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- - 2011
•  Introduction to Resuscitation of the Newborn Infant. ARC and NZRC Guideline 2010 •  Planning for Neonatal Resuscitation and Identification of the Newborn Infant at Risk. ARC and NZRC Guideline 2010 •  Assessment of the Newborn Infant. ARC and NZRC Guideline 2010 •  Airway Management and Mask Ventilation of the ...
Mercurio Mark R - - 2011
Despite recent declines, the teen birth rate in the United States remains markedly higher than in other developed countries. Infants born to teen mothers are more likely to be preterm than those born to adult mothers and thus more likely to end up in the newborn intensive care unit (NICU). ...
Handel Shoshanna - - 2011
: Population-based data for neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection are needed to describe disease burden and to develop and evaluate prevention strategies. : From April 2006 to September 2010, routine population-based surveillance was conducted using mandated provider and laboratory reports of neonatal HSV diagnoses and test results for New ...
Walbran Anita C - - 2011
Perinatal hypoxia is a significant cause of brain injury in preterm infants. Neuroprotective treatments have proven beneficial when commenced within 6-8 hours post hypoxic-ischemic insult. However, as the exact time of injury is unknown, there are no current means to determine which infants are in the treatment phase of the ...
Bassil Kate L - - 2011
We describe trends in the rates of admission of preterm twin and triplet infants to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across Canada and compare their neonatal outcomes over a 6-year period. Temporal trends of admission rates for 5193 twins and triplets <33 weeks' gestational age to participating NICUs in the ...
Jackson Gregory L - - 2011
We analyzed complete blood count (CBC) data obtained from neonates with Down syndrome (DS) in a primarily Hispanic population over a 10-year period to determine the incidence of hematologic abnormalities and the relationship of abnormalities to the presence of circulating blasts (CB). Hematologic values obtained during the first 10 days ...
Macdorman Marian F - - 2011
Infant mortality, fetal mortality, and preterm birth all represent important health challenges that have shown little recent improvement. The rate of decrease in both fetal and infant mortality has slowed in recent years, with little decrease since 2000 for infant mortality, and no significant decrease from 2003 to 2005 for ...
Boo N Y - - 2011
This study aimed to determine the gaps of knowledge and practices of care of neonatal jaundice among Malaysian mothers. It was a cross sectional study of 400 mothers who attended the obstetric clinics or were admitted to the obstetric wards of a general hospital. They were surveyed with a structured ...
Oestergaard Mikkel Zahle - - 2011
Historically, the main focus of studies of childhood mortality has been the infant and under-five mortality rates. Neonatal mortality (deaths <28 days of age) has received limited attention, although such deaths account for about 41% of all child deaths. To better assess progress, we developed annual estimates for neonatal mortality ...
Goudar Shivaprasad S - - 2011
Objective: To evaluate the effect of World Health Organization Essential Newborn Care course and the American Academy of Pediatrics Neonatal Resuscitation Program training on perinatal mortality in rural India. Methods: This study was part of a multi-country prospective, community-based cluster randomized controlled trial. Birth, 7-day and 28-day neonatal outcomes for ...
Buchbinder Mara - - 2011
In a significant departure from established criteria for population screening, a 2006 report by the American College of Medical Geneticists (ACMG) argued that newborn screening may be justified by family and societal benefits even if the screened infant does not stand to benefit. The ACMG report has since been the ...
Liu Chien-Chi - - 2011
liu c.-c., chen y.-c., yeh y.-p. & hsieh y.-s. (2011) Effects of maternal confidence and competence on maternal parenting stress in newborn care. Journal of Advanced Nursing ABSTRACT: Aim.  This paper is a report of a correlational study of the relations of maternal confidence and maternal competence to maternal parenting stress ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2011
PURPOSE: We investigate sex differences in the incidence of stillbirth, neonatal mortality, and perinatal mortality among singletons born to mothers with preeclampsia or eclampsia. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of a population-based sample of singleton births covering the period 1989 through 2005 (n = 56,313). RESULTS: The study population comprised 26,931 female (47.8%) ...
Johnson N - - 2011
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare outcomes of patients with prenatally versus postnatally diagnosed congenital abnormalities seen during the first 18 months of a recently established MFM unit. Methods: Hospital charts of all congenital abnormalities diagnosed between July 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. Data collected included: ...
Mook-Kanamori Dennis O - - 2011
Objective: To examine whether infant growth rates are influenced by fetal growth characteristics and are associated with the risks of overweight and obesity in early childhood. Design: This study was embedded in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life onwards. Methods: Fetal growth characteristics (femur ...
Langenveld Josje - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the neonatal morbidity in late preterm infants born from mothers with a hypertensive disorder. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from the national Perinatal Registry in The Netherlands on women who delivered between 34(+0) and 36(+6) weeks with gestational hypertension (n = ...
Romagnoli Costantino - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurement is widely used as screening for neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia. AIMS: To prospectively validate TcB measurement using hour-specific nomogram in identifying newborn infants not at risk for severe hyperbilirubinaemia. STUDY DESIGN: prospective, observational, multicenter. SUBJECTS: 2167 term and late preterm infants born in 5 neonatal units in ...
Svensson Tobias - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare birth outcomes between women exposed and unexposed to the antiviral medications oseltamivir or zanamivir during pregnancy. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study including women who gave birth to singletons in Sweden 2005-2007 and their infants. We obtained information from the national health registers and evaluated risks ...
Ruan Shanshan - - 2011
Objective To determine the associations between maternal ethnicity and outcomes of infants born between 22 and 31 weeks' gestation and admitted to neonatal intensive care units in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia, between 1995 and 2006. Design and patients De-identified perinatal and neonatal outcome data for ...
Andersen Gregers S - - 2011
Low birth weight (LBW) increases the risk of a number of non-communicable diseases in adulthood. However, birth weight (BW) cannot describe variability in infant body composition (BC). Variability in fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) at birth may be particularly important in low-income countries as they undergo nutritional transition. ...
Zhu Xiao-Yu - - 2011
To study the feasibility, efficacy and safety of using the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) in neonatal resuscitation. In total, 369 neonates (gestational age ≥ 34 weeks, expected birth weight ≥2.0 kg) requiring positive pressure ventilation at birth were quasi-randomised to resuscitation by LMA (205 neonates) or bag-mask ventilation (164 neonates). ...
Manzoni Paolo - - 2011
ABSTRACT The burden of neonatal invasive Candida infection (ICI) has been increasing recently and identification of effective preventative and treatment strategies is a priority. In this view, the echinocandin class of antifungal agents has emerged as a suitable and promising option for treatment. These agents have overall characteristics that suitably ...
Tsuchiya Hiroyuki - - 2011
We observed that neonates who cried during bathing on day 2 still cried on days 3 and 4. The correlation coefficient, for example, between day 2 and day 3 was r=0.410, p<0.001, n=100. Neonates may already have a distinct temperament (withdrawal and adaptability) as early as day 2 after birth.
Zuppa Antonio A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Phenobarbital crosses the placenta quickly, and the balance between maternal and fetal blood is achieved in a few minutes. Data on the clinical outcomes of infants born to mothers under phenobarbital treatment during pregnancy show that they are at risk of adverse events, such as sedation and abstinence syndrome. ...
Gardener Hannah - - 2011
The etiology of autism is unknown, although perinatal and neonatal exposures have been the focus of epidemiologic research for over 40 years. To provide the first review and meta-analysis of the association between perinatal and neonatal factors and autism risk. PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo databases were searched for studies that ...
Demirci Oya - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes of the vaginal delivery versus cesarean delivery for the breech presentation. METHODS: We reviewed the maternal and neonatal charts of all singleton breech deliveries of <1,000, 1,000-1,500, 1,501-2,500, 2,501-4,000, and >4,000 g delivered between 2000 and 2006 at our institution. The study population consisted ...
Belfort M B - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study is to investigate prenatal and perinatal determinants of school age blood pressure (BP) in former preterm, low birth weight infants.Study Design:We studied 694 participants in the Infant Health and Development Program, an eight-center longitudinal study of children born 37 weeks and 2500 g. We obtained information ...
Cajaiba Mariana M - - 2011
Uniparental disomy (UPD) is defined by the inheritance of both copies of a chromosome pair from one single parent. Although 23 cases of paternal UPD6 have been reported earlier, the occurrence of trisomy 6 rescue with paternal UPD6 has not been previously reported. The phenotype of paternal UPD6 results from ...
Wickremasinghe A C - - 2011
Background  When developed in the 1990s, the Neurobiologic Risk Score (NBRS) and Neurodevelopmental Risk Exam (NRE) correlated well with developmental outcomes in premature infants. Given recent advances in neonatology, we assessed their present ability to predict cognitive outcome, alone and combined with socio-economic factors. Methods  One hundred and twenty-nine neonates ...
Nesargi Saudamini Vijay - - 2011
Hypercalcemia is rare in neonates but may be associated with hypophosphatemia in Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) neonates who are on parenteral nutrition without adequate phosphate supplementation.
Patterson Jillian A - - 2011
Aim:  To determine induction trends and delivery, maternal and neonatal health outcomes by gestational age following induction at term for women having a first baby. Methods:  Linked birth and hospital data were used to examine the rates of adverse maternal and neonatal health outcomes for the period 2001-2007, among the ...
Sydsjö Gunilla - - 2011
Citation Sydsjö G. Long-term Consequences of Non-Optimal Birth Characteristics. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011; 66 (Suppl. 1): 81-87 Problem  The intrauterine milieu, gestational length as well as size at birth have a profound impact on the individual's mental, physical health and development both in childhood as well as in adult ...
Tosello Barthelemy - - 2011
Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis was diagnosed in 2 preterm neonates born at 29 and 25 weeks of gestation, respectively. In both instances, the pathophysiology was phrenic nerve injury after extravasation of parenteral nutrition fluid. Misplacement and infection were predisposing factors. Diaphragmatic movement analysis by time-motion-mode ultrasonography was helpful in achieving a ...
Hargreaves K - - 2011
Summary We investigated the accuracy of using symphysis pubis-fundal height measurement and ultrasonically derived estimation of fetal weight for identifying small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) fetuses. A retrospective cohort study was performed using computerised records of all non-diabetic women referred for an ultrasound growth scan (US) with clinically suspected SGA ...
Oliveira Ana Cristina Santos - - 2011
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is an uncommon disorder occurring during the prenatal stage. Generally occurring in full-term neonates or during the first four weeks after a traumatic delivery, the disorder is characterized by the appearance of hard subcutaneous nodules or plaques on the trunk, buttocks or thighs. It ...
Lima Marcela Raquel de Oliveira - - 2011
To review epidemiological features of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and its relationship with maternal and neonatal conditions in a neonatal unit. Cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study involving preterm newborns (NBs) with a birth weight lower than 1,500 g and gestational age under 37 weeks. Data was collected through a review of ...
Yilgwan Christopher S - - 2011
Malaria is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in the neonatal period and account for a significant number of fetal wastage. Its diagnosis is difficult because of the overlap in clinical presentation with other infectious disease in the neonatal period. This study set out to examine the factors that ...
Maloni Judith A - - 2011
Antepartum bed-rest treatment is based on assumptions that it is both effective and safe for mother and fetus. However, research indicates, that bed-rest treatment is ineffective for preventing preterm birth and fetal growth restriction, and for increasing gestational age at birth and infant birthweight. Studies of women treated with pregnancy ...
Finer Neil N - - 2011
The hemodynamic evaluation and monitoring in the critically ill newborn (particularly the premature infant) poses unique challenges because of urgency, size limitations, and the persistence of fetal shunt channels. Echocardiography and other noninvasive methods are currently the mainstay of hemodynamic assessment. Evaluation of the hemodynamic significance of the arterial duct ...
Armentrout Debra - - 2011
Modern perinatal and neonatal care practices have increased survival of infants that in previous care eras would have perished. The majority of infants admitted to a newborn intensive care unit following delivery currently do well and are discharged home. Unfortunately for others, the ultimate outcome may be death. The death ...
Verlijsdonk J A B - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To compare perinatal outcomes of suspected versus non-suspected small-for-gestational age fetuses (SGA) at term. Methods: Retrospective cohort study among all term singleton neonates with a birth weight <10(th) percentile born in the Parkstad region between 01-01-2006 and 03-31-2008. The subjects were assigned to a prenatally Suspected or Non-Suspected ...
Aliyu Muktar H - - 2011
Objective. To investigate stillbirth, neonatal, and perinatal death outcomes in pregnancies complicated by placental abruption, according to fetal sex. Methods. We utilized maternally linked cohort data files of singleton live births to mothers diagnosed with placental abruption during the period 1989 through 2005 (n = 10,014). Logistic regression models were employed to generate adjusted ...
Furtado Larissa V - - 2011
Abstract This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of cervical ribs in stillborn fetuses undergoing autopsy at our institution and to search for significant associations with cervical ribs. European studies have reported an increased prevalence of cervical ribs in patients with childhood cancer, and in stillborn fetuses. We reviewed ...
Barfield Wanda Denise - - 2011
Accurately defining and reporting perinatal deaths (ie, fetal and infant deaths) is a critical first step in understanding the magnitude and causes of these important events. In addition to obstetric health care providers, neonatologists and pediatricians should know the current US definitions and reporting requirements for live births, fetal deaths, ...
Gheorghe Alexandra - - 2011
Concealment of pregnancy and newborn infant abandonment are closely associated with neonaticide, the killing of an infant within the first 24 h of life or less than 28-30 days depending on the jurisdiction. Abandonment of newborn infants occurs throughout the world and often the outcome for the infant is death. Together with ...
Ramesh Bhat Y - - 2011
Isolated pleural effusion is a rare condition in a fetus or neonate with high mortality. When there are no other findings of hydrops fetalis or documented etiology such as inflammatory, iatrogenic or cardiac problems exist, isolated pleural effusion is considered. Timely diagnosis and management not only avoids mortality but also ...
Arun Babu Thirunavukkarasu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To find the association between neonatal Peak serum bilirubin (PSB) levels and the neurodevelopmental outcomes at 6 months in term infants with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: Term neonates who developed jaundice with atleast one PSB value of above 15 mg/dl within first wk of life were included. Babies with any condition affecting ...
Harbert Mary J - - 2011
Within a single-center prospective cohort study of neonatal encephalopathy involving 315 subjects, 15 neonates were found to have a focal stroke on magnetic resonance imaging. These 15 patients were matched on the basis of gender and degree of encephalopathy to 30 neonates without stroke from the same cohort. On Bayley ...
Tam Tam Kiran B - - 2011
We describe the epidemiological characteristics and identify maternal-fetal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by gastroschisis. We retrospectively reviewed 115 cases of gastroschisis at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. The incidence of gastroschisis trended upward between 2000 and 2008. Significant proportions of mothers were nonobese, nulliparous, teenagers, smokers, and nonconsumers of ...
Balayla Jacques - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the association between maternal marital status and the risk of fetal and infant death, including sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Linked Birth-Infant Death and Fetal Death ...
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