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Results 601 - 650 of 940
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Yamauchi Y - - 1989
The purpose of this study was to determine whether position changes might affect the efficacy of phototherapy in decreasing total serum bilirubin concentrations. Forty-four full-term newborn infants with hyperbilirubinemia [greater than or equal to 256 mumol/l (15 mg/dl)] were divided into two groups. Position changes were made every 6 h ...
Koo W W - - 1989
This study aimed to determine the longitudinal changes in serum zinc concentrations and the relationship between serum alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity and serum zinc concentrations in small preterm infants. The total serum AP and serum zinc concentrations were determined serially at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months in 72 infants ...
Spurr S G - - 1989
The effect of oral gentamicin on the incidence of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in preterm infants less than 1500 g birth weight was assessed retrospectively. Of 24 patients on parenteral nutrition for more than 10 days, 12 infants who received oral gentamicin (group I) for prophylaxis against neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis were ...
Lavoie J P - - 1989
Serum complement activity and selected hematologic variables were evaluated in 5 newborn foals fed bovine colostrum (principal group) and 6 foals allowed to nurse their dam (control group). Also, bovine colostrum was evaluated for anti-equine antibodies. Precolostral serum hemolytic and conglutinating complement activities were low and increased similarly in foals ...
Akinkugbe F M - - 1989
Serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G, M and A were determined at 3-monthly intervals during the first year of life in 35 healthy Nigerian infants. The neonatal IgG values were high, but dropped rapidly by 3 months to about 37% of the neonatal value, and thereafter rose steadily. The neonatal IgM values ...
Leibson C - - 1989
A previous retrospective study showed an increased frequency of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia at high altitude in Colorado. In a prospective study we found that 39% of newborns at 3100 m altitude vs 16% at 1600 m exhibited hyperbilirubinemia, defined as a day 3 serum bilirubin level of 205 mumol/L or higher. ...
De Curtis M - - 1989
Thirty jaundiced neonates with diarrhoea who were being treated with phototherapy and 30 matched control infants were studied to try and find out the cause of the diarrhoea. Faecal osmolality and electrolyte concentrations were measured, which gave clear evidence that the diarrhoea arose from intestinal secretion. Rectal water and electrolyte ...
Tan K L - - 1989
Neonatal jaundice is the commonest complication among newborn infants in Singapore. Treatment is only required when the jaundice becomes severe. The trans-cutaneous bilirubinometer is useful in screening for neonatal jaundice; it is fairly reliable at levels less than or equal to 200 mumol/l in fullterm babies. Phototherapy is the commonest ...
Colombo C - - 1989
In order to obtain additional information on serum pancreatic enzyme levels during development, we have measured immunoreactive trypsin (IRT), immunoreactive lipase (IRL), and total amylase in paired fetal and maternal sera. Samples were obtained during early gestation (14-21 week of gestation) and at the time of normal delivery. IRT levels ...
Johnson C A - - 1989
The purpose of this research was to prospectively study the variables contributing to the variance in third-day bilirubin levels in healthy, full-term newborns. The study subjects were 252 full-term, healthy infants born at the University of Kansas Medical Center over a four-month period. Using a multiple stepwise regression analysis, six ...
Serrao P A - - 1989
Transcutaneous bilirubin index measurements (TcBI) were determined in ABO-incompatible term white newborn infants who had an indirect Coombs' test for detection of ABO incompatibility (ABO test) performed on cord blood. Serial transcutaneous measurements in the first 72 hours of life in 63 ABO test positive (group I) and 31 ABO ...
van de Bor M - - 1989
As part of a prospective national survey of preterm and small for gestational age infants in the Netherlands, the relationship between maximal serum total bilirubin concentration in the neonatal period and neurodevelopmental outcome at the corrected age of 2 years was studied. Initially, 1,338 infants with a gestational age of ...
Uetani Y - - 1989
To assess hemolysis in hyperbilirubinemic infants with ABO isoimmunization, we measured the carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO) concentrations in full-term infants with ABO isoimmunization during the first week of life. Two groups of infants, ABO compatible (n = 34) and ABO incompatible (n = 30), were further divided into two groups with and ...
Karrar Z - - 1989
A total of 155 transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurements were performed on 155 healthy full-term Saudi newborns with neonatal jaundice using the Minolta/Airshield Jaundice Meter applied to the forehead. The TcB measurements correlated well with the serum bilirubin determinations (r = 0.817). The regression equation for our population was y = ...
Knudsen A - - 1989
Umbilical cord serum bilirubin concentration as a predictor of subsequent jaundice was studied in 291 newborns. It was possible to define subgroups of infants with significantly higher or lower risks of developing jaundice. If cord bilirubin was below 20 mumol/l, 2.9% became jaundiced as opposed to 85% if cord bilirubin ...
Eidelman A I - - 1989
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia or, as otherwise known, jaundice of the newborn is the most common clinical problem in the newborn period. Visible jaundice is seen in 30% to 50% of infants, and in about 10%, the hyperbilirubinemia requires treatment. The critical factor that leads to the accumulation of this yellow pigment ...
Giannoulaki E E - - 1989
Total lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; EC 1.1.1.27) activity and the percentage distribution of LDH isoenzymes were determined in 127 patients with malignant diseases. A shift in the isoenzyme patterns was observed toward the M-type, with an increase in the percentage of LDH-4 and LDH-5 isoenzymes and a slight increase in total ...
Bhardwaj H P - - 1989
Neonatal jaundice is an important disorder, because of its potential complication of kernicterus. Biochemical estimation of bilirubin can be unreliable with lots of interpersonal and interlaboratory variability. Minolta jaundicemeter and perspex icterometer were evaluated for their usefulness in assessment of neonatal jaundice. Thirty premature babies with hyperbilirubinemia were simultaneously studied ...
Yamauchi Y - - 1989
We performed TcB readings in healthy full-term breast-fed Japanese infants from birth to seven days, and attempted to establish the normal range. TcB readings from Japanese infants were significantly higher over a longer period compared with Caucasian infants. The age of peak TcB readings in Japanese newborn infants was day ...
Ferguson J E JE - - 1989
We studied the in vivo total bilirubin production, as indexed by the carboxyhemoglobin level (HbCO), of infants whose mothers had ritodrine (RIT) tocolysis or underwent tocolysis with the calcium channel blocker, nifedipine (NIF). No difference in HbCO between the infant groups was detected: NIF 0.67 +/- 0.31% saturation and RIT ...
Knudsen A - - 1989
The study material comprised 213 newborns with a birth weight above 2000 g, and their mothers. At delivery, blood samples were obtained from the umbilical cord and the mother's cubital vein for determination of the transplacental bilirubin gradient and assessment of placental function by means of the HPL concentration in ...
Ukita M - - 1989
IgG subclasses were determined in 138 A or B infants weighing over 2,500g, born to O mothers. Direct antiglobulin test (DAT) was positive in 43 infants and negative in 95 with anti-A and/or anti-B antibodies detected by heat elution test. In 59 out of 131 infants without ABO hemolytic disease ...
Reimche L D - - 1989
Chloral hydrate has been used clinically for over 100 years. There is significant paucity of information regarding chloral hydrate metabolism in neonates and infants. Chloral hydrate and its various metabolites were quantitated in 12 neonates and 2 infants at prescribed time intervals. The analysis of the data indicates accumulation of ...
Tan K L - - 1989
Clinical experience with phototherapy in 3,999 infants with non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinaemia and 427 infants with hyperbilirubinaemia associated with G6PD deficiency is presented. For non-haemolytic hyperbilirubinaemia, phototherapy was extremely effective in extremely preterm infants with very low birth weight (gestation less than or equal to 32 weeks, birth weight less than or ...
Knobloch E - - 1989
The study of bilirubin photochemical degradation in the presence of riboflavin has shown that, in this case, the primary process is photooxidation during which riboflavin acts as a receptor and bilirubin as a donor of electrons. The reaction proceeds under anaerobic conditions in an equilibrated manner, under aerobic ones as ...
Frishberg Y - - 1989
The development of jaundice was investigated in 275 consecutive full-term infants and determined longitudinally in each neonate. The mean peak of bilirubin was 7.90 +/- 0.20 mg/dl observed at 64.0 +/- 1.3 h of life. Three factors were found to significantly alter the course of hyperbilirubinemia: first and second bilirubin ...
Greenwald J L - - 1988
Treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in otherwise healthy infants is controversial, since hyperbilirubinemia in the absence of hemolytic disease, hepatobiliary disease or prematurity is not clearly associated with kernicterus or other long-term morbidity. Phototherapy, exchange transfusion and the withholding of breast milk are the only treatments that have proved effective. Home phototherapy ...
Rayburn W - - 1988
Prior studies in term infants have suggested that in utero phenobarbital exposure may accelerate bilirubin metabolism by stimulating hepatocyte glucuronyl transferase activity. This report reviews our experience with maternal phenobarbital therapy and fetal bilirubin conjugation in the very premature fetus. Mothers with arrested premature labor between 26 and 33 weeks' ...
Makela S K - - 1988
We analyzed 240 samples for 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) with the direct-assay kit ("Coat-A-Count" method for serum samples) from Diagnostic Products Corp. (DPC). The specimens were from 50 patients with known or suspected congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH); 74 mostly hospitalized neonates and infants, ages three days to three months; and 116 ...
Khoury M J - - 1988
The recurrence of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (NHB) in full siblings was studied in 3301 live infants born between 1966 and 1986 to 1669 male US Army veterans who were part of a nationwide health study. The study population included 580 sibships with one infant, 679 with two, and 410 with three ...
Epstein M F - - 1988
The relationships among serum bilirubin concentration on days 5 and 7, birth weight, the presence of intraventricular hemorrhage, and the receipt of phenobarbital were examined in a group of 232 newborns weighing less than 1,751 g who were intubated, mechanically ventilated by 12 hours after birth, and whose parents had ...
Marchini G - - 1988
Sick neonates often have a disturbed gastrointestinal motility. As somatostatin inhibits various gastrointestinal functions, we investigated whether or not somatostatin levels are high in sick infants. Somatostatin and gastrin levels were measured in plasma samples collected from sick and healthy neonates. Somatostatin levels were found to be significantly elevated in ...
Ostrea E M EM - - 1988
An improved technique for bilirubin analysis, using high-performance liquid chromatography, has enabled us to study the occurrence and significance of four species of bilirubin (unconjugated, monoconjugated, diconjugated, and delta bilirubin) in 40 infants with jaundice of various etiologies. We found that: (a) infants with indirect hyperbilirubinemia showed greater than 90% ...
Ikonen R S - - 1988
During a twelve-month period five cases of extensive periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in preterm infants with a gestational age of 31-32 weeks were diagnosed by routine ultrasound screening of preterm infants. The perinatal courses and later development of these infants were compared with 12 other infants with a comparable gestational age ...
von Muralt G - - 1988
Administration of gamma-globulin for intravenous administration (IVIG) to preterm neonates (0.3 g/day in neonates below 1000 g; 0.5 g/day in neonates over 1000 g for 6 consecutive days) led to a significant rise in circulating serum IgG levels. After 6 days of IVIG administration, the IgG serum levels reached an ...
Stutchfield P R - - 1988
The irradiance produced by phototherapy units in use on a neonatal unit was measured. The phototherapy tubes were found to decline at a variable rate. Heat shields used to decrease heat and evaporative losses in the very low birthweight infant reduce irradiance and may appreciably limit the effectiveness of phototherapy.
Bracci R - - 1988
Determinations of erythrocyte enzyme scavengers of oxygen radicals (glutathione-peroxidase, superoxide-dismutase and catalase) and determinations of erythrocyte age-dependent glycolytic activities (glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase, pyruvate-kinase and glucose-phosphate-isomerase) were carried out in cord blood and in the blood taken on the 4th day of life in 152 newborn infants with different peak bilirubin levels. The ...
Kappas A - - 1988
In two separate studies, in which two different treatment regimens of Sn-protoporphyrin were used, a total of 69 control and 53 treated infants were studied to determine whether this potent inhibitor of the enzyme, heme oxygenase, could ameliorate the severity of the hyperbilirubinemia which develops in term babies with direct ...
Maisels M J - - 1988
We measured the serum bilirubin concentrations in 2,416 consecutive infants admitted to our well baby nursery. The maximal serum bilirubin concentration exceeded 12.9 mg/dL (221 mumol/L) in 147 infants (6.1%), and these infants were compared with 147 randomly selected control infants with maximal serum bilirubin levels less than or equal ...
Koren G - - 1988
We compared 86rubidium by erythrocytes of preterm infants and adults as a measurement of their Na+, K+, ATPase enzyme system. In neonates, total uptake (0.92 +/- 0.13 micrograms/10(6) cells) and specific uptake (0.64 +/- 0.076 micrograms/10(6) cells) were significantly higher than in adults (0.52 +/- 0.1 and 0.29 +/- 0.06 ...
Perlman M - - 1988
We evaluated the utility of recording neural signals, such as auditory brainstem responses, as potential new criteria for treatment of neonatal jaundice. Findings from recent studies of auditory brainstem responses and behavior of jaundiced infants reinforce the notion that asymptomatic and even symptomatic neurotoxicity caused by bilirubin may occur relatively ...
Kuhnz W - - 1988
A total of 35 newborns whose mothers had been treated with either primidone (PMD), phenobarbital (PB) or a combination of one of these drugs with other antiepileptic drugs were included in this study. Fetal/maternal serum concentration ratios at birth, milk/serum concentration ratios and neonatal half-lives were determined for PMD, PB ...
Fischer A F - - 1988
Bilirubin production, as indexed by serum carboxyhemoglobin (HbCOc), was studied in a group of normal term Japanese infants and Caucasian controls during the second to third day of life. Stringent entry criteria were employed in order to eliminate infants with hemolysis or other known causes of increased bilirubin production. The ...
Nahata M C - - 1988
Although phenobarbital is the most widely used drug to control seizures, dosage guidelines are not available for infants of varying gestational ages. The primary objective of this study was to develop age specific dosage guidelines for phenobarbital in newborn infants with seizures. Fifty-one patients (27 premature infants, gestational ages 27 ...
Okolo A A - - 1988
In the course of a systemic study of physiologic hyperbilirubinaemia, 200 Nigerian newborn infants were evaluated daily over a 12-day period. The pre-term and post-term neonates exhibited a distinct biphasic pattern of hyperbilirubinaemia. Mean peak bilirubin levels of 8.20 mg/dl for the pre-term, 7.15 mg/dl for the post-term and 8.34 ...
Linder N - - 1988
This prospective study was performed to determine the frequency of unexplained unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia associated with bacterial infection during the first week of life. Of 5805 infants delivered between September 1984 and December 1986, 93 jaundiced newborns without evidence of septicemia fulfilled the following criteria to be enrolled in the study: ...
Ayyash H - - 1987
The efficacy of fluorescent green light phototherapy was compared with that of blue light phototherapy in the treatment of full-term infants with hemolytic disease and jaundice caused by ABO incompatibility. The efficacy of the treatment was expressed as actual (milligrams per hour) and quantum (milligrams per hour per square centimeter ...
Culver P L - - 1987
We report here a case of moderately severe hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) due to anti-Ata. The gravida 5 proposita was group A rr and previously was found to have anti-Ata and -D. At the 35-week mark of this pregnancy, her anti-Ata demonstrated a titer of 256, score 79. ...
Amato M - - 1987
The incidence of hyperbilirubinemia (serum bilirubin values greater than 205 mumol/l) in two groups of preterm infants (birthweight less than 1500 gm) with and without peri-intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) was studied. In the first 10 days of life, 16 (39%) of the 41 infants with PIVH vs. 22 (46.8%) of those ...
Mullon C J - - 1987
A new, simple, and rapid assay for conjugated bilirubin that does not require serum-matrix standards was developed by using the enzyme bilirubin oxidase (EC 1.3.3.5). This procedure can also be modified to measure total bilirubin. Measurements from these assays were compared with results obtained with the Sigma 605 (Jendrassik-Gróf method), ...
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