the first 11 days of ...
van Kaam A H - - 1998
Studies comparing efficacy of fibre optic phototherapy to conventional phototherapy are performed mostly in term infants and give conflicting results. This randomized prospective study compares efficacy of fibre optic phototherapy using the Ohmeda Biliblanket device to conventional fluorescent phototherapy in preterm infants. A total of 124 preterm infants with a ...
Benders M J - - 1998
Mean renal blood flow velocity (RBFV) was studied with two-dimensional/ pulsed Doppler ultrasound and relative renal vascular resistance (RVR) was calculated before, during, and after phototherapy treatment in 30 preterm infants (gestational age < or = 32 weeks) who were treated for a minimum of 12 h with phototherapy for ...
Gartner L M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine practice patterns of office-based pediatricians and neonatologists in the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in healthy, term newborns during 1992, before the publication of the practice guideline for treatment of neonatal jaundice by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The survey was undertaken to inform the AAP's Subcommittee ...
Paller A S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Blue light phototherapy is commonly administered to neonates as treatment of indirect hyperbilirubinemia, often in conjunction with blood transfusions to treat hemolytic anemia. We observed a distinctive cutaneous complication of phototherapy in six neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. METHODOLOGY: We studied the clinical and histologic characteristics of the eruption, as well ...
Hansen T W - - 1997
Increasing numbers of neonates are being admitted to hospital because of extreme jaundice. Phototherapy should be very effective in such infants, because the efficacy of phototherapy is proportional to the concentration of bilirubin in the skin. Here, I report on four infants who were admitted for indirect serum bilirubin levels ...
Törnhage C J - - 1997
The present study reports the levels of plasma somatostatin and cholecystokinin in 19 preterm infants with asphyxia [n = 10, GA (median; range) 26; 23-30 weeks] and respiratory distress syndrome (n = 14, GA 27; 23-29 weeks) compared with preterm infants without any of these conditions (reference group, n = ...
Chuansumrit A - - 1997
The direct antiglobulin test (DAT) using the gel technique was included in the investigation of infants with hyperbilirubinemia in the first week of life. Twelve cases were preterm and 48 cases were full term infants. The patients were divided into 2 groups: the study group comprised 22 cases of blood ...
Lee C S - - 1997
The aim of the project was to determine the physiologic mechanisms of later- and higher-peak transitional plasma bilirubin levels in Korean infants. Blood carboxyhemoglobin, corrected for inhaled CO (COHbc), as an index of bilirubin production, and plasma total bilirubin levels in 40 healthy term Korean infants delivered by Cesarean section ...
Tan K L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of fiber-optic phototherapy using the standard Ohmeda Biliblanket, a large version, double standard Biliblankets, and conventional phototherapy using daylight fluorescent lamps in full-term, healthy infants with nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: Full-term, healthy infants with nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia (bilirubin concentration, >255 micromol/L or 222 micromol/L at <48 hours ...
Hanna C E - - 1997
Our objective was to determine if low levels of corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) might explain the low serum total cortisol levels found in some extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. In a prospective study, serum total cortisol and CBG were measured in single blood samples from 31 ELBW infants, with a gestational ...
Keller K M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Fecal alpha 1-antitrypsin is used as a marker for intestinal protein loss reflecting increased intestinal permeability. Exact data of fecal alpha 1-antitrypsin in newborn infants are not available. METHODS: 30 healthy mature neonates and three infants with impaired gastrointestinal passage due to stenoses and atresia respectively, were investigated during ...
Teitelbaum D H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Neonates are at high risk for the development of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis when receiving a prolonged course of total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Although this cholestasis is of unknown etiology, it may result from a lack of gastrointestinal hormone formation, including cholecystokinin, which normally occurs after enteral feedings. METHODS: Two ...
Dai J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on transcutaneous bilirubinometry so that its exact role in the prevention of kernicterus or bilirubin encephalopathy could be determined. DESIGN AND METHODS: Literature searches were done in Medline and Current Contents. RESULTS: It is estimated that about 50% of newborns have an episode of jaundice ...
Daga S R - - 1997
We studied the frequency of jaundice, bilirubin estimations, phototherapy administration and exchange transfusions performed at 5 year intervals (1981, 1986 and 1991) among babies admitted to special care unit and those managed in postnatal ward, showing a decline which was significant except for the number of exchange transfusions performed. The ...
Cooper-Peel C - - 1996
Intravenous ibuprofen is being studied in sick, premature infants for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage and closure of the ductus arteriosus. We tested the effect of ibuprofen on bilirubin-albumin binding in adult and newborn infant serum by measuring the free ibuprofen concentration in the presence of bilirubin (reverse displacement method). ...
Kandil H H - - 1996
Over a 10-year period, 15 glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient male newborns were admitted to Al-Jahra Hospital with acute haemolysis a few days after applying henna dye over the body, which is a unique Bedouin tribal practice to celebrate the arrival of the first-born boy. Laboratory investigations revealed significant anaemia, reticulocytosis and ...
Hammerman C - - 1996
We studied the effect of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) on hemolysis in term, hyperbilirubinemic, Coomb's positive infants utilizing measurement of carboxyhemoglobin fraction corrected for inhaled carbon monoxide (COHbc), a sensitive indicator of hemolysis. COHbc values were determined before and after IVIG infusion. In those babies who responded with a decrease ...
Al-Alaiyan S - - 1996
The objective of this prospective, randomized study was to compare the effectiveness of fiberoptic, conventional and a combination phototherapy in decreasing bilirubin concentrations in neonatal nonhemolytic hyperbilirubinemia. Forty-six infants who were 36 weeks' gestation and more were randomly assigned to fiberoptic phototherapy (n=16) (Biliblanket, Ohmeda), conventional daylight phototherapy (n=15) and ...
Tan K L - - 1996
The objective of this study was to investigate the correlation of transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) and plasma bilirubin concentrations in full-term Chinese, Malay and Indian infants. TcB was performed with the Minolta Airshields bilirubinometer on Chinese, Malay and Indian fullterm infants. The readings were taken on the chest (sternum) and forehead ...
Harrison H H - - 1996
Recent clinical observations suggested that serum bilirubin levels remain low following perinatal asphyxia. This study was performed to determine the peak serum bilirubin concentrations in asphyxiated term infants and to compare these levels with those in a group of non-asphyxiated term infants. The medical records of 28 asphyxiated (Apgar < ...
Kaplan M - - 1996
We used a system capable of measuring conjugated bilirubin and its monoconjugated and diconjugated fractions in serum to assess bilirubin conjugation in 29 glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient, term, male newborn infants and 35 control subjects; all had serum bilirubin levels > or = 256 mumol/L (15 mg/dI). The median value for ...
Pace M - - 1996
Growth is coupled to physiological modifications of the immune system which reaches the functional capabilities according to age-related milestones. Few data are available on the circulating immunoglobulin levels and no data exist on total immunoglobulin light chains in infant macaques. Therefore we studied by a nephelometric assay, the age-dependent variations ...
Mantagos S - - 1996
Recent studies have shown that full term neonates actively secrete melatonin and that light deprivation during the first 72 h of life significantly increases plasma melatonin levels. In order to evaluate pineal gland activity and responsiveness to light in premature infants, we measured plasma melatonin levels in 23 healthy infants, ...
Knudsen A - - 1996
The maternal and umbilical cord bilirubin concentration at delivery, a yellow skin colour on the first postnatal day, an increase in the yellow skin colour during the first 24 h or postnatal life, and carbon monoxide excretion are all associated with the later development of neonatal jaundice in the healthy, ...
Oktay R - - 1996
Jaundice is the most common and one of the most annoying problems that can occur in the newborn. Although most jaundiced infants recover without any serious problem, there is always a risk of bilirubin encephalopathy during the period of hyperbilirubinemia. The relationship between encephalopathy and serum free bilirubin levels was ...
Hofstaetter C - - 1996
The 4th child of an Arabian consanguineous family with 2 previous infant deaths due to diffuse mesangial glomerulosclerosis (at the ages of 1 and 44 days) and 1 healthy 3-year old child was followed up by ultrasonography from the 9th until the 35th week of gestation. Ultrasound showed enlarged hyperechogenic ...
de Araújo M C - - 1996
The purpose of this article is to present a recent advance in phototherapy employed on newborn babies with jaundice. The efficacy of this treatment depends on the intensity of emitted light; it is believed that a dose between 6-12 nm is necessary. The usefulness of phototherapy in healthy, full-term infants ...
Lasker M R - - 1996
What clinical circumstances call for aggressive treatment of jaundice in newborns? Is cessation of breast-feeding necessary to help bring down the high bilirubin concentration? When should phototherapy be started--and stopped? The authors address these and other questions in this thorough guide to differential diagnosis and management of neonatal jaundice.
Valaes T - - 1996
To quantitatively assess the impact of phototherapy (PT) in the prevention of kernicterus we calculated the rate of exchange transfusion (ET) in two large historical cohorts of Greek neonates (birthweight > or = 2.5 kg), one before (period I: 1957-61) and one after (period II: 1980-92) the introduction of PT. ...
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