Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1749
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zbinden A - - 2011
Our aim was to evaluate the clinical impact of routine amniotic fluid and neonatal surface swab microbiology at Caesarean section.Microbiology data from 1 537 neonates delivered by Caesarean section were analysed in the light of clinical outcome.1 340 (87%) neonates had non-pathogenic bacteria or negative culture results from both amniotic fluid and ...
Deeks Emma D - - 2011
17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate is a synthetic progestin of which there is now a US FDA-approved formulation available for intramuscular administration (Makena™) to reduce the risk of preterm birth. Intramuscular 17 α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (identical in formulation and manufacturing process to Makena™, thus hereafter referred to as Makena™) 250 mg once weekly, initiated ...
Darmstadt Gary L - - 2011
BackgroundTo validate a clinical algorithm for community health workers (CHWs) during routine household surveillance for neonatal illness in rural Bangladesh.MethodsSurveillance was conducted in the intervention arm of a trial of newborn interventions. CHWs assessed 7587 neonates on postnatal days 0, 2, 5 and 8 and identified neonates with very severe ...
Makelarski Jennifer A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Data from Iowa fetal death certificates (FDCs) suggest that reportable stillbirths (unintended fetal deaths ≥20 weeks gestation and/or weighing ≥350 grams) occur in about 1 in 200 deliveries. In 2005, the Iowa Department of Public Health and the Iowa Registry for Congenital and Inherited Disorders (IRCID) collaborated with other ...
Schaalan Mona F - - 2011
Chlorinated pesticides (CP) are environmentally persistent pollutants that (prenatally through the placenta and post-natally via breastfeeding) are transferred from mother to child. Considering the significant bleeding tendency noted in infants of CP-intoxicated mothers in Egypt, this study aimed to investigate any correlation between levels of these xenobiotics in mothers' milk ...
Katheria A - - 2011
Objective:Infants born to diabetic mothers (IDMs) even with good glycemic control are at risk for neonatal morbidity. Many of these problems occur during neonatal transition. We assessed (i) systemic and pulmonary blood flow in IDMs compared with controls and (ii) directional blood flow changes within fetal shunts during the first ...
Accetta Deborah J - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: During the first 2 years of newborn screening (NBS) for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), 39 infants with an abnormal or inconclusive newborn screening test for SCID died prior to assessment of immune function. We investigated if SCID or primary T-cell lymphopenia likely contributed to the death of these neonates. METHODS: ...
Luxwolda Martine F - - 2012
Higher long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCP) in infant compared with maternal lipids at delivery is named biomagnification. The decline of infant and maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) status during lactation in Western countries suggests maternal depletion. We investigated whether biomagnification persists at lifelong high fish intakes and whether the latter prevents ...
Frank M - - 2011
Single-dose nevirapine (sd-NVP) and extended NVP prophylaxis are widely used in resource-constrained settings to prevent vertical HIV-1 transmission. We assessed the pharmacokinetics of sd-NVP in 62 HIV-1-positive pregnant Ugandan woman and their newborns who were receiving sd-NVP prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission. Based on these data, we developed a ...
Lee Anne C C - - 2011
To characterize the incidence of, risk factors for, and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with respiratory depression at birth and neonatal encephalopathy (NE) among term infants in a developing country. Data were collected prospectively in 2002-2006 during a community-based trial that enrolled 23 662 newborns in rural Nepal and evaluated ...
Thornton Nathan L - - 2012
Neonatal neutrophil dysfunction contributes to inflammatory tissue damage in newborn infants. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) activate the innate immune response through recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Expression and function of TLRs by neonatal neutrophils has not well been characterized. We hypothesized that, compared to polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) isolated from adults, neonatal ...
Blowey Douglas L - - 2011
The incidence and risk factors for hypertension in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is inadequately defined, and the current utilization of antihypertensive medications in this specialized environment is not known. We evaluated the incidence of hypertension, associated risk factors, and utilization of antihypertensive drugs in the NICU using a ...
Feng Xing Lin - - 2011
China's success in improving the quality of and access to obstetric care in hospitals offers an opportunity to examine the effect of a large-scale facility-based strategy on neonatal mortality. We aimed to establish this effect by assessing how the institutional strategy of intrapartum care has affected neonatal mortality and its ...
Chinetti Viviana - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To determine the incidence of GJB2 and GJB3 mutations and of two deletions upstream of the GJB6 gene in infants of the Campania region of southern Italy. Design: DNA samples from non-syndromic hearing-impaired infants enrolled in a neonatal screening programme for sensorineural hearing loss were analysed by PCR ...
Burkett Emily A - - 2011
According to the World Health Organization, more than 2 billion people, equal to one third of the world's population, are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) bacilli, the microbes that cause TB. In addition, over the past decade, the incidence of postnatal TB in infants has shown an escalating trend in ...
Carlson Vm - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Carlson V, Omer M, Ibrahim S, Ahmed S, O'Byrne K, Kenny L, Ryan C. Fifty years of Sudanese hospital-based obstetric outcomes and an international partnership. BJOG 2011 Objective  To present 50 years of hospital-based maternal and perinatal outcomes in Sudan, and the role of an international ...
Steggerda Sylke J - - 2011
Routine cranial ultrasonography, using the anterior fontanelle as acoustic window enables visualization of the supratentorial brain structures in neonates and young infants. The mastoid fontanelle enables a better view of the infratentorial structures, especially cerebellar hemorrhage in preterm infants. Reports on the usefulness and reliability of cranial ultrasonography using the ...
Winder N R NR MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2011
Studies have shown that the shape and size of the placenta at birth predict blood pressure in later life. The influences that determine placental morphology are largely unknown. We have examined the role of mother's body size. We studied 522 neonates who were born in a maternity hospital in Mysore, ...
Tieu Kathy D - - 2011
  We describe two full-term infants who presented with congenital cutaneous candidiasis (CCC) and compare their clinical presentation and outcome with that of neonatal candidiasis and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis. Although candidal vulvovaginitis occurs in up to one-third of pregnancies, CCC is uncommon and can be confused with more-serious pustular disorders ...
Hogeling Marcia - - 2011
  Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is a form of panniculitis that most often occurs in full-term infants with predisposing risk factors. Three neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy were treated with therapeutic hypothermia and developed extensive subcutaneous fat necrosis. All three infants developed extensive subcutaneous fat necrosis, involving the ...
Schimmenti Lisa A - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Bedside newborn hearing screening is highly successful in identifying deaf or hard-of-hearing infants. However, newborn hearing screening protocols have high loss to follow-up rates. We propose that bloodspot-based genetic testing for GJB2 alleles can provide a means for rapid confirmation in a subset of infants who fail bedside newborn ...
Mercer Brian M BM University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis, TN, - - 2012
We sought to correlate maternal and cord blood cytokine and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels with antibiotic exposure and perinatal outcomes after conservatively managed preterm premature rupture of the membranes. Conservatively managed women with preterm premature rupture of the membranes at 24-32 weeks had blood sampling at randomization (n = 222) ...
Leone A - - 2011
Aim:  To test the hypothesis that singleton late preterm infants (34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks of gestation) compared with full-term infants have a higher incidence of short-term morbidity and stay longer in hospital. Methods:  In this retrospective, multi-centre study electronic data of children born at five hospitals in Switzerland ...
Ruano Rodrigo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and probabilities of different fetal ultrasound parameters to predict neonatal outcome in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2010, one-hundred-eight fetuses with isolated (82 left and 26 right) CDH were prospectively evaluated. The following parameters were evaluated: gestational age at ...
Diblasi Robert M - - 2011
The current trend for supporting neonates with respiratory distress syndrome is nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Nearly half of all neonates who are supported with CPAP will still develop respiratory failure that requires potentially injurious endotracheal intubation and invasive ventilation. Thus, the role of any neonatal clinician is to ...
Rabiu K A - - 2011
To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes between caesarean section performed in the first and second stages of labour at the maternity unit of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. Patients hospital records from 1st January 2008 to 31st December 2009 were examined. Data were extracted using a structured ...
Davies L - - 2011
To describe the extent and nature of developmental delay at different stages in childhood in a community in South Africa, with a known high rate of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). cohort of infants, clinically examined for FASD at two time periods, 7-12 months (N= 392; 45 FASD) and 17-21 ...
Johnston C Celeste - - 2011
To test paternal vs maternal kangaroo care (KC) to reduce pain from heel lance. Randomized crossover design. Three university-affiliated level III neonatal intensive care units. Sixty-two preterm neonates at 28 to 36 weeks' gestational age who were expected to stay in the neonatal intensive care unit for at least 2 ...
Noone D - - 2011
A retrospective analysis of all National Neonatal Transport Programme (NNTP) transport data from 2004-2009 was performed. 1621 transports were conducted during this period with a yearly average of 271. The majority (96%) were ground transports. 1118 (69%) were forward transfers. Of the 446 (27.5%) retrotransfers, 411 (91%.) were to tertiary ...
Schwartz Hamilton P - - 2011
It is estimated that about two thirds of newborns will appear clinically jaundiced during their first weeks of life. As newborns and their mothers spend fewer days in the hospital after birth, the number of infants readmitted yearly in the United States for neonatal jaundice over the last 10 years ...
Bhandari A - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Bhandari A, Gordon M, Shakya G. Reducing maternal mortality in Nepal. BJOG 2011;118 (Suppl. 2):26-30.
Mahmud G - - 2011
Pakistan is a signatory of many international development strategies including the Millennium Development Goals, and the government is committed to achieving a reduction in infant mortality rate from 72 to <55 per 1000 live births, the newborn mortality rate from 55 to <40 per 1000 live births and the maternal ...
Han Christina S CS Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8063, USA. - - 2011
Chronic, subacute decidual hemorrhage (ie, abruptio placenta and retrochorionic hematoma formation) is an important contributor to preterm parturition. Such hemorrhage induces thrombin from decidual tissue factor, which plays a pivotal role in the development of preterm premature rupture of membranes and preterm delivery by acting through protease-activated receptors to promote ...
Wadhwa Pathik D PD Departments of Psychiatry & Human Behavior, Obstetrics & Gynecology, and Epidemiology, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, 3177 Gillespie Neuroscience Research Facility, Irvine, CA 92697, USA. - - 2011
Preterm birth represents the most significant problem in maternal-child health, with maternal stress identified as a variable of interest. The effects of maternal stress on risk of preterm birth may vary as a function of context. This article focuses on select key issues and questions highlighting the need to develop ...
Stock Claire - - 2011
After having eliminated a dysfunction of the hospital's ventilation system and any other possible environmental reservoir, the investigation of a fatal case of primary cutaneous aspergillosis in a neonate with extremely low birth weight led to the conclusion that nonsterile disposable gloves kept stored in their native packages were the ...
Miltenburg Andrea Solnes - - 2011
Abstract Aims: The objective of this study was to assess whether the incidence of neonatal morbidity of neonates born at term and admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) differs by gestational age and level of care. Methods: This is a 5-year retrospective cohort study of singleton term births ...
Ovali Fahri - - 2011
Background:  Neonates are under high risk for nosocomial infections caused by multidrug resistant pathogens. The use of [beta]-lactamase inhibitors in combination with [beta]-lactam antibiotics broadens the antimicrobial spectrum. Cefoperazone/sulbactam is used in children. However, there is limited data about its usage in neonates. Therefore we aimed to evaluate the use ...
Liang Juan - - 2011
Liang J, Mao M, Dai L, Li X, Miao L, Li Q, He C, Li M, Wang H, Zhu J, Wang Y. Neonatal mortality due to preterm birth at 28-36 weeks' gestation in China, 2003-2008. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2011; 25: 593-600. Almost all (99%) neonatal deaths occur in developing ...
Lambert B - - 2011
Objective:To evaluate the safety, efficacy and cost-benefit of intramuscular (IM) antibiotics administration in the secondary prevention of suspected neonatal sepsis in asymptomatic term neonates.Study Design:Retrospective review of inborn asymptomatic full-term neonates with birth weights 2000 g who required sepsis evaluation and treatment with IM antibiotics were undertaken from July 2001 to ...
Kuppens Maike - - 2011
Objective: The paradigm that creatinaemia at birth is equal to maternal creatinaemia may also depend upon the quantification technique applied. Paired maternal-neonatal creatinaemia samples in whom Jaffe in both or compensated Jaffe (maternal) and enzymatic quantification (neonate) were applied. Methods: Extreme low birth weight infants in two time intervals were ...
Cheng Y W YW Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, 94143-0132, USA. - - 2011
To estimate the risk of short-term complications in neonates born between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation. This is a retrospective cohort study. Deliveries in 2005 in the USA. Singleton live births between 34 and 40 weeks of gestation. Gestational age was subgrouped into 34, 35, 36 and 37-40 completed ...
Chen Li-Zhang LZ School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, Hunan Province, China. - - 2011
To examine the determinants of maternal-neonatal transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). A nested case-control study was conducted in Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China from January 1, 2005 to September 31, 2006. To avoid potential maternal blood contamination, we collected vein blood of newborns immediately after birth and before ...
Bosquet Enlow Michelle M Department of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, United States. - - 2011
The current study examined associations between maternal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and infant emotional reactivity and emotion regulation during the first year of life in a primarily low-income, urban, ethnic/racial minority sample of 52 mother-infant dyads. Mothers completed questionnaires assessing their own trauma exposure history and current PTSD and ...
Karagol Belma Saygili - - 2011
  We report early and successful enzymatic debridement using collagenase application to pinna in a preterm neonate. Collagenase clostridiopeptidase A should be kept in mind not only for the removal of eschar but also for avoidance of the progression of necrotic tissue in neonates.
Jackson Gregory L - - 2011
Our objective was to characterize the hospital course and short-term outcomes of neonates exposed to prolonged rupture of membranes (PROM), chorioamnionitis (CH), or both PROM and CH. Outcomes were positive blood culture and/or clinical signs of infection (+BC/CSI) prompting >4 days of antibiotics. Six neonates had a positive BC, 2 ...
Hsieh Chia-Jung CJ Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University College of Public Health, Taipei, - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine whether infant metabolic gene polymorphisms modify the effect of maternal environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) on neonatal neurobehavior. We conducted a birth cohort study of 87 nonsmoking women who delivered single births of normal birth weight. We enrolled the women before delivery, interviewed ...
Ise Ryota - - 2011
Preclinical data of fetal, infant, and juvenile animals are important for the prediction of drug toxicity in fetuses and children. However, expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes, including cytochromes P450 (CYPs), have not been fully investigated in fetal, infant, or juvenile liver of cynomolgus macaque, animal species important for preclinical studies. In ...
Pearson Greg A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To investigate current target decision to delivery intervals (DDIs) for 'emergency' caesarean section. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study in a teaching hospital providing district and tertiary maternity services delivering 6000 babies per annum. RESULTS: 68% Category 1 deliveries were achieved within 30min and 66% Category 2 within 75min ...
Metz Verena - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare maternal and neonatal outcome of opioid-dependent women maintained on buprenorphine or methadone throughout pregnancy in a randomized double-blind double-dummy clinical trial (CT) with a comparison group undergoing a structured standard protocol (SP) at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria. METHODS: One ...
Adetola Anthony O - - 2011
Neonatal mortality remains a major contributor to death among children younger than 5 years in developing countries. This study was undertaken to determine the neonatal mortality rate (NMR), causes of death, and associated risk factors among hospital live births in a suburban population in Nigeria. A total of 1058 consecutive ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >