Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1747
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Balayla Jacques - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the association between maternal marital status and the risk of fetal and infant death, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Linked Birth-Infant Death and Fetal Death ...
Chen Ying-Juang - - 2012
Increased breastfeeding was suggested as a contributing factor to significant hyperbilirubinemia. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with jaundice in exclusively breastfed term neonates. We retrospectively reviewed all consecutively live-born neonates from August 2009 to July 2010 who had complete outpatient department (OPD) follow-up ...
Murata Susumu - - 2011
Aim:  To investigate whether cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) can be a useful marker to predict non-reassuring fetal status (NRFS) in small for gestational age (SGA) infants at term. Material and Methods:  Three hundred and nine singleton SGA infants delivered between 37 and 41 weeks of gestation were included in this study. SGA ...
Hsieh Wu-Shiun - - 2011
Abstract Background: Although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant health are well known, positive associations between migration and perinatal health exist among immigrant mothers in western countries. There are unique marriage migration, East Asia culture, universal national health insurance system, and adequate social support in Taiwan that may differ from ...
Holmes Lewis B - - 2011
To determine the frequency of malformations among infants born to women who had taken lamotrigine or carbamazepine as part of polytherapy during the first trimester of pregnancy. A cohort of women enrolled during pregnancy in the North American AED (Antiepileptic Drug) Pregnancy Registry between February 1, 1997, and June 1, ...
Nishimaki Shigeru - - 2011
It is important to identify premature infants with prenatal inflammation as it contributes to short- and long-term complications. Our object was to study how prenatal inflammation affects the urinary β(2)-microglobulin (β(2)-MG) level. Preterm neonates were divided based on the presence of chorioamnionitis (CAM) into the CAM (n = 100) and non-CAM groups ...
Chen I-Lun - - 2011
Gastroschisis (GS) is defined as a full-thickness paraumbilical abdominal wall defect associated with evisceration of fetal abdominal organ. Although the concomitant nongastrointestinal anomalies and aneuploidy are rarely presented, fetal growth restriction is common. The aim of this study is to compare the primary and secondary outcomes of GS between infants ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
Numerous studies have shown an association between shorter birth intervals, and several adverse fetal outcomes, including low birth weight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), and small for gestational age (SGA). However, there is little evidence on the effectiveness of interconception care on fetal outcomes associated with sub-optimal interpregnancy interval (IPI). The ...
Michel S S Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, Université Lille Nord de France, Lille, France. - - 2011
To assess the safety of a decision protocol for type of delivery of breech presentations after 37 weeks of gestation. This protocol was based on a comparison of fetal head and maternal pelvic measurements. Retrospective before-and-after study of 1133 breech infants born between 2000 and 2008 in a tertiary centre, ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2011
Easily accessible biomarkers for fetal stress biology are lacking. We here explore whether quantification of major fetal steroids, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) or DHEA sulfate (DHEAS), with liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry in infant nails is a tool to assess fetal stress biology in response to maternal stressful life events during pregnancy. Sufficient ...
Slusher Tina M - - 2011
Globally, health care providers worldwide recognize that severe neonatal jaundice is a "silent" cause of significant neonatal morbidity and mortality. Untreated neonatal jaundice can lead to death in the neonatal period and to kernicterus, a major cause of neurologic disability (choreo-athetoid cerebral palsy, deafness, language difficulty) in children who survive ...
Klein Michael C - - 2011
Background:  Attitudes drive practice, perhaps more than evidence. The objective of this study was to determine if the new generation of Canadian obstetricians has attitudes differing from those of their predecessors. Methods:  Employing a cross-sectional, Internet, and paper-based survey, we conducted an in-depth study of obstetricians responding to the Canadian ...
Onal Esra E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Infants are considered large for gestational age (LGA) if their birth weight is greater than the 90th percentile for gestational age and they have an increased risk for adverse perinatal outcomes. Maternal diabetes is one of the factors affecting birthweight. However there are limited data on the perinatal outcomes ...
Potti Sushma - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To compare obstetrical outcomes in pregnant women with diabetes versus hypertensive disorders versus both. Methods. One million patients in the New Jersey Database were analyzed. Of which 6.91% had hypertension, 4.79% had diabetes, and 0.91% had both. Information was derived from a perinatal linked data-set provided by the Maternal Child ...
Gottvall Karin - - 2011
Background:  A challenge of obstetric care is to optimize maternal and infant health outcomes and the mother's experience of childbirth with the least possible intervention in the normal process. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of modified birth center care on obstetric procedures during delivery and ...
Doi Mariko - - 2011
Ca status in the uterus during pregnancy has been suggested to affect fetal growth and size at birth. In Bangladesh, low Ca levels in pregnant women and low birth weight in infants are common. The present study explored the association between Ca levels in cord blood and newborn size at ...
Schlez Ayelet - - 2011
Music therapy has been recommended as an adjuvant therapy for both preterm infants and mothers during their stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and has been shown to have beneficial effects. To study the usefulness of combining live harp music therapy and kangaroo care (KC) on short-term physiological ...
Inder Terrie - - 2011
The newborn infant and the neonatal intensive care unit are areas in which there is great variability in the involvement of child neurology. As preterm birth rates continues to rise, with the associated long-term neurologic morbidities, and neuroprotective interventions become available for the newborn infant, a critical knowledge of neurology ...
Stohl Hindi E - - 2011
Abstract Aims: To compare the short-term maternal and neonatal outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) breech singletons by mode of delivery. Methods: All breech fetuses born from 24-0/7 to 26-6/7 weeks' gestation at our institution between 2000 and 2008 were eligible for the study. Abstracted medical record data included maternal ...
Mumbare Sachin S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal risk factors associated with full term low birth weight (LBW) neonates. DESIGN: Matched pair case control study. SETTING: Multicenter study including 2 medical colleges and 1 civil hospital, between July 2009 to December 2009. PATIENTS: Of 2382 neonates screened, 274 full term LBW babies (of 638) ...
Mikolajczyk Rafael T - - 2011
Definition of small for gestational age in various populations worldwide remains a challenge. References based on birthweight are deficient for preterm births, those derived from ultrasound estimates might not be applicable to all populations, and the individualised reference can be too complex to use in developing countries. Our aim was ...
Khatami Seyedeh Fatemeh - - 2011
Chylothorax is a relatively uncommon, but a common form of pleural effusion in the neonates. It may be either congenital or acquired. The efficacy of octreotide therapy for chylothorax is controversial. Herein the authors report successful suppression of chylothorax by octreotide in a newborn who had undergone thoracostomy tube.
Suresh Preeti - - 2011
Pneumopericardium is rare in neonates and might be of serious clinical significance. Neonatal pneumopericardium is usually a complication of mechanical ventilation in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Here, the authors report a full-term neonate who developed spontaneous pneumopericardium which resolved spontaneously.
Karlsson Caroline L J - - 2011
The pioneer microbiota of the neonate may affect future actions of the immune system. This study aimed to map the pioneer microbiota in healthy neonates vaginally born at term. A subgroup of neonates born large for gestational age (LGA) was compared with the neonates appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Fecal ...
Vande Loock Kim - - 2011
The use of cancer-related biomarkers in newborns has been very limited. We investigated the formation of micronuclei (MN) in full-term and preterm newborns and their mothers from the Rhea cohort (Crete), applying for the first time in cord blood a validated semiautomated analysis system, in both mono- and binucleated T ...
Ayres-de-Campos D - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Ayres-de-Campos D, Arteiro D, Costa-Santos C, Bernardes J. Knowledge of adverse neonatal outcome alters clinicians' interpretation of the intrapartum cardiotocograph. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03003.x. Objective  To evaluate the impact of knowledge of neonatal outcome on clinicians' interpretation of the intrapartum cardiotocograph (CTG). Design  Prospective evaluation ...
Mølgaard-Nielsen Ditte - - 2011
Epilepsy during pregnancy is a therapeutic challenge. Since the 1990s, the number of licensed antiepileptic drugs has substantially increased, but safety data on first-trimester use of newer-generation antiepileptic drugs and birth defects are limited. To study the association between fetal exposure to newer-generation antiepileptic drugs during the first trimester of ...
Hustace Tally - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the specificity of the hemoglobinopathy newborn screening in premature neonates as compared to term neonates. PROCEDURE: The screening results from infants suspected to have hemoglobinopathy disease identified by the Florida Newborn Screening Program for years 2002-2007 were compared to the corresponding confirmatory testing. The ...
Blair Eve - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether placental infarction determined by macroscopic examination was associated with risk of cerebral palsy (CP). STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based study of macroscopic placental infarcts in singletons >35 weeks' gestational age, in 158 perinatal deaths, 445 infants with CP, and 491 controls matched with ...
Smits Anne - - 2011
The principles of clinical pharmacology also apply to neonates, but their characteristics warrant a tailored approach. We focus on aspects of both developmental pharmacokinetics (concentration/time relationship) and developmental pharmacodynamics (concentration/effect relationship) in neonates. We hereby aimed to link concepts used in clinical pharmacology with compound-specific observations (anti-epileptics, analgosedatives) in the ...
Lucovnik Miha - - 2011
Objective. To determine whether neutrophil defensins (HNP1-3) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in vaginal fluid after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) predict fetal-inflammatory-response-syndrome (FIRS), neurological impairment or chorioamnionitis. Design. Prospective study. Setting. Tertiary referral university hospital. Population. Forty-two patients with PPROM at < 32 weeks. Methods. HNP1-3 and IL-6 levels were ...
Korkmaz Ay┼če - - 2011
Fetal malnutrition is an important risk factor for both early and late neonatal outcome and adult diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the incidence and characteristics of fetal malnutrition and its impacts on early neonatal morbidity and mortality in preterm infants by using the clinical assessment of nutritional ...
Nugent Richard - - 2011
Most (57.6%) of the extremely premature infants were born at a hospital without the availability of neonatal and MFM specialists, and 38.4% of the very premature were born at a hospital without a neonatologist. Increasing evidence indicates that delivery at a Level 3 facility results in better survival for these ...
Magee Laura - - 2011
Objective: To provide guidelines for the use of antenatal magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for fetal neuroprotection of the preterm infant. Options: Antenatal MgSO4 administration should be considered for fetal neuroprotection when women present at ≤ 31+6 weeks with imminent preterm birth, defined as a high likelihood of birth because of active ...
Trigui Lilia - - 2011
Neonatal bladder rupture is rare as a complication of bladder obstruction due to abnormal anatomy or iatrogenic causes. The present study describes the case of a 3-day-old infant with ascites due to bladder perforation secondary probably to manual decompression of the bladder. The infant underwent successful surgical repair of the ...
Chen Han-Yang - - 2011
To examine the association between electronic fetal heart rate monitoring and neonatal and infant mortality, as well as neonatal morbidity. We used the United States 2004 linked birth and infant death data. Multivariable log-binomial regression models were fitted to estimate risk ratio for association between electronic fetal heart rate monitoring ...
Hassan N E - - 2011
This study in Egypt investigated the influence of selected maternal factors on neonatal birth size. Data were collected after delivery from 782 apparently healthy pregnant women and their neonates. A questionnaire on personal, medical, socioeconomic status, smoking habits and exposure to smoking was completed. Maternal weight and height, food frequency ...
Jochum F - - 2011
We report the use of somatostatin in two preterm neonates with chylothorax and discuss those cases in the light of current literature on the treatment of chylothorax in infants born preterm. Chylothorax, a severe complication in thorax surgery, is also a symptom of different diseases and may even occur spontaneously. ...
Bauer Jacqueline - - 2011
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the composition of breast milk of mothers with extremely preterm infants (<28 weeks) for their nutrient content over the first 8 weeks of lactation, and to compare premature to term milk. Breast milk from 102 mothers who had delivered preterm infants ...
Singh Abha - - 2011
Background: Conjunctivitis of the newborn is defined as hyperemia and eye discharge in the neonates and is a common infection occurring in the neonates in the first month of life. In the United States, the incidence of neonatal conjunctivitis ranges from 1-2%, in India, the prevalence is 0.5-33% and varies ...
Gupta Neeru - - 2011
Perinatal mortality is the most sensitive index while imparting healthcare to mother during pregnancy and delivery and also to the baby in perinatal period. Perinatal mortality is higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Worldover perinatal or infant mortality rate is on decline. Developed countries are ahead of developing ...
Niswade Abhimanyu - - 2011
Little is known about the natural history of neonates born in the rural and tribal areas in India. The Neonatal Disease Surveillance Study (NDSS) measures the incidence of high-priority neonatal diseases, neonatal health events and associated risk factors to plan appropriate and effective actions. The NDSS is being conducted in ...
Suttora Chiara - - 2011
Background: Studies on typical language development documented that mothers fine-tune their verbal input to children's advancing skills and development. Although premature birth has often been associated with delays in communicative and language development, studies investigating maternal language addressed to these children are still rare. Aims: The principal aim of this ...
Kamath Beena D - - 2011
Fetal lung maturity often is used as the sole criterion that late preterm infants are ready for postnatal life. We therefore tested the hypothesis that fetal lung maturity testing does not predict the absence of morbidity in late preterm infants. We performed a retrospective cohort study to examine 152 infants ...
Anderson Christopher - - 2011
We report on a full-term male infant with hypoplastic male genitalia and bilateral impalpable testes noted at birth, who over the following months developed increasing hypotonia, apneic episodes, and seizures resulting in his death at age 24 weeks. During this period regression of penile corporeal tissue was observed. An endocrinological ...
Tungvachirakul Viruch - - 2011
Approximately one to two per 1000 newborns have hearing loss. Delay in detection of this disability leads to impaired development and may prevent the acquisition of speech. Early screening of hearing in newborns results in children receiving early language rehabilitation. Determine the incidence of infants hearing loss in infants not ...
Yurdakök Murat - - 2011
Meconium is a common finding in amniotic fluid and placental specimens, particularly in the term or post-term pregnancy. The most important consequence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) is meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), and at least 5% of infants born through MSAF develop MAS. MAS continues to be a threat to ...
Armangil Didem - - 2011
Ponderal index (PI) is a weight-height related parameter that is mainly used to assess the pattern of fetal growth in small-for-gestational age infants. We aimed to use PI for large-for-gestational age (LGA) infants who were born to diabetic or non-diabetic mothers, in order to predict the fetal growth pattern. One ...
de Aguiar Adriana Sousa Carvalho AS Departamento de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal do Ceará, CE, Brasil. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the results of the red reflex test and to associate these results with neonatal variables. This descriptive study was conducted with 190 newborns in a public maternity hospital. A total of 187 infants presented no alteration and three presented suspect results. Different ...
Gandhi Akanksha - - 2011
Although malaria is endemic in India, neonatal disease is considered rare. We report a case of neonatal malaria in a 26-day-old neonate with fever and splenomegaly who was diagnosed after a long and unsuccessful battery of tests for splenomegaly. Routine screening for malaria is essential for all neonates with fever ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >