Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 940
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Yamauchi Y - - 1991
The purpose of this study was to determine whether daylight might affect the accuracy and reliability of TcB measurement at the forehead and sternum. One hundred and seven full-term newborn infants were divided into two groups. Babies in group I (N = 59) were kept near the window which was ...
Benaron D A - - 1991
Hyperbilirubinaemia in newborn infants is generally regarded as a problem, and bilirubin itself as toxic metabolic waste, but the high frequency in newborn infants suggests that the excess of neonatal bilirubin may have a positive function. To investigate the hypothesis that bilirubin has a role as a free-radical scavenger, the ...
Bhutta Z A - - 1991
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is a frequently encountered problem in the neonatal period and carries a potential risk of encephalopathy. Early detection and quantification is important, and transcutaneous bilirubinometry (TcB) has been recommended as a non-invasive method for rapid screening. We prospectively compared the efficacy of TcB in 65 normal Pakistani jaundiced ...
Buzby M - - 1991
The nurse practitioner plays an important role in assessing infants for factors that may contribute to unconjugated bilirubinemia. Healthy, full-term infants with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and no evidence of hemolysis require monitoring of their total serum bilirubin levels and stooling patterns, and they need encouragement to feed more frequently to resolve ...
Uauy R - - 1991
Two similar cohorts of low birth weight infants whose size was appropriate for gestational age randomly received either aztreonam-arginine plus ampicillin (n = 15) or gentamicin plus ampicillin (n = 15) for empiric treatment of neonatal sepsis. The regimens were infused together with glucose at greater than 5 mg/kg per ...
Gupta P C - - 1991
One hundred and sixty one jaundiced newborns were investigated for the usefulness of perspex icterometer as a screening tool for neonatal jaundice. Along with serum bilirubin estimation, icterometer score was simultaneously obtained in all the cases. The correlation between serum bilirubin and icterometer score was high (r = 0.99). The ...
McMillan D D - - 1991
OBJECTIVES: To determine (a) whether physicians are adhering to the guidelines for the management of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, (b) what influences their decisions to investigate and treat the condition and (c) the effect of an educational program and clinical recall interview on compliance with the guidelines. DESIGN: Retrospective chart audit. SETTING: ...
Shahidullah M - - 1991
The peak and the trough levels of serum gentamicin were determined in 50 cases of neonates and infants by microbiological assay method. The peak levels in the neonates and the infants were 5.98 +/- 0.48 and 4.63 +/- 0.31 mcg/ml respectively. The trough levels in the corresponding group were 1.06 ...
Buzby M - - 1991
Nurse practitioners are in a key position to assess one of the most common problems in the full-term infant, unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Armed with a clear understanding of the pathophysiologic pathways that may cause and/or contribute to the development of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and the associated jaundice, the practitioner will be successful ...
Alonso E M - - 1991
To test the hypothesis that enhanced intestinal absorption of bilirubin may contribute to prolonged nonconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in human milk-fed infants, we studied a cross-section of 36 healthy infants and mothers. Milk from mothers and serum from infants were collected at 16.3 +/- 2.4 days. Milk was studied for its effect ...
Larsson S H - - 1991
Kidney epithelial cells in short-term primary culture have been studied with regard to proliferative rate and expression on the c-fos protooncogene. The experiments were performed on subconfluent renal proximal tubule cells isolated from infant and adolescent rats. Proliferation was determined by 3H-thymidine autoradiography and nuclear content of c-fos protein by ...
Sato K - - 1991
Three newborn infants who developed hyperbilirubinemia due to blood group incompatibility were treated with high-dose gammaglobulin. Hyperbilirubinemia was caused by Rhesus (Rh) incompatibility (anti-E + anti-c) in Infant 1 and ABO incompatibility (anti-B) in Infants 2 and 3. Hyperbilirubinemia was refractory to conventional phototherapy but responded well to intravenous gammaglobulin ...
Ullrich D - - 1991
Unconjugated, mono- and diconjugated bilirubin levels were determined in serum soon after birth, and followed up for several days. Fourteen preterm neonates were studied with a gestational age below 33 weeks (n = 7) or between 34 and 37 weeks (n = 7), respectively, as well as 19 full-term newborns ...
Primhak R A - - 1991
Serum creatine kinase BB (CK-BB) on the 1st day of life was measured by radioimmunoassay in 37 very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, 14 severely asphyxiated infants and 24 controls. The 31 survivors from the two high-risk groups were followed up for 12 months or more. VLBW non-survivors (n = ...
Rubaltelli F F - - 1991
The process of conjugation and secretion of bilirubin was studied in a group of healthy, full-term, exclusively breast-fed newborns and a control group of exclusively formula-fed infants by means of a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of bilirubins present in serum. The serum concentrations of unconjugated bilirubin, esterified bilirubin, and ...
Roth B - - 1991
To determine the effects of fentanyl in newborn and premature infants, we compared two groups of 20 newborn and premature babies under artificial ventilation for severe respiratory distress syndrome: a prospective group receiving fentanyl for analgesic and sedation and a historical control group, who did not receive fentanyl. Fentanyl serum ...
Ju S H - - 1991
To study the effects of moderate non-hemolytic jaundice and phototherapy (PT) on newborn behavior, initially 29 full-term infants with serum bilirubin (SB) 12-15 mg/dl were randomly assigned to PT (n = 14) or non-PT (n = 15) group. PT was done until SB less than 12 mg/dl. One infant in ...
Owa J A - - 1991
The study was designed to determine factors responsible for the severe neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia sometimes found in ABO incompatibility in Nigeria. In 50 jaundiced babies who were ABO-incompatible it was found that the mean serum bilirubin level was significantly higher in outpatients than inpatients; this difference was probably due to the ...
Ray J E - - 1991
We evaluated the TDx Digoxin II (Abbott) modified procedure for interference from digoxin-like immunoreactive factors (DLIF) in pediatric patients. The effectiveness of centrifugal ultrafiltration as a means of removing DLIF interference from the serum of such patients was assessed. We used sera from 40 patients who had not received digoxin, ...
Knudsen A - - 1991
The relationship between cephalocaudal progression of jaundice and bilirubin concentration, reserve albumin concentration and plasma pH was studied in 47 newborn infants. Furthermore, the cephalocaudal progression of the yellow colour of the skin was measured in 131 newborns at birth and on the third postnatal day. The cephalocaudal colour difference ...
Amato M - - 1990
Total serum bilirubin level was assessed in a group of jaundiced low birth weight infants using three different methods. Transcutaneous bilirubinometry was compared with conventional capillary and arterial methods to investigate the over-or underestimation of neonatal jaundice. Sampling site did not influence bilirubin levels. Capillary and arterial results showed a ...
Owa J A - - 1990
Jaundice among Nigerian preterm infants under special care was studied to determine the incidence of clinical jaundice, the predisposing factors and outcome among those with significant hyperbilirubinaemia (SBR greater than or equal to 10mg/dl). The incidence of jaundice among 292 preterm infants over an 18-month period was 71.2%. The male: ...
Murphy M R - - 1990
Phototherapy is commonly used to treat infants with hyperbilirubinemia. Conventional phototherapy consists of a light source situated approximately 20 inches from an infant who is in an isolette and who is equipped with eye patches. A new method of phototherapy, a fiberoptic blanket, wraps light around the infant's torso delivering ...
Rosenfeld W - - 1990
A new device for phototherapy consisting of a fiberoptic panel attached to an illuminator was compared with traditional phototherapy (4 special blue and 4 daylight bulbs). The panel surrounds the trunk eliminating eye patching and allowing more time for maternal-infant interaction. Forty-six jaundiced term neonates were studied. Two groups, nonhemolytic ...
Gupta A K - - 1990
The technique of ABR testing was applied to 25 infants with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia at levels exceeding that for exchange transfusion, in an attempt to study potential influence of bilirubin toxicity on the auditory brainstem pathway. The test was performed at a mean conceptional age of 40.4 +/- 0.6 weeks just ...
Gale R - - 1990
The feasibility and efficacy of a fiberoptic blanket (Wallaby Phototherapy System) for the treatment of physiologic jaundice was compared with conventional phototherapy. Forty-two full-term infants with nonhemolytic jaundice were included in the study. Infants in the study group were treated with the fiberoptic blanket and the infants in the control ...
Fenstersheib M D - - 1990
An outbreak of Pontiac fever occurred among 34 of 56 people attending conferences at a hotel in Santa Clara County, California, in 1988. Two groups had an acute febrile upper respiratory illness, with a mean attack rate of 82% and a mean incubation period of 56 hours. Symptoms resolved spontaneously ...
Ruderman J W - - 1990
We evaluated the effect of 1 g/kg intravenous immune globulin (IGIV) on immunoglobulin levels and half-life, the dose and frequency of IGIV administration necessary to maintain IgG levels at greater than 400 mg/dL, and IGIV effect on immunoglobulin levels after discharge in infants less than or equal to 32 weeks' ...
Vohr B R - - 1990
The issue of what is a critical threshold of bilirubin for the neonate in terms of long-term morbidity, however, remains unanswered. The recent large prospective study carried out in the Netherlands by Van de Bor et al. to evaluate the effect of bilirubin on 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome of premature infants ...
Connolly A M - - 1990
Clinical features of bilirubin encephalopathy vary depending on the age of the infant and the degree of hyperbilirubinemia. In term infants with hyperbilirubinemia, three distinct clinical phases are apparent in the first weeks of life, and long-term consequences include extrapyramidal disturbances (particularly athetosis), hearing loss, gaze abnormalities (particularly limitation of ...
Brown L P - - 1990
This study examined intermeter reliability on two transcutaneous bilirubinometers on 30 white prephototherapy infants between 36 and 42 weeks' gestation with birthweights greater than 2500 g. All infants were screened with both meters, on the forehead, within a 5-minute period. Meter readings were taken within 30 minutes following infant heelstick ...
Palmer C - - 1990
Kernicterus is the end result of injury to the central nervous system by bilirubin and other factors. Serum bilirubin levels alone are poor predictors of kernicterus especially in sick preterm infants. We need a rapid noninvasive indicator of neurotoxicity and impending cell injury. Bilirubin first seems to affect neuronal conduction ...
Ihara H - - 1990
We compared the effect of light on direct-reacting bilirubin (DBIL) measurement by the bilirubin oxidase (EC 1.3.3.5; BOX) method and by the Jendrassik-Gróf diazo method. DBIL concentrations determined by the BOX method in the sera of hyperbilirubinemic infants treated with phototherapy yielded falsely higher values than those by the direct ...
Newman T B - - 1990
In the 1950s, exchange transfusion to keep the total serum bilirubin below 20 mg/dl was shown to be an effective way of preventing kernicterus in babies with erythroblastosis fetalis. For the last 15 to 20 years this level has also been used to determine the need for intervention in healthy ...
Feng C S - - 1990
Two methods were used to determine the incidence of ABO haemolytic disease of the newborn (ABO-HDN) among Hong Kong Chinese infants. The first method employed the Lui elution technique to elute anti-A,B from cord blood of Group A and B babies with a Group O mother, and set out to ...
Caplan M - - 1990
Acetylhydrolase is an acid-labile, 43 kd protein that catalyzes the degradation of platelet activating factor (PAF), a potent phospholipid inflammatory mediator, to its biologically inactive metabolite lysoPAF. PAF has a short half-life, thus acetylhydrolase plays an important role in its regulation. Since previous work suggests that PAF may be involved ...
Ko T M - - 1990
Infants on this island are known to have higher incidences of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and alpha-thalassemia minor than Caucasians. In order to investigate the correlation between these two conditions, we collected a total of 110 newborns with alpha-thalassemia minor delivered at the National Taiwan University Hospital during the period from January ...
Plastino R - - 1990
To determine the effect of eligibility criteria on phototherapy program size and cost, 786 births in a large Health Maintenance Organization were prospectively studied. Four sets of criteria were compared, including those of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the health maintenance organization's own criteria. With all criteria sets, hospital-based ...
Murray P I - - 1990
The level of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the aqueous humor of 24 patients with 2 types of uveitis was measured with a specific bioassay using the murine hybridoma cell line B9. Sixteen patients had Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis (FHC) and 8 had toxoplasma uveitis (TU). Sixty-three percent of each of the FHC ...
Scheidt P C - - 1990
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Randomized, Controlled Trial of Phototherapy for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia was conducted to determine whether phototherapy used to control serum bilirubin is safe and is as effective in preventing brain injury as exchange transfusion. The study, conducted at six neonatal care centers, randomly ...
Yamauchi Y - - 1990
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether hyperbilirubinemia (greater than or equal to 15 mg/dl) could be predicted by TcB readings at birth or change of TcB readings during the first 24 hours of life. Both the TcB at 24 hours and the ratio of increase of TcB ...
Newman T B - - 1990
Neonates with hyperbilirubinemia commonly undergo a battery of laboratory tests. We used a computerized database and medical records to study the frequency, cost, and yield of these tests in 2443 infants born at the University of California, San Francisco, between 1980 and 1982. Four hundred forty-seven (18%) of the infants ...
Tschepik W - - 1990
The association between factors that place patients at risk for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and the occurrence of ADRs was examined, and a therapeutic risk-assessment model was developed. Theoretical risk factors for ADRs to digoxin and theophylline were identified through the literature by researchers at a private tertiary-care hospital. Data ...
Yeung C Y - - 1990
A study on the effects of a popular Chinese herb commonly given to newborn infants was undertaken. 'Chuen-Lin', Coptis chinensus/japonicum, which is consumed by 28-51% of Chinese infants, was found to have a significant effect in displacing bilirubin from its serum protein binding as assessed by the peroxidase oxidation method. ...
Brodersen R - - 1990
On the basis of the concentration of unconjugated bilirubin and available albumin for the binding of bilirubin it is possible to calculate the level of unbound bilirubin in a serum sample. The solubility of bilirubin can further be calculated when the pH is known. In cases of threatened kernicterus the ...
Yurdakök M - - 1990
Serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) activities were determined on the third day of life in healthy controls (n:15) and in infants with non-hemolytic hyperbilirubinemia (n:16). GGT activities were 39.6 +/- 28.4 units/ml and 46.6 +/- 26.7 units/ml, respectively. There was no statistical difference between both groups (p greater than 0.05).
Gale R - - 1990
Of 10,122 singleton babies born from January 1, 1984 to March 31, 1988, we compared 1,154 term infants with high serum bilirubin levels (greater than 12.9 mg/dl) to 1,154 infants with low serum bilirubin levels (less than or equal to 12.9 mg/dl) randomly selected from the remaining 8,968 subjects. We ...
Freeman J - - 1990
We investigated the risk of hyperbilirubinemia in relation to the administration of pancuronium bromide among newborn infants requiring mechanical ventilation. One hundred and twenty-nine infants treated with pancuronium were compared to 129 infants who were never exposed, matched on ventilatory status, hospital, birthweight, initial total serum bilirubin, and date of ...
Naveh N - - 1990
We compared in rabbits the effects of laser iridotomy by either argon or neodymium (Nd):YAG laser on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by the iris/ciliary body, its accumulation in the aqueous humor and the aqueous protein levels. PGE2 production by the iris/ciliary body, following exposure to argon or Nd:YAG laser, was ...
Cockington R A - - 1989
In 1975, rational guidelines for management of the jaundiced newborn infant were introduced to the Mercy Maternity Hospital, Melbourne. The guidelines were produced as four charts, each chart covering a particular birthweight range. The charts have been used widely. The effect of introduction of the charts has been examined by ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >