Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1746
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Hotham Neil J - - 2009
Metyrapone, an inhibitor of corticosteroid biosynthesis, is used in the diagnosis and treatment of adrenocortical hyperfunction. The authors describe the excretion of metyrapone and its metabolite, rac-metyrapol, in milk from a lactating woman requiring metyrapone treatment (250 mg 4 times daily). At steady state, the average concentrations in milk and ...
Geraghty Sheela R - - 2010
Human milk is the preferred choice for infant feeding. When a sick or premature infant's own mother's milk is unavailable, donor human milk is becoming more widely used. Many potential milk donors do not live within close proximity to the 10 North American not-for-profit milk banks. Transporting milk via commercial ...
Snijders Bianca E P - - 2010
Different CD14 polymorphisms have been associated with atopic phenotypes in infants. In addition, CD14 genotypes of breastfeeding mothers have been associated with soluble CD14 (sCD14) levels in breast milk. The role of CD14 genotypes of infant and mother and their interaction with sCD14 levels in breast milk in atopy development ...
Huang Ya-Yi - - 2009
Perceived insufficient milk supply is a frequent concern and reason for early weaning in Taiwanese mothers. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors related to maternal milk supply. A cross-sectional study was carried out at a medical center in northern Taiwan. A total of 205 healthy mother-infant ...
Ganapathy Sridhar - - 2009
An infant is usually born with a deficient immune system, and the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in breast milk plays an important role in the development and maturation of infant's immune system. This article reviews the role of LC-PUFA in breast milk in the development of immunity and ...
Kumral Abdullah - - 2009
Maternal milk plays an important role in breast milk jaundice (BMJ) development and is the major source of epidermal growth factor (EGF) for neonates. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between EGF levels in the infant serum and in the milk of nursing ...
Newport D Jeffrey - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Venlafaxine use during pregnancy has increased over the past decade in concert with accumulating reproductive safety data; however, systematic data on venlafaxine during lactation remain sparse. The current study characterizes the level and determinants of venlafaxine and desvenlafaxine concentrations in breast milk and in nursing infant plasma. METHOD: Women ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2010
Cytokines in milk like transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) have been shown to induce oral tolerance in experimental animal studies. However, human studies are less consistent with these findings. The primary objective of this review was to conduct a systematic review of published studies on the association between TGF-beta identified in ...
Hinde Katherine - - 2009
Lactation represents the greatest postnatal energetic expenditure for human and non-human primate females, and the ability to sustain the costs of lactation is influenced by a mother's physical condition. This is especially true for young mothers that initiate reproduction shortly after adolescence. These mothers have fewer bodily reserves available for ...
Kotaska Andrew - - 2009
To review the physiology of breech birth; to discern the risks and benefits of a trial of labour versus planned Caesarean section; and to recommend to obstetricians, family physicians, midwives, obstetrical nurses, anaesthesiologists, pediatricians, and other health care providers selection criteria, intrapartum management parameters, and delivery techniques for a trial ...
Groh-Wargo Sharon - - 2009
The delivery of a preterm baby is a nutrition emergency. Growth and the accumulation of nutrient reserves are higher during the third trimester of pregnancy than at any other time during the life cycle. Enteral nutrition is the preferred mode of support and human milk the preferred source of enteral ...
Ameh N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The time of passing meconium and the subsequent stooling pattern is an important marker in the diagnosis of colonic motility problems in newborns, particularly in Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHOD: A cross-sectional study of the passage of meconium and stooling pattern in 280 normal newborns was undertaken using questionnaires administered ...
Woo Jessica G - - 2009
Adiponectin, a circulating adipocyte protein, is associated with lower obesity. We have previously shown that adiponectin is present in human milk. This study determined whether higher milk adiponectin is associated with infant growth and investigated milk adiponectin's oligomeric form. This is a study of two parallel longitudinal cohorts of breastfed ...
Arslanoglu S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the actual nutrient intakes observed in a previously reported study with assumed nutrient intakes based on the customary assumptions about the composition of human milk. STUDY DESIGN: Fortified human milk is assumed to provide adequate amounts of nutrients for premature infants. ...
Cabrera-Chávez Francisco - - 2009
The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) has increased worldwide, which could be related to some dietary proteins in infant regimens and/or new food processes, affecting CD-predisposed infants and older children or adults differentially. IgA reactivity to human and bovine caseins, as well as yogurt caseins and prolamins from wheat or ...
Tacken K J M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Human milk (HM) is considered to be the best nutrition for preterm infants. However, storage, heating or tube feeding can cause a decline in essential nutrients, which can lead to the loss of antioxidant vitamins, resulting in an increased risk for oxygen radical diseases. Recently we found that carotenoids, ...
Eggesbø Merete - - 2009
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that, even at low doses, causes destruction of ovarian primordial germ cells in experimental studies. However, its potential for reproductive toxicity in humans exposed to background levels has not been fully evaluated. Here we examined the association between maternal levels of HCB and ...
Kiyohara Masashi - - 2009
We demonstrated the prebiotic effect of lacto-N-biose I (Galbeta1-3GlcNAc) on bifidobacteria in vitro. Lacto-N-biose I, a building unit of the type-I milk oligosaccharides, enhanced the growth of many bifidobacteria, especially Bifidobacterium bifidum, B. breve, and B. longum, which are predominant in the intestines of breast-fed infants. It might be a ...
Piirainen Laura - - 2009
Breastfeeding may increase the rate of mucosal maturation and IgA production. We sought to determine the effect of breastfeeding vs. formula-feeding on the maturation of oral mucosa by measuring the salivary total antibodies and cow's milk protein-specific IgA. Fifty-eight saliva samples were collected from 39 healthy, full term infants. At ...
Bouwman Hindrik - - 2009
In many parts of the world, deliberate indoor residual spraying (IRS) of dwellings with insecticides to control malaria transmission remains the only viable option, thereby unintentionally but inevitably also causing exposure to inhabitants. Because mothers are exposed to insecticides via various routes, accumulated residues are transferred to infants via breast ...
Bishara Rosine - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to describe foremilk volume (milk produced in the first 3 minutes of pumping), hindmilk volume (remainder of milk produced), and total milk volume produced by mothers of very preterm infants at 3 weeks postpartum and associated factors. Mothers (n = 24) mechanically pump their ...
Bagnell Carol A - - 2009
The fact that all newborn mammals drink milk extends the time frame of maternal influence on development into neonatal life. While the nutritional and immunological benefits of milk are clear, the role of milk as a conduit for bioactive factors with the potential to affect neonatal development is less well ...
Wagener Silke - - 2009
AIM: Milk curd obstruction is one of the less common causes of neonatal bowel obstruction. It has been described in premature infants who received high caloric formula feeds. We report presentation, management and outcome of premature neonates who developed milk curd obstruction while being fed fortified expressed breast milk. METHODS: ...
Murata Hiroaki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of breast milk in viral transmission has not been fully studied. To determine the effect of breast milk on the establishment of primary human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in term infants, HCMV-DNA was measured in breast milk and infant saliva. METHODS: The study population consisted of 48 healthy ...
Schier Joshua G - - 2010
Perchlorate exposure may be higher in infants compared with older persons, due to diet (infant formula) and body weight versus intake considerations. Our primary objective was to quantitatively assess perchlorate concentrations in commercially available powdered infant formulas (PIFs). Secondary objectives were: (1) to estimate exposure in infants under different dosing ...
Martins Evelyn C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the weight and height gain and the frequency of clinical complications in preterm newborns weighing less than 1,500 g, exclusively fed human milk or fortified human milk until reaching 1,800 g. METHODS: Prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial involving 40 preterm infants weighing < 1,500 g at birth ...
Taylor Sarah N - - 2009
Intestinal permeability in preterm infants represents a critical balance between absorption of nutritional agents and protection from dangerous pathogens. This study identified the relationship between feeding type (human milk and formula) and intestinal permeability as measured by lactulose to mannitol ratio in preterm infants in the first postnatal month. Sixty-two ...
Li Jingguang - - 2009
The study examined the levels of dioxin-like compounds in 24 pooled samples that were comprised of 1237 individual human milk samples from 12 provinces of China. The samples were taken in different regions to evaluate the body burden of these contaminants and assess their health risk to breast-feeding infants of ...
Malarvannan Govindan - - 2009
Human breast milk samples (n=33) from primipara and multipara mothers from Payatas a waste dump site, and Malate a reference site in the Phillipines were collected in 2004 and analyzed for eight organohalogen compounds, viz., PCBs, DDTs, CHLs, HCHs, HCB, TCPMe, PBDEs and HBCDs. DDTs and PCBs were predominant in ...
Hill Pamela D - - 2009
The present study was designed to compare milk production and hormone responses (prolactin [PRL], oxytocin [OT]) and to determine associations of hormone levels with milk production in mothers of preterm (PT) and term (TM) infants during the first 6 weeks postpartum. Mothers of PT infants (n = 95) were all ...
Szucs Kinga A - - 2009
This is the first published case of quintuplets who breastfeed and receive expressed mother's own milk and supplemental pasteurized donor human milk. In this case, all 5 babies receive exclusively human milk at 7 months. This result is achieved because of the mother's strong advocacy for human milk feedings and ...
Hinde Katherine - - 2009
Lactation represents the greatest postnatal energetic expenditure for mammalian mothers, and a mother's ability to sustain the costs of lactation is influenced by her physical condition. Mothers in good condition may produce infants who weigh more, grow faster, and are more likely to survive than the infants of mothers in ...
Lindemalm Synnove - - 2009
Little is known about the safety of buprenorphine (BUP) in breastfeeding. The aim of this work was to investigate the transfer of buprenorphine and its main active metabolite, norbuprenorphine (n-BUP), into human milk and to determine the drug dose and effects in exposed infants. Seven lactating women, who were maintained ...
Doneray Hakan - - 2009
AIM: To investigate whether change in leptin content of breast milk during lactation acts on neonatal body weight gain. METHODS: In total 15 lactating women and their 15 term infants were involved in the study. Breast milk and neonatal serum samples were obtained from the same women and their neonates ...
Wojcik Katherine Y - - 2009
Banked donor milk may be a reasonable substitute for mother's milk for human infants. No data on the macronutrient composition of banked donor milk have been reported. This study determined the composition of donated milk from a large number of banked donor milk samples and compared it to the reported ...
Krüger Carsten - - 2009
Cow's milk protein allergy is common in infants from industrialised countries, but is rarely considered in developing countries due to its variable clinical presentation. We report on a Tanzanian male infant, who developed blood-stained stool when feeding fresh cow's milk at the age of three months. After an initial diagnosis ...
Galvano Fabio - - 2009
S100B is a neurotrophic protein detectable in biological fluids and in human milk. Since there are several maternal-neonatal conditions requiring the administration of animal milks the aim of the present study was to quantify S100B in milk from different mammalian species and to compare protein's concentration among human and mammalian ...
Polberger Staffan - - 2009
Most extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1,000 g) infants will survive if cared for at a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, and should be given optimal nutrition for brain development. Human milk confers nutritional and non-nutritional advantages over infant formula, and is started during the first hours of life. In Sweden, ...
Brandon Anna R - - 2009
John Bowlby's theory of human attachment has become widely applied across disciplines and across the stages of human development. This discussion explores the evolution of an application of Bowlby's theory to the experience of pregnancy, from both maternal and paternal perspectives. Although the theoretical construct of maternal fetal attachment (MFA) ...
Doucet Sébastien - - 2009
The communicative meaning of human areolae for newborn infants was examined here in directly exposing 3-day old neonates to the secretion from the areolar glands of Montgomery donated by non related, non familiar lactating women. The effect of the areolar stimulus on the infants' behavior and autonomic nervous system was ...
Sabel Karl-Göran - - 2009
The supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids via the placenta is interrupted in premature infants, making them exclusively dependent on breast milk, which varies in fatty acid (FA) concentrations depending on the mother's diet. To in a longitudinal study explore the relation between FA status in mothers and infants from ...
Mariat D - - 2009
In humans, the intestinal microbiota plays an important role in the maintenance of host health by providing energy, nutrients, and immunological protection. Applying current molecular methods is necessary to surmount the limitations of classical culturing techniques in order to obtain an accurate description of the microbiota composition. Here we report ...
Martín Rocío - - 2009
The objective of this work was to elucidate if breast milk contains bifidobacteria and whether they can be transmitted to the infant gut through breastfeeding. Twenty-three women and their respective infants provided samples of breast milk and feces, respectively, at days 4 to 7 after birth. Gram-positive and catalase-negative isolates ...
Ledo Ana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants endowed with an immature antioxidant defense system are prone to oxidative stress. Hydroxyl radicals are very aggressive reactive oxygen species that lack specific antioxidants. These radicals cannot be measured directly, but oxidation byproducts of DNA or phenylalanine in urine are reliable markers of their activity. Human milk ...
Sela D A - - 2008
Following birth, the breast-fed infant gastrointestinal tract is rapidly colonized by a microbial consortium often dominated by bifidobacteria. Accordingly, the complete genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis ATCC15697 reflects a competitive nutrient-utilization strategy targeting milk-borne molecules which lack a nutritive value to the neonate. Several chromosomal loci reflect potential ...
Newburg D S - - 2009
This review discusses the role of human milk glycans in protecting infants, but the conclusion that the human milk glycans constitute an innate immune system whereby the mother protects her offspring may have general applicability in all mammals, including species of commercial importance. Infants that are not breastfed have a ...
Tao Lin - - 2008
The occurrence of perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in human blood is known to be widespread; nevertheless, the sources of exposure to humans, including infants, are not well understood. In this study, breast milk collected from seven countries in Asia was analyzed (n=184) for nine PFCs, including perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA). ...
Tawara Kenji - - 2009
Maternal exposure to dioxins [polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (DFs)] during pregnancy is known to affect infant growth and neurodevelopment in humans and animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between newborn size and the concentration of dioxin isomers in breast milk and to subsequently evaluate ...
Dasgupta Purnendu K - - 2008
Perchlorate, thiocyanate, and iodine excretion in urine and milk of 13 breastfeeding women was investigated and the results were interpreted by a model of parallel/competitive transport of these species bythe sodium iodide symporter. For each species i, we assumed physiological homeostasis, where i(T,in) equals the corresponding total excretion in urine ...
Yigit Sule - - 2008
AIM: To determine whether a widely used fortifier affects gastric emptying in very low birth weight infants and whether the amount of fortifier added to breast milk makes a difference with regard to gastric emptying. METHODS: The study hypothesis was tested in a balanced crossover design. Gastric emptying was determined ...
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