Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1748
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Brucker-Davis Françoise - - 2010
In utero and lactational exposure to endocrine disruptors is thought to be potentially harmful on fetal and infant development. Data of exposure in France is scarce. This is a prospective study with (1) collection of 84 cord bloods (CB) and 69 milks from 86 mothers delivering healthy boys (gestational age ...
Rochow Niels - - 2011
Study objectives were to test (a) whether increased incidence of metabolic acidosis (MA) was caused by introduction of a new commercially available fortifier for breast milk, (b) if so, whether its modification would decrease the incidence of MA and (c) to analyze the impact of MA on growth. Double-blind randomized ...
Her Namguk - - 2010
Perchlorate has been detected in dairy milk and milk-based powdered infant formula samples from many different provinces of South Korea. A total of 37 dairy milk samples from 12 different brands and 26 milk-based powdered infant formula samples from four different brands were tested for the presence of perchlorate. These ...
Zivkovic Angela M - - 2011
Human milk contains an unexpected abundance and diversity of complex oligosaccharides apparently indigestible by the developing infant and instead targeted to its cognate gastrointestinal microbiota. Recent advances in mass spectrometry-based tools have provided a view of the oligosaccharide structures produced in milk across stages of lactation and among human mothers. ...
Kurath S - - 2010
To analyse current data on transmission of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) via breast milk with subsequent symptomatic HCMV infection of the preterm infant and to report on long-term follow-up, a systematic literature review was performed using EMBASE, MEDLINE and CINAHL (January 1966 to December 2008) Studies were included for analysis if ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of endopeptidases that play a key role in the degradation of the extracellular matrix. The natural inhibitors of MMPs are the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). It has been shown that several MMPs may be major factors in tissue destruction and remodeling in necrotizing ...
Jiménez Esther - - 2010
Lactobacillus salivarius is a homofermentative lactic acid bacterium and is frequently isolated from mucosal surfaces of healthy humans. L. salivarius CECT 5713, a strain isolated simultaneously from breast milk and infant feces of a healthy mother-infant pair, has immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and anti-infectious properties, as revealed by several in vitro and ...
Durilova Marianna - - 2010
The aim of our study was to analyse cytokine composition of human milk and its relationship to the development of eosinophilic colitis (EC). Cytokines were measured by ELISA method in breast milk of 20 mothers of infants who developed EC and 20 controls. We found significantly higher concentrations of interferon-gamma ...
Jackson Pamela C - - 2010
"Breastfeeding" an infant in the NICU means that the mother must manually pump her breasts for milk for weeks to months until the infant is physiologically mature enough to suckle at the breast. Complementary and alternative therapies have been proposed to assist with lactation in NICU mothers. These methods for ...
Arslanoglu Sertac - - 2010
In preterm infants, feeding with human milk (HM) is a very effective intervention for the prevention of infections and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and for potentially improved neurocognitive and cardiovascular outcomes in the long-term. Hospitals and physicians are advised to recommend HM for preterm and other high-risk infants either by direct ...
Szucs Kinga A - - 2010
The authors report the first published case of premature twins whose adoptive mother induced lactation. Both infants are receiving exclusively human milk (adoptive mother's milk) at 2 months of age. This remarkable achievement reflects careful planning by the adoptive mother beginning in the prenatal period, her active role during the ...
Eichhorst Jeff - - 2010
We report a positive newborn screen for 3-hydroxyisovalerylcarnitine (C(5)OH) with an absence of 3-methylcrotonyl-coenzyme A carboxylase deficiency in the neonate. Subsequent blood tests demonstrated persistently elevated C(5)OH. Serial testing of the mother identified markedly elevated C(5)OH in both maternal blood and breast milk. High C(5)OH milk concentrations provide a significant ...
Aprile Marisa da Matta Mda - - 2010
To describe growth and clinical evolution of very low birth weight infants fed during hospital stay with milk from a human milk bank according to the caloric-protein value. Forty very low birth weight infants were included: 10 were fed milk from their own mothers (GI), and 30 were fed human ...
Hinde Katie K Brain, Mind, and Behavior Unit, California National Primate Research Center, UC Davis, Davis, California, USA. - - 2010
There are many aspects of "mothering" that may provide information to the mammalian infant about environmental conditions during critical periods of development. One essential element of mothering involves the quantity and quality of milk that mothers provide for their infants, but little is known about the consequences of variation in ...
Kang Chang Seong - - 2010
Fetal and maternal exposure levels of two emerging pollutants, polybrominated diephenyl ethers (PBDEs) and synthetic musks, were measured in Korean general population to assess prenatal and postnatal exposures in infants. For this purpose, paired samples of breast milk, maternal and cord blood were collected from 20 Korean women in 2007. ...
Lindquist Susanne - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight our understanding of digestion and absorption of dietary lipids in newborn infants, and specifically how these processes differ from those in children and adults. RECENT FINDINGS: The intestinal concentration of pancreatic triglyceride lipase (PTL) and bile salts is lower in newborns compared to later in ...
Braun Marcel - - 2010
Phospholipids (PLs) are well known for their excellent emulsifier properties and more recently for their biological functions, such as cell signing, brain development, immune function, heart health, and cancer prevention, besides their physiological role in membrane composition. In dairy products, PLs represent 0.2-1% of milk fat. The milk PLs comprise ...
Arslanoglu Sertac - - 2010
Preterm infants fed fortified human milk (HM) in standard (STD) fashion grow slower than preterm formula fed infants. Recently, low protein intake has been proven to be the primary limiting factor responsible for this growth failure. The main reason of protein undernutrition despite fortification is that STD fortification is based ...
Smithers L G - - 2010
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) are important nutrients in the preterm diet and fixed ratios have been proposed for formula. We evaluated the intra- and inter-individual variation in milk fatty acids from mothers of preterm infants involved in a randomised trial of tuna oil or placebo supplementation. Milk ...
Savilahti Emma Merike - - 2010
To investigate whether specific IgA, IgG, IgG1 and IgG4 responses to cow's milk proteins differ between infants with cow's milk allergy and infants with cow's milk related symptoms (control subjects), and whether early feeding affects these responses as well as specific IgE. A cohort of 6,209 healthy, full-term infants in ...
Sela David A DA Microbiology Graduate Group, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2010
As the sole nutrition provided to infants, bioactive molecules dissolved in milk influence the development of our gut microbiota. Accordingly, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are minimally digested by the infant and persist to negatively and positively regulate gut microbiota. Infant-type bifidobacteria utilize these soluble carbohydrate oligomers by convergent mechanisms. Bifidobacterium ...
Liu Jiaying - - 2010
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), especially perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), are known to occur throughout the environment and in the human population (Houde et al., 2006). The occurrence of PFCs in human umbilical cord blood and human milk, coupled with the potential developmental toxicity of PFCs, suggests the need for determining ...
Reali Alessandra - - 2010
Human milk is the best food for all neonates; however, in pre-term infants, especially those with a very low birth weight, it may lead to insufficient intake of protein and energy. The use of fortified human milk produces adequate growth in premature infants and satisfies the specific nutritional requirements of ...
Lubetzky Ronit - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) has the ability to activate parathyroid hormone receptors and cause hypercalcemia. High concentrations of PTHrP are found in human breastmilk of mothers of term-infants. It is not known whether PTHrP is excreted in preterm human milk. This study tested the hypothesis that PTHrP concentrations in ...
Czank Charles - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It is necessary to fortify human milk to promote optimal growth of the very preterm infant. However, the addition of non-human milk components to human milk is not ideal because of the risk of feeding intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis. Human milk products (HMP) are an alternative to commercially available ...
Jegier Briana J BJ Department of Women, Children and Family Nursing, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. - - 2010
Human milk (HM) feeding is associated with lower incidence and severity of costly prematurity-specific morbidities compared to formula feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW; <1,500 g) infants. However, the costs of providing HM are not routinely reimbursed by payers and can be a significant barrier for mothers. This study ...
Basnet Sangita - - 2010
Many infants are exclusively fed unmodified goat's milk as a result of cultural beliefs as well as exposure to false online information. Anecdotal reports have described a host of morbidities associated with that practice, including severe electrolyte abnormalities, metabolic acidosis, megaloblastic anemia, allergic reactions including life-threatening anaphylactic shock, hemolytic uremic ...
Ozgurtas Taner - - 2010
Human milk is a complex biological fluid. It contains many nutrients, anti-infectious and biologically active substance. Human milk also contains many angiogenic polypeptides. We have determined four of these: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF), insulin-like growth factor- I (IGF-I) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). The ...
Meier Paula P PP Department of Women, Children and Family Nursing, Rush University Medical Center, 1653 West Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2010
The feeding of human milk (milk from the infant's own mother; excluding donor milk) during the newborn intensive care unit (NICU) stay reduces the risk of costly and handicapping morbidities in premature infants. The mechanisms by which human milk provides this protection are varied and synergistic, and appear to change ...
Burg Ariela - - 2010
Four commercial brands of infant milk formula were investigated, and the amount of shelf lipid peroxidation was determined by measuring malondialdehyde (MDA) or, more exactly, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels, which are the end products of lipid peroxidation. TBARS level, indicated by MDA concentration, was higher in the vegetarian ...
Newburg David S DS Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, USA. - - 2010
Adiponectin is a protein hormone produced by adipose tissue, whose circulating levels are inversely related to adiposity and inflammation. Adiponectin circulates as oligomers, from the low-molecular-weight trimer to the high-molecular-weight octodecamer (18 mer). Each oligomer has distinct biological activities, which include enhancement of insulin sensitivity and metabolic control and suppression ...
Zuppa Antonio Alberto - - 2010
Poor production of breast milk is the most frequent cause of breast lactation failure. Often, physician prescribe medications or other substances to solve this problem. The use of galactogogues should be limited to those situations in which reduced milk production from treatable causes has been excluded. One of the most ...
Lönnerdal Bo - - 2010
Progress in research on human lactation and breast milk has advanced our knowledge about the significance of breast milk for the recipient infant and the effects of various components on long-term outcomes. Recent findings have expanded our knowledge in this area. Several growth factors and cytokines are present in breast ...
Yal?in S Song?l - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate the maternal factors [including dietary habits, dental care, smoking, anemia, levels of breast-milk zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe), and levels of serum selenium (Se), Zn and copper (Cu)] that influence breast-milk mercury (Hg) concentrations and to investigate whether there is any relation between Hg concentrations and ...
Iglesias-Leboreiro José - - 2010
Objective. To analyze 25 years of mortality of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) neonates (≤1000 g) in a private hospital in Mexico City and to establish the current viability limit for ELBW neonates. Methods. We designed a prospective observational study of all ELBW neonates born between 1985 and 2009. Neonatal mortality, early neonatal ...
Powe Camille E - - 2010
During human evolutionary history, and for many around the world, breast milk is the primary source of nutritional energy for infants. Variation in breast milk quality might logically have important effects on infant health, growth, and development, yet the sources of this variation remain largely unelucidated. We quantified nutrient and ...
Koletzko Berthold - - 2010
Innovation is important for life science and economy, but the value of innovation for public health depends on its impact on promoting health. Breastfeeding is not innovative but evolved slowly over 250-300 million years, yet its total benefits are not surpassed by more innovative ways of infant feeding. Until the ...
Santoro Walter W - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mass of colostrum ingested by exclusively breastfed newborn infants during the first 24 hours of extrauterine life. STUDY DESIGN: Milk ingested during the first 24 hours of life by 90 healthy newborn infants was evaluated by use of a scale with high sensitivity. The masses were ...
Mamunur Rashid A K M - - 2010
This study was designed to observe the overall neonatal mortality and pattern of neonatal death in a developing country. The factors related to neonatal mortality are also analyzed. This retrospective study was carried out in all pediatric patients in a tertiary level hospital of a developing country in the year ...
Dempsey Eugene - - 2010
Human milk banking has been available in many countries for the last three decades. The milk provided from milk banking is predominantly term breast milk, but some milk banks provide preterm breast milk. There are a number of differences between donor term and donor preterm human milk. To determine the ...
Utrera Torres María Isabel MI Service of Neonatology, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Avenida de Córdoba s/n, 28041, Madrid, Spain. - - 2010
Donor human milk banks are much more than simple centers for collection, storage, processing, and distribution of donor human milk, as they cover other aspects and represent a real opportunity to promote and support breastfeeding. The aim of our study is to assess the impact that opening a human milk ...
Kurath Stefan - - 2009
Abstract To analyze current data on transmission of cytomegalovirus (HCMV) via breast milk with subsequent symptomatic HCMV infection of the preterm infant and to report on long-term follow-up. A systematic literature review on transmission of HCMV via breast milk to the premature born infant was performed using Medline, Embase and ...
Tsopmo Apollinaire - - 2009
Bioactive factors in human milk (HM) are crucial to the health of newborns, especially preterm infants. These compounds assist in reducing the oxidative stress that may occur as a result of combined exposure to supplemental oxygen and immature physiologic defenses. To identify the components in HM that contribute to its ...
Garcia-Bournissen Facundo - - 2010
Women with Chagas disease receiving treatment with nifurtimox are discouraged from breast feeding. Many patients who would receive treatment with nifurtimox live in extreme poverty, have limited access to resources such as clean water and baby formula and may not have safe alternatives to breast milk. We aimed to estimate, ...
Aceti Arianna - - 2009
OBJECTIVES:: Preterm human milk (HM) may provide insufficient energy and nutrients and thus may need to be fortified. Our aim was to determine whether fat content, protein content, and osmolality of HM before and after fortification may affect gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in symptomatic preterm infants. METHODS:: Gastroesophageal reflux was evaluated ...
Bode Lars - - 2009
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) are complex glycans that are present at very high concentrations in human milk but not in infant formula. The significant energy expended by mothers to make these complex glycans suggests they must be important. How do maternal HMOs benefit the breast-fed infant? How are HMOs synthesized ...
Schack L - - 2009
Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional bioactive protein that is implicated in numerous biological processes such as bone remodeling, inhibition of ectopic calcification, and cellular adhesion and migration, as well as several immune functions. Osteopontin has cytokine-like properties and is a key factor in the initiation of T helper 1 immune ...
G?rbay A - - 2010
Aflatoxins (AFs) are important risks for human health due to their widespread presence in foods and environment. However, contamination risk of breast milk with different pollutants including AFs is high in today's life conditions. Since breast milk is a major nutrient for infants, feeding of infants with safe milk is ...
Aimone Ashley - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Human milk (HM) is the optimal source of nutrition for premature infants; however, it is unclear whether HM alone is sufficient to meet their elevated nutritional requirements early after hospital discharge. We previously reported that premature infants (750-1800 g birth weight) fed HM containing extra nutrients for 12 weeks ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2009
It's undoubted that optimum nutrition for term infants is breastfeeding, exclusive for the first six months, then followed by a complementary diet and carried on, if possible, for the first year of life or even more. During the last decades several data confirmed the great advantages of fresh mother's milk ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >