Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1747
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Langlois Peter H PH Texas Center for Birth Defects Research and Prevention, Birth Defects Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, - - 2014
While some of the highest maternal exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occur in the workplace, there is only one previous study of occupational PAH exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We sought to extend this literature using interview data combined with detailed exposure assessment. Data for 1997-2002 were analysed from ...
Kielb Christine - - 2013
This population-based U.S. study investigated the association between major musculoskeletal malformations and periconceptional maternal occupational pesticide exposure for a wide range of occupations. We conducted a multi-site case-control analysis using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study among employed women with due dates from October 1, 1997 through December ...
Li Qing - - 2012
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are associated with an increase in risk for mortality for people with an FASD and their siblings. In this study we examine mortality rates of birth mothers of children with FASD, using a retrospective case control methodology. We utilized the North Dakota FASD Registry to ...
Hemels Marieke A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: Coagulase-negative staphylococci are the most common pathogens causing late-onset sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit. Neonatal sepsis can be associated with cerebral white matter damage in preterm infants. Neurodevelopment has been shown to be correlated with apparent diffusion coefficients, fractional anisotropy, and axial and radial diffusivities of the ...
Wolff Jason J JJ Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities and the Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA. - - 2012
Evidence from prospective studies of high-risk infants suggests that early symptoms of autism usually emerge late in the first or early in the second year of life after a period of relatively typical development. The authors prospectively examined white matter fiber tract organization from 6 to 24 months in high-risk ...
Palermo Joseph J - - 2012
To describe primary care management of early and prolonged jaundice in otherwise-healthy term infants to identify opportunities to increase early diagnosis of cholestasis. Community-based pediatricians in St Louis, Missouri completed a mailed, anonymous, 29-item survey to assess practice demographics, timing of routine newborn office visits, and the management of early ...
Gavin Amelia R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the pathways that link mothers' early life socio economic status (SES) and mothers' experience of childhood maltreatment with birth weight among their later born offspring. Data were drawn from a nationally representative longitudinal survey of school-aged respondents, initially enrolled during adolescence in ...
Vento Máximo - - 2012
Fetal life evolves in a low oxygen milieu as compared to the extra-uterine. In the fetal to neonatal transition rapid changes in the oxygen content of the newly born infant occur within a brief period of time. Delivery room care givers should be aware of the slow transition regarding oxygenation, ...
ter Horst Peter G J - - 2012
After in utero exposure to tricyclic antidepressants, neonatal withdrawal symptoms have been reported with an estimated incidence between 20 and 50%; however, few data are available for clomipramine. This could also be the case for neonatal pharmacokinetic clomipramine parameters and so this study was set up. Babies exposed to clomipramine ...
Glass Hannah C HC Department of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0663, USA. - - 2012
Neonatal seizures are common clinical conditions in both term and preterm neonates, yet no clinical management guidelines for direct care exist. We surveyed 193 international neurologists, neonatologists, and specialists in neonatal neurology or neonatal neurocritical care to assess management practices for seizures in preterm and term neonates. We found high ...
Sankaran Koravangattu - - 2012
In mechanically ventilated neonates it is not uncommon to observe obstructive atelectasis from various causes. However it is extremely rare to see mucous plugging and massive pulmonary atelectasis in the absence of infection, aspiration, and respiratory distress syndrome in the first couple of days of life. In this report we ...
Tikellis G - - 2012
Objective:To examine the maternal and neonatal factors associated with offspring adiposity and the role of birth and placental weight as potential mediators in such associations.Design:The Tasmanian Infant Health Survey was a prospective cohort study conducted between 1988 and 1995 in Australia to investigate the cause of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. ...
Monteagudo B - - 2012
At birth, vernix caseosa can cover the whole body surface or accumulate only on the back and in the skin folds. Interest in its composition and function and its possible applications in adults has increased in recent years. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of vernix ...
Liu Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Preterm infants have a high risk of brain injury and neurodevelopmental impairment, often associated with WMA on conventional MR imaging. DTI can provide insight into white matter microstructure. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between WMA on conventional MR imaging and DTI parameters in ...
Perlman Jeffrey - - 2012
Guidelines for the techniques of resuscitating newly born infants have undergone major revisions over the past 25 years. The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) is committed to "periodically developing and publishing a consensus on resuscitation science" every five years with the most recent Consensus on Science and Treatment Recommendations ...
White Christopher R H - - 2012
Abstract Objective: Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major acute neurologic manifestation of perinatal asphyxia associated with significant mortality and morbidity. The study aimed to develop a simple, accurate method of predicting HIE at delivery. Methods: Between January 2003 and December 2009, all HIE cases were identified from the 38,404 deliveries ...
Jeong Hyun Chul - - 2012
A pregnant woman in the mid-third trimester developed complications with enlarged fetal abdomen and polyhydramnios. Prenatal ultrasound visualized dilated bowel, intraperitoneal calcifications, ascites, hydroceles and polyhydramnios, giving the impression of meconium peritonitis. The fetal abdomen continued to increased in size, and maternal dyspnea due to polyhydramnios was aggravated. She underwent ...
Rai Ruchi - - 2012
The authors retrospectively analyzed the case records of all the newborns admitted with the diagnosis of neonatal tetanus (NT) over a period of 36 mo. A total of 27 cases of neonatal tetanus were admitted over a period of 36 mo. Out of these 27 neonates, 17 died and thus the overall ...
Tharner Anne - - 2012
We examined the effects of maternal history of depressive disorder and the effects of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and the early postpartum period on attachment insecurity and disorganization. A total of 627 mother-infant dyads from the Generation R Study participated in a population-based cohort from fetal life onwards. Maternal history ...
Marcialis Maria Antonietta - - 2012
Hyponatremia and hypernatremia are complex clinical problems that occur frequently in full term newborns and in preterm infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) although their real frequency and etiology are incompletely known. Pathogenetic mechanisms and clinical timing of hypo-hypernatremia are well known in adult people whereas in ...
Keiles Steven - - 2011
We examined the relation between the number of (TG) repeats at the (IVS8)-(TG)m(T)5 locus of the CFTR gene with neonatal serum immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) and sweat chloride (SC) concentrations in hypertrypsinogenemic infants with genotype ΔF508-9T/5T identified by California cystic fibrosis newborn screening. SC and IRT distributions increased with increasing (TG) ...
Loftin Ryan R Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0526, - - 2012
We sought to quantify the gestational age-specific morbidity of black vs white neonates. This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of singleton live births in Ohio from 2006 through 2007. The primary outcome was a composite of adverse neonatal outcomes of ≥ 1 morbidity: Apgar score < 7 at 5 ...
Lisciandro Joanne G - - 2011
To cite this article: Lisciandro JG, Prescott SL, Nadal-Sims MG, Devitt CJ, Pomat W, Siba PM., Holt PG, Strickland D, van den Biggelaar AHJ. Comparison of neonatal T regulatory cell function in Papua New Guinean and Australian newborns. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011: Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01242.x. ABSTRACT: Background:  Environmental changes, including declining ...
Mahmood Iftekhar - - 2011
The main objectives of this report are to predict propofol clearance in neonates and infants by a maturation model that includes age and weight and to compare the predictive performance of propofol maturation model with a simple allometric model (clearance vs. body weight). Age, weight, and propofol clearance data were ...
Kamal S M Mostafa - - 2011
This study aims to investigate the effect of adolescent motherhood on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh using data from the nationally representative 2007 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Both univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were used to assess the relationship between neonatal mortality and sociodemographic contextual factors focusing on maternal age, ...
Leshem Eyal - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: The study objective was to define the risk factors and the route of Staphylococcus aureus transmission between mother and newborn. METHODS:: Women at late pregnancy were screened for nasal and vaginal S. aureus colonization. Newborns were screened for nasal, auricular, umbilical and rectal colonization at birth and before discharge. ...
Linder Ido - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between gender and birth trauma in full-term infants. Methods: A retrospective, cohort, case-control study was conducted. All singleton full-term neonates born in 1986-2009 and diagnosed with birth trauma (ICD9-CM codes 767.0-767.9) were identified from the hospital's computerized birth-discharge records. The study group was matched ...
Al-Saleh Iman - - 2011
Previous studies of in utero exposure to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) have shown mixed results for the harmful effects on fetal growth and development. This cross-sectional study was designed to: (1) examine the extent of DDT exposure in 1578 women, aged 28.5±6.0 who delivered between June 2005 and 2006 in the area ...
Caudle Kelly E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the literature regarding the use of echinocandins to treat invasive fungal infections caused by Candidaspp. in patients in the neonatal intensive care unit.DATA SOURCES:Literature retrieval was accessed through MEDLINE (Jan 2000-September 2011) using the search terms echinocandin, caspofungin, micafungin, anidulafungin, and neonate with limits for age group (ie, ...
Kamath-Rayne Beena D - - 2012
Clinical algorithms can be powerful tools for the identification of sick newborns at risk of neonatal mortality. Several studies have evaluated clinical signs for newborns aged 0-60 days to identify severe illness; however, few studies have focused specifically on the most vulnerable time period for neonatal death, the first week ...
Dryzek Pawel - - 2011
The authors describe successful balloon angioplasty of aortic coarctation in a preterm neonate weighing 670 grams. The intervention was performed in an open incubator to ensure stable temperature comfort and to minimise the risk of hypothermia during the procedure of obtaining surgical vessel access, performing balloon angioplasty, and closure of ...
Kent Alison L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:To determine whether male gender has an effect on survival, early neonatal morbidity, and long-term outcome in neonates born extremely prematurely.METHODS:Retrospective review of the New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Data Collection of all infants admitted to New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory neonatal ...
Faschingbauer F - - 2011
Purpose: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the accuracy of 10 commonly used weight estimation formulas in a group of fetuses with extreme macrosomia ( ≥ 4 500 g). Materials and Methods: Ten formulas were evaluated in a group of 174 fetuses with a birth weight (BW) ≥ 4 500 g. Each fetus underwent ...
Trivedi Sunita - - 2012
Spontaneous labor at term involves the activation of placental corticotropin-releasing hormone and the fetal adrenal axis, but the basis for extreme preterm labor is unknown. Our objective was to determine whether placental corticotropin-releasing hormone is activated in extreme preterm labor. One thousand five hundred six mothers delivering at less than ...
Pawluski Jodi L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Serotonin influences the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system; therefore prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants (SSRIs) may alter HPA axis development and function. To address this, prenatal exposure to SSRIs and maternal mood were examined in relation to neonatal and infant levels of cortisol and its ...
Sandman Curt A - - 2012
Fetal detection of adversity is a conserved trait that allows many species to adapt their early developmental trajectories to ensure survival. According to the fetal-programming model, exposure to stressful or hostile conditions in utero is associated with compromised development and a lifelong risk of adverse health outcomes. In a longitudinal ...
Strunk Tobias - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA) is implicated in the onset of preterm labor and delivery. Chorioamnionitis is a known risk factor for early-onset sepsis and may modulate postnatal immunity. Preterm infants are at greatly increased risk of late-onset sepsis (LOS), particularly with coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), but the impact of HCA on the ...
Schuit Ewoud - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:To validate externally 2 prognostic models for stillbirth and neonatal death in very preterm infants who are either known to be alive at the onset of labor or admitted for neonatal intensive care.PATIENTS AND METHODS:All infants, with gestational age 22 to 32 weeks, of European ethnicity, known to be alive ...
Toome L - - 2011
Aim:  To identify recent changes in short-term outcome and care for very preterm infants in Estonia. Methods:  Comparison of two population-based cohorts of very preterm infants born alive at 22-31 gestational weeks. In 2007-2008, data were recorded prospectively in a neonatal register. For the cohort born in 2002-2003, the same ...
Stergiou E - - 2011
Context:Experimental studies linked gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with altered expression of the offspring's hypothalamic galanin mRNA, possibly contributing to the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome in later life. We hypothesized that plasma galanin levels at birth would reflect presumably altered hypothalamic galanin expression and ...
O'Mahony Edward - - 2011
Background:  Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a potentially correctable anatomical defect that continues to represent a significant cause of stillbirth and neonatal death. Aims:  To describe the outcomes of fetuses diagnosed antenatally with CDH. Methods:  A retrospective cohort study of fetuses with CDH detected antenatally at our fetal medicine unit ...
Geva Ronny - - 2011
The role of the brainstem in mediating social signaling in phylogenetic ancestral organisms has been demonstrated. Evidence for its involvement in social engagement in human infants may deepen the understanding of the evolutionary pathway of humans as social beings. In this longitudinal study, neonatal brainstem functioning was measured by auditory ...
Forand Steven P - - 2012
Industrial spills of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Endicott, New York (USA), have led to contamination of groundwater, soil, and soil gas. Previous studies have reported an increase in adverse birth outcomes among women exposed to VOCs in drinking water. We investigated the prevalence of adverse birth outcomes among mothers ...
Alio Amina P - - 2011
We sought to assess the impact of paternal involvement on adverse birth outcomes in teenage mothers. Using vital records data, we generated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to assess the association between paternal involvement and fetal outcomes in 192,747 teenage mothers. Paternal involvement status was based on ...
Kocylowski Rafal - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The accepted standard for assessing the wellbeing of the newborn is the Apgar score and blood gas analysis. However, the prediction of neonatal morbidity or mortality is limited. In small-for-gestation (SGA) fetuses at 18-38weeks of gestation, pO(2) is <5th centile both in the umbilical artery and vein in 30%. ...
Onoda Raquel Mari - - 2011
To check the rate of failure, hearing loss and its association with demographic variables and risk indicators for hearing loss in newborns submitted to the Newborn Hearing Screening in a secondary hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional and retrospective study, involving 1,570 newborns submitted to the different stages of the Newborn ...
Okazaki Tadaharu - - 2011
Liver herniation (LH) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may not be a reliable prognostic indicator. We measured pulmonary artery (PA) diameters in CDH + LH as an alternative. Of 41 consecutive cases of prenatally diagnosed left-sided CDH treated from 2002 to 2010, 19 had CDH + LH and 22 had ...
Ipek Ilke Ozahi - - 2011
Objective: Early postnatal discharge of newborns leads to the risk of readmission to the hospital, mostly for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Increasing the length of hospital stay is not an acceptable solution for medical, social and economic constraints. Hence, predicting the high risk neonates for subsequent hyperbilirubinemia is required. This study was ...
Fischer C - - 2012
The epidemiology of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) in term neonates is described in a population-based retrospective study of data recorded for all births from 2000 to 2007 in a French region (Burgundy). Of the 132 884 eligible term newborns, the rate of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) was 7.93%. The prevalence ...
McNamara Jennifer M - - 2011
To determine whether fetal presentation affects the accuracy of ultrasonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW). This is a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies that underwent ultrasonographic EFW within 3 weeks of delivery at a single institution from 1993 to 2008. Breech presenting fetuses were compared with those presenting cephalic. EFW ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >