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Results 301 - 350 of 942
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Faerk J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The bone mineral content of premature infants at term is lower than in mature infants at the same postconceptional age. Serum alkaline phosphatase and serum phosphate are often used as indicators of bone mineralisation. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between bone mineral content and serum alkaline phosphatase and serum ...
Weinberger Barry - - 2002
We wished to determine whether cholestasis induced by total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in preterm newborn infants is associated with increased oxidative stress secondary to increased reactive oxygen intermediates. We hypothesized that elevated urinary thiobarbituric-acid-reacting substances (TBARS), a marker of oxidative stress, would be associated with hepatocellular injury as measured by ...
Yamamoto Akiyo - - 2002
The serum bilirubin level of Japanese newborn infants in their first few days is significantly higher than that in Caucasian newborn infants, suggesting that there might be genetic risk factors for the development of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in the Japanese population. Recently, it has been reported that a variant TATA box ...
Heubi James E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) would prevent or ameliorate the liver injury in neonates treated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN). STUDY DESIGN: Eligible infants were enrolled after surgery when serum direct bilirubin (DB) was <2 mg/dL. TUDCA (30 mg/kg/day) was given enterally to 22 subjects. A concurrent untreated/placebo ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of total serum bilirubin (TSB) < or =6 mg/dl at 24 +/- 6 hr postnatal age in identifying near term and term infants, who do not develop hyperbilirubinemia subsequently. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. METHODS: All healthy neonates with gestation > or ...
Engle William D - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare estimates of serum bilirubin as determined by a transcutaneous device (BiliChek [BC]) with laboratory-measured total serum bilirubin (TSB) in a predominately Hispanic population in which a significant number of TSB values > or =15 mg/dL was anticipated. METHODS: A total of 248 Hispanic and 56 non-Hispanic neonates ...
Ho Chuong - - 2002
Devices that use a spectral reflectance technique are used to non-invasively measure total bilirubin levels in neonates to monitor the development of hyperbilirubinemia. As a screening technique for the healthy neonate population, these devices provide instantaneous information, may reduce the need of heel-pricks on neonates, and indicate which neonates will ...
Herschel Marguerite - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: It is stated that the direct antiglobulin (Coombs') test (DAT) may be negative in ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn. Thus, significant jaundice in neonates who are A-B incompatible with their mothers but DAT test negative is often attributed to isoimmunization and another diagnosis is not sought. We wished ...
Gathwala Geeta - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Phototherapy is a widely used treatment modality for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in newborn infants. We investigated whether phototherapy leads to oxidative stress in preterm newborns. METHODS: Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBRS) were measured in the blood of 30 icteric preterm newborn infants, before and after 96 hours of continuous blue-light ...
Maisels M Jeffrey - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To document the need for repeated phototherapy (as an index of significant rebound in serum bilirubin levels) following the discontinuation of intensive phototherapy and to compare the use of repeated phototherapy in infants who first received phototherapy during their birth hospitalization with the use of first-time phototherapy on readmission ...
Martin T C - - 2002
Hyperbilirubinaemia is a common neonatal problem worldwide and is the leading cause of admission to the Special Care Nursery in Antigua and Barbuda. In 1990, the Innocenti Declaration in support of breast-feeding led to the adoption of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative in many countries of the Caribbean, including Antigua and ...
Madlon-Kay Diane J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether mothers can accurately assess the presence and severity of jaundice in their newborns, both visually and with an icterometer, after hospital discharge. STUDY DESIGN: Mothers were taught how to examine their infants for jaundice by determining the extent of caudal progression of jaundice and by using ...
Evans A L - - 2002
An instrument is described that measures irradiance and the angular distribution of the intensity of ultraviolet radiation sources inside phototherapy cabinets. Failed lamps and lamps with higher or lower outputs are readily identified. The measurements are controlled from outside the cabinet, thus reducing the risk to staff from exposure to ...
Hansen Thor Willy Ruud - - 2002
Kernicterus occurs in all parts of the world. The risk is increased in countries where glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficiency is common. In the 1990's more case reports of infants who developed kernicterus were published than in the previous decades. A combination of reduced concern for jaundice in newborns, early discharge with inadequate ...
Shinwell E S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Turning of infants during phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia is practiced in many nurseries. However, there is little research evidence in support of this practice. This study examined the effect of turning on serum total bilirubin concentration and on the duration of phototherapy. STUDY DESIGN: We first conducted a pilot study ...
Boo N-Y - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of decrease in serum bilirubin levels in severely jaundiced healthy term infants given oral or intravenous fluid supplementation during phototherapy. METHODS: A randomized controlled study was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia over a 12-month period. Fifty-four ...
Kaplan Michael - - 2002
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency is a commonly occurring enzyme defect that can lead to severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and kernicterus. Both increased haemolysis, sometimes due to an identifiable chemical trigger or to infection, and diminished bilirubin conjugation, the result of an interaction between G-6-PD deficiency and Gilbert's syndrome, contribute to the ...
Lee Chin-Yung - - 2002
For hyperbilirubinemic infants treated according to the higher criterion for a blood exchange transfusion (BET), auditory brainstem response (ABR) was performed to evaluate whether the treatment was adequate. Twenty hyperbilirubinemic infants were collected as the study group. They were divided into 2 groups; group A consisted of 17 infants receiving ...
Jacobson Linda S - - 2002
Babesiosis, caused by the virulent haemoprotozoan parasite Babesia canis rossi, is an important disease of dogs in South Africa. The nitric oxide metabolites, nitrate and nitrite (collectively termed reactive nitrogen intermediates or RNIs) were measured in admission sera from dogs in a babesiosis-endemic area. Five groups were prospectively studied: mild ...
Porter Meredith L - - 2002
Hyperbilirubinemia is one of the most common problems encountered in term newborns. Historically, management guidelines were derived from studies on bilirubin toxicity in infants with hemolytic disease. More recent recommendations support the use of less intensive therapy in healthy term newborns with jaundice. Phototherapy should be instituted when the total ...
Ergenekon Ebru - - 2002
Nitrogen monoxide (NO) is a potent endogenous vasodilator and is involved in cytotoxicity, neurotransmission, and immunological defense mechanisms. Phototherapy has long been known to change the distribution of blood flow throughout the body in newborn infants. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of phototherapy on NO ...
Whitby James L - - 2002
PURPOSE: To document endotoxin levels in "Statim" cassette sterilizer reservoirs and in steam delivered to the cassette in the unwrapped instrument cycle. To document endotoxin levels in sterilizer reservoir water using different management protocols. METHODS: Endotoxin levels were determined using the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate test. Endotoxin preparations were from Escherichia ...
Wananukul Siriwan - - 2002
The evaporation rate (ER) from the skin was measured in 40 jaundiced preterm infants born at less than or equal to 34 weeks of gestation. The baseline measurements were executed in both the right and left side in 3 positions: upper arm, back and lower leg. The patients were randomly ...
Gantar Irena Stucin - - 2002
AIM: In vitro studies and animal experiments have provided evidence that albumin, bilirubin, meconium and inflammatory mediators act as surfactant inhibitors. The aim of this research was to establish whether their elevated concentrations in gastric aspirates, as representative samples of amniotic fluid, could contribute to the development of respiratory distress ...
Ebbesen F - - 2002
Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) was measured with a new bilirubinometer, BiliCheck, in 261 jaundiced infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) [gestational age (GA) 25-43 wk] (group 1) and in 227 healthy jaundiced term and near-term infants (GA 35-43 wk) (group 2). Imprecision of a single determination of TcB measured ...
Soorani-Lunsing I - - 2001
In 1994 the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended more liberal rules for the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term newborns. Yet, the safety of moderate degrees of hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term newborns is debated. To evaluate the safety of moderate degrees of hyperbilirubinemia, we assessed neurologic condition of 20 healthy ...
Stevenson D K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether end-tidal carbon monoxide (CO) corrected for ambient CO (ETCOc), as a single measurement or in combination with serum total bilirubin (STB) measurements, can predict the development of hyperbilirubinemia during the first 7 days of life. METHODS: From nine multinational clinical ...
Bratlid D - - 2001
Treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is usually based on the measurements of total serum bilirubin levels. Based on empirical data, it is generally recommended to start phototherapy at lower levels in low birth weight and very low birth weight infants than in term infants, but no general agreement exists on exact ...
Maisels M J - - 2001
An observation by an English nurse in 1956 led to the discovery that visible light could lower serum bilirubin levels in newborn infants, and subsequent research showed how photons of light energy are absorbed by the bilirubin molecule converting it into isomers that are readily excreted by the liver and ...
Gartner L M - - 2001
In the breastfed infant, prolongation of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia into the third and later weeks of life in the healthy newborn is a normal and regularly occurring extension of physiologic jaundice. This is known as breastmilk jaundice. A factor in human milk increases the enterohepatic circulation of bilirubin. Insufficient caloric intake ...
Kappas A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The religious convictions of parents who are Jehovah's Witness adherents lead them to reject the use of exchange transfusions as therapy for severe hyperbilirubinemia in newborns in whom intensive phototherapy has failed to control this problem. Consequently, physicians caring for such infants may be obliged to initiate legal action ...
Maayan-Metzger A - - 2001
TEWL and skin hydration was measured in 7 body areas before and during phototherapy in 31 preterm infants (gestational age 25 to 36 weeks). Each patient served as his/her own control. There was a mean increase of 26.4% in TEWL during phototherapy. Most prominent increases were recorded in the cubital ...
Sarici S U - - 2001
The efficacy and wavelengths of fiberoptic phototherapy and conventional daylight phototherapy were compared in a relatively larger series of term newborns with nonhemolytic and significant hyperbilirubinemia than reported in previous studies. One hundred and nine term newborns were randomly assigned to receive either fiberoptic phototherapy on a fiberoptic phototherapy pad ...
Kaplan M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We asked whether neonatal jaundice associated with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency commences either in utero or in the immediate postnatal period and whether this perinatal bilirubinemia is the precursor of the subsequent neonatal jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: Mandatory serum total bilirubin (STB) determinations were performed within 3 hours of ...
Herschel M M Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA. - - 2001
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) levels are not usually drawn in the evaluation of black neonates with hyperbilirubinemia because of the oft-stated opinion that the levels may be normal at the time of hemolysis and thus will be misleading. In fact, this opinion is not applicable to newborns as many studies have ...
Fok T F TF Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin. - - 2001
Infants requiring parenteral nutrition (n = 244) were randomized to receive either 1 (group 1, n = 121) or 0.0182 micromol/kg/d (group 2, n = 123) of manganese supplementation. The whole-blood manganese and serum direct bilirubin concentrations of the infants were monitored, as was the development of cholestasis (peak serum ...
Ludington-Hoe S M - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of allowing kangaroo mother care (KMC) one hour per day during the course of phototherapy using a fiberoptic phototherapy panel. SAMPLE: Thirty premature infants, 30-35 weeks gestation, <2,500 gm, who required phototherapy. Infants were randomized into three groups: (1) infants who received traditional ...
Okuyama H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the value of an end-tidal carbon monoxide corrected for inhaled carbon monoxide concentration (ETCOc) at the early neonatal period. The value would be useful for predicting subsequent hyperbilirubinemia in non-hemolytic full-term infants. METHODS: The ETCOc levels were measured every 6 ...
Knüpfer M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and safety of transcutaneous bilirubinometry in preterm infants using the new bilirubin analyser BiliCheck. The study included 145 preterm children (23-36 wk gestation). Capillary blood sampling for determination of serum bilirubin (BS) was combined with transcutaneous bilirubin measurement (BTc) every ...
Fok T F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of phototherapy on the oxygen consumption and resting energy expenditure of term and preterm newborn infants. METHODS: A total of 202 infants (gestation 30-42 weeks; body weight 1270-4100 g) requiring phototherapy for the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia were enrolled in a randomised crossover study. In ...
Hintz S R - - 2001
The present multicenter study analysed the relative impact of maternal and infant factors on serum bilirubin levels at 72 +/- 12 h in exclusively breastfed vs formula-fed term infants. End-tidal carbon monoxide levels corrected for ambient air (ETCOc), an index of bilirubin production, were measured in exclusively breastfed (B = ...
Hankø E - - 2001
The increasing number of case reports on neurologic sequelae related to hyperbilirubinaemia may represent a re-emergence of kernicterus in the industrialized world. However, not much has been written about infants who survived extreme levels of serum bilirubin without neurologic damage. We present three cases of extreme neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia, all with ...
- - 2001
Kernicterus is a preventable life-long neurologic syndrome caused by severe and untreated hyperbilirubinemia during the neonatal period. High levels of bilirubin are toxic to the developing newborn. In full-term infants, hyperbilirubinemia symptoms include severe jaundice, lethargy, and poorfeeding. Features of kernicterus may include choreoathetoid cerebral palsy, mental retardation, sensorineural hearing ...
Wananukul S - - 2001
The evaporation rate from the skin was measured in 40 healthy term infants and 40 non-hemolytic jaundice term infants who required phototherapy. All infants were born at the gestational age of 38-41 weeks. The method for measurement of evaporation rate was based on determination of the water pressure gradient close ...
Wananukul S - - 2001
Thirty jaundiced preterm infants, gestational age < or = 34 weeks and postnatal age < or = 7 days, receiving conventional phototherapy for hyperbilirubinemia of prematurity in incubators were included. 1.5 ml of clear topical ointment was applied on the right side of the trunk and extremities while the left ...
Rubaltelli F F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The early discharge of neonates from hospitals makes transcutaneous measurement of total bilirubin concentration a useful tool to monitor neonatal jaundice. The objectives of this study were to determine whether 1) transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurement, as performed using BiliCheck (BC), correlates with total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels, measured with ...
Dominguez E - - 2001
The apparent efficiency of absorption and the decrease of specific colostral IgG after its passage into the blood stream were determined in newborn lambs fed with a single dose of colostrum containing anti-peroxidase IgG at 30 minutes, 12 hours and 24 hours after birth. When colostrum was given at 30 ...
Harris M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the increased prevalence of breastfeeding in conjunction with early discharge practices has increased the risk for marked hyperbilirubinemia in neonates. This has resulted in the potential for bilirubin brain injury in affected infants. The purpose of this study was to identify all infants >/=36 weeks' gestational ...
Lin W H - - 2001
Phototherapy is effectively employed for the treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, but it may influence the physiological hemodynamics of the infants, such as skin blood flow, insensible water loss and the redistribution of cardiac output. This is a retrospective chart review study involved totally 42 very low birth weight prematures(birth body ...
Narang A - - 2001
Very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates born between January 1995 to December 1998, who survived for > 2 days, were studied for the incidence, causes and interventions required for neonatal jaundice. Significant neonatal jaundice was defined as the total serum bilirubin (TSB) level beyond which baby required intervention (phototherapy and/or ...
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